Georgetown, Prince Edward Island

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Georgetown
GeorgetownPE CustomsPostOffice.jpg
Georgetown post office
Canada Prince Edward Island location map 2.svg
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Georgetown in Prince Edward Island
Coordinates: 46°11′05″N62°32′01″W / 46.18459°N 62.53362°W / 46.18459; -62.53362 Coordinates: 46°11′05″N62°32′01″W / 46.18459°N 62.53362°W / 46.18459; -62.53362
Country Canada
Province Prince Edward Island
County Kings County
Founded1732
Incorporated 1912
AmalgamatedSeptember 28, 2018
Area
[1]
  Land1.59 km2 (0.61 sq mi)
Population
 (2016) [1]
  Total555
  Density348.1/km2 (902/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-4 (AST)
  Summer (DST) UTC-3 (ADT)
Canadian postal code
C0A 1L0
Area code(s) 902
Telephone Exchange652
NTS Map011L02
GNBC CodeBABDH

Georgetown is a community located within the municipality of Three Rivers in Kings County, Prince Edward Island, Canada. It is the Capital of Kings County. Previously incorporated as a town, it amalgamated with the town of Montague, the rural municipalities of Brudenell, Cardigan, Lorne Valley, Lower Montague, and Valleyfield, and portions of three adjacent unincorporated areas in 2018.

Contents

History

Georgetown, being the shiretown for Kings County, has the county's only provincial court house. It was erected in 1887. GeorgetownPE KingsCountyCourtHouse Angle.jpg
Georgetown, being the shiretown for Kings County, has the county's only provincial court house. It was erected in 1887.

This area of eastern Prince Edward Island traces its history of human settlement to the Mi'kmaq Nation, which long inhabited the area. These people were referred to as Epegoitnag and for them, the region was an Acadian forest. It had wild game, as well as fruit, berries and wild nuts for gathering, and plentiful marine resources in the nearby rivers and Northumberland Strait. The land in this area was called Samkook, which translates to 'the land of the sandy shore'.

Georgetown lies opposite Brudenell Point, which divides the Brudenell River to the north from the Montague River to the south. Brudenell Point was the location of the first permanent Acadian settlement; French colonists called the island Ile-Saint-Jean. Here, entrepreneur Jean Pierre Roma landed in 1732 with approximately 100 settlers, to begin a commercial settlement to grow food and catch fish for provisioning the French military garrison at Fortress of Louisbourg on Ile-Royale (now Cape Breton Island). French settlers called the area Trois-Rivieres (Three Rivers). In conflict over control of the region, British colonists burned the village in 1745, at the same time that they took control of Port-la-Joye.

Following the transfer of control of Acadia to Britain after it defeated France in the Seven Years' War in 1763, Captain Samuel Holland selected the entirety of Cardigan Point for the capital of Kings County, in a survey conducted for the Crown. He designated it as the township of Kings Royalty.

The county capital was to be named Georgetown in honour of King George III. The settlement was oriented on magnetic north, and a broad street network was designed.

Present-day Georgetown's collection of heritage buildings mostly dates to the late Victorian Era, when the community was at the height of its importance in the wooden shipbuilding industry. As one of the most important ports in the colony of Prince Edward Island, the port was selected in 1870 to be the eastern terminus of the Prince Edward Island Railway (PEIR). It also became a steamship terminal, with connections to the Intercolonial Railway on the mainland at Pictou, Nova Scotia. Georgetown's harbour was frequently the only port on the island that was usable during the winter months, because of prevailing wind and tide directions. (This was before the construction of the Canso Causeway altered sea ice patterns in the Northumberland Strait).

On September 28, 2018, the Town of Georgetown amalgamated with the Town of Montague, five nearby rural municipalities Brudenell, Cardigan, Lorne Valley, Lower Montague, and Valleyfield and portions of three adjacent unincorporated areas. [2]

Georgetown is the birthplace of Prince Edward Island's 33rd Premier Dennis King.

Geography

Georgetown, Capital of Kings County, was developed on an 8-kilometre-long peninsula formed by the Cardigan and Brudenell rivers, along with Georgetown Harbour. This peninsula forms part of the township of Georgetown Royalty, Prince Edward Island and extends into Cardigan Bay, a sub-basin of the Northumberland Strait to the east.

Georgetown Harbour is a deep natural harbour (nearly 11 metres). [3] It lies to the south of the community at the confluence of the Brudenell River and the Montague River.

