2007 Polish parliamentary election

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2007 Polish parliamentary election
Flag of Poland.svg
  2005 21 October 2007 2011  

All 460 seats to the Sejm
231 seats were needed for a majority in the Sejm
All 100 seats to the Senate of Poland
Opinion polls
Turnout18,678,457 (53.82%) (Sejm)
16,475,672 (53.81%) (Senate)
53.88% Increase2.svg13.31%
 First partySecond party
  Donald Tusk (6165309851) (cropped).jpg Jaroslaw Kaczynski Sejm 2016a (cropped).JPG
Leader Donald Tusk Jarosław Kaczyński
Party PO PiS
Leader since1 June 200318 January 2003
Leader's seat 19 – Warsaw I 19 – Warsaw I
Last election133 seats, 24.1%155 seats, 27%
Seats before131 [1] 151 [1]
Seats won209166
Seat changeIncrease2.svg 78Increase2.svg 15
Popular vote6,701,0105,183,477
Percentage41.5%32.1%
SwingIncrease2.svg 17.4%Increase2.svg 5.1%

 Third partyFourth party
  Aleksander Kwasniewski (cropped).jpg Waldemar Pawlak candidate 2010 D crop.jpg
Leader Aleksander Kwaśniewski Waldemar Pawlak
Party LiD PSL
Leader since9 September 200729 January 2005
Leader's seatDid not stand 16 – Płock
Last election55 seats, 17.6%*25 seats, 7%
Seats before55 [1] 27 [1]
Seats won5331
Seat changeDecrease2.svg 2Increase2.svg 4
Popular vote2,122,9811,437,638
Percentage13.2%8.9%
SwingDecrease2.svg 4.4%*Increase2.svg 1.9%

2007 Polish parliamentary election - Results.svg
Seats won by Sejm District

Prime Minister before election

Jarosław Kaczyński
PiS

Elected Prime Minister

Donald Tusk
PO

Early parliamentary elections were held in Poland on 21 October 2007, [2] after the Sejm voted for its own dissolution on 7 September. The election took place two years before the maximum tenure of four years, with the previous elections having been in September 2005. The early elections were a result of serious allegations of massive corruption on the part of Andrzej Lepper, leader of the Self-Defense of the Republic of Poland, whose party served as a junior coalition partner to the government of Prime Minister Jarosław Kaczyński. [3] All 460 seats in the Sejm and all 100 seats in the Senate were up for election.

Contents

The election was won by the largest opposition group, Civic Platform (PO), which soundly defeated the ruling Law and Justice (PiS) party and its allies. Throughout the campaign, polls showed conflicting results as to which of the two parties had the greater support, yet by the closing week the polls had swung in favour of Civic Platform. Three other political groups won election into the Sejm, the centre-left Left and Democrats coalition, the agrarian Polish People's Party, and the tiny German Minority group. Both of Law and Justice's former minor coalition partners, the League of Polish Families and the Self-Defense of the Republic of Poland suffered an enormous voter backlash, failing to cross the 5% electoral threshold in order to enter the Sejm. Consequently, both parties lost all of their seats.

Prime Minister and PiS leader Jarosław Kaczyński stepped down from office on 15 November, with Civic Platform leader Donald Tusk sworn in as Poland's Prime Minister on the following day. Civic Platform consequently formed a coalition majority government with the Polish People's Party.

The turnout for the elections was 53.8%, an increase of 13.2% from the 2005 elections, seeing the highest voter turnout in a Polish parliamentary election since the semi-free elections of 1989.

Contesting parties

Only seven parties contested all 41 electoral districts for the Sejm nationwide. They included:

Three other parties managed to register in at least one district:

On 26 September 2007, the leader of the National Party of Retirees and Pensioners, Tomasz Mamiński announced his party's withdrawal from the campaign, stating that Polish electoral law and media bias discriminate against smaller parties. [4]

Although only the ten parties mentioned above openly contested elections to the lower house Sejm, there were other groups which entered the race for the Sejm. It is common practice in Polish elections for many smaller parties to register their candidates on the electoral committee lists of the larger parties contesting the election. These included:

29 political groupings and independents contested the elections to the Senate.

The Greens registered in one district to the Senate (Katowice), receiving 4.55% of votes.

