All 460 seats to the Sejm
231 seats were needed for a majority in the Sejm
All 100 seats to the Senate of Poland
|Turnout||18,678,457 (53.82%) (Sejm)|
16,475,672 (53.81%) (Senate)
Seats won by Sejm District
Early parliamentary elections were held in Poland on 21 October 2007,after the Sejm voted for its own dissolution on 7 September. The election took place two years before the maximum tenure of four years, with the previous elections having been in September 2005. The early elections were a result of serious allegations of massive corruption on the part of Andrzej Lepper, leader of the Self-Defense of the Republic of Poland, whose party served as a junior coalition partner to the government of Prime Minister Jarosław Kaczyński. All 460 seats in the Sejm and all 100 seats in the Senate were up for election.
The election was won by the largest opposition group, Civic Platform (PO), which soundly defeated the ruling Law and Justice (PiS) party and its allies. Throughout the campaign, polls showed conflicting results as to which of the two parties had the greater support, yet by the closing week the polls had swung in favour of Civic Platform. Three other political groups won election into the Sejm, the centre-left Left and Democrats coalition, the agrarian Polish People's Party, and the tiny German Minority group. Both of Law and Justice's former minor coalition partners, the League of Polish Families and the Self-Defense of the Republic of Poland suffered an enormous voter backlash, failing to cross the 5% electoral threshold in order to enter the Sejm. Consequently, both parties lost all of their seats.
Prime Minister and PiS leader Jarosław Kaczyński stepped down from office on 15 November, with Civic Platform leader Donald Tusk sworn in as Poland's Prime Minister on the following day. Civic Platform consequently formed a coalition majority government with the Polish People's Party.
The turnout for the elections was 53.8%, an increase of 13.2% from the 2005 elections, seeing the highest voter turnout in a Polish parliamentary election since the semi-free elections of 1989.
Only seven parties contested all 41 electoral districts for the Sejm nationwide. They included:
Three other parties managed to register in at least one district:
On 26 September 2007, the leader of the National Party of Retirees and Pensioners, Tomasz Mamiński announced his party's withdrawal from the campaign, stating that Polish electoral law and media bias discriminate against smaller parties.
Although only the ten parties mentioned above openly contested elections to the lower house Sejm, there were other groups which entered the race for the Sejm. It is common practice in Polish elections for many smaller parties to register their candidates on the electoral committee lists of the larger parties contesting the election. These included:
29 political groupings and independents contested the elections to the Senate.
The Greens registered in one district to the Senate (Katowice), receiving 4.55% of votes.
|Law and Justice||5,183,477||32.11||166||11|
|Left and Democrats||2,122,981||13.15||53||–2|
|Polish People's Party||1,437,638||8.91||31||6|
|Self-Defence of the Republic of Poland||247,335||1.53||0||–56|
|League of Polish Families||209,171||1.30||0||–34|
|Polish Labour Party||160,476||0.99||0||0|
|German Minority Electoral Committee||32,462||0.20||1||–1|
|Source: Nohlen & Stöver|
|1 – Legnica||51.32||42.97||28.96||17.89||6.60||1.49||1.12||0.97||-||0.00||14.01|
|2 – Wałbrzych||48.91||46.39||26.23||15.73||7.76||1.59||1.04||1.25||-||0.00||20.16|
|3 – Wrocław||58.18||53.20||28.40||10.39||4.84||1.12||1.20||0.84||-||0.00||24.80|
|4 – Bydgoszcz||53.26||44.09||24.21||19.01||8.71||1.71||1.07||1.20||-||0.00||19.88|
|5 – Toruń||48.13||39.27||26.75||18.34||11.36||2.34||0.88||1.07||-||0.00||12.52|
