|Province||Prince Edward Island|
|Amalgamated||September 28, 2018|
|• Land||1.59 km2 (0.61 sq mi)|
|• Density||348.1/km2 (902/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-4 (AST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-3 (ADT)|
|Canadian postal code|
Georgetown is a community located within the municipality of Three Rivers in Kings County, Prince Edward Island, Canada. It is the Capital of Kings County. Previously incorporated as a town, it amalgamated with the town of Montague, the rural municipalities of Brudenell, Cardigan, Lorne Valley, Lower Montague, and Valleyfield, and portions of three adjacent unincorporated areas in 2018.
This area of eastern Prince Edward Island traces its history of human settlement to the Mi'kmaq Nation, which long inhabited the area. These people were referred to as Epegoitnag and for them, the region was an Acadian forest. It had wild game, as well as fruit, berries and wild nuts for gathering, and plentiful marine resources in the nearby rivers and Northumberland Strait. The land in this area was called Samkook, which translates to 'the land of the sandy shore'.
Georgetown lies opposite Brudenell Point, which divides the Brudenell River to the north from the Montague River to the south. Brudenell Point was the location of the first permanent Acadian settlement; French colonists called the island Ile-Saint-Jean. Here, entrepreneur Jean Pierre Roma landed in 1732 with approximately 100 settlers, to begin a commercial settlement to grow food and catch fish for provisioning the French military garrison at Fortress of Louisbourg on Ile-Royale (now Cape Breton Island). French settlers called the area Trois-Rivieres (Three Rivers). In conflict over control of the region, British colonists burned the village in 1745, at the same time that they took control of Port-la-Joye.
Following the transfer of control of Acadia to Britain after it defeated France in the Seven Years' War in 1763, Captain Samuel Holland selected the entirety of Cardigan Point for the capital of Kings County, in a survey conducted for the Crown. He designated it as the township of Kings Royalty.
The county capital was to be named Georgetown in honour of King George III. The settlement was oriented on magnetic north, and a broad street network was designed.
Present-day Georgetown's collection of heritage buildings mostly dates to the late Victorian Era, when the community was at the height of its importance in the wooden shipbuilding industry. As one of the most important ports in the colony of Prince Edward Island, the port was selected in 1870 to be the eastern terminus of the Prince Edward Island Railway (PEIR). It also became a steamship terminal, with connections to the Intercolonial Railway on the mainland at Pictou, Nova Scotia. Georgetown's harbour was frequently the only port on the island that was usable during the winter months, because of prevailing wind and tide directions. (This was before the construction of the Canso Causeway altered sea ice patterns in the Northumberland Strait).
On September 28, 2018, the Town of Georgetown amalgamated with the Town of Montague, five nearby rural municipalities – Brudenell, Cardigan, Lorne Valley, Lower Montague, and Valleyfield – and portions of three adjacent unincorporated areas.
Georgetown is the birthplace of Prince Edward Island's 33rd Premier Dennis King.
Georgetown, Capital of Kings County, was developed on an 8-kilometre-long peninsula formed by the Cardigan and Brudenell rivers, along with Georgetown Harbour. This peninsula forms part of the township of Georgetown Royalty, Prince Edward Island and extends into Cardigan Bay, a sub-basin of the Northumberland Strait to the east.
Georgetown Harbour is a deep natural harbour (nearly 11 metres).It lies to the south of the community at the confluence of the Brudenell River and the Montague River.
|Climate data for Alliston (approximately 9.2 Km away from Georgetown)|
|Record high °C (°F)||15.0|
|Average high °C (°F)||−2.0|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−6.6|
|Average low °C (°F)||−11.3|
|Record low °C (°F)||−31.0|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||96.3|
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||42.6|
|Average snowfall cm (inches)||53.8|
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm)||13.4||10.6||12.7||14.7||14.1||12.2||12.1||11.6||14.3||16.2||15.8||15.9||163.5|
|Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm)||5.8||4.6||7.9||11.8||14.0||12.2||12.1||11.6||14.3||16.0||14.2||9.8||134.3|
|Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm)||9.0||7.3||6.7||4.4||0.18||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.28||2.9||8.4||39.1|
|Source: Environment Canada|
|Source: Statistics Canada |
The Port of Georgetown is a deep water harbour situated in Cardigan Bay on the east coast of Prince Edward Island, south of the Port of Souris. The port remains ice-free from April 15 through December 31. Shipping through winter is not required by any of the current clientele. Georgetown is approximately 100 km from the port of Charlottetown, the capital of the province.