Opinion polls

Results

Powiats won by
# - Civic Platform
# - Law and Justice
# - Polish People's Party
# - Left and Democrats Wybory2007wgPowiatow Barry Kent.png
Powiats won by
– Civic Platform
– Law and Justice
– Polish People's Party
– Left and Democrats

Sejm

Polish Sejm Election 2007.svg
PartyVotes%Seats+/–
Civic Platform 6,701,01041.5120976
Law and Justice 5,183,47732.1116611
Left and Democrats 2,122,98113.1553–2
Polish People's Party 1,437,6388.91316
Self-Defence of the Republic of Poland 247,3351.530–56
League of Polish Families 209,1711.300–34
Polish Labour Party 160,4760.9900
Women's Party 45,1210.280New
German Minority Electoral Committee 32,4620.201–1
Patriotic Self-Defense 2,5310.020New
Total16,142,202100.004600
Valid votes16,142,20297.96
Invalid/blank votes335,5322.04
Total votes16,477,734100.00
Registered voters/turnout30,615,47153.82
Source: Nohlen & Stöver
Popular vote (Sejm)
PO
41.51%
PiS
32.11%
LiD
13.15%
PSL
8.91%
Others
4.32%
Parliament seats (Sejm)
PO
45.43%
PiS
36.09%
LiD
11.52%
PSL
6.74%
MN
0.22%

By constituency

ConstituencyTurnout PO PiS LiD PSL SRP LPR PPP MN OthersLead
1 – Legnica 51.3242.9728.9617.896.601.491.120.97-0.0014.01
2 – Wałbrzych 48.9146.3926.2315.737.761.591.041.25-0.0020.16
3 – Wrocław 58.1853.2028.4010.394.841.121.200.84-0.0024.80
4 – Bydgoszcz 53.2644.0924.2119.018.711.711.071.20-0.0019.88
5 – Toruń 48.1339.2726.7518.3411.362.340.881.07-0.0012.52
6 – Lublin 53.0529.4741.5210.5912.551.761.910.78-1.4212.05
7 – Chełm 46.2324.0939.5110.5019.383.302.101.12-0.0015.42
8 – Zielona Góra 50.3547.0622.4717.648.391.691.441.32-0.0024.59
9 – Łódź 61.9845.6827.8517.773.641.451.130.76-1.7217.83
10 – Piotrków Trybunalski 50.6627.9241.4212.3513.662.271.261.11-0.0013.50
11 – Sieradz 49.4630.4635.1414.0314.052.711.220.92-1.474.68
12 – Chrzanów 54.7336.4340.4010.709.010.971.520.98-0.003.97
13 – Kraków 61.3847.3534.439.674.180.621.221.67-0.8612.92
14 – Nowy Sącz 52.2728.7651.356.4010.281.231.320.67-0.0022.59
15 – Tarnów 52.2632.2245.647.3311.231.151.560.87-0.0013.42
16 – Płock 47.0529.5435.5811.2519.821.930.990.88-0.006.04
17 – Radom 50.5628.2442.728.9415.022.661.490.93-0.0014.48
18 – Siedlce 50.5124.8342.938.3618.962.361.780.77-0.0018.10
19 – Warsaw I 74.0354.0127.6612.662.330.401.240.48-1.2226.35
20 – Warsaw II 61.8345.1735.637.938.260.791.410.81-0.009.54
21 – Opole 45.5346.5822.8711.196.621.741.280.918.810.0023.71
22 – Krosno 41.1029.3044.199.2112.961.811.491.05-0.0014.89
23 – Rzeszów 44.2427.8148.438.7811.161.091.840.89-0.0020.62
24 – Białystok 49.5032.3638.8114.729.142.021.440.61-0.906.45
25 – Gdańsk 58.3454.6227.0810.594.381.191.340.81-0.0027.54
26 – Gdynia 56.8051.0326.5512.456.121.371.560.93-0.0024.48
27 – Bielsko-Biała 58.8441.7635.4112.816.620.911.141.34-0.006.35
28 – Częstochowa 52.9440.1230.8814.769.791.531.551.36-0.009.24
29 – Gliwice 50.9649.6929.6213.264.630.820.971.01-0.0020.07
30 – Rybnik 53.0144.5536.2311.993.980.951.011.29-0.008.32
31 – Katowice 57.4549.7431.5212.263.310.590.971.62-0.0018.22
32 – Sosnowiec 49.7344.7524.9821.615.030.931.161.56-0.0019.77
33 – Kielce 47.4527.9439.0713.8114.721.630.980.94-0.9111.13
34 – Elbląg 46.8943.3424.2615.4311.423.001.401.14-0.0019.08
35 – Olsztyn 48.9045.2524.1514.0712.611.701.300.92-0.0021.10
36 – Kalisz 50.9138.5926.4816.8913.402.191.251.20-0.0012.11
37 – Konin 50.7834.1829.2417.4413.832.361.381.58-0.004.94
38 – Piła 51.7841.8821.7319.7512.632.130.970.92-0.0020.15
39 – Poznań 66.6858.6021.0412.635.450.600.990.68-0.0037.56
40 – Koszalin 49.1545.8821.5717.588.584.241.041.12-0.0024.31
41 – Szczecin 53.5348.9624.0517.006.121.631.330.92-0.0024.91
Poland53.8841.5132.1113.158.911.531.300.990.200.309.40