|6 – Lublin||53.05||29.47||41.52||10.59||12.55||1.76||1.91||0.78||-||1.42||12.05|
|7 – Chełm||46.23||24.09||39.51||10.50||19.38||3.30||2.10||1.12||-||0.00||15.42|
|8 – Zielona Góra||50.35||47.06||22.47||17.64||8.39||1.69||1.44||1.32||-||0.00||24.59|
|9 – Łódź||61.98||45.68||27.85||17.77||3.64||1.45||1.13||0.76||-||1.72||17.83|
|10 – Piotrków Trybunalski||50.66||27.92||41.42||12.35||13.66||2.27||1.26||1.11||-||0.00||13.50|
|11 – Sieradz||49.46||30.46||35.14||14.03||14.05||2.71||1.22||0.92||-||1.47||4.68|
|12 – Chrzanów||54.73||36.43||40.40||10.70||9.01||0.97||1.52||0.98||-||0.00||3.97|
|13 – Kraków||61.38||47.35||34.43||9.67||4.18||0.62||1.22||1.67||-||0.86||12.92|
|14 – Nowy Sącz||52.27||28.76||51.35||6.40||10.28||1.23||1.32||0.67||-||0.00||22.59|
|15 – Tarnów||52.26||32.22||45.64||7.33||11.23||1.15||1.56||0.87||-||0.00||13.42|
|16 – Płock||47.05||29.54||35.58||11.25||19.82||1.93||0.99||0.88||-||0.00||6.04|
|17 – Radom||50.56||28.24||42.72||8.94||15.02||2.66||1.49||0.93||-||0.00||14.48|
|18 – Siedlce||50.51||24.83||42.93||8.36||18.96||2.36||1.78||0.77||-||0.00||18.10|
|19 – Warsaw I||74.03||54.01||27.66||12.66||2.33||0.40||1.24||0.48||-||1.22||26.35|
|20 – Warsaw II||61.83||45.17||35.63||7.93||8.26||0.79||1.41||0.81||-||0.00||9.54|
|21 – Opole||45.53||46.58||22.87||11.19||6.62||1.74||1.28||0.91||8.81||0.00||23.71|
|22 – Krosno||41.10||29.30||44.19||9.21||12.96||1.81||1.49||1.05||-||0.00||14.89|
|23 – Rzeszów||44.24||27.81||48.43||8.78||11.16||1.09||1.84||0.89||-||0.00||20.62|
|24 – Białystok||49.50||32.36||38.81||14.72||9.14||2.02||1.44||0.61||-||0.90||6.45|
|25 – Gdańsk||58.34||54.62||27.08||10.59||4.38||1.19||1.34||0.81||-||0.00||27.54|
|26 – Gdynia||56.80||51.03||26.55||12.45||6.12||1.37||1.56||0.93||-||0.00||24.48|
|27 – Bielsko-Biała||58.84||41.76||35.41||12.81||6.62||0.91||1.14||1.34||-||0.00||6.35|
|28 – Częstochowa||52.94||40.12||30.88||14.76||9.79||1.53||1.55||1.36||-||0.00||9.24|
|29 – Gliwice||50.96||49.69||29.62||13.26||4.63||0.82||0.97||1.01||-||0.00||20.07|
|30 – Rybnik||53.01||44.55||36.23||11.99||3.98||0.95||1.01||1.29||-||0.00||8.32|
|31 – Katowice||57.45||49.74||31.52||12.26||3.31||0.59||0.97||1.62||-||0.00||18.22|
|32 – Sosnowiec||49.73||44.75||24.98||21.61||5.03||0.93||1.16||1.56||-||0.00||19.77|
|33 – Kielce||47.45||27.94||39.07||13.81||14.72||1.63||0.98||0.94||-||0.91||11.13|
|34 – Elbląg||46.89||43.34||24.26||15.43||11.42||3.00||1.40||1.14||-||0.00||19.08|
|35 – Olsztyn||48.90||45.25||24.15||14.07||12.61||1.70||1.30||0.92||-||0.00||21.10|
|36 – Kalisz||50.91||38.59||26.48||16.89||13.40||2.19||1.25||1.20||-||0.00||12.11|
|37 – Konin||50.78||34.18||29.24||17.44||13.83||2.36||1.38||1.58||-||0.00||4.94|
|38 – Piła||51.78||41.88||21.73||19.75||12.63||2.13||0.97||0.92||-||0.00||20.15|
|39 – Poznań||66.68||58.60||21.04||12.63||5.45||0.60||0.99||0.68||-||0.00||37.56|
|40 – Koszalin||49.15||45.88||21.57||17.58||8.58||4.24||1.04||1.12||-||0.00||24.31|
|41 – Szczecin||53.53||48.96||24.05||17.00||6.12||1.63||1.33||0.92||-||0.00||24.91|
|1 – Legnica||6||4||2||-||-||12|
|2 – Wałbrzych||5||2||1||-||-||8|
|3 – Wrocław||9||4||1||-||-||14|
|4 – Bydgoszcz||6||3||2||1||-||12|
|5 – Toruń||6||4||2||1||-||13|
|6 – Lublin||5||7||1||2||-||15|
|7 – Chełm||3||6||1||2||-||12|
|8 – Zielona Góra||6||3||2||1||-||12|
|9 – Łódź||5||3||2||-||-||10|
|10 – Piotrków Trybunalski||3||4||1||1||-||9|
|11 – Sieradz||4||5||1||2||-||12|
|12 – Chrzanów||3||4||1||-||-||8|
|13 – Kraków||7||5||1||-||-||13|
|14 – Nowy Sącz||3||5||-||1||-||9|
|15 – Tarnów||3||5||-||1||-||9|
|16 – Płock||3||4||1||2||-||10|
|17 – Radom||3||4||1||1||-||9|
|18 – Siedlce||3||6||1||2||-||12|
|19 – Warsaw I||11||6||2||-||-||19|
|20 – Warsaw II||5||4||1||1||-||11|
|21 – Opole||7||3||1||1||1||13|
|22 – Krosno||3||6||1||1||-||11|
|23 – Rzeszów||4||8||1||2||-||15|
|24 – Białystok||5||7||2||1||-||15|
|25 – Gdańsk||8||3||1||-||-||12|
|26 – Gdynia||8||4||2||-||-||14|
|27 – Bielsko-Biała||4||4||1||-||-||9|