The PEIR mainline from Georgetown extended through Montague Junction (where a spur was built to service nearby Montague) to Mount Stewart and on to Royalty Junction (connection to Charlottetown), Summerside and Alberton.
In the 20th century, Georgetown's industrial base diversified to include the island's only shipyard, East Isle Shipyard. Now owned by J.D. Irving Limited (JDI), it is well known for its construction of tugboats, such as Atlantic Spruce, Atlantic Oak, and the Royal Canadian Navy's Glen class tugs.
The community is also home to the Island's largest saw mill (also owned by JDI). A major seasonal employer is a seafood plant, operated by Seafood 2000 and originally constructed by National Sea Products Limited.
Stratford is a town located in Queens County, Prince Edward Island.
Tignish is a Canadian town located in Prince County, Prince Edward Island.
Montague is a community within the Town of Three Rivers in Kings County, Prince Edward Island, Canada. Previously incorporated as a town, it amalgamated with the Town of Georgetown, the rural municipalities of Brudenell, Cardigan, Lorne Valley, Lower Montague, and Valleyfield, and portions of three adjacent unincorporated areas in 2018.
Souris is a town in Kings County, Prince Edward Island, Canada. It is located near the northeastern tip of the province.
North Rustico is a Canadian town located in Queens County, Prince Edward Island.
Alberton is a Canadian town located in Prince County, Prince Edward Island. It is situated in the western part of the county in the township of Lot 5.
Murray Harbour is a community that holds rural municipality status in Prince Edward Island, Canada. It is located in southeastern Kings County.
Hunter River is a municipality that holds community status in Prince Edward Island, Canada. It is located in Queens County southwest of North Rustico. It is situated on the Hunter River.
Morell is a rural municipality in Prince Edward Island, Canada. It is located in Kings County east of Bristol.
Mount Stewart is a rural municipality in Prince Edward Island, Canada. It is located in the northeastern part of Queens County, at the head of the once-navigable portion of the Hillsborough River at the point where the river begins to narrow significantly. Mount Stewart had a population of 209 at the time of the 2016 Census.
Murray River is a rural municipality in Prince Edward Island, Canada. It is located in Kings County.
Tyne Valley' is a rural municipality in Prince Edward Island, Canada. It is located in Prince County. Incorporated in 1966, the community is located in the township of Lot 13 at the intersection of Routes 12 and 167.
Victoria is a rural municipality in Prince Edward Island, Canada. A historic seaport, the community is situated at the extreme southwestern edge of Queens County in the township of Lot 29.
Cardigan, Prince Edward Island was a municipality that held community status in Prince Edward Island, Canada. It was a fishing community in eastern Kings County.
Meadowbank, previously Meadow Bank, is a former rural municipality in the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island within Queens County.
Resort Municipality, officially named the Resort Municipality of Stanley Bridge, Hope River, Bayview, Cavendish and North Rustico, is the lone municipality in Prince Edward Island, Canada that holds resort municipality status. It was established in 1990.
Miltonvale Park is a municipality that holds community status in Prince Edward Island, Canada. It was incorporated in 1974.
Three Rivers is a town within Kings County in Prince Edward Island that was incorporated on September 28, 2018 through an amalgamation of seven municipalities and adjacent unincorporated areas. The municipalities that were amalgamated included two towns – Georgetown and Montague – and five rural municipalities – Brudenell, Cardigan, Lorne Valley, Lower Montague, and Valleyfield.