Civic Coalition (Poland)

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Civic Coalition
Koalicja Obywatelska
AbbreviationKO
Leader Donald Tusk
Adam Szłapka
Barbara Nowacka
Jacek Karnowski
Wojciech Kubalewski
Małgorzata Tracz
2020 Presidential candidate Rafał Trzaskowski
Founded7 March 2018
Headquartersul. Wiejska 12a,
00-490 Warsaw
Political position Big tent
Member parties Civic Platform
Modern
Polish Initiative
The Greens
Colors  Orange   Blue
Sejm
130 / 460
Senate
42 / 100
European Parliament
15 / 52
Regional assemblies
181 / 552
City Presidents
33 / 107
Website
koalicjaobywatelska.pl

Civic Coalition (Polish : Koalicja Obywatelska, KO), officially the Coalition Election Committee Civic Coalition PO .N iPL Greens (Polish : Koalicyjny Komitet Wyborczy Koalicja Obywatelska PO .N iPL Zieloni), is an political and electoral alliance in Poland. The alliance was formed around Civic Platform in opposition to the ruling Law and Justice (PiS) party. The coalition's name uses a play on words with Ja Obywatel, which translates to "I, [a] Citizen".

Contents

History

The Civic Coalition was originally created by the Civic Platform and Modern parties for 2018 local elections. [1] In June 2019, it was announced that the Civic Coalition would be slated to participate in the 2019 Polish parliamentary election and Civic Platform and Modern will form a joint parliamentary club. [2] The Greens announced at the end of July 2019 that they will participate in the elections as part of the Coalition. [3] In August 2019, the Silesian Autonomy Movement and other member organisations of the Silesian Electoral Agreement joined the Coalition. [4]

Electoral performance

Sejm

YearPopular vote% of voteSeatsSeat changeGovernmentLeader
2019 5,060,35527.4 (#2)
134 / 460
Decrease2.svg21Opposition Małgorzata Kidawa-Błońska

Senate

YearPopular vote% of voteSeatsSeat changeGovernmentLeader
2019 6,490,30635.66 (#2)
43 / 100
Increase2.svg17Opposition Małgorzata Kidawa-Błońska

Presidential

Election yearCandidate1st round2nd round
# of overall votes % of overall vote# of overall votes % of overall vote
2020 Rafał Trzaskowski 5,917,34030.5 (#2)10,018,26349.0 (#2)

General results in local elections in 2018 and after

In the 2018 local elections, the Civic Coalition received 26.97% of votes (second place after Law and Justice), winning 194 seats. In 8 voivodships, it obtained the best result, and in the Pomerania the majority of seats. The coalition fared worse in the powiat and mayoral election. In the first round of 11 candidates of the Civic Coalition won elections for mayors of cities (including Rafał Trzaskowski in Warsaw). In addition, 15 candidates of the Civic Coalition went through to the second round, of which 8 were elected. Candidates of Civic Coalition were elected presidents of 19 cities, while it was placed second to the national-conservative Law and Justice in 4. [5]

The committee has shown stronger electoral performances in large cities, such as, Warsaw, Poznań, Gdańsk, Wrocław, Łódź, and Kraków. Better than average results were achieved in West and North Poland (Recovered Territories). In the Opole Voivodeship, Civic Coalition received high support among the German minority. However, it has weaker support in the villages and in the conservative Eastern Poland. [6]

Party groupings, who received most votes in powiats (Civic Coalition in orange) in 2019 Wybory Parlamentarne 2019.png
Party groupings, who received most votes in powiats (Civic Coalition in orange) in 2019

In the 2019 parliamentary elections, the Coalition received most of its votes in major cities (as in 2018 local elections) and areas surrounding them.

Composition

NameIdeologyPositionLeader/Leaders MPs Senators MEPs Sejmiks
Civic Platform Liberal conservatism Centre-right Borys Budka
107 / 460
41 / 100
14 / 52
152 / 552
Modern Liberalism Centre Adam Szłapka
6 / 460
1 / 100
0 / 52
30 / 552
Polish Initiative Progressivism Centre-left Barbara Nowacka
5 / 460
0 / 100
0 / 52
1 / 552
The Greens Green politics Centre-left to left-wing Wojciech Kubalewski
Małgorzata Tracz
3 / 460
0 / 100
1 / 52
0 / 552
Independents
9 / 460
0 / 100
0 / 52
0 / 552

* The Civic Coalition electoral committee lists also include a handful of candidates who are members of the Silesian Autonomy Movement, Social Democracy of Poland, the Polish People's Party, Your Movement, Freedom and Equality, Democratic Left Alliance, and Labour Union, as well as independents.

Polish local elections 2018: results in regional assemblies

2018 Polish local elections to regional assemblies (voivodeships) PiS (blue), KO (orange) Wybory samorzadowe 2018 Sejmiki wojewodztw mapa.svg
2018 Polish local elections to regional assemblies (voivodeships) PiS (blue), KO (orange)
VoivodeshipSeatsGovernance
Lower Silesian
13 / 36
Opposition
Kuyavian-Pomeranian
12 / 30
Coalition
Lublin
7 / 33
Opposition
Lubusz
11 / 30
Coalition
Łódź
12 / 33
Opposition
Lesser Poland
11 / 39
Opposition
Masovian
18 / 51
Coalition
Opole
13 / 30
Coalition
Subcarpathian
5 / 33
Opposition
Podlaskie
9 / 30
Opposition
Pomeranian
18 / 33

Coalition

Silesian
20 / 45
Opposition
Świętokrzyskie
3 / 30
Opposition
Warmian-Masurian
12 / 30
Coalition
Greater Poland
15 / 39
Coalition
West Pomeranian
13 / 30
Coalition
All seats
194 / 552

See also

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References

  1. "PO i Nowoczesna razem do wyborów. Schetyna i Lubnauer podpisali porozumienie". WPROST.pl (in Polish). 7 March 2018. Retrieved 3 December 2018.
  2. "PO i Nowoczesna połączą siły na wybory parlamentarne". Forsal.pl (in Polish). 8 June 2019. Retrieved 30 July 2019.
  3. "Zieloni oficjalnie potwierdzili start w wyborach w ramach Koalicji Obywatelskiej". Polska Agencja Prasowa (in Polish). 30 July 2019. Retrieved 30 July 2019.
  4. "Śląscy autonomiści dołączają do Koalicji Obywatelskiej". Wyborcza.pl (in Polish). 8 August 2019. Retrieved 10 August 2019.
  5. "Wybory samorządowe 2018". wybory2018.pkw.gov.pl. Retrieved 3 December 2018.
  6. "Imperial borders still shape politics in Poland and Romania". The Economist. Retrieved 3 December 2018.