|28 – Częstochowa||3||3||1||-||-||7|
|29 – Gliwice||6||3||1||-||-||10|
|30 – Rybnik||4||4||1||-||-||9|
|31 – Katowice||7||4||1||-||-||12|
|32 – Sosnowiec||5||2||2||-||-||9|
|33 – Kielce||5||7||2||2||-||16|
|34 – Elbląg||4||2||1||1||-||8|
|35 – Olsztyn||5||3||1||1||-||10|
|36 – Kalisz||5||3||2||2||-||11|
|37 – Konin||3||3||2||1||-||9|
|38 – Piła||4||2||2||1||-||9|
|39 – Poznań||7||2||1||-||10|
|40 – Koszalin||5||2||1||-||-||8|
|41 – Szczecin||8||3||2||-||-||13|
|Law and Justice||10,208,412||31.38||39||–10|
|Left and Democrats||4,751,281||14.60||0||0|
|Polish People's Party||2,863,883||8.80||0||–2|
|Self-Defence of the Republic of Poland||345,427||1.06||0||–3|
|League of Polish Families||293,289||0.90||0||–7|
|German Minority Electoral Committee||104,533||0.32||0||0|
|Local lists and independents||1,185,400||3.64||1||–4|
|Source: Nohlen & Stöver|
Consecutive postponements of the electoral silence's termination (initially planned for 8 PM) by the National Electoral Committee was widely criticized. The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe Election Assessment Mission stated that the elections demonstrate a democratic and pluralistic process, but challenges remain in oversight of the public media.
Prime Minister and PiS leader Jarosław Kaczyński stepped down from office on 15 November, and PO leader, Donald Tusk, was sworn in as Poland's Prime Minister the following day. The Civic Platform formed a coalition majority government with the agrarian centrist Polish People's Party.
Civic Platform is a centre to centre-right political party in Poland. Since its creation, the party has shown strong electoral performances in the City of Warsaw, the west, and the north of Poland.
The Polish People's Party, abbreviated to PSL, often shortened to ludowcy is an agrarian Christian-democratic political party in Poland. It is a member of the European People's Party and the European People's Party group in the European Parliament.
In 1989–1991, Poland engaged in a democratic transition which put an end to the Polish People's Republic and led to the foundation of a democratic government, known as the Third Polish Republic, following the First and Second Polish Republics. After ten years of democratic consolidation, Poland joined NATO in 1999 and the European Union in 2004.
Law and Justice is a right-wing national-conservative political party in Poland. It is a member of the Eurosceptic European Conservatives and Reformists Party at European Union level. With 198 seats in the Polish Sejm and 48 in the Senate, PiS is currently the largest political party in the Polish parliament, and the dominant party of the United Right ruling coalition. The current twenty-five PiS MEPs sit in the European Conservatives and Reformists Group in the European Parliament.
Jarosław Aleksander Kaczyński is a Polish politician who is currently serving as leader of the Law and Justice party, which he co-founded in 2001 with his twin brother, Lech Kaczyński, who served as president of Poland until his death in 2010.
Elections in Poland refers to the election process as well as the election results in Poland. Poland has a multi-party political system. On the national level, Poland elects the head of state – the president – and a legislature. There are also various local elections, referendums and elections to the European Parliament.
Parliamentary elections were held in Poland on 25 September 2005. Thirty million voters were eligible to vote for all 460 members of the lower house, the Sejm and all 100 members of the upper house, the Senate.
Presidential elections were held in Poland on 9 October and 13 October 2005. The outgoing President of Poland, Aleksander Kwaśniewski, had served two five-year terms and was unable to stand for a third term. Lech Kaczyński defeated Donald Tusk to become President of Poland.
