2019 Polish parliamentary election

Last updated
2019 Polish parliamentary election
Flag of Poland.svg
  2015 13 October 2019 Next  

All 460 seats in the Sejm
231 seats are needed for a majority in the Sejm
All 100 seats in the Senate of Poland
51 seats are needed for a majority in the Senate
Opinion polls
Registered30,253,556
Turnout18,678,457 (61.74%) (Sejm)
18,677,930 (61.74%) (Senate)
Increase2.svg10.82%
 First partySecond partyThird party
 
Mateusz Morawiecki Prezes Rady Ministrow (cropped square).jpg
Kidawa-Blonska 29 February 2020 06.jpg
Wlodzimierz Czarzasty Sejm 2019.jpg
Leader Mateusz Morawiecki Małgorzata Kidawa-Błońska Włodzimierz Czarzasty
Party PiS PO SLD
Alliance United Right Civic Coalition The Left
Leader since11 December 2017 (Prime Minister)3 September 2019 (PM Candidate) [1] 19 July 2019
Leader's seat 31 – Katowice II 19 – Warsaw I 32 – Katowice III
Last election235 seats, 37.58%
(Sejm)
61 seats, 39.99%
(Senate)
166 seats, 31.69% [lower-alpha 1]
(Sejm)
34 seats, 31.48%
(Senate)
0 seats, 11.17% [lower-alpha 2]
(Sejm)
0 seats, 3.97%
(Senate)
Seats before235 (Sejm)
61 (Senate)
155 (Sejm)
26 (Senate)
0 (Sejm)
0 (Senate)
Seats won235(Sejm)
48 (Senate)
134 (Sejm)
43 (Senate)
49 (Sejm)
2 (Senate)
Seat changeSteady2.svg(Sejm)
Decrease2.svg13 (Senate)
Decrease2.svg21 (Sejm)
Increase2.svg17 (Senate)
Increase2.svg49 (Sejm)
Increase2.svg2 (Senate)
Popular vote8,051,935 (43.59%) (Sejm)
8,110,193 (44.56%) (Senate)
5,060,355 (27.4%) (Sejm)
6,490,306 (35.66%) (Senate)
2,319,946 (12.56%) (Sejm)
415,745 (2.28%) (Senate)
SwingIncrease2.svg 6.01% (Sejm)
Increase2.svg 4.57% (Senate)
Decrease2.svg 4.29% (Sejm)
Increase2.svg 4.18% (Senate)
Increase2.svg 1.39% (Sejm)
Decrease2.svg 1.69% (Senate)

 Fourth partyFifth partySixth party
 
20170722 Wladyslaw Kosiniak-Kamysz Demonstracja Krakow 4323 DxO.jpg
Confederation leadership 2019.jpg
Ryszard Galla Sejm 2016.JPG
Leader Władysław Kosiniak-Kamysz Janusz Korwin-Mikke
Robert Winnicki
Grzegorz Braun
Ryszard Galla
Party PSL KORWiN
RN
KKP
German Minority
Alliance Polish Coalition [lower-alpha 3] Confederation [lower-alpha 4] -
Leader since4 July 20196 December 201825 September 2005
Leader's seat 15 - Tarnów 19 – Warsaw I
24 - Białystok
23 - Rzeszów
21 - Opole
Last election58 seats, 13.94% [lower-alpha 5]
(Sejm)
1 seats, 8.78%
(Senate)
0 seats, 4.84% [lower-alpha 6]
(Sejm)
0 seats, 1.24%
(Senate)
1 seat, 0.18% [lower-alpha 7]
(Sejm)
0 seats, 0.26%
(Senate)
Seats before38 (Sejm)
1 (Senate)
0 (Sejm)
0 (Senate)
1 (Sejm)
0 (Senate)
Seats won30 (Sejm)
3 (Senate)
11 (Sejm)
0 (Senate)
1 (Sejm)
0 (Senate)
Seat changeDecrease2.svg8 (Sejm)
Increase2.svg2 (Senate)
Increase2.svg11 (Sejm)
Steady2.svg(Senate)
Steady2.svg(Sejm)
Steady2.svg(Senate)
Popular vote1,578,523 (8.55%) (Sejm)
1,041,909 (5.72%) (Senate)
1,256,953 (6.81%) (Sejm)
144,124 (0.79%) (Senate)
32,094 (0.17%)
(Sejm)
49,138 (0.27%)
(Senate)
SwingDecrease2.svg 5.39% (Sejm)
Decrease2.svg 3.06% (Senate)
Increase2.svg 1.97% (Sejm)
Decrease2.svg 0.45% (Senate)
Decrease2.svg 0.01% (Sejm)
Increase2.svg 0.01% (Senate)

2019 Polish parliamentary election - Results.svg
Seats won by Sejm district

Prime Minister before election

Mateusz Morawiecki
PiS

Elected Prime Minister

Mateusz Morawiecki
PiS

The 2019 Polish parliamentary elections were held on 13 October 2019. All 460 members of the Sejm and 100 senators of the Senate were elected. The ruling Law and Justice (PiS) retained its majority in the Sejm, but lost its majority in the Senate to the opposition. With 43.6% of the popular vote, Law and Justice received the highest vote share by any party since Poland returned to democracy in 1989. The turnout was the highest for a parliamentary election since the first free elections after the fall of communism in 1989. [2] For the first time after 1989, the ruling party controls one house (Sejm) and opposition controls second (Senate).

