Thuraiyur

Last updated

Thuraiyur
Theerthapuri
Thuraiyur mazhai.jpg
A view from Thuraiyur Perumal malai (hill)
India Tamil Nadu location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Thuraiyur
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Coordinates: 11°10′7″N78°37′16″E / 11.16861°N 78.62111°E / 11.16861; 78.62111 Coordinates: 11°10′7″N78°37′16″E / 11.16861°N 78.62111°E / 11.16861; 78.62111
CountryFlag of India.svg India
State Tamil Nadu
Region Trichy
District Tiruchirappalli
Government
  TypeUrban
  BodySelected Grade Municipality
Area
  Total15 km2 (6 sq mi)
  RankA grade
Population
 (2011) [1]
  Total32,439
  Density2,200/km2 (5,600/sq mi)
Languages
  Official Tamil
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
621010
Telephone code04327(XXXXXX)
Vehicle registration TN-48
Website Thuraiyur Municipality

Thuraiyur is a town and a municipality in the Tiruchirappalli district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It was upgraded to a III Grade Municipality from Town Panchayat on 17 January 1970, and to a II Grade Municipality in May 1998. It was upgraded to Selection Grade Municipality in the year 2008. It is also a taluka (administrative centre). It is located 310 km away from Chennai. [2]

Contents

Demographics

Religious census
ReligionPercent(%)
Hindu
95.36%
Muslim
3.27%
Christian
1.3%
Other
0.05%
No religion
0.01%

According to the 2011 census, Thuraiyur had a population of 32,439 with a sex-ratio of 1,032 females for every 1,000 males which is far above the national average of 929. [3] A total of 2,936 individuals were under the age of six, consisting of 1,493 males and 1,443 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 18.18% and .59% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the town was 78.96%, compared to the national average of 72.99%. [3] The town had a total of 8,674 households. There was a total of 11,935 workers, comprising 230 cultivators, 1,188 agricultural labourers, 303 in household industries, 9,880 other workers, 334 marginal workers, 9 marginal cultivators, 80 marginal agricultural labourers, 18 marginal workers in household industries and 227 other marginal workers. [4] As per the religious census of 2011, Thuraiyur (M) had 95.36% Hindus, 3.27% Muslims, 1.3% Christians, 0.05% following other religions and 0.01% following no religion or did not indicate any religious preference. [5]

Economy

Most people in Thuraiyur are employed in the agriculture sector. Paddy and corn are the predominant crops grown in the area. Currently, the economy of this town is based on agricultural products and jewelry. Thuraiyur's economy has witnessed a significant change brought about by handloom manufacturers. With the advancement of powerlooms, traditional handlooms have begun to lose their significance. However, handloom is one of the main occupations among the people of Thuraiyur.

Thuraiyur is one of the very few towns in Tamil Nadu to have a high grade water management system. During the Monsoon, rain water from the nearby hills fill the lakes used to irrigate the surrounding agricultural lands. When the lake reaches its maximum level, safety valves are opened to drain the excess water into the neighbouring temple tank through an underground canal. Another underground canal also runs through the heart of town from Periya Eri to Chinna Eri, to irrigate the fields located south of Thuraiyur.

Transport

Thuraiyur is well connected by road to cities like: Trichy, Namakkal, Musiri, Perambalur, Ariyalur, Jayankondam, Coimbatore, Ooty, Chennai, Bangalore, Karur, Attur, Thammampatti and Salem and& Madurai. In addition to the main bus routes, mini buses play an important role in connecting villages within the hinterland. The nearest railway station is located in Trichy and Ariyalur. The nearest airport is Tiruchirappalli International Airport which offers international and domestic flights, and Madurai International Airport. It has a separate Regional Transport Unit Office Numbered as TN-48-Z-****. It has a Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation (TNSTC) depot under the Thiruchirappali Division.

