1944 Northern Rhodesian general election

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General elections were held in Northern Rhodesia on 29 September 1944. [1]

Northern Rhodesia protectorate in south central Africa in 1924–1964

Northern Rhodesia was a protectorate in south central Africa, formed in 1911 by amalgamating the two earlier protectorates of Barotziland-North-Western Rhodesia and North-Eastern Rhodesia. It was initially administered, as were the two earlier protectorates, by the British South Africa Company (BSAC), a chartered company, on behalf of the British Government. From 1924, it was administered by the British Government as a protectorate, under similar conditions to other British-administered protectorates, and the special provisions required when it was administered by BSAC were terminated.

Contents

Electoral system

The eight elected members of the Legislative Council were elected from eight single-member constituencies. [2] There were a total of 6,527 registered voters. [2]

ConsitutencySettlementsRegistered voters
Broken Hill Broken Hill, Mkushi, Serenje 950
Livingstone and Western Balovale, Kalabo, Livingstone, Mankoya, MonguLealui, Senanga, Sesheke 469
Luanshya Luanshya, Mufulira 1,497
Midland Broken Hill (South), Lusaka, Mumbwa 648
Ndola Fort Rosebery, Kasempa, Kawambwa, Mwinilunga, Ndola 656
Nkana Chingola, Nkana 1,771
North-Eastern Abercorn, Chinsali, Fort Jameson, Isoka, Kasama, Lundazi, Luwingu, Mpika, Mporokoso, Petauke 270
Southern Mazabuka, Namwala 266
Source: Legislative Council of Northern Rhodesia [2]

Campaign

All constituencies were contested by more than one candidate with the exception of Broken Hill, where Labour Party leader Roy Welensky was returned unopposed. [3]

Northern Rhodesian Labour Party

The Northern Rhodesian Labour Party was a political party in Northern Rhodesia.

Roy Welensky Northern Rhodesian politician

Sir Roland "Roy" Welensky, KCMG was a Northern Rhodesian politician and the second and last prime minister of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland.

The incumbent members for Livingstone and Western (Francis Sinclair), Luanshya (Michael McGann) and Nkana (Martin Visagie) did not run for re-election. [3]

Results

ConstituencyCandidatePartyVotes%Notes
Broken Hill Roy Welensky Labour Party UnopposedRe-elected
Livingstone and Western Hedley Priest Labour Party 22369.91Elected
Robert Hood OrrIndependent Labour9630.09
Luanshya James Morris Independent40650.50Elected
Francis Edward John Patrick Murray Labour Party 39849.50
Midland Hugh Kennedy McKee Independent21240.85Re-elected
Marais von Eeden Independent18335.26
Edwin Bernard Evans Labour Party 12423.89
Ndola Godfrey Pelletier Independent22350.57Re-elected
Charles Allan Labour Party 21849.43
Nkana Brian Goodwin Independent Labour57355.96Elected
James Knock Wykerd Labour Party 45144.04
North-Eastern Thomas Spurgeon Page 9451.93Re-elected
Grant Bruce RobertsonIndependent8748.07
Southern Richard Ernest Campbell Independent9551.35Re-elected
John Milton Walker9048.65
Source: East Africa and Rhodesia [4]

Aftermath

Following the elections, a petition was sent to the Governor requesting the annulment of the result in Ndola. An enquiry by the Acting Chief Justice found that seven ballots had been improperly rejected, meaning that the result would have been a tie. [5] A by-election was held on 4 December, [6] in which the original winner Godfrey Pelletier opted not to run. [7] Harold Williams was elected in his place. [8]

Governor of Northern Rhodesia Wikimedia list article

The Governor of Northern Rhodesia was the representative of the British monarch in the self-governing colony of Northern Rhodesia from 1924 to 1964. The Governor was appointed by The Crown and acted as the local head of state, receiving instructions from the British Government.

See also

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References

  1. "News Items in Brief", East Africa and Rhodesia, 14 September 1944, p59
  2. 1 2 3 Official Verbatim Report of the Debates of the Fifth Session (Resumed) of the Ninth Legislative Council, Legislative Council of Northern Rhodesia, p22
  3. 1 2 "N. Rhodesian General Election: Mr. Roy Welensky Returned Unopposed", East African and Rhodesia, 7 September 1944, p34
  4. "Three New Members in N. Rhodesian Council: Four Members Re-elected by Narrow Majorities", East Africa and Rhodesia, 5 October 1944, pp107–108
  5. "New Election for Ndola Seat: Voting Papers Were Improperly Rejected", East African and Rhodesia, 26 October 1944, p188
  6. "Ndola Election", East Africa and Rhodesia, 23 November 1944, p273
  7. "Ndola Election", East Africa and Rhodesia, 9 November 1944, p230
  8. "Ndola's New M.L.C.", East Africa and Rhodesia, 11 January 1945, p489