Souris, Prince Edward Island

Last updated
Town of Souris
Town
St Marys church Souris.jpg
St Marys Church, Souris
Souris PEI flag.gif
Souris PEI logo.png
Canada Prince Edward Island location map 2.svg
Red pog.svg
Location of Souris in Prince Edward Island
Coordinates: 46°21′19″N62°15′15″W / 46.35540°N 62.25416°W / 46.35540; -62.25416 Coordinates: 46°21′19″N62°15′15″W / 46.35540°N 62.25416°W / 46.35540; -62.25416
Country Canada
Province Prince Edward Island
County Kings County
Founded1740
Incorporated TownNovember 14, 1910
Government
  TypeTown Council
   Mayor Jo-Anne Dunphy
  Deputy MayorDenis Thibodeau
  CouncillorsWanda Bailey
Thelma MacDonald
Kenny Peters
Jim Cheverie
Jo-Anne Dunphy
  CAOShelley LaVie
Area
[1]
  Total3.47 km2 (1.34 sq mi)
Highest elevation
13 m (43 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
 (2016) [1]
  Total1,053
  Density303.7/km2 (787/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-4 (AST)
  Summer (DST) UTC-3 (ADT)
Canadian Postal code
C0A
Area code(s) 902
Telephone Exchange208 215 327 687 743
NTS Map011L08
GNBC CodeBACII
Website www.sourispei.com

Souris is a town in Kings County, Prince Edward Island, Canada. It is located near the northeastern tip of the province.

Contents

History

Souris was founded by Acadians in 1727 as a fishing settlement at the mouth of the Souris River. These early settlers experienced several plagues of field mice in the surrounding area during the 1720s-1760s which damaged crops. Souris is French for "mouse" and a mouse is the Town's Mascot. It is said that "a French vessel passing by the bay in the early 1700s was forced to cut through the waves of drowned mice and so gave the name to the area. The 1744 map of Sieur de la Roque names the bay, Havre a la Souris”. [2] Earlier names also included: Colville Bay, Grand Haven, New Bristol, and Red Cliffs. [2]

The name likely also shares similar roots with the Souriquois and the Souris River. The French (Acadians) came to call the Micmacs the Souriquois, adopting the Indians' pidgin word for the trade language. [3] "The term came from the Basque zurikoa (pronounced “surikoa”) meaning “that of the whites.” [3] The -koa ending would be a Basque suffix denoting geographic origin and giving the word the meaning “people from Souris.” [3]

The Mi'kmaq (Mi'kmaw, Micmac or L'nu, “the people” in Mi'kmaq) were the first inhabitants in the area and had an encampment at the head of the Souris River. [2] Several Acadian families arrived in 1740 as the first white settlers but were forced out by the British after the Siege of Louisbourg (1758). [2] [4] In 1765, the British government divided the island into 67 lots, Souris being lot #45 and 20,000 acres. [4] The first census was carried out in 1798 and did not include any settlers in Souris, despite 1996 government record stating that "Scottish settlers came to the area as early as 1772, and English and Irish settlers arrived around 1810". [2]

20th century and beyond

Souris was incorporated into PEI on November 14, 1910. [2] [4]

The town has many well-preserved historic buildings, including the Matthew and MacLean Building, Souris Customs House and Post Office, and the McQuaid Building.

Souris has a well-developed harbor for fishing boats and boat repair. Since the 1960s, Souris has hosted an interprovincial ferry terminal for the service to Quebec's Magdalen Islands. The MV Madeleine II is operated by the Coopérative de transport maritime et aérien (CTMA).

2021-08-23 01 Harbor at Souris, PEI Canada.jpg

Geography

As of 2016, the land area is 3.47 square kilometres. [5] The Town of Souris website states that "Prince Edward Island is part of the Appalachian Region which runs from southern Quebec and Gaspésie and includes New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island and Newfoundland. There are many physiographic units with a peneplain that slopes from the highest point in the northwest down in a southeastward manner towards the ocean. The Prince Edward Island physiographic region is part of the Maritime Plain. The Maritime Plain runs around the coast of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia from the south shore of Chaleur Bay and includes Prince Edward Island and Îles-de-la-Madeleine." [4]

Economy

The economy of the area is dominated by the seasonal industries of fishing and oysters, agriculture and tourism. There are also several industrial businesses and a good retail sector. The town is home to banks, pharmacies, cafés, restaurants, gas stations, a grocery store, and other independent businesses.

