Whitman College

Last updated

Whitman College
Whitman Wordmark 2.0.jpg
Motto
Per ardua surgo
Motto in English
Through adversities I rise
TypePrivate liberal arts college
EstablishedDecember 20, 1859;161 years ago (December 20, 1859)
Religious affiliation
Ceased in 1907
Endowment $586.3 million (2020) [1]
President Kathleen Murray
Academic staff
235 (2019) [2]
Undergraduates 1,509 (2020) [3]
Location, ,
United States

46°04′14″N118°19′44″W / 46.0706922°N 118.3288535°W / 46.0706922; -118.3288535
Campus Rural small town, 117 acres (0.47 km2)
Colors Blue and Gold    [4]
Athletics NCAA Division IIINWC
Nickname Blues
Affiliations Annapolis Group
Oberlin Group
CLAC
Keck Geology
Sports17 varsity teams
Website www.whitman.edu
Whitman College wordmark.png

Whitman College is a private liberal arts college in Walla Walla, Washington. Founded as a seminary by a territorial legislative charter in 1859, the school became a four-year degree-granting institution and abandoned its religious affiliation in 1882 and 1907, respectively. [5] It is accredited by the Northwest Association of Schools and Colleges and competes athletically in the NCAA Division III Northwest Conference. [6] The school offers 48 majors and 33 minors in the liberal arts and sciences, [7] and it has a student-to-faculty ratio of 9:1. [6] Whitman was the first college in the Pacific Northwest to install a Phi Beta Kappa chapter, and the first in the U.S. to require comprehensive exams for graduation. [5] Alumni have received 1 Nobel Prize in physics, 1 Presidential Medal of Freedom, 5 Rhodes Scholarships, 62 Fulbright Fellowships, 35 Watson Fellowships and a Marshall Scholarship. [8] [9]

Contents

Distinguished alumni include Nobel laureate Walter Brattain (inventor of the transistor), William O. Douglas (U.S. Supreme Court Justice from 1939–75), NASA astronaut Dorothy Metcalf-Lindenburger, inventor of the time projection chamber David R. Nygren, Ryan Crocker (U.S. ambassador and Medal of Freedom recipient), actor Adam West, and Neil Kornze, director of the Bureau of Land Management. [8]

The Memorial Building, Whitman College Memorial Building Whitman College.jpg
The Memorial Building, Whitman College

History

Whitman Seminary

In 1859, soon after the United States military declared that the land east of the Cascade Mountains was open for settlement by American pioneers, Cushing Eells traveled from the Willamette Valley to Waiilatpu, near present-day Walla Walla, where 12 years earlier, Congregationalist missionaries Dr.  Marcus Whitman and Narcissa Whitman, along with 12 others were killed by a group of Cayuse Indians during the Whitman Massacre. While at the site, Eells became determined to establish a "monument" to his former missionary colleagues in the form of a school for pioneer boys and girls. Eells obtained a charter for Whitman Seminary, a pre-collegiate school, from the territorial legislature. From the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions, he acquired the Whitman mission site. Eells soon moved to the site with his family and began working to establish Whitman Seminary.

Despite Eells's desire to locate Whitman Seminary at the Whitman mission site, local pressure and resources provided a way for the school to open in the burgeoning town of Walla Walla. In 1866, Walla Walla's wealthiest citizen, Dorsey Baker, donated land near his house to the east of downtown. A two-story wood-frame building was quickly erected and classes began later that year. The school's first principal, local Congregational minister Peasly B. Chamberlin, resigned within a year and Cushing Eells was called upon to serve as principal, which he did until 1869. After Eells's resignation in 1869, the school struggled—and often failed—to attract students, pay teachers, and stay open for each term. [10]

