Wenchuan County

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Wenchuan County

汶川县 · ཝུན་ཁྲོན་རྫོང་།
1 wenchuan county sichuan panorama 2013.jpg
Wenchuan panorama in 2013
Location of Wenchuan within Sichuan (China).png
Location of Wenchuan County (red) in Ngawa Prefecture (yellow) and Sichuan
Coordinates: 31°28′37″N103°35′24″E / 31.477°N 103.590°E / 31.477; 103.590 Coordinates: 31°28′37″N103°35′24″E / 31.477°N 103.590°E / 31.477; 103.590
Country People's Republic of China
Province Sichuan
Prefecture Ngawa
County seat Weizhou
Area
  Total4,803 km2 (1,854 sq mi)
Population
 (2005)
  Total106,119
  Density22/km2 (57/sq mi)
  Major nationalities
Han - 46%
Qiang - 34%
Tibetan - 18.6%
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
623000
Area code(s) 0837
Wenchuan County
Chinese name
Chinese 汶川
Tibetan name
Tibetan ཝུན་ཁྲོན།

Wenchuan County is a county in Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan, People's Republic of China.

Contents

The county has an area of 4,084 square kilometres (1,577 sq mi) and a population of 106,119 as of 2005. [4]

Wolong National Nature Reserve is a protected area located in Wenchuan County, which houses more than 150 highly endangered giant pandas. The Wolong Special Administrative Region is also located here.

The county was the site of the epicentre and one of the areas most severely hit by the 2008 Sichuan earthquake, also known as the Wenchuan earthquake. [5]

Wenchuan earthquake

On May 12, 2008, an earthquake with moment magnitude 7.9 hit the Sichuan Province, with epicentre located in the town of Yingxiu, in Wenchuan county. The county was therefore one of the areas most severely affected by the earthquake. In Chinese, the earthquake is named after the county (the Wenchuan earthquake, 汶川地震), which made its name resonate across the nation. In the county, 15,941 people died, 34,583 were injured, and 7,474 were still missing as of June 6, 2008. [6] [7] The seismic intensity was the highest, reaching level XI in the China Seismic Intensity Scale. [8] After the earthquake, the central government enforced stricter requirements for seismic design in this area. [9] The earthquake also caused many landslides, some of which remained active for years and generated destructive debris flows during the summer rainstorms, which increased the death toll and slowed reconstruction and recovery of the communities in the county. [5] [10]

Subdivisions

Wenchuan County has eight towns and four townships: [11]

The monumentale sculpture on the place is Yu the Great (Da Yu ), Qiang people hero and founder of the Xia dynasty. 1 wenchuan sichuan panorama 2013.jpg
The monumentale sculpture on the place is Yu the Great (大禹), Qiang people hero and founder of the Xia dynasty.

Transport

Climate

Related Research Articles

Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture Autonomous prefecture in Sichuan, Peoples Republic of China

Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture, also known as Aba, is an autonomous prefecture of northwestern Sichuan, bordering Gansu to the north and northeast and Qinghai to the northwest. Its seat is in Barkam, and it has an area of 83,201 km2 (32,124 sq mi). The population was 919,987 in late 2013.

Qiangic is a group of related languages within the Sino-Tibetan language family. They are spoken mainly in Southwest China, including Sichuan, Tibet and Yunnan. Most Qiangic languages are distributed in the prefectures of Ngawa, Garzê, Ya'an and Liangshan in Sichuan with some in Northern Yunnan as well.

Southern Qiang is a Sino-Tibetan language of the Qiangic branch spoken by approximately 81,300 people along the Minjiang river in Sichuan Province, China.

Fengdu County County in Chongqing, Peoples Republic of China

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Payzawat County County in Xinjiang, Peoples Republic of China

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Pengzhou County-level city in Sichuan, Peoples Republic of China

Pengzhou, formerly Peng County or Pengxian, is a county-level city of Sichuan Province, Southwest China, it is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Chengdu. There is an expressway that connects Pengzhou to Chengdu. It is bordered by the prefecture-level divisions of Deyang to the northeast and the Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture to the north.

