United States men's national ice hockey team

Last updated

United States
USA hockey logo.gif
Nickname(s)Team USA
Association USA Hockey
Head coach Mike Sullivan
Assistants Nate Leaman
Adam Nightingale
Captain Justin Abdelkader
Most games Mark Johnson
Most points Mark Johnson (146)
Team colors   
IIHF codeUSA
United States national ice hockey team jerseys 2018 IHWC.png
Ranking
Current IIHF 4 Increase2.svg 2 (June 6, 2021) [1]
Highest IIHF4 (first in 2016)
Lowest IIHF7 (first in 2003)
First international
United States  Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg 29–0 Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland
(Antwerp, Belgium; April 24, 1920)
Biggest win
United States  Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg 31–1 Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
(St. Moritz, Switzerland; February 1, 1948)
Biggest defeat
Sweden  Flag of Sweden.svg 17–2 Flag of the United States.svg  United States
(Stockholm, Sweden; March 12, 1963)
Soviet Union  Flag of the Soviet Union.svg 17–2 Flag of the United States.svg  United States
(Stockholm, Sweden; March 15, 1969)
IIHF World Championships
Appearances72 (first in 1920 )
Best result Gold medal world centered-2.svg Gold: (1933, 1960)
Canada Cup / World Cup
Appearances8 (first in 1976 )
Best result Simple gold cup.svg Winner: (1996)
Olympics
Appearances22 (first in 1920 )
Medals Gold medal.svg Gold: (1960, 1980)
Silver medal.svg Silver: (1920, 1924, 1932, 1952, 1956, 1972, 2002, 2010)
Bronze medal.svg Bronze: (1936)
International record (W–L–T)
514–471–86
Medal record
Olympic Games
Gold medal icon (G initial).svg 1960 Squaw Valley Team
Gold medal icon (G initial).svg 1980 Lake Placid Team
Silver medal icon (S initial).svg 1920 Antwerp Team
Silver medal icon (S initial).svg 1924 Chamonix Team
Silver medal icon (S initial).svg 1932 Lake Placid Team
Silver medal icon (S initial).svg 1952 Oslo Team
Silver medal icon (S initial).svg 1956 Cortina d'Ampezzo Team
Silver medal icon (S initial).svg 1972 Sapporo Team
Silver medal icon (S initial).svg 2002 Salt Lake City Team
Silver medal icon (S initial).svg 2010 Vancouver Team
Bronze medal icon (B initial).svg 1936 Garmisch-Partenkirchen Team
World Championship
Gold medal icon (G initial).svg 1933 Czechoslovakia
Gold medal icon (G initial).svg 1960 United States Team
Silver medal icon (S initial).svg 1920 Belgium Team
Silver medal icon (S initial).svg 1924 France Team
Silver medal icon (S initial).svg 1931 Poland
Silver medal icon (S initial).svg 1932 United States Team
Silver medal icon (S initial).svg 1934 Italy
Silver medal icon (S initial).svg 1939 Switzerland
Silver medal icon (S initial).svg 1950 Great Britain
Silver medal icon (S initial).svg 1952 Norway Team
Silver medal icon (S initial).svg 1956 Italy Team
Bronze medal icon (B initial).svg 1936 Germany Team
Bronze medal icon (B initial).svg 1949 Sweden
Bronze medal icon (B initial).svg 1962 United States
Bronze medal icon (B initial).svg 1996 Austria
Bronze medal icon (B initial).svg 2004 Czech Republic
Bronze medal icon (B initial).svg 2013 Sweden/Finland
Bronze medal icon (B initial).svg 2015 Czech Republic
Bronze medal icon (B initial).svg 2018 Denmark
Bronze medal icon (B initial).svg 2021 Latvia
Canada Cup / World Cup
Gold medal icon (G initial).svg 1996 Montreal
Silver medal icon (S initial).svg 1991 Hamilton

The United States men's national ice hockey team [2] is based in Colorado Springs, Colorado, with its U18 and U17 development program in Plymouth, Michigan. The team is controlled by USA Hockey, the governing body for organized ice hockey in the United States. The U.S. team is currently ranked 4th in the IIHF World Rankings. The current head coach is Jack Capuano. [3]