Demographics

Federal census population history of Souris
YearPop.±%
19011,140    
1911 1,089−4.5%
1921 1,094+0.5%
1931 1,063−2.8%
1941 1,114+4.8%
1951 1,183+6.2%
19561,449+22.5%
19611,537+6.1%
19661,443−6.1%
19711,393−3.5%
19761,447+3.9%
19811,413−2.3%
19861,379−2.4%
1991 1,333−3.3%
1996 1,293−3.0%
2001 1,248−3.5%
2006 1,232−1.3%
2011 1,173−4.8%
2016 1,053−10.2%
2021 1,079+2.5%
Source: Statistics Canada
[6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17]

In the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Souris had a population of 1,079 living in 480 of its 533 total private dwellings, a change of

In 2016, persons aged 14 years and under made up 13.7% of the population, persons 15-64 made up 57.3%, and those aged 65 years and over made up 33.6%. [5] In 2016, 93% of the population had English as their first official language compared to 94.5% for the province as a whole. [5] The same year, 88% of the population were reported to be Canadian citizens in the census. [5] The ethnic origins from most to least listed are: Canadian, Scottish, Irish, English, French, German, North European, Indigenous, Guatemalan, Mexican, and Czech. [5] Roughly 30-34% of the population has a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree, and roughly 34% of the total labour force population aged 15 years and over was reported to work in natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations, more specifically in the industry categories of agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting. [5]

Education

Souris is home to two schools, serving grades K-12. Souris Regional School teaches students from grade K-12. Ecole La Belle Cloche is Souris' only Francophone school and teaches students from grades K-12.

École La-Belle-Cloche is situated in what used to be Rollo Bay Consolidated School, three minutes west of Souris in Rollo Bay.

Sports

Souris has venues for soccer, baseball, basketball, rugby, hockey, football, ringette and other similar sports. There are also several parks in Souris.

Kitesurfing is popular in Souris and nearby beaches. Souris Beach is an intermediate-level beach, and has good wave conditions when winds blow from the Southwest. Little Harbour, Basin Head, and other nearby beaches generally have good conditions in southwest and southeast winds.

Related Research Articles

Cornwall, Prince Edward Island Town in Prince Edward Island, Canada

Cornwall is a Canadian town located in Queens County, Prince Edward Island.

Tignish, Prince Edward Island Town in Prince Edward Island, Canada

Tignish is a Canadian town located in Prince County, Prince Edward Island.

Union Road is a rural municipality in Prince Edward Island, Canada. It is located in Queens County.

North Rustico Town in Prince Edward Island, Canada

North Rustico is a Canadian town located in Queens County, Prince Edward Island.

Alberton is a Canadian town located in Prince County, Prince Edward Island. It is situated in the western part of the county in the township of Lot 5.

Kensington, Prince Edward Island Town in Prince Edward Island, Canada

Kensington is a Canadian town located in Prince County, Prince Edward Island. It is 15 km (9.3 mi) northeast of the city of Summerside. In 2016, its population was 1,619.

Georgetown, Prince Edward Island Place in Prince Edward Island, Canada

Georgetown is a community located within the municipality of Three Rivers in Kings County, Prince Edward Island, Canada. It is the Capital of Kings County. Previously incorporated as a town, it amalgamated with the town of Montague, the rural municipalities of Brudenell, Cardigan, Lorne Valley, Lower Montague, and Valleyfield, and portions of three adjacent unincorporated areas in 2018.

O'Leary is a town located in Prince County, Prince Edward Island. Its population in the 2016 Census was 815 people.

Miscouche Place in Prince Edward Island, Canada

Miscouche is a municipality that holds community status in Prince Edward Island, Canada. It is located in Prince County.

Murray Harbour, Prince Edward Island Community in Prince Edward Island, Canada

Murray Harbour is a community that holds rural municipality status in Prince Edward Island, Canada. It is located in southeastern Kings County.