Contents

Background

Following the 2015 parliamentary elections the Law and Justice (PiS) party was able to form a majority government, after receiving 235 seats to the 138 won by their main competitor, Civic Platform, the first time in the post-communist era that a party had won an outright majority in parliamentary elections. [3] [4] Beata Szydło became Prime Minister on 16 November 2015 heading a cabinet that also included Solidary Poland and Poland Together, which ran on joint lists with Law & Justice.

On 23 December 2015 the Sejm passed a law, which reorganized the Constitutional Court, introducing a requirement for a two-thirds majority and the mandatory participation of at least 13, instead of 9 of the 15 judges. In addition, in early 2016 the PiS government passed a law which began the process of giving the government full control of state radio and television. [5] In protest, the Committee for the Defence of Democracy, with help from the Modern party and Civic Platform, started demonstrations across the country. [6]

In December 2016 a parliamentary crisis took place, after the Marshal of the Sejm Marek Kuchciński excluded a Civic Platform's MP Michał Szczerba from the Sejm's proceedings. [7] In protest, members of the opposition occupied the Sejm's rostrum. The Marshal, unable to proceed in the main session chamber, moved the session to the smaller Column Hall. [8] Some politicians and commentators supporting Law and Justice accused opposition of attempting a "coup d'état". [9] It ended fruitlessly for the opposition, though the Modern party was disgraced, as its leader, Ryszard Petru, was photographed flying to Madeira, with fellow MP Joanna Schmidt, during the tense situation. [10] Modern's opinion poll ratings fell as a result.

In December 2017 Mateusz Morawiecki succeeded Beata Szydło as Prime Minister. [11]

December 6, 2018 the Pro-Polish Coalition was formed [12] [13] - an alliance of KORWiN and the National Movement, with more parties joining later in order to contest the 2019 Elections to the European Parliament. The alliance later changed its name to just "Confederation".

In February 2019 the Wiosna party was founded as a left wing anticlerical party. [14] For the 2019 European Parliament elections, the opposition formed a wide coalition, the European Coalition, with the exception of Wiosna. However, PiS won the European elections. Following the loss, the European Coalition dissolved and the Confederation lost many member parties and leaders. [15] In June 2019 Modern and the Civic Platform formed a joint parliamentary club. [16] August 6, the Left was formed, a de facto coalition of Razem, SLD and Wiosna, de jure carrying the SLD name. [17] On August 8, 2019 PSL allied with Kukiz'15 in an alliance named "Polish Coalition". [18]

Electoral system

The 460 members of the Sejm are elected by open party-list proportional representation in 41 multi-member districts. Each district has between 7 and 19 seats.

Seats are allocated using the D'Hondt method, with a 5% threshold for single parties and 8% threshold for coalitions (thresholds are waived for national minorities).

The Senate is elected using first-past-the-post voting in single-member districts. [19] Candidates for Deputies are nominated either by the electoral committees of the various political parties and or by individual voter committees. [20]

Overall, the Sejm includes 460 MPs. Should a party have 231 or more deputies in Parliament, it has an absolute majority and could govern by itself, without a coalition partner.

The constitution can be amended with a supermajority of two-thirds, or 307 deputies.

Election date

The date of the election, 13 October, was set by the President of Poland, Andrzej Duda.

The Constitution of Poland requires that the next election should take place on a non-working day, Sunday or national holiday, within the 30-day period before the expiry of the 4-year period beginning from the commencement of the current Sejm's and Senate's term of office. [21] Elections can be held earlier under certain conditions, for instance, if the Sejm is dissolved or if no government is formed in time limit set by the constitution. [22]

Since the former Sejm and Senate first sitting took place on 12 November 2015, [23] possible dates were Sundays 13 October, 20 October, 27 October, 3 November and 10 November 2019. The other possible but unlikely dates were public holidays 1 November (All Saints' Day) and 11 November (Independence Day) 2019.