Contents

The U.S. won gold medals at the 1960 and the 1980 Olympics and more recently, silver medals at the 2002 and 2010 Olympics. The U.S. also won the 1996 World Cup of Hockey, defeating Canada in the finals. The team's most recent medal at the World Championships came with a bronze in 2018. They won the tournament in 1933 and 1960. Unlike other nations, the U.S. doesn't typically use its best NHL players in the World Championships. Instead, it provides the younger players with an opportunity to gain international experience. [4] Overall, the team has collected eleven Olympic medals (two of them gold), nineteen World Championship medals (two of them gold), and it reached the semi-final round of the Canada Cup/World Cup five times, twice advancing to the finals and winning gold once. [5] The U.S. has never reached a World Championship gold medal game, having lost in the semi-final round ten times since the IIHF introduced a playoff system in 1992.

The U.S. is one of the most successful national ice hockey teams in the world and a member of the so-called "Big Six", the unofficial group of the six strongest men's ice hockey nations, along with Canada, the Czech Republic, Finland, Russia, and Sweden. [6] [7] [8]

History

The American ice hockey team's greatest success was the "Miracle on Ice" at the 1980 Winter Olympics in Lake Placid, New York, when American college players defeated the heavily favored seasoned professionals from the Soviet Union on the way to a gold medal. Though ice hockey is not a major sport in most areas of the United States, the "Miracle" is often listed as one of the all-time greatest American sporting achievements. [9] [10] The U.S. also won the gold medal in the 1960 Games at Squaw Valley, California, defeating the Soviet Union, Canada, Czechoslovakia, and Sweden along the way. However, since this victory is not as well known as the 1980 win, it has come to be known as the "Forgotten Miracle". [11] [12]

The United States hockey experienced a spike in talent in the 1980s and 1990s, with future NHL stars including Tony Amonte, Chris Chelios, Derian Hatcher, Brett Hull, Pat LaFontaine, John LeClair, Brian Leetch, Mike Modano, Mike Richter, Jeremy Roenick, Kevin Stevens, Keith Tkachuk, and Doug Weight. Although the U.S. finished no higher than fourth in any World or Olympic event from 1981 through 1994 (unlike other teams that used professionals, the U.S. team was limited to amateurs at these tournaments), the Americans reached the finals of the 1991 Canada Cup and won the 1996 World Cup. Six years later, after the International Olympic Committee and NHL arranged to accommodate an Olympic break in the NHL schedule, the U.S. earned a silver medal at the 2002 Winter Olympics with a roster that included NHL stars Adam Deadmarsh, Chris Drury, Brian Rafalski, and Brian Rolston. However, by 2006, many of these NHL players had retired or had declined with age. Though the 2006 Olympic team finished a disappointing 8th, it was more of a transitional team, featuring young NHL players like Rick DiPietro, John-Michael Liles, and Jordan Leopold.

The 2010 U.S. Olympic team was composed of much younger and faster players than teams of previous years, including David Backes, Dustin Brown, Jack Johnson, Patrick Kane, Phil Kessel, Zach Parise, Joe Pavelski, Bobby Ryan, Paul Stastny, and Ryan Suter. The team also had a solid group of veterans that included such stars as goalie Ryan Miller, defenseman Brian Rafalski, and team captain Jamie Langenbrunner. The U.S. team upset team Canada 5–3 in the round-robin phase of the tournament and went into the single elimination phase of the tournament as the number-one seeded team. After beating Finland 6–1, the U.S. advanced to the gold medal game, where they lost in overtime 3–2 to Canada to claim the silver medal. The gold medal game between Canada and the U.S. was watched by an estimated 27.6 million U.S. households. This was the most watched hockey game in America since the 1980 "Miracle on Ice" game, including any Stanley Cup final or NHL Winter Classic broadcast. [13]

The NHL pulled out of the Olympics for the 2018 competition in a dispute over insurance and the IOC's ambush marketing restrictions, prohibiting the national teams from inviting any player it held under contract. The American team was put at a particular disadvantage, as more than 31% of NHL players are Americans (in comparison, only 4.1% are Russians). As a result, the U.S. had to enter the tournament with a hastily assembled team of free agents, players from European leagues, AHLers on one-way contracts, and college players. [14] The team proved unsuccessful, losing to Slovenia and the Olympic Athletes from Russia in the preliminary round, and being eliminated by the Czechs in the quarterfinals. [15] The OAR team benefited most from NHL's absence and ultimately won the tournament with a team that was composed primarily of SKA Saint Petersburg and HC CSKA Moscow players from the Russia-based KHL and featured ex-NHL all-stars Pavel Datsyuk, Ilya Kovalchuk and Vyacheslav Voynov (all SKA). [16] [17]