The 2001 Polish parliamentary election was held on 23 September 2001 to elect deputies to both houses of the National Assembly. The election concluded with an overwhelming victory for the centre-left Democratic Left Alliance – Labor Union, the electoral coalition between the Democratic Left Alliance (SLD) and the Labour Union (UP), which captured 41% of the vote in the crucial lower house Sejm. The 2001 election is recognized as marking the emergence of both Civic Platform (PO) and Law and Justice (PiS) as players in Polish politics, while also witnessing the outright collapse of the Solidarity Electoral Action (AWS) and its former coalition partner, the Freedom Union (UW).
Marek Tadeusz Kuchciński is a member of the Sejm of Poland, first elected in 2001. Before 2015, he served the parliament as one of the Deputy Marshals of the Sejm, nominated by the Law and Justice club, and also as the Parliamentary Caucus Head of the above-mentioned party. From 2015 to 2019, when his party possessed the majority of seats in both houses, he held the office of Marshal of the Sejm.
The 2006 Polish local elections were held in two parts. with its first round on November 12 and the second on November 26, 2006. In the election's first round, voters chose 39,944 gmina councillors, 6,284 powiat councillors and 561 deputies to provincial voivodeship sejmiks. Additionally, 2,460 city and town mayors, borough leaders and other officials were decided by direct or runoff elections in the second round. The elections were seen as a test to the government of Prime Minister Jarosław Kaczyński, whose coalition between his own Law and Justice party and its junior coalition partners, the Self-Defense of the Republic of Poland and the League of Polish Families, had undergone a severe crisis two months prior.
Presidential elections were held in Poland on 20 June 2010. As no candidate received a majority of votes in the first round, a second round was held on 4 July 2010. Bronisław Komorowski, the acting President of Poland and vice-chairman of the Civic Platform, defeated Jarosław Kaczyński, twin brother of recently deceased President Lech Kaczyński and chairman of Law and Justice. The global financial crisis, flooding in Poland and the Smolensk disaster were the main themes in the last months of the election campaign.
Poland Comes First, also rendered as Poland is the Most Important, and abbreviated to PJN, was a centre-right, conservative liberal, political party in Poland. It was formed as a more moderate breakaway group from Law and Justice (PiS). By early 2011, the party had eighteen members of the Sejm, one member of the Senate, and three members of the European Parliament. Poland Comes First ceased to exist as a political party in December 2013, when it joined the new centre-right party led by Jarosław Gowin named Poland Together.
Joanna Grażyna Kluzik-Rostkowska is a Polish politician and member of the Sejm for Civic Platform. She was elected for Law and Justice in 2007, but led a breakaway group in 2010 to form the more liberal Poland Comes First, of which she was leader. She resigned from the party in June 2011, joining Civic Platform following rumors. In November 2013, following a cabinet reshuffle by Prime Minister Donald Tusk, Kluzik-Rostkowska was appointed to head the Ministry of National Education.
A parliamentary election to both the Senate and the Sejm was held in Poland on 9 October 2011. The previous election, in 2007, resulted in a Civic Platform–Polish People's Party government. All seats of both Houses were up for re-election.
The 2010 Polish local elections were held in two parts, with its first round on 21 November and the second on 5 December. The first round included elections of deputies to provincial voivodeship sejmiks, as well for gmina and powiat councilors. The second round of elections were marked for mayors, borough leaders, and other positions decided by runoff elections. The local elections were seen as a test to the ruling Civic Platform and Polish People's Party coalition government under Prime Minister Donald Tusk.
Parliamentary elections to both the Sejm and Senate were held in Poland on 25 October 2015.
The 2019 Polish parliamentary elections were held on 13 October 2019. All 460 members of the Sejm and 100 senators of the Senate were elected. The ruling Law and Justice (PiS) retained its majority in the Sejm, but lost its majority in the Senate to the opposition. With 43.6% of the popular vote, Law and Justice received the highest vote share by any party since Poland returned to democracy in 1989. The turnout was the highest for a parliamentary election since the first free elections after the fall of communism in 1989. For the first time after 1989, the ruling party controls one house (Sejm) and opposition controls second (Senate).
The United Right is an informal conservative political alliance in Poland, currently between Law and Justice, United Poland and the Agreement political parties.
The European Coalition was a short-lived political alliance and electoral list in Poland. It was established in 2019 by a group of former prime ministers and former foreign ministers, including Jerzy Buzek, Ewa Kopacz, Grzegorz Schetyna and Radosław Sikorski. They declared the will to construct "one broad list in European Parliament election, the aim of which would be to restore Poland's strong position in the European Union". The Coalition is to be pro-European and centrist.