Nearby places

Perumal Malai Temple Perumal Malai Temple.jpg
Perumal Malai Temple

Prasanna Venkatachalapathi Temple

Prasanna Venkatachalapathi Temple, situated on the Thuraiyur-Perambalur road, is the most prominent temple in the town. It temple is located at the top of Perumalmalai, which lies 960 ft (290 m) above ground level in the Pachamalai hills, 3 km (1.9 mi) from Thuraiyur in Tiruchirappalli district. The site is accessible via a mountain road. The temple is believed to have been constructed by the grandson of Karikala Chozhan. The kings were later named Karuppannar and Veeraswamy and they are worshiped at the temple. Thousands of devotees take part in the Girivalam (circumambulation around a mountain or hill) procession around the Perumalmalai hillock on all full-moon days. In the Tamil month of Puratassi, Saturday is very popular. Many devotees from different places come to worship. The buildings are up to 1800 years old and include one of the remaining examples of Chola temple construction. The temple contains the "Sabthasvara thoongal", the seven musical pillars that produce musical sounds when banged. It is also called South Tripathi because where this temple is located on mountain also contains seven hills like Thirumazha Tripathy.

Related Research Articles

Namakkal Town in Tamil Nadu, India

Namakkal is a special grade municipality and the headquarters of Namakkal district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is the first ISO 14001-2004 certified municipality in Asia for environmental management, specifically the provision and maintenance of water supply, solid waste and sewage management, town planning, lighting and other social services. Namakkal is known as the Egg City due to its large egg production and Transport city.

Aruppukkottai Town in Tamil Nadu, India

Aruppukottai is a town and a municipality in Virudhunagar district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. Aruppukottai's classical name is "Sengattu Aravakotai". Aruppukottai is about 50 km from Madurai. It is in the middle of Madurai-Tuticorin National Highways NH-38. The villages and towns surrounding Aruppukottai makes this as a major town as well as a major transit hub and they are also famous for production of jasmine. Aruppukottai is always famous for producing yarn. Sri Ramana Maharishi was born in Tiruchuli near Aruppukottai town. Aruppukottai was part of king Sethupathi of Ramnad. King Sethupathi has Zamin Palace in Palyampatti. As of 2011, the town had a population of 87,722. The town also hosts two famous temples – Arulmigu Meenakshi Chokkanatha Swamy Temple built in 13th century by Pandiya King Maravarma Sundarapandiya Thevar and Malaiyarasan Temple..

Perambalur district District of Tamil Nadu in India

Perambalur is one of the 38 districts in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. The district headquarters is located at Perambalur. The district occupies an area of 1,752 km² and had a population of 565,223 with a sex-ratio of 1,003 females for every 1,000 males in 2011.

Rajapalayam is

Madurai district District of Tamil Nadu in India

Madurai district is one of the 38 districts of the state of Tamil Nadu in southeastern India. The city of Madurai serves as the district headquarters. It houses the famous Sri Meenakshi Sundareshwarar temple and is situated on the banks of the river Vaigai. Thiruparankundram is one of the major tourist place in the district. As of 2011, the district had a population of 3,038,252 with a sex-ratio of 990 females for every 1,000 males. Aside from the city of Madurai, the larger towns are Melur, Vadipatti, Peraiyur, and Usilampatti. It is an important hub for various film shootings. Alanganallur is a popular spot in the district for Jallikattu, as are Palamedu and Avaniyapuram.

Palani Town in Tamil Nadu, India

Palani (Tamil: [paɻani], is a town and a taluk headquarters in Dindigul district of the western part of Tamil Nadu state in India. It is located about 106 kilometres south-east of Coimbatore and 122 kilometres north-west of Madurai, 67 kilometres from Kodaikanal. The Palani Murugan Temple or Arulmigu Dhandayuthapani Swamy Temple, dedicated to Lord Murugan is situated on a hill overlooking the town. The temple is visited by more than 7 million pilgrims each year. As of 2011, the town had a population of 126,751 which makes it the second largest town in the district after Dindigul.

Devakottai is a first-grade municipality in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. Located in the Sivaganga district, the town is situated close to the city of Karaikudi, near Rameswaram National Highway Road (NH-210). It is one of the major cities comes under the Chettinad area with rich heritage of houses built with limestone called "Karai Veedu". This Region is one of the towns in Chettinad belt. The town is famous for its ancient temple Sri Meenakshi Sundareswarar temple also known as Nagara Sivan Kovil.