From seminary to college

Whitman's trustees decided in 1882 that while their institution could not continue as a prep school, it might survive as the area's only college. Alexander Jay Anderson, the former president of the Territorial University (now the University of Washington), came to turn the institution into a college and become its president. After modeling the institution after New England liberal arts colleges, Anderson opened the school on September 4, 1882 (Marcus Whitman's birthday) with an enrollment of 60 students and three senior faculty (Anderson, his wife and son). In 1883, the school received a collegiate charter and began expanding with aid from the Congregational American College and Education Society. [10]

Financial turmoil and new leadership

Despite local support for Whitman College and help from the Congregational community, financial troubles set in for the school. After losing favor with some of the school's supporters, Anderson left Whitman in 1891 to be replaced by Reverend James Francis Eaton. The continuing recession of the 1890s increased the institution's financial worries and lost Eaton his backing, leading to his resignation in 1894. [10]

Reverend Stephen Penrose, an area Congregational minister and former trustee, became president of the college and brought the school back to solvency by establishing Whitman's endowment with the aid of D. K. Pearsons, a Chicago philanthropist. By popularizing Marcus Whitman's life and accomplishments (including the suspect claim that the missionary had been pivotal in the annexation by the United States of Oregon Territory), Penrose was able to gain support and resources for the college. Under his leadership, the faculty was strengthened and the first masonry buildings, Billings Hall and the Whitman Memorial Building, were constructed. [10]

End of religious affiliation

In 1907, Penrose began a plan called "Greater Whitman" which sought to transform the college into an advanced technical and science center. To aid fundraising, Penrose abandoned affiliation with the Congregational Church, and became unaffiliated with any denomination. The prep school was closed and fraternities and sororities were introduced to the campus. Ultimately, this program was unable to raise enough capital; in 1912, the plan was abandoned and Whitman College returned to being a small liberal arts institution, albeit with increased focus on co-curricular activities. [10] Penrose iterated the school's purpose "to be a small college, with a limited number of students to whom it will give the finest quality of education". [11] In 1920 Phi Beta Kappa installed a chapter, [10] the first for a Northwest college, [12] and Whitman had its first alum Rhodes Scholar. [10]

World War II

During World War II, Whitman was one of 131 colleges and universities nationally that took part in the V-12 Navy College Training Program which offered students a path to a Navy commission.

Campus

"Styx" (2002), by Deborah Butterfield, sits on Ankeny Field. Styx statue at Whitman College.jpg
"Styx" (2002), by Deborah Butterfield, sits on Ankeny Field.
A view toward the Quad from the steps of Penrose Library. Whitman-college-quad.jpg
A view toward the Quad from the steps of Penrose Library.

Whitman's 117  acre campus is located in downtown Walla Walla, Washington. Most of the campus is centered around a quad, which serves as the location for intramural field sports. Around this, Ankeny Field, sits Penrose Library, Olin Hall and Maxey Hall, and two residence halls, Lyman and Jewett. South of Ankeny Field, College Creek meanders through the main campus, filling the artificially created "Lakum Duckum", the heart of campus and the habitat for many of Whitman's beloved ducks.

The oldest building on campus is the administrative center, Whitman Memorial Building, commonly referred to as "Mem". Built in 1899, the hall, like the college, serves as a memorial to Dr.  Marcus and Narcissa Prentiss Whitman. The building is the tallest on campus and was placed on the National Historical Register of Historic Places in 1974. The oldest residence halls on campus, Lyman House and Prentiss Hall, were built in 1924 and 1926. Over the next fifty years, the college built or purchased several other buildings to house students, including the former Walla Walla Valley General Hospital, which was transformed into North Hall in 1978. In addition to the seven Residence Halls, many students choose to live in one of eleven "Interest Houses," run for sophomore, juniors, and seniors committed to specific focuses such as community service, fine arts, environmental studies, multicultural awareness, or the French, Spanish, or German languages. These houses, like most of the residential architecture of Walla Walla, are in the Victorian or Craftsman style.

In addition to property in Walla Walla, the college also has about 22,000 acres (89 km2) of other land holdings – mainly in the form of wheat farms in Eastern Washington and Oregon. Of special note: the Johnston Wilderness Campus, which is used for academic and social retreats.

