Timeline of Hanover

Last updated

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Hanover, Germany.


Prior to 19th century

19th century

20th century



21st century


See also

Other cities in the state of Lower Saxony:(de)

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Bombing of Hanover in World War II

The Bombing of Hanover was a series of eighty-eight air raids by RAF Bomber Command and the United States Army Air Forces on the German city of Hanover during World War II. 4,748 residents and 2,034 others were killed. Around 1,000 aerial mines, 34,000 high explosive bombs, 900,000 incendiary bombs and 50,000 fire bombs were dropped. The heaviest raid was that by the RAF on the night of 8/9 October 1943, killing 1,245 people. This was an example of the carpet bombing of suburban and residential civilian targets laid out in the 14 February 1942 Area Bombing Directive.

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The hübsche families were the third elite class of the Electorate and Kingdom of Hanover in the 18th and early 19th centuries, after the nobility and the clergy. At the time Hanover was in a personal union with the United Kingdom. The group consisted of the higher bourgeoisie and the elite of university-educated civil servants, and played a significant role in the governing of Hanover, often as higher civil servants. The word hübsche literally means courtly and may be loosely translated as "genteel"; it originally meant that someone was presentable at court. The hübsche families have been described as a "state patriciate." In contrast to old noble families which tended to favour military careers, hübsche families placed emphasis on academic education, especially legal education, and favoured careers in the civil service. The hübsche families were a form of Bildungsbürgertum.

Rudolf Krasselt

Rudolf Krasselt was a German violoncellist, conductor and director of the Staatsoper Hannover during the Weimar Republic and the period of National Socialism.

Heinrich Lutter was a German pianist and piano educator.

Hugo Thielen is a German freelance author and editor, who is focused on the history of Hanover, the capital of Lower Saxony, in a lexicon of the city, another one especially of its art and culture, and a third of biographies. He co-authored a book about Jewish personalities in Hanover's history.

Klaus Mlynek German scientific archivist and historian

Klaus Mlynek is a German historian and scientific archivist. The long-term director of the Stadtarchiv Hannover is one of the editors and authors of the Stadtlexikon Hannover, an encyclopedia of Hanover.

Waldemar R. Röhrbein was a German historian. He worked as a museum director in Lower Saxony, his last post being from 1976 to 1997 at the Historisches Museum Hannover, and was president of the Niedersächsischer Heimatbund. He contributed to encyclopedias about Hanover's history and culture.

Historisches Museum Hannover German museum

Historisches Museum Hannover is a historical museum Hanover, Lower Saxony, Germany, founded in 1903 as Vaterländisches Museum der Stadt Hannover. Its collections are related to the history of the city, the history of the governing House of Welf, and of the state of Lower Saxony.

Dirk Böttcher was a German printer master, author and president of the association of Friends of the Historisches Museum Hannover.

Gotthard Kronstein was a German operatic baritone and theatre director.

Greta Hofer, néeGreta Köhler, pseudonym Greta Colere was a German opera singer.

Reimar Dahlgrün German pianist

Reimar Dahlgrün was a German pianist, professor at the Hochschule für Musik, Theater und Medien Hannover and journalist.

Christian Heinrich Tramm German architect

Christian Heinrich Tramm was a German architect who, in 1850, introduced the Rundbogenstil in Hanover.

Ernst Ebeling

Ernst Friedrich Hieronymus Ebeling was a German architect and building official.

Adolf Falke was a German architect, draughtsman, designer, stage designer and municipal politician.


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This article incorporates information from the German Wikipedia.


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published in the 19th century

published in the 20th century

published in the 21st century