Gêrzê County County in Tibet, Peoples Republic of China

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Beichuan Qiang Autonomous County Autonomous County in Sichuan, Peoples Republic of China

Beichuan Qiang Autonomous County is a county under the jurisdiction of Mianyang City in northern Sichuan province, China. It is located in an ethnically diverse mountainous region of Sichuan. Its Chinese name literally means "North" (bei) "River" (chuan). Its new county seat is located at Yongchang after the 2008 Sichuan earthquake.

Longmenshan Fault

The Longmenshan Fault is a thrust fault which runs along the base of the Longmen Mountains in Sichuan province in southwestern China. The strike of the fault plane is approximately NE. Motion on this fault is responsible for the uplift of the mountains relative to the lowlands of the Sichuan Basin to the east. Representing the eastern boundary of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, it is a border formation between the Bayan Kola block in the Plateau and the South China block in the Eurasian Plate. Both the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake and the 2013 Ya'an earthquake occurred along this fault.

Yingxiu Town in Sichuan, China

Yingxiu is a town of southern Wenchuan County, in northwestern Sichuan Province in Southwest China. It is located at the southern end of the Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture, and lies on the road to Jiuzhaigou Valley, Wolong and the Siguniang Mountains. It is located 47 kilometres (29 mi) south of the county urban centre, and just 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) west of the city of Dujiangyan. The town has an area of 115.1 square kilometres (44.4 sq mi), and a population of 2,644 as of 2019.

Xuankou Town in Sichuan, China

Xuankou is a town located in Wenchuan County, Ngawa, Sichuan, China. The population is approximately 12,000, and is distributed roughly half urban and half rural. As of 2018, it has one residential community and 16 villages under its administration. The total area of the jurisdiction is 39.64 km (24.63 mi).

Mao County County in Sichuan, Peoples Republic of China

Mao County or Maoxian is a county in Ngawa Prefecture, Sichuan Province, China.

2008 Sichuan earthquake earthquake in China

The 2008 Sichuan earthquake, also known as the Great Sichuan earthquake or Wenchuan earthquake, occurred at 14:28:01 China Standard Time on May 12, 2008. Measuring at 8.0 Ms, the earthquake's epicenter was located 80 kilometres (50 mi) west-northwest of Chengdu, the provincial capital, with a focal depth of 19 km (12 mi). The earthquake ruptured the fault for over 240 km (150 mi), with surface displacements of several meters. The earthquake was also felt in nearby countries and as far away as both Beijing and Shanghai—1,500 and 1,700 km away, respectively—where office buildings swayed with the tremor. Strong aftershocks, some exceeding 6 Ms, continued to hit the area up to several months after the main shock, causing further casualties and damage. The earthquake also caused the largest number of geohazards ever recorded, including about 200,000 landslides and more than 800 quake lakes distributed over an area of 110,000 km2 (42,000 sq mi).

Sichuan schools corruption scandal

After the May 12, 2008, earthquake in the Chinese province of Sichuan, there was a series of allegations of corruption against officials involved in the construction of schools in regions affected by the quake. It gained momentum in May and June 2008, and the allegations culminated in protests from grieving parents of children who died in the earthquake as a result of the collapse of various schools in the quake zone.

2008 Panzhihua earthquake earthquake

The 2008 Panzhihua earthquake struck southern Sichuan province, China on August 30 at 16:30:50.5 China Standard Time with a surface wave magnitude of 6.1. It is also cited as the Renhe-Huili earthquake, especially in SCEA reports and early CEA reports. It was not an aftershock of the Sichuan earthquake that occurred several months prior. With more than 400 aftershocks, it caused over 40 deaths, the collapse of 10,000 homes and damage to other infrastructure in the area. The maximum intensity was VIII liedu.

The China seismic intensity scale (CSIS) is a national standard in the People's Republic of China used to measure seismic intensity. Similar to EMS-92 on which CSIS drew reference, seismic impacts are classified into 12 degrees of intensity, or liedu in Roman numerals from I for insensible to XII for landscape reshaping.

Jiuzhaigou County County in Sichuan, Peoples Republic of China

Jiuzhaigou County is a county of Sichuan Province, China. It is under the administration of the Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture. Formerly called Nanping County, it was renamed in 1998 to reflect the fact that the Jiuzhaigou Valley is located within its administration. The county seat, Nanping Town, was created in 2013 by the merger of Yongle Town (永乐镇), Yongfeng Township (永丰乡), and Anle Township (安乐乡).