Competitive record

Olympic Games

Games [5] [18] GPWLTGFGACoachCaptainRoundPosition
1920 Antwerp 4310522 Cornelius Fellowes
Roy Schooley
Joe McCormick Silver medal roundSilver medal icon.svg Silver
1924 Chamonix 5410736 William Haddock Irving Small Final roundSilver medal icon.svg Silver
1928 St. Moritz Did not participate
1932 Lake Placid 6411275 Alfred Winsor John Chase Final roundSilver medal icon.svg Silver
1936 Garmisch-Partenkirchen 8521104 Albert Prettyman John Garrison Final roundBronze medal icon.svg Bronze
1948 St. Moritz 85308633 John Garrison Goodwin Harding Round-robin4th, DSQ
1952 Oslo 86114321 Connie Pleban Allen Van Round-robinSilver medal icon.svg Silver
1956 Cortina d'Ampezzo 75203316 John Mariucci Gene Campbell Final roundSilver medal icon.svg Silver
1960 Squaw Valley 77004817 Jack Riley Jack Kirrane Final roundGold medal icon.svg Gold
1964 Innsbruck 72502933 Eddie Jeremiah Herb Brooks
Bill Reichart
Round-robin5th
1968 Grenoble 72412328 Murray Williamson Lou Nanne Round-robin6th
1972 Sapporo 64202318 Murray Williamson Tim Sheehy Round-robinSilver medal icon.svg Silver
1976 Innsbruck 63302325 Bob Johnson John Taft Round-robin5th
1980 Lake Placid 76013315 Herb Brooks Mike Eruzione Final roundGold medal icon.svg Gold
1984 Sarajevo 62222321 Lou Vairo Phil Verchota 7th place game7th
1988 Calgary 63303531 Dave Peterson Brian Leetch 7th place game7th
1992 Albertville 85212519 Dave Peterson Clark Donatelli Bronze medal game4th
1994 Lillehammer 81432832 Tim Taylor Peter Laviolette 7th place game8th
1998 Nagano 4130914 Ron Wilson Chris Chelios Quarter-finals6th
2002 Salt Lake City 64112610 Herb Brooks Chris Chelios Gold medal gameSilver medal icon.svg Silver
2006 Turin 61411617 Peter Laviolette Chris Chelios Quarter-finals8th
2010 Vancouver 651249 Ron Wilson Jamie Langenbrunner Gold medal gameSilver medal icon.svg Silver
2014 Sochi 6422012 Dan Bylsma Zach Parise Bronze medal game4th
2018 Pyeongchang 5231112 Tony Granato Brian Gionta Quarter-finals7th
2022 Beijing Qualified

Results by "Big Six" opponent

OpponentsPlayedWonTiedLostBiggest victoryBiggest defeat
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 1833124:13:12
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia/
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic
211001116:01:7
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland 137248:2, 6:01:6, 0:5
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union/
Flag of the CIS.svg  CIS/
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
144194:3, 3:2 (x3)2:10
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 1562720:01:5
Total813084320:03:12