Lists

Electoral committees registered in all constituencies

ListIdeologyEuropean Union positionLeaderStanding pre-campaign# of candidates
Sejm Senate SejmSenate
1 Polish Coalition [lower-alpha 3]
Polish People's Party
Kukiz'15
Union of European Democrats
Alliance of Democrats
Silesians Together
• Poland Needs Us
• One-PL
Christian democracy, decentralization Pro-Europeanism Władysław Kosiniak-Kamysz
38 / 460
1 / 100
91916
2 Law and Justice [lower-alpha 8]
Agreement
United Poland
• Republican Party
"Piast" Party
Free and Solidary
National conservatism, Christian democracy Soft Euroscepticism Jarosław Kaczyński [lower-alpha 9]
240 / 460
61 / 100
91999
3 The Left [lower-alpha 10]
Democratic Left Alliance
Spring
Together
Your Movement
Polish Socialist Party
Social democracy, progressivism Pro-Europeanism Włodzimierz Czarzasty
0 / 460
0 / 100
9117
4 Confederation [lower-alpha 4]
KORWiN
National Movement
Confederation of the Polish Crown
Union of Christian Families
Party of Drivers
National League
Right-libertarianism, Polish nationalism Hard Euroscepticism Janusz Korwin-Mikke
Robert Winnicki
Grzegorz Braun
4 / 460
0 / 100
8817
5 Civic Coalition [lower-alpha 11]
Civic Platform
Modern
The Greens
Polish Initiative
Silesian Autonomy Movement
Social Democracy of Poland
Liberalism, big tent Pro-Europeanism Grzegorz Schetyna, Małgorzata Kidawa-Błońska (candidate for Prime Minister) [24]
155 / 460
26 / 100
92073

Electoral committees registered in less than half of the constituencies

ListIdeologyEuropean Union positionLeaderStanding pre-campaignNumber of constituencies# of candidates
SejmSenateSejmSenate
6 Right Wing of the Republic Social conservatism, political Catholicism Soft Euroscepticism Bogusław Kiernicki
1 / 460
0 / 100
0180
7 Action of Disappointed Retirees and Pensioners Pensioners' rights, solidarism Soft Euroscepticism Wojciech Kornowski
0 / 460
0 / 100
3530
8 Coalition of Nonpartisan and Local Government Activists Decentralization, pro-single-member districts Pro-Europeanism Robert Raczyński
0 / 460
0 / 100
1940514
9 Effective Classical liberalism, direct democracy Soft Euroscepticism Piotr Liroy-Marzec
1 / 460
0 / 100
5750
10 German Minority German minority interests, regionalism Pro-Europeanism Ryszard Galla
1 / 460
0 / 100
1242

Electoral committees with candidates only for the Senate

NameIdeologyEuropean Union positionLeaderCandidates
SejmSenate
Restore the Law Pro-single-member districts, populism Soft Euroscepticism Janusz SanockiEffective list7
Polish Left Social democracy, third way Pro-Europeanism Jacek Zdrojewski3
List of Mirosław Piotrowski to the Senate National Catholicism, Christian right Soft Euroscepticism Mirosław Piotrowski 3
Self-Defence Agrarian socialism, left-wing nationalism Hard Euroscepticism Lech Kuropatwiński 2
Unity of the Nation National conservatism, national Catholicism Soft Euroscepticism Gabriel Janowski 2
Silesians Together Localism, Silesian autonomism Pro-Europeanism Leon Swaczyna Polish Coalition list2
List of Kukiz'15 to the Senate Pro-single-member districts, direct democracy Pro-Europeanism Paweł Kukiz Polish Coalition list2
Other electoral committees with only one candidateVarious39

Campaign slogans

ListSlogan in PolishUnofficial English translation
Polish CoalitionŁączymy PolakówWe connect Poles
Law and JusticeDobry czas dla PolskiA good time for Poland
The LeftŁączy nas przyszłość
Wybierz przyszłość
The future unites us
Choose the future
ConfederationPolska dla CiebiePoland for you
Civic CoalitionJutro może być lepsze;
Współpraca, a nie kłótnie
Tomorrow can be better;
Cooperation, not quarrels
Coalition of Nonpartisans and Local Government ActivistsTy też jesteś bezpartyjny!You are also nonpartisan!
EffectiveOdpowiedzialna PolskaResponsible Poland
German MinorityOpolskie! Ma znaczenie Opole! It matters

Opinion polls

Polish Opinion Polling for the 2019 Election.png

Results

Sejm

Results of the Sejm election by powiats. Wybory Parlamentarne 2019.png
Results of the Sejm election by powiats.
Poland Sejm 2019.svg
PartyVotes%Seats+/–
Law and Justice 8,051,93543.59235–5
Civic Coalition 5,060,35527.40134–32
The Left 2,319,94612.5649+49
Polish Coalition 1,578,5238.5530–28
Confederation 1,256,9536.8111+7
Nonpartisan Local Government Activists 144,7730.780New
German Minority Electoral Committee 32,0940.1710
Effective18,9180.100New
Action of Disappointed Retirees and Pensioners5,4480.030New
Right Wing of the Republic 1,7650.010–1
Total18,470,710100.004600
Valid votes18,470,71098.89
Invalid/blank votes207,7471.11
Total votes18,678,457100.00
Registered voters/turnout30,253,55661.74
Source: National Electoral Commission
Popular vote (Sejm)
PiS
43.59%
KO
27.40%
SLD
12.56%
PSL
8.55%
KWiN
6.81%
BS
0.78%
Others
0.31%
Parliament seats (Sejm)
PiS
51.09%
KO