2017 Sichuan landslide

A landslide occurred at about 5:38 am local time on 24 June 2017 in Diexi Town, Mao County, Sichuan Province in south-western China. It destroyed 40 homes in Xinmo Village and killed 10 people, with a further 73 people missing, as of 27 June. A second smaller landslide at around 8:15 pm impeded rescue efforts.

2017 Jiuzhaigou earthquake 7.0 Mw earthquake which took place near Zhangzha Town on 8 August 2017

The 2017 Jiuzhaigou earthquake occurred on 8 August 2017, in Zhangzha Town, Jiuzhaigou County, Ngawa Prefecture, Sichuan Province, China. The earthquake was registered at Ms 7.0 and killed at least 25 people in the mountainous region of northern Sichuan.

Zhangzha Town Town in Sichuan, Peoples Republic of China

Zhangzha Town, formerly Jiuzhaigou Town, is a township-level division under Jiuzhaigou County, Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province, China, with an area of 1,305.92 square kilometres and a population of 6,000 as of 2017.

References

  1. 现代汉语词典(第七版).[ A Dictionary of Current Chinese (Seventh Edition).]. 北京. Beijing: 商务印书馆. The Commercial Press. 1 September 2016. p. 1376. ISBN   978-7-100-12450-8. 2 汶川(Wèn- chuān),地名,在四川。
  2. 现代汉语规范词典(第3版).[A Standard Dictionary of Current Chinese (Third Edition).]. 北京. Beijing: 外语教学与研究出版社. Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press. May 2014. p. 1378. ISBN   978-7-513-54562-4. 汶 wèn{...}2 用于地名。如汶川,在四川。
  3. 夏征农; 陈至立, eds. (September 2009). 辞海:第六版彩图本[ Cihai (Sixth Edition in Color)] (in Chinese). 上海. Shanghai: 上海辞书出版社. Shanghai Lexicographical Publishing House. p. 2389. ISBN   9787532628599.
  4. (in Chinese) Profile of Wenchuan County, official website of Wenchuan County Government, visited on May 12, 2008.
  5. 1 2 Fan, Xuanmei; Juang, C. Hsein; Wasowski, Janusz; Huang, Runqiu; Xu, Qiang; Scaringi, Gianvito; van Westen, Cees J.; Havenith, Hans-Balder (2018-07-26). "What we have learned from the 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake and its aftermath: A decade of research and challenges". Engineering Geology. 241: 25–32. doi:10.1016/j.enggeo.2018.05.004. ISSN   0013-7952.
  6. "Casualties in Wenchuan Earthquake" (in Chinese). Sina.com. 2008-06-02. Retrieved 2008-06-02.
  7. "Death Toll in Ngawa Prefecture Rose to 20,258 as of June 6, 18:00 CST" (in Chinese). Official website of Ngawa Prefecture Government. 2008-06-07. Archived from the original on 2008-06-09. Retrieved 2008-06-07.
  8. "Seismic intensity map of the M8.0 Wenchuan earthquake (汶川8.0级地震烈度分布图)" (in Chinese). CEA. 2008-08-29. Retrieved 2008-09-10.
  9. XU, Zhengzhong; WANG, Yayong; et al. (徐正忠、王亚勇等) (2001). "Code for seismic design of buildings (GB 500011-2001) (partially revised in 2008), Appendix A ( 《建筑抗震设计规范》(GB 500011-2001) (2008 年局部修订) 附录 A 我国主要城镇抗震设防烈度、设计基本地震加速度和设计地震分组)" (in Chinese). Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development of PRC (MOHURD, 中华人民共和国住房和城乡建设部). Retrieved 2008-09-29.Cite journal requires |journal= (help)CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  10. Fan, Xuanmei; Scaringi, Gianvito; Yang, Fan; Domènech, Guillem; Guo, Xiaojun; Dai, Lanxin; He, Chaoyang; Xu, Qiang; Huang, Runqiu (2018-09-20). "Two multi-temporal datasets to track the enhanced landsliding after the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake". Earth System Science Data. 11 (1): 35–55. doi: 10.5194/essd-2018-105 . ISSN   1866-3508.
  11. (in Chinese) National Bureau of Statistics, Wenchuan County, visited on January 15, 2020.
  12. 中国地面气候标准值月值(1981-2010) (in Chinese). China Meteorological Data Service Center. Retrieved 20 October 2018.