World Championship

Note: Between 1920 and 1968, the Olympic ice hockey tournament was also considered the World Championship for that year. [19]
Note: World War II forced cancellation of all tournaments from 1940 to 1946.
Note: In 1972, a separate tournament was held both for the World Championships and the Winter Olympics for the first time.
Note: No World Championships were held during the Olympic years 1980, 1984, and 1988.
Note: 2020 tournament was cancelled due to the coronavirus pandemic. [20]
  • 1920Silver medal icon.svg Silver
  • 1924Silver medal icon.svg Silver
  • 1928did not participate
  • 1930did not participate
  • 1931Silver medal icon.svg Silver
  • 1932Silver medal icon.svg Silver
  • 1933Gold medal icon.svg Gold
  • 1934Silver medal icon.svg Silver
  • 1935did not participate
  • 1936Bronze medal icon.svg Bronze
  • 1937did not participate
  • 1938 – 7th place
  • 1939Silver medal icon.svg Silver
  • 1947 – 5th place
  • 1948 – 4th place
  • 1949Bronze medal icon.svg Bronze
  • 1950Silver medal icon.svg Silver
  • 1951 – 6th place
  • 1952Silver medal icon.svg Silver
  • 1953did not participate
  • 1954did not participate
  • 1955 – 4th place
  • 1956Silver medal icon.svg Silver
  • 1957did not participate
  • 1958 – 5th place
  • 1959 – 4th place
  • 1960Gold medal icon.svg Gold
  • 1961 – 6th place
  • 1962Bronze medal icon.svg Bronze
  • 1963 – 8th place
  • 1964 – 5th place
  • 1965 – 6th place
  • 1966 – 6th place
  • 1967 – 5th place
  • 1968 – 6th place
  • 1969 – 6th place (relegated to Group B)
  • 1970 – 7th place (1st in Group B, promoted to Group A)
  • 1971 – 6th place (relegated to Group B)
  • 1972 – 8th place (2nd in Group B)
  • 1973 – 8th place (2nd in Group B)
  • 1974 – 7th place (1st in Group B, promoted to Group A)
  • 1975 – 6th place
  • 1976 – 4th place
  • 1977 – 6th place
  • 1978 – 6th place
  • 1979 – 7th place
  • 1981 – 5th place
  • 1982 – 8th place (relegated to Group B)
  • 1983 – 9th place (1st in Group B, promoted to Group A)
  • 1985 – 4th place
  • 1986 – 6th place
  • 1987 – 7th place
  • 1989 – 6th place
  • 1990 – 5th place
  • 1991 – 4th place
  • 1992 – 7th place
  • 1993 – 6th place
  • 1994 – 4th place
  • 1995 – 6th place
  • 1996Bronze medal icon.svg Bronze
  • 1997 – 6th place
  • 1998 – 12th place
  • 1999 – 6th place
  • 2000 – 5th place
  • 2001 – 4th place
  • 2002 – 7th place
  • 2003 – 13th place
  • 2004Bronze medal icon.svg Bronze
  • 2005 – 6th place
  • 2006 – 7th place
  • 2007 – 5th place
  • 2008 – 6th place
  • 2009 – 4th place
  • 2010 – 13th place
  • 2011 – 8th place
  • 2012 – 7th place
  • 2013Bronze medal icon.svg Bronze
  • 2014 – 6th place
  • 2015Bronze medal icon.svg Bronze
  • 2016 – 4th place
  • 2017 – 5th place
  • 2018Bronze medal icon.svg Bronze
  • 2019 – 7th place
  • 2021Bronze medal icon.svg Bronze

Canada Cup/World Cup

Games [21] GPWLTGFGACoachCaptainRoundPosition
1976 51311421 Bob Pulford Bill Nyrop Group stage5th
1981 62311823 Bob Johnson Robbie Ftorek Semi-finals4th
1984 63212322 Bob Johnson Rod Langway Semi-finals4th
1987 52301314 Bob Johnson Rod Langway Group stage5th
1991 85302926 Bob Johnson Joel Otto FinalsSilver medal icon.svg Silver
1996 76103718 Ron Wilson Brian Leetch FinalsGold medal icon.svg Gold
2004 52301111 Ron Wilson Chris Chelios Semi-finals4th
2016 303511 John Tortorella Joe Pavelski Group stage7th

Results by "Big Six" opponent

OpponentsPlayedWonTiedLostBiggest victoryBiggest defeat
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 1431105:2 (x2)3:8
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia/
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic
63126:21:3
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland 64117:31:2
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union/
Flag of the CIS.svg  CIS/
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
94055:2 (x2)0:5
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 64027:12:9
Total41183207:12:9

Team

Current roster

Roster for the 2021 IIHF World Championship. [22]

Head coach: Jack Capuano [23]