Tiruchirappalli district District of Tamil Nadu in India

Tiruchirappalli District is one of the 38 districts, located along the Kaveri River, in Tamil Nadu, India. The headquarters of the district is the city of Tiruchirappalli.

Tiruchengode is a city and selection grade municipality located in southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

Perambalur Town in Tamil Nadu, India

Perambalur is a town in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is the headquarters of Perambalur district and Perambalur taluk (sub-district). As of 2011 census, the town had a population of 49,648.

Sankarankovil is one of the largest municipality in the Tenkasi district, in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It was formerly called Sankaranayinarkoil. Sankarankovil is home to the Sankara Narayanar temple.

Rasipuram is a town in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is the headquarters for the Rasipuram taluk. As of 2015, the town had a population of 88,584 and an area of 24 km2 (9.3 sq mi). It has 27 wards and steps have been taken to increase the wards to 33. Rasipuram is known for ghee and tapioca sago.

Oddanchatram Town in Tamil Nadu, India

Oddanchatram is a town in Dindigul district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Oddanchatram is a region in the southwest of Tamil Nadu. The Town was carved out of Madurai District in 1985. Oddanchatram is also famous for vegetable and cattle market. As of 2011, the town had a population of 30,064. It is known as vegetable city of Tamil Nadu. Oddanchatram vegetable market is the largest supplying of vegetables in Tamilnadu and Kerala. Agriculture is the major economic support for the town.

Jayankondam Town in Tamil Nadu, India

Jayankondam is a Second Grade Municipality in Ariyalur district of Tamil Nadu in India. As of 2011, the town had a population of 33,945.

Kulithalai Town in Tamil Nadu, India

Kulithalai is a municipality Karur district & Sub-urb of Tiruchirapalli City in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The recorded history of Kulithalai is known from Cheras, followed by medieval Chola period of the 9th century and has been ruled, at different times, by the Medieval Cholas, Later Cholas, Later Pandyas, Vijayanagar Empire and the British.

Manapparai Town in Tamil Nadu, India

Manapparai is a town and a municipality in Tiruchirappalli district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Manapparai Town is Located at 38 km Away From Trichy Headquarters, Manapparai is the headquarters of the Manapparai Taluk. Manapparai is famous for murukku and cattle market. As of 2011, the town had a population of 40,510.

Ariyalur Town in Tamil Nadu, India

Ariyalur is a town and district headquarters of Ariyalur district in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu and is rich in limestone, surrounded with seven cement factories and two sugar factories. The town is located at a distance of 310 km (190 mi) from the state capital Chennai.

Puthanampatti is a village located in Thuraiyur Taluk, Tiruchirappalli district of Tamil Nadu, India. Puthanampatti village is located approximately 35 km from Tiruchirappalli. Agriculture is the backbone of their economy. This village is located in South India and is known for its rich and unique culture.

The Trichinopoly district was a district of the erstwhile Madras Presidency of British India. It covered the present-day districts of Tiruchirappalli, Karur, Ariyalur and Perambalur in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The administrative headquarters was the town of Trichinopoly, Trichy or Tiruchi, now known as Tiruchirappalli. The district covered an area of 2,632 square miles (6,820 km2) in 1907. It was bound by the districts of South Arcot to the north, Salem to the west, Coimbatore to the west and north-west, Tanjore to the east and Madurai to the south. The princely state of Pudukkottai remained within the jurisdiction of Trichinopoly district from 1865 to 1947.

Eragudi is a small town in Thuraiyur taluk in Tiruchirappalli district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It was upgraded to small town from village on 28 May 1994.

References

  1. http://www.censusindia.gov.in/pca/SearchDetails.aspx?Id=685950 [ dead link ]
  2. Tiruchirappalli District – Thuraiyur Taluk Archived 23 July 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  3. 1 2 "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Archived from the original on 13 November 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  4. "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Thuraiyur". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  5. "Population By Religious Community - Tamil Nadu" (XLS). Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2011. Archived from the original on 13 September 2015. Retrieved 13 September 2015.