Seat distribution by constituency

Constituency PO PiS LiD PSL MN Sum
1 – Legnica 642--12
2 – Wałbrzych 521--8
3 – Wrocław 941--14
4 – Bydgoszcz 6321-12
5 – Toruń 6421-13
6 – Lublin 5712-15
7 – Chełm 3612-12
8 – Zielona Góra 6321-12
9 – Łódź 532--10
10 – Piotrków Trybunalski 3411-9
11 – Sieradz 4512-12
12 – Chrzanów 341--8
13 – Kraków 751--13
14 – Nowy Sącz 35-1-9
15 – Tarnów 35-1-9
16 – Płock 3412-10
17 – Radom 3411-9
18 – Siedlce 3612-12
19 – Warsaw I 1162--19
20 – Warsaw II 5411-11
21 – Opole 7311113
22 – Krosno 3611-11
23 – Rzeszów 4812-15
24 – Białystok 5721-15
25 – Gdańsk 831--12
26 – Gdynia 842--14
27 – Bielsko-Biała 441--9
28 – Częstochowa 331--7
29 – Gliwice 631--10
30 – Rybnik 441--9
31 – Katowice 741--12
32 – Sosnowiec 522--9
33 – Kielce 5722-16
34 – Elbląg 4211-8
35 – Olsztyn 5311-10
36 – Kalisz 5322-11
37 – Konin 3321-9
38 – Piła 4221-9
39 – Poznań 721-10
40 – Koszalin 521--8
41 – Szczecin 832--13
Total20916653311460

Senate

Senat rp sala 2007.svg
PartyVotes%Seats+/–
Civic Platform 12,734,74239.146026
Law and Justice 10,208,41231.3839–10
Left and Democrats 4,751,28114.6000
Polish People's Party 2,863,8838.800–2
Self-Defence of the Republic of Poland 345,4271.060–3
League of Polish Families 293,2890.900–7
German Minority Electoral Committee 104,5330.3200
Patriotic Self-Defense 48,6890.150New
Local lists and independents1,185,4003.641–4
Total32,535,656100.001000
Valid votes16,190,80498.27
Invalid/blank votes284,8681.73
Total votes16,475,672100.00
Registered voters/turnout30,615,47153.81
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

Aftermath

Consecutive postponements of the electoral silence's termination (initially planned for 8 PM) by the National Electoral Committee was widely criticized. The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe Election Assessment Mission stated that the elections demonstrate a democratic and pluralistic process, but challenges remain in oversight of the public media. [6]

Prime Minister and PiS leader Jarosław Kaczyński stepped down from office on 15 November, and PO leader, Donald Tusk, was sworn in as Poland's Prime Minister the following day. The Civic Platform formed a coalition majority government with the agrarian centrist Polish People's Party.

Related Research Articles

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2019 Polish parliamentary election

The 2019 Polish parliamentary elections were held on 13 October 2019. All 460 members of the Sejm and 100 senators of the Senate were elected. The ruling Law and Justice (PiS) retained its majority in the Sejm, but lost its majority in the Senate to the opposition. With 43.6% of the popular vote, Law and Justice received the highest vote share by any party since Poland returned to democracy in 1989. The turnout was the highest for a parliamentary election since the first free elections after the fall of communism in 1989. For the first time after 1989, the ruling party controls one house (Sejm) and opposition controls second (Senate).

United Right (Poland) Polish political alliance

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European Coalition (Poland) Liberal electoral alliance in Poland

The European Coalition was a short-lived political alliance and electoral list in Poland. It was established in 2019 by a group of former prime ministers and former foreign ministers, including Jerzy Buzek, Ewa Kopacz, Grzegorz Schetyna and Radosław Sikorski. They declared the will to construct "one broad list in European Parliament election, the aim of which would be to restore Poland's strong position in the European Union". The Coalition is to be pro-European and centrist.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 "Sejm parliamentary groups". Sejm.gov.pl. Retrieved 10 February 2015.
  2. Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1491 ISBN   978-3-8329-5609-7
  3. "Polish MPs choose early election". BBC News. 2007-09-07. Retrieved 2012-05-17.
  4. 21.06.2010. "Krajowa Partia Emerytów i Rencistów nie startuje w wyborach - Informacje - TVN24.pl - Portal informacyjny - 26.09.2007". TVN24.pl. Retrieved 2010-06-21.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  5. "Elections 2007". Wybory2007.pkw.gov.pl. Retrieved 2010-06-21.
  6. "Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights - Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights - Elections - Polish elections demonstrate a democratic and pluralistic process, but challenges remain in oversight of the public media, OSCE finds". Osce.org. Archived from the original on 2007-08-08. Retrieved 2010-06-21.