No.Pos.NameHeightWeightBirthdateTeam
1G Drew Commesso 1.87 m (6 ft 2 in)82 kg (181 lb)19 July 2002 (age 19) Flag of the United States.svg Boston Univ.
2D Ryan Shea 1.85 m (6 ft 1 in)80 kg (180 lb)February 11, 1997 (age 24) Flag of the United States.svg Texas Stars
3D Matt Roy A 1.85 m (6 ft 1 in)91 kg (201 lb)March 1, 1995 (age 26) Flag of the United States.svg Los Angeles Kings
4D Connor Mackey 1.88 m (6 ft 2 in)86 kg (190 lb)September 12, 1996 (age 25) Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Calgary Flames
5D Adam Clendening 1.83 m (6 ft 0 in)86 kg (190 lb)October 26, 1992 (age 28) Flag of the United States.svg Cleveland Monsters
6D Chris Wideman 1.78 m (5 ft 10 in)86 kg (190 lb)January 7, 1990 (age 31) Flag of Russia.svg Torpedo Nizhny Novgorod
8D Matt Tennyson 1.88 m (6 ft 2 in)93 kg (205 lb)April 23, 1990 (age 31) Flag of the United States.svg New Jersey Devils
10F Matty Beniers 1.85 m (6 ft 1 in)79 kg (174 lb)November 5, 2002 (age 18) Flag of the United States.svg Univ. of Michigan
11F Brian Boyle 1.97 m (6 ft 6 in)111 kg (245 lb)December 18, 1984 (age 36) Flag of the United States.svg Florida Panthers
12F Trevor Moore 1.78 m (5 ft 10 in)84 kg (185 lb)March 31, 1995 (age 26) Flag of the United States.svg Los Angeles Kings
16F Ryan Donato 1.84 m (6 ft 0 in)87 kg (192 lb)April 9, 1996 (age 25) Flag of the United States.svg San Jose Sharks
18F Jack Drury 1.82 m (6 ft 0 in)79 kg (174 lb)February 3, 2000 (age 21) Flag of Sweden.svg Växjö Lakers
19F Jason Robertson 1.91 m (6 ft 3 in)95 kg (209 lb)July 22, 1999 (age 22) Flag of the United States.svg Dallas Stars
21F Kevin Rooney 1.88 m (6 ft 2 in)86 kg (190 lb)May 21, 1993 (age 28) Flag of the United States.svg New York Rangers
24F Sasha Chmelevski 1.83 m (6 ft 0 in)85 kg (187 lb)June 9, 1999 (age 22) Flag of the United States.svg San Jose Sharks
29G Jake Oettinger 1.96 m (6 ft 5 in)102 kg (225 lb)December 18, 1998 (age 22) Flag of the United States.svg Dallas Stars
31G Anthony Stolarz 1.96 m (6 ft 5 in)104 kg (229 lb)January 20, 1994 (age 27) Flag of the United States.svg Anaheim Ducks
39D Zac Jones 1.78 m (5 ft 10 in)78 kg (172 lb)October 18, 2000 (age 20) Flag of the United States.svg New York Rangers
40G Cal Petersen 1.85 m (6 ft 1 in)83 kg (183 lb)October 19, 1994 (age 26) Flag of the United States.svg Los Angeles Kings
43F Colin Blackwell A 1.75 m (5 ft 9 in)86 kg (190 lb)March 28, 1993 (age 28) Flag of the United States.svg New York Rangers
50F Eric Robinson 1.88 m (6 ft 2 in)91 kg (201 lb)June 14, 1995 (age 26) Flag of the United States.svg Columbus Blue Jackets
55D Matt Hellickson 1.83 m (6 ft 0 in)83 kg (183 lb)March 21, 1998 (age 23) Flag of the United States.svg Binghamton Devils
62F Kevin Labanc 1.80 m (5 ft 11 in)84 kg (185 lb)December 12, 1995 (age 25) Flag of the United States.svg San Jose Sharks
72F Tage Thompson 2.01 m (6 ft 7 in)99 kg (218 lb)October 30, 1997 (age 23) Flag of the United States.svg Buffalo Sabres
83F Conor Garland 1.78 m (5 ft 10 in)75 kg (165 lb)March 11, 1996 (age 25) Flag of the United States.svg Arizona Coyotes
86D Christian Wolanin 1.88 m (6 ft 2 in)84 kg (185 lb)March 17, 1995 (age 26) Flag of the United States.svg Los Angeles Kings
89F Justin Abdelkader C 1.87 m (6 ft 2 in)97 kg (214 lb)February 25, 1987 (age 34) Flag of Switzerland.svg EV Zug

IIHF World Championship directorate awards

The IIHF has given awards for each year's championship tournament to the top goalie, defenseman, and forward (all since 1954), and most valuable player (since 2004). The following American team members have won awards.

Uniform evolution

See also

Related Research Articles

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References

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