Climate

Climate data for Alliston (approximately 9.2 Km away from Georgetown) [4]
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)15.0
(59.0)
15.0
(59.0)
18.3
(64.9)
26.1
(79.0)
30.6
(87.1)
32.8
(91.0)
33.9
(93.0)
36.1
(97.0)
32.2
(90.0)
25.0
(77.0)
21.1
(70.0)
17.8
(64.0)
36.1
(97.0)
Average high °C (°F)−2.0
(28.4)
−1.9
(28.6)
2.5
(36.5)
7.1
(44.8)
14.7
(58.5)
20.8
(69.4)
23.9
(75.0)
23.5
(74.3)
18.7
(65.7)
12.3
(54.1)
6.5
(43.7)
1.2
(34.2)
10.6
(51.1)
Daily mean °C (°F)−6.6
(20.1)
−6.6
(20.1)
−1.9
(28.6)
2.9
(37.2)
9.4
(48.9)
15.3
(59.5)
19.1
(66.4)
18.6
(65.5)
14.1
(57.4)
8.4
(47.1)
3.0
(37.4)
−2.8
(27.0)
6.1
(43.0)
Average low °C (°F)−11.3
(11.7)
−11.2
(11.8)
−6.2
(20.8)
−1.3
(29.7)
4.1
(39.4)
9.7
(49.5)
14.1
(57.4)
13.8
(56.8)
9.5
(49.1)
4.4
(39.9)
−0.5
(31.1)
−6.9
(19.6)
1.5
(34.7)
Record low °C (°F)−31.0
(−23.8)
−26.7
(−16.1)
−27.8
(−18.0)
−15.0
(5.0)
−6.7
(19.9)
−3.9
(25.0)
2.0
(35.6)
4.4
(39.9)
−0.6
(30.9)
−6.1
(21.0)
−13.3
(8.1)
−23.9
(−11.0)
−31.0
(−23.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches)96.3
(3.79)
72.7
(2.86)
78.7
(3.10)
92.4
(3.64)
87.7
(3.45)
90.0
(3.54)
93.6
(3.69)
87.8
(3.46)
112.2
(4.42)
122.6
(4.83)
120.2
(4.73)
127.9
(5.04)
1,182.2
(46.54)
Average rainfall mm (inches)42.6
(1.68)
30.2
(1.19)
41.2
(1.62)
68.5
(2.70)
86.1
(3.39)
90.0
(3.54)
93.6
(3.69)
87.8
(3.46)
112.2
(4.42)
120.5
(4.74)
106.8
(4.20)
83.6
(3.29)
963.1
(37.92)
Average snowfall cm (inches)53.8
(21.2)
42.5
(16.7)
37.5
(14.8)
24.0
(9.4)
1.6
(0.6)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
2.1
(0.8)
13.4
(5.3)
44.7
(17.6)
219.5
(86.4)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm)13.410.612.714.714.112.212.111.614.316.215.815.9163.5
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm)5.84.67.911.814.012.212.111.614.316.014.29.8134.3
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm)9.07.36.74.40.180.00.00.00.00.282.98.439.1
Source: Environment Canada [5]

Demographics

Federal census population history of Georgetown
YearPop.±%
1921 719    
1931 679−5.6%
1941 769+13.3%
1951 762−0.9%
1956754−1.0%
1961744−1.3%
1966826+11.0%
1971767−7.1%
1976732−4.6%
1981737+0.7%
1986729−1.1%
1991 716−1.8%
1996 732+2.2%
2001 721−1.5%
2006 634−12.1%
2011 675+6.5%
2016 555−17.8%
2021     
Source: Statistics Canada
[6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16]

Infrastructure

The Port of Georgetown is a deep water harbour situated in Cardigan Bay on the east coast of Prince Edward Island, south of the Port of Souris. The port remains ice-free from April 15 through December 31. Shipping through winter is not required by any of the current clientele. Georgetown is approximately 100 km from the port of Charlottetown, the capital of the province. [17]

The PEIR mainline from Georgetown extended through Montague Junction (where a spur was built to service nearby Montague) to Mount Stewart and on to Royalty Junction (connection to Charlottetown), Summerside and Alberton.

Economy

In the 20th century, Georgetown's industrial base diversified to include the island's only shipyard, East Isle Shipyard. Now owned by J.D. Irving Limited (JDI), it is well known for its construction of tugboats, such as Atlantic Spruce, Atlantic Oak, and the Royal Canadian Navy's Glen class tugs.

The community is also home to the Island's largest saw mill (also owned by JDI). A major seasonal employer is a seafood plant, operated by Seafood 2000 and originally constructed by National Sea Products Limited.

Local attractions

See also

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. 1 2 "Census Profile, 2016 Census: Georgetown, Town [Census subdivision], Prince Edward Island". Statistics Canada. Retrieved October 12, 2019.
  2. "EC2018586: Municipal Government Act Town of Three Rivers Establishment" (PDF). Government of Prince Edward Island Executive Council. September 25, 2018. pp. 323–327. Retrieved October 27, 2018.
  3. Georgetown port facilities, Georgetown Port Inc. Accessed June 27, 2017
  4. "Station Results - Advanced Search". Environment Canada. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved March 24, 2015.
  5. "Alliston, Prince Edward Island". Canadian Climate Normals 1971–2000. Environment Canada . Retrieved April 9, 2015.
  6. "Table 6: Population by census subdivisions, 1901–1961". 1961 Census of Canada (PDF). Series 1.1: Historical, 1901–1961. Vol. I: Population. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. March 8, 1963. Retrieved February 2, 2022.
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  8. "1976 Census of Canada: Population - Geographic Distributions" (PDF). Statistics Canada. June 1977. Retrieved February 2, 2022.
  9. "1981 Census of Canada: Census subdivisions in decreasing population order" (PDF). Statistics Canada. May 1992. Retrieved February 2, 2021.
  10. "1986 Census: Population - Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions" (PDF). Statistics Canada. September 1987. Retrieved February 2, 2022.
  11. "91 Census: Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions - Population and Dwelling Counts" (PDF). Statistics Canada. April 1992. Retrieved February 2, 2022.
  12. "96 Census: A National Overview - Population and Dwelling Counts" (PDF). Statistics Canada. April 1997. Retrieved February 2, 2022.
  13. "Population and Dwelling Counts, for Canada, Provinces and Territories, and Census Subdivisions (Municipalities), 2001 and 1996 Censuses - 100% Data (Prince Edward Island)". Statistics Canada. August 15, 2012. Retrieved February 2, 2022.
  14. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2006 and 2001 censuses - 100% data (Prince Edward Island)". Statistics Canada. August 20, 2021. Retrieved February 2, 2022.
  15. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Prince Edward Island)". Statistics Canada. July 25, 2021. Retrieved February 2, 2022.
  16. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Prince Edward Island)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 2, 2022.
  17. "Port of Georgetown, PEI, Canada"
  18. Great Places Canada nomination Archived 2015-10-03 at the Wayback Machine . Accessed October 2, 2015