Tropical small-eared shrew

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Tropical small-eared shrew [1]
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Eulipotyphla
Family: Soricidae
Genus: Cryptotis
Species:
C. tropicalis
Binomial name
Cryptotis tropicalis
(Merriam, 1895)
Tropical Small-eared Shrew area.png
Tropical small-eared shrew range
Synonyms
  • micrurus (Tomes, 1861)
  • tropicalis (Gray, 1843)

The tropical small-eared shrew (Cryptotis tropicalis) is a very small mammal of the family Soricidae. The species is found in the eastern highlands of Chiapas, Mexico, and parts of Belize and Guatemala. Until recently, it was considered a subspecies of the North American least shrew (C. parva), but it has gained species status. Its relationship with the Central American least shrew (C. orophila) remains to be studied.

Related Research Articles

Red-toothed shrew Subfamily of mammals

The red-toothed shrews of the subfamily Soricinae are one of three living subfamilies of shrews, along with Crocidurinae and Myosoricinae. In addition, the family contains the extinct subfamilies Limnoecinae, Crocidosoricinae, Allosoricinae and Heterosoricinae. These species are typically found in North America, northern South America, Europe and northern Asia. The enamel of the tips of their teeth is reddish due to iron pigment. The iron deposits serve to harden the enamel and are concentrated in those parts of the teeth most subject to wear.

North American least shrew Species of mammal

The North American least shrew is one of the smallest mammals, growing to be only up to 3 inches long. It has a long pointed snout and a tail never more than twice the length of its hind foot. The dense fur coat is either grayish-brown or reddish-brown with a white belly. Its fur becomes lighter in the summer and darker in the winter. Although similar in appearance to several species of rodents, all shrews are members of the order Eulipotyphla and should not be mistaken for a member of the order Rodentia. The North American least shrew's eyes are small and its ears are completely concealed within its short fur, giving it very poor eyesight and hearing.

<i>Cryptotis</i> Genus of mammals

The genus Cryptotis is a group of relatively small shrews with short ears, which are usually not visible, and short tails, commonly called small-eared shrews. They have 30 teeth and are members of the red-toothed shrew subfamily. Since 1992, Neal Woodman at the United States National Museum has been in the process of revising the genus. To date, this has resulted in an increase in the number of species from 12 to 30.

Goodwins broad-clawed shrew Species of mammal

Goodwin's broad-clawed shrew is a species of mammal in the shrew family, Soricidae. Body length and size of adults average 9.49 cm and 7.0 grams respectively making it a relatively larger shew. What distinguishes this from other shrews are its long claws.

Big Mexican small-eared shrew Species of mammal

The big Mexican small-eared shrew is a species of mammal in the family Soricidae. It is endemic to Mexico.

Merida small-eared shrew Species of mammal

The Merida small-eared shrew is a species of shrew that is endemic to Venezuela.

Central Mexican broad-clawed shrew Species of mammal

The Central Mexican broad-clawed shrew is a species of mammal in the family Soricidae. It is found in the highlands above 2000 m in the Mexican states of Colima, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Michoacán, Mexico, and Puebla, Morelos, and in the Mexican Federal District

Eastern Cordillera small-footed shrew Species of mammal

The Eastern Cordillera small-footed shrew is a species of mammal in the family Soricidae. It is endemic to Colombia, where it is known from the western slopes of the central Cordillera Oriental at elevations from 1300 to 2715 m. It resembles C. colombiana. The species is only known from four individuals collected at two localities, the most recent record being from 1925.

Colombian small-eared shrew Species of mammal

The Colombian small-eared shrew is a species of mammal in the family Soricidae. It is endemic to Colombia, where it is known from the Cordillera Central in Antioquia Department at elevations from 1750 to 2800 m. It is found in montane forest and cultivated areas. It resembles C. brachyonyx.

Medellín small-eared shrew Species of mammal

The Medellín small-eared shrew is a species of mammal in the family Soricidae. It is endemic to Colombia, where it is known from the northern parts of the Cordillera Occidental and Cordillera Central at elevations from 2500 to 2800 m. The species is found in montane forest and cultivated areas, and is subject to predation from the crab-eating fox. The specific name refers to the city of Medellín.

Peruvian small-eared shrew Species of mammal

The Peruvian small-eared shrew is a species of mammal in the family Soricidae. It is known only from northern Peru, where it has been found in shrubby "elfin" cloud forest in the Andes at elevations from 2050 to 3150 m. The species may also be present in Ecuador. It has the southernmost range of any shrew in South America.

Darién small-eared shrew Species of mammal

The Darién small-eared shrew is a species of mammal in the family Soricidae. It is known only from montane regions along the border between Colombia and Darién Province, Panama, where it has been found in rainforest at elevations from 1400 to 1500 m. It has terrestrial habits.

Tamá small-eared shrew Species of mammal

The Tamá small-eared shrew is a species of mammal in the family Soricidae. It is known from the Cordillera Oriental of Colombia and the Páramo de Tamá of western Venezuela, where it has been found primarily in cloud forest at elevations between 2380 and 3330 m. Its range includes Venezuela's El Tamá National Park. The closest relatives of the species are C. meridensis and C. thomasi.

Guatemalan broad-clawed shrew Species of mammal

The Guatemalan broad-clawed shrew is a species of small-eared shrew in the family Soricidae. It is known from Guatemala and the Mexican state of Chiapas, where it has been found in montane forests of oak, pine and fir, as well as secondary forest, at elevations above 2,100 m (6,900 ft). It feeds on insects. Deforestation and habitat fragmentation are major threats, particularly in Chiapas. It was formerly considered conspecific with C. goldmani.

Yucatan small-eared shrew Species of mammal

The Yucatan small-eared shrew is a species of mammal in the family Soricidae. It is mainly known from lowlands of Guatemala, Belize and Mexico's Yucatán Peninsula, where it has been found in dry scrubland and tropical dry forest at elevations below 100 m. It is threatened by deforestation.

Central American least shrew Species of mammal

The Central American least shrew is a species of mammal in the family Soricidae. It is found in the highlands and mid-elevations from the western part of the northern coast of Honduras to central Costa Rica. It is found in El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica. It was considered to be a subspecies of the North American least shrew until 2002.

Merriams small-eared shrew Species of mammal

Merriam's small-eared shrew is a species of mammal in the family Soricidae. It is found in Chiapas, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica.

The Oaxacan broad-clawed shrew is a species of mammal in the family Soricidae. It is found in Oaxaca in Mexico.

Phillips' small-eared shrew or Phillips' short-eared shrew is a species of mammal in the family Soricidae found in Mexico.

References

  1. Hutterer, R. (2005). Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. (eds.). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN   978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC   62265494.
  2. Woodman, N. (2019). "Cryptotis tropicalis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species . 2019: e.T136757A22286227. doi: 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2019-3.RLTS.T136757A22286227.en . Retrieved 19 November 2021.