Tirupattur taluk

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Tirupathur Taluk
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Tirupathur Taluk
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Coordinates: 12°30′N78°36′E / 12.50°N 78.60°E / 12.50; 78.60 Coordinates: 12°30′N78°36′E / 12.50°N 78.60°E / 12.50; 78.60
CountryFlag of India.svg India
State Tamil Nadu
District Tirupathur
387 m (1,270 ft)
  Official Tamil
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
635601, 635602
Telephone code04179
Vehicle registration TN-83
Nearest cityVellore (90 km), Salem (108 km) & Bangalore (130 km)
Sex ratio 993 /
Lok Sabha constituencyThiruvannamalai
Legislative Assembly constituencyTirupathur
Website Tirupathur

Tirupathur taluk is a taluk in Tirupathur district of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The headquarters of the taluk is the town of Tirupathur. It is known as the "Sandalwood Town" due to the abundant availability of sandalwood trees in the surrounding hills. On 15 August 2019, honourable Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, Edapaadi K. Palanisami announced Tirupathur district, as a new district of Tamil Nadu.



In the 2001 Indian census, the taluk of Tirupathur had a population of 50,455 with 23,656 males and 22,799 females. There were 973 women for every 1,000 men. The taluk had a literacy rate of 66.07%. The total number of households was 111,192. [1]

In the 2011 census, Tirupathur taluk had a population of 67,396. [2]

Tirupathur is a town located in Tirupathur district, India, which is one of the oldest towns in Tamil Nadu. It is located approximately 40 km from Krishnagiri, 85 km from Hosur, 85 km from Thiruvannamalai and 125 km from Bangalore. The town has mainly small-scale industries and mills. It is an important commercial center from time immemorial (whereas Vaniyambadi and Ambur, which were once smaller towns, have recently flourished). It was a revenue subdivision during British raj and remains so. It has Old Shiva, Vishnu temples and Tanks (Big Tank & Small Tank) built during the Hoysala Dynasty. It is well connected by road and rail to other important cities of Tamil Nadu such as Thiruvannamalai, Chennai, Salem, Coimbatore and Vellore and to Bangalore in Karnataka. This town is also famous in Islamic religious circles as many great saints "Awliyas" had made it their hometown. Some of them are buried at various places in the town, including Hazrath Syed Sha Mohammed alias Syed Khawja Meeran Hussaini Jaffari, Hazrath Syed ShaAmeenuddin Hussaini Chisty ur Kahdri (who is better known as Munshi Hazrath); he was the last among a series of saints who have lived and have been buried at Tirupathur.

The name Tirupathur means a group of ten villages/small towns. There exists a village called Aathiyur (Aathi means Begin) in the southern fringes of the Town and Kodiyur (Kodi means End) in the northern fringes of the town. It is surrounded by several of these villages, making Tirupathur a Taluk. Tirupathur's population and land area are good enough to have political representations in the state legislature of Tamil Nadu (Member of the Legislative Assembly), and part of Thiruvannamalai constituency for the central/federal legislature of India (Member of Parliament as of 2009 elections). Tirupathur Municipality Tirupathur Municipality was constituted as a third-grade municipality in the year 1886. As per G.O. No. 194, date: 10.02.1970, classified as Second Grade Municipality. At present from 1.4.1977 onwards as per G.O. No. 654, classified as first grade municipality.


In the 2001 Indian census, Tirupathur had a population of 60,803. Males constituted 51% of the population and females 49%. Tirupathur had an average literacy rate of 73%, significantly higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy was 79%, and female literacy was 67%. In 2001 in Tirupathur, 11% of the population was under 6 years of age. [1]

In the 2011 census, the city of Tirupathur had a population of 63,798. [3] Males constituted 51% of the population and females 49%. Tirupathur had an average literacy rate of 78%, significantly higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy was 80%, and female literacy was 76%. In 2011 in Tirupathur, 11% of the population was under 6 years of age.[ citation needed ]


It is known as the "Sandalwood Town" due to the abundant availability of sandalwood trees in the surrounding hills.[ citation needed ] It is very close to the 4th major hill station of Tamil Nadu, the Yelagiri hills, which is also known as the Poor man's Ooty. The town is at an average elevation of 388 m.


This area is very famous for sandalwood. It claims to be the second biggest depot in Asia. The main businesses is goldsmithing and selling raw products.

Location of Tirupathur

The strategic location of this town is such that the town acts as an "urban magnet" to radius of 20 to 25 km all-round. Nearly 200 villages are mainly depending on this town for all their urban needs. The growth is dominated by wholesale agriculture production and Sandalwood. The Urban Municipal town spreads over an extent of 9.26 km2; this is a class-I town in Vellore District; is based on population range; floating population is increasing day by day.


The Tirupathur town has 56.059 km length of roads and the municipality is maintaining 'B' Grade Bus stand in the heart of the town. There is a century old municipal market having 413 shops which helps in promoting commercial and economic activities of the town.