Miminegash is a rural municipality in Prince Edward Island, Canada. It is located 8 miles (13 km) northwest of Alberton and 11 miles (18 km) southwest of Tignish. It is part of a small area in Lot 3 known as either the St. Louis, Palmer Road, or Miminegash area. This area is often associated with Tignish due to the shared Acadian roots between these areas.

Morell, Prince Edward Island Rural municipality in Prince Edward Island, Canada

Morell is a rural municipality in Prince Edward Island, Canada. It is located in Kings County east of Bristol.

Mount Stewart is a rural municipality in Prince Edward Island, Canada. It is located in the northeastern part of Queens County, at the head of the once-navigable portion of the Hillsborough River at the point where the river begins to narrow significantly. Mount Stewart had a population of 209 at the time of the 2016 Census.

Murray River is a rural municipality in Prince Edward Island, Canada. It is located in Kings County.

Wellington is a rural municipality in Prince Edward Island, Canada. It is located in Prince County, and extends as Wellington Centre onto Route 2 from Richmond through to St. Nicholas.

Abram-Village is a rural municipality in Prince County, Prince Edward Island, Canada.

Cardigan, Prince Edward Island Place in Prince Edward Island, Canada

Cardigan, Prince Edward Island was a municipality that held community status in Prince Edward Island, Canada. It was a fishing community in eastern Kings County.

Linkletter is a rural municipality in Prince Edward Island, Canada. It is located in Prince County.

St. Peters Bay is a municipality that holds community status in Prince Edward Island, Canada. It was incorporated in 1953. St. Peters Bay is well known for its annual Blueberry Festival and Parade, which draws in tourists and locals alike.

Miltonvale Park is a municipality that holds community status in Prince Edward Island, Canada. It was incorporated in 1974.

References

  1. 1 2 "Census Profile, 2016 Census: Souris, Town [Census subdivision], Prince Edward Island". Statistics Canada. Retrieved October 13, 2019.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Municipal Profile - Town of Souris" (PDF). Government of Prince Edward Island. Retrieved September 13, 2019.
  3. 1 2 3 "Messamouet (?-1610?) Souriquois headman". Encyclopedia. Gale Research Inc.
  4. 1 2 3 4 "About". Town of Souris.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Census Profile, 2016 Census". Statistics Canada.
  6. "Table 6: Population by census subdivisions, 1901–1961". 1961 Census of Canada (PDF). Series 1.1: Historical, 1901–1961. Vol. I: Population. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. March 8, 1963. Retrieved February 2, 2022.
  7. "Table 2: Population of Census Subdivisions, 1921–1971". 1971 Census of Canada (PDF). Population. Vol. Census Subdivisions (Historical). Ottawa: Statistics Canada. July 1973. Retrieved February 2, 2022.
  8. "1976 Census of Canada: Population - Geographic Distributions" (PDF). Statistics Canada. June 1977. Retrieved February 2, 2022.
  9. "1981 Census of Canada: Census subdivisions in decreasing population order" (PDF). Statistics Canada. May 1992. Retrieved February 2, 2021.
  10. "1986 Census: Population - Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions" (PDF). Statistics Canada. September 1987. Retrieved February 2, 2022.
  11. "91 Census: Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions - Population and Dwelling Counts" (PDF). Statistics Canada. April 1992. Retrieved February 2, 2022.
  12. "96 Census: A National Overview - Population and Dwelling Counts" (PDF). Statistics Canada. April 1997. Retrieved February 2, 2022.
  13. "Population and Dwelling Counts, for Canada, Provinces and Territories, and Census Subdivisions (Municipalities), 2001 and 1996 Censuses - 100% Data (Prince Edward Island)". Statistics Canada. August 15, 2012. Retrieved February 2, 2022.
  14. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2006 and 2001 censuses - 100% data (Prince Edward Island)". Statistics Canada. August 20, 2021. Retrieved February 2, 2022.
  15. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Prince Edward Island)". Statistics Canada. July 25, 2021. Retrieved February 2, 2022.
  16. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Prince Edward Island)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 2, 2022.
  17. 1 2 "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), Prince Edward Island". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved March 3, 2022.