Victoria, Prince Edward Island
|Province||Prince Edward Island|
|• Land||1.46 km2 (0.56 sq mi)|
|• Density||50.8/km2 (132/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-4 (AST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-3 (ADT)|
|Canadian postal code|
Victoria (2016 pop.: 74) is a municipality that holds community status in Prince Edward Island, Canada. The population fluctuates with seasonal residents.
A historic seaport, the community is situated at the extreme southwestern edge of Queens County in the township of Lot 29.
In recent decades the community has branded itself as "Victoria-by-the-Sea" to honour its heritage as a seaport and to attract tourists.
Victoria, tucked neatly on the south shore of Prince Edward Island, halfway between PEI's largest cities of Charlottetown and Summerside, was founded in 1819 by James Bardin Palmer, an immigrant lawyer and agent for the Earl of Westmoreland. His son Donald, following a well-conceived plan, laid out the community on Palmer's estate. The effect can still be seen today by the grid pattern of its streets.
By the late 1800s the settlement was prosperous with three wharves and many thriving businesses. Because of its sheltered harbour and strategic location, Victoria became an important seaport with a significant amount of trade with Europe, the West Indies and other East Coast ports. A wide variety of produce, including potatoes and eggs, was shipped by schooner from Victoria until the early 1900s. In the days of the steamboats Victoria was a regular stop for the SS Harland, dropping off visitors from Charlottetown and places further afield, to spend a few days relaxing in the community by the sea.
To accommodate the increase in shipping commerce and traveling visitors, the community developed services to cater to them including hotels, a general store various stores and, a bank, a rink, a fox farm, a blacksmith shop, and a farm equipment dealer.
The rink was home to the Victoria Union, one of the most successful hockey teams in the Maritimes. When the Trans-Canada Highway bypassed Victoria many businesses and facilities relocated to nearby Crapaud. Today, with a year-round population of under two hundred, there are a number of family-run businesses employing local people, just as there were in the prosperous years up to the 1950s.
In the February 1982 Atlantic Insight, Stephen Kimber commented on the community,
The Trans-Canada Highway bypassed Victoria. So did the shopping centres and tourist amusement parks.
And that - along with its independent-minded citizens - is what makes Victoria the enchanting,
picture post card place it is today."
Not much has changed in the intervening years.
There is agricultural and fishing activity in Victoria by the sea as well as an aquaculture research & development facility.However, tourism is a major aspect of the community's economy. There are multiple restaurants, gift shops, and inns. Visitors can get a true sense of the history of the community by viewing the exhibit Keeper’s of the Light at the Victoria Seaport Museum, which is located in Palmer's Range Light.
Prince Edward Island (PEI) is a province of Canada and one of the three Maritime provinces. It is the smallest province of Canada in both land area and population, but the most densely populated. Part of the traditional lands of the Miꞌkmaq, it was colonized by the British in the 1700s. It was federated into Canada as a province in 1873. Its capital is Charlottetown.
Canada has a large domestic and foreign tourism industry. The second largest country in the world, Canada's incredible geographical variety is a significant tourist attractor. Much of the country's tourism is centred in the following (busiest) regions: Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver/Whistler, Niagara Falls, Vancouver Island, Calgary/Canadian Rockies, British Columbia's Okanagan Valley, and the national capital region Ottawa. The large cities are known for their culture, diversity, as well as the many national parks and historic sites.
Sackville 2016 population: 5,331) is a town in southeastern New Brunswick, Canada. It is home to Mount Allison University, a primarily undergraduate liberal arts university. Historically based on agriculture, shipbuilding, and manufacturing, the economy is now driven by the university and tourism. Initially part of the French colony of Acadia, the settlement became part of the British colony of Nova Scotia in 1755 following the Expulsion of the Acadians.
Summerside is a Canadian city in Prince County, Prince Edward Island. It is the second largest city in the province and the primary service centre for the western part of the island.
Queens County is a county in the province of Prince Edward Island, Canada. It is the largest county in the province by population with 82,017 (2016), land area, and highest average income. Charlottetown is the county seat of Queens County, and is the largest city and the capital of Prince Edward Island.
Cornwall is a Canadian town located in Queens County, Prince Edward Island.
Tignish is a Canadian town located in Prince County, Prince Edward Island.
Montague is a former town located within the town of Three Rivers in Kings County, Prince Edward Island, Canada. It amalgamated with the town of Georgetown, the rural municipalities of Brudenell, Cardigan, Lorne Valley, Lower Montague, and Valleyfield, and portions of three adjacent unincorporated areas in 2018.
Borden-Carleton is a town in Prince County the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island. It is situated on the south shore fronting on the Northumberland Strait. The town was originally incorporated as a community on April 12, 1995, through the amalgamation of the town of Borden and the community of Carleton. The town of Borden opted to demote its status to a community in light of a declining tax base with the pending completion of the Confederation Bridge and the closure of the Marine Atlantic ferry service. Borden-Carleton became a town on July 31, 2012.
North Rustico is a Canadian town located in Queens County, Prince Edward Island.
Alberton is a Canadian town located in Prince County, Prince Edward Island. It is situated in the western part of the county in the township of Lot 5. The population was 1,145 as of the 2016 census.
Route 1 is a 120-kilometre (75 mi) long provincial highway that serves as the Prince Edward Island section of the Trans-Canada Highway. Route 1 traverses the southern shores of Prince Edward Island, from the Confederation Bridge in Borden-Carleton to the Wood Islands ferry dock. It is an uncontrolled access 2-lane highway with a maximum speed limit of 90 km/h (55 mph), except within some towns and the city of Charlottetown.
Kensington is a Canadian town located in Prince County, Prince Edward Island. It is 15 km (9.3 mi) northeast of the city of Summerside. In 2016, its population was 1,619.
Georgetown is a town located within the municipality of Three Rivers in Kings County, Prince Edward Island, Canada. It is the Capital of Kings County. In 2018 it amalgamated with the town of Montague, the rural municipalities of Brudenell, Cardigan, Lorne Valley, Lower Montague, and Valleyfield, and portions of three adjacent unincorporated areas.
Charlottetown is a town in Nunatukavut of about 290 people in the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. It was said to be founded by Benjamin Powell in 1950 and named for Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island: "I thought that maybe someday the place would be the capital of the bay, the same way Charlottetown is the capital of Prince Edward Island."
Mount Stewart is a municipality that holds community status in Prince Edward Island, Canada. It is located in the northeastern part of Queens County, at the head of the once-navigable portion of the Hillsborough River at the point where the river begins to narrow significantly. Mount Stewart had a population of 209 at the time of the 2016 Census.
St. Louis is a municipality that holds community status in Prince Edward Island, Canada.
Charlottetown is the capital and largest city of the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island, and the county seat of Queens County. Named after Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, queen consort of King George III of the United Kingdom, Charlottetown was originally an unincorporated town that incorporated as a city in 1855.
The History of Charlottetown can be traced back to the original French military settlement established on the site in 1720. Over the years Charlottetown has grown to become the largest and most important city on Prince Edward Island.