The town is known for recording coldest temperature in the Tamil Nadu plains during winter. The seasonal climate conditions are moderate and the weather is uniformly salubrious. The town experiences hot summers and cool winters.

The town gets its majority of rainfall during the southwest monsoon period. September and October are the wettest months with around 400 mm of rain being received in these two months. The town also experiences fairly frequent thunderstorms in late April and May, which gives necessary relief from the heat, along with the dip in night temperatures. The warmest nights are in May, when the town has an average minimum temperature of 23.4 °C. The coldest nights are in January, when the average minimum temperatures drop to 16.1 °C. May is the hottest month with an average maximum of 37.0 °C.

The highest ever temperature recorded in the town is 46.3 °C on 7 May 1976. The lowest ever recorded temperature is 10.2 °C on 15 December 1974. The highest 24‑hour precipitation is 167.3mm received on 4 November 1966. The average annual rainfall being received in the town is 982 mm.

Climate data for Tirupathur (1951–2012)
Record high °C (°F)35.6
Average high °C (°F)29.6
Average low °C (°F)16.1
Record low °C (°F)10.3
Average precipitation mm (inches)1.3
Average precipitation days0.
Source: India Meteorological Department, [4]

Nature of soil The major group of soils that are found in the town are black and red varieties. The red soil constitutes 90% while black soil only 10%.

Historical moments

Tirupattur is called as the "Sandal City", "Sandal Kingdom". Even a rough estimation cannot easily be established on the origin of Tirupathur town, owing to its antiquity.

Tirupattur is known for having the FIRST FEMALE IAS OFFICER in India, Anna Rajam Malhotra, who was posted as the Sub Collector of Tirupattur in Madras State, becoming the first woman to do so. The Collector office is currently serving the nation as the Tirupathur railway junction and railway residence.

Through, the inscriptions, so far surveyed by Archaeological Survey of India in Tirupathur, it is estimated that this town is more than 1600 years old. During the regimes of various rulers like Cholas, Vijaya Nagara dynasty, Hoysalas the town had been referred to, by the following names: Sri Mathava Chaturvedi Mangalam, Veera Narayana Chaturvedi Mangalam, Tiruperur and Brahmapuram (Brahmeeswaram). The present name "Tirupathur" might have got derived from "Tiruperur". Erstwhile "Tiruperur" or "Sri Madhava Chaturvedi Mangalam" was in "Eyyil Nadu", subdivision of "Nigarili Chola Mandalam", division of "Chola Empire".

There existed a fort in the eastern part of the town around 800 years ago. Its entrance might have been near the Kottai Darwaja Sri Veera Anjaneyar Temple, since the word "Kottai" in Tamil means "Fort", and the word "Darwaja" in Hindi/Urdu means "Gate" or "Door". The area is still known as "Kottai"(fort).

The town was ruled by Cholas, Pallavas, Hoysalas, Vijaya Nagara rulers, Vallala Maharajan, Sambuvarayars, Tipu, Nawabs of Arcot and undoubtedly by the British.

Map routes



Tirupathur railway station is under the administrative control of the Southern Railways. It is 2 km away from bus stand. Traveling north, Jolarpettai Junction (8 km) is the nearest junction and going south-west, Samalpatti is the next station. Due to proximity to the Jolarpet railway junction only few express trains halt here.

The Yelagiri Express runs from Jolarpettai to Chennai every day.

The West Coast Express (Mangalore–Chennai Central–Manglore) stops at Tiruppattur railway station every day. The other trains that stop at Tirupathur station are:


The nearest airports:




CBSE Schools

Elementary schools

Higher Secondary Schools

Music Academy


Arts Colleges

(A Don Bosco Institution)

BEd Colleges

Nursing College


Engineering Colleges

Teacher Training Institutes

Computer Institutes


Tirupathur assembly constituency is part of Tiruvannamalai (Lok Sabha constituency). [5]

Municipal Chairman S Arasu M.A, MEd

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Tirupathur or Tirupattur is the headquarters of Tirupathur district in the state of Tamil Nadu in India and is one of the oldest inhabited places in the state, with a history of over 1,600 years. The town is known for an abundance of sandalwood in the surrounding hills. It is located about 89 km (55 mi) from Vellore, 85 km (53 mi) from Hosur, 60 km (37 mi) from Dharmapuri, 50 km (31 mi) from Krishnagiri, 50 km (31 mi) from Thiruvannamalai, 210 km (130 mi) from Chennai, and 125 km (78 mi) from Bangalore.


  1. 1 2 "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  2. "NPR Report: Tamil Nadu: Vellore". National Population Register, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2011.
  3. "NPR Report: Tamil Nadu: Vellore: Tirupathur".
  4. "Climatological Information for Tirupattur, India". India Meteorological Department.
  5. "List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Tamil Nadu. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 May 2006. Retrieved 8 October 2008.