Prentiss Hall

Named for Marcus's wife, Narcissa Prentiss Whitman, Prentiss Hall is the only all-female dorm and houses first-year residents as well as the four sororities on campus. Whitman's affiliated sororities are Kappa Kappa Gamma, Delta Gamma, Alpha Phi, and Kappa Alpha Theta. Kappa Alpha Theta, colloquially referred to as Theta, was formed originally as a women's fraternity, not a sorority. Prentiss Hall's most well-known resident is Narcissa Prentiss Whitman. Narcissa can be seen frequenting the halls and restrooms of the residence, as well as loitering in the drains of the kitchen sinks. A portrait of her hangs in the custodians' lounge in the basement of the building. The basement also houses the Whitman Spirituality room.

Academics

Whitman College focuses solely on undergraduate studies in the liberal arts. All students must take a two-semester course their first year, Encounters, which examines cultural interactions throughout history and gives students a grounding in the liberal arts. Students choose from courses in 48  major fields and 34 minor fields [13] and have wide flexibility in designing independent study programs, electing special majors, and participating in internships and study-abroad programs. Whitman's most popular majors are Biology, Psychology and Economics. [14] In addition, Whitman is noted for a strong science program. In early 2021, Whitman president Kathleen Murray proposed substantial cuts to a number of social science, humanities, arts, and other academic programs in anticipation of a $3.5 million budget deficit for the 2021–2022 academic year, prompting criticism from students, faculty, and alumni. [15] [16] [17] [18]

Degrees are awarded after successful completion of senior "comprehensive exams". These exams vary depending on the students' primary focus of study, but commonly include some combination of (i) a senior thesis, (ii) written examination, and (iii) oral examination. The oral examination is either a defense of the student's senior thesis, or is one or multiple exams of material the student is expected to have learned during their major. The written exam is either a GRE subject test or a test composed by the department.

Academic rankings
National
Forbes [19] 89
THE/WSJ [20] 101
Liberal arts colleges
U.S. News & World Report [21] 47
Washington Monthly [22] 63

For students who are interested in foreign policy, Whitman is one of 16 institutions participating in the two-year-old Thomas R. Pickering Foreign Affairs Fellowship program. [23] [24] The State Department pays for fellows to obtain their master's degree at the university of their choice in return for three years of service as a Foreign Service Officer. Whitman has a number of alumni who serve in diplomatic corps.

Combined programs

Whitman also offers combined programs in conjunction with several institutions throughout the United States: [25]

Off-campus programs

Whitman offers a "Semester in the West" program, a field study program in environmental studies, focusing on ecological, social, and political issues confronting the American West. During every other fall semester since 2002, 21 students leave Walla Walla to travel throughout the interior West for field meetings with a variety of leading figures in conservation, ecology, environmental writing, and social justice. [26]

Whitman also offers "The U.S.-Mexico Border Program" every other June. The program is based in Arizona and Sonora, Mexico, and exposes students to a wide range of competing perspectives on the politics of immigration, border enforcement, and globalization. [27]

Since 1982, "Whitman in China" provides Whitman alumni the opportunity to teach English at Northwestern Polytechnical University, Shantou University, or Yunnan University. Participants receive an immersion experience in urban Chinese culture, where they can witness the rapid modernization of the country. At the same time, Whitman alumni give Chinese university students the rare chance to study with an English native speaker. [28]

Whitman also offers a large range of year- or semester-long off-campus study programs - 88 programs across 40 countries, [29] and a few short-term, faculty-led programs. [30]

Student Engagement Center

In 2010, under the leadership of (former) President George Bridges, Whitman centralized and integrated various programs intended to help students connect their in-class learning to off-campus work, volunteer, and internship opportunities in the Walla Walla Valley. The office that emerged, the Student Engagement Center (SEC), houses community service and career services in one place. Students and alumni can get assistance with resumes, cover letters, networking, internships, interviews, grad school applications, and civic engagement in the SEC.

Admissions

Whitman's admission selectivity is considered "more selective" by U.S. News & World Report . [31] For the Class of 2023 (enrolling Fall 2019), Whitman received 4,823 applications and accepted 2,697 (55.9%), with 425 enrolling. [32] The middle 50% range of SAT scores for enrolling freshmen was 630-710 for evidence-based reading and writing, and 610-740 for math. [32] The middle 50% ACT score range was 25-31 for math, 30-35 for English, and 28-33 for the composite. [32]

For 2020, students of color (including non-citizens) made up 36.8% of the incoming class; [32] international students were 8.8% of enrolling freshmen. [32]

Athletics

Whitman Blues Logo Whitman Blues Wordmark.jpg
Whitman Blues Logo

Whitman holds membership in the NCAA's Northwest Conference (Division III) and fields nine varsity teams each for men and women. In 2016, the college adopted the new mascot for the school and its athletes of "the Blues," named after the local mountain range. More than 20 percent of students participate in a varsity sport. In addition, 70 percent of the student body participates in intramural and club sport. These sports include rugby union, water polo, lacrosse, dodgeball, and nationally renowned cycling and Ultimate teams.

As a junior in 2012-13, basketball player Ben Eisenhardt led the Northwest Conference (NWC) in scoring (442 points), became the first Missionary to be named to the National Association of Basketball Coaches Division 3 All-American Third-Team as a junior, and was named NWC Player of the Year. [33] [34]

The club-sport-level Whitman Cycling team has won the DII National Championships for 2 years, and 4 times in 6 years, making them the athletic team at Whitman with the most National Championships. The Women's Ultimate team, also a club sports team, finished second to Stanford in Division I play in 2016. [35]

The football program began in 1892 and ended in March 1977; the last winning season was in 1969. [36] [37] [38]

Student life

Of the 1,579 undergraduate students enrolled in Whitman College in the fall of 2019, 55.3% were female and 44.7% male. [32] There are over one hundred student activities, many of which focus on student activism and social improvement, such as Whitman Direct Action and Global Medicine. A quarter of the student body participates in some for the college's music program, in one of the 15 music groups and ensembles, including three recognized A cappella groups.

Greek Life

Greek life is notable on campus; there is a high percentage of students, around 33% involved in the Greek system. The four women's sororities are all members of the National Panhellenic Conference and are housed in the Prentiss Hall. The four men's fraternities are housed in fraternity houses north of Isaacs Avenue and are all members of the North American Interfraternity Conference.

Sororities [39]
Kappa Alpha Theta - est. 1957
Delta Gamma - est. 1916
Alpha Phi - est. 1948 and 2012
Kappa Kappa Gamma - est. 1918
Fraternities [39]
Sigma Chi - est. 1923
Beta Theta Pi - est. 1916
Phi Delta Theta - est. 1915
Tau Kappa Epsilon - est. 1930

The Delta chapter of Phrateres, a non-exclusive, non-profit social-service club, also had a brief existence at Whitman. It was installed there in 1930, but became inactive before 1950.

KWCW 90.5 FM

Entrance to Penrose Library. Whitman-college-penrose-library.jpg
Entrance to Penrose Library.
Olin Hall (Humanities and Mathematics). Whitman-college-olin-hall.jpg
Olin Hall (Humanities and Mathematics).
Admission Office building at Whitman College in the summer of 2009. Whitman-college-admission-office.jpg
Admission Office building at Whitman College in the summer of 2009.

KWCW 90.5 FM is a Class A radio station owned and operated by the Whitman Students' Union, the Associated Students of Whitman College (ASWC). [40] [41] [42] [43]

"K-dub" as it is known to students, is located inside the Reid Campus Center on Whitman Campus. At a power of 160 watts, the station's range is approximately 15 miles (24 km), broadcasting as well as streaming online [44] [45]

Notable alumni

Government

Arts and entertainment

Journalism and history

Academia

Business

Science and technology

Athletics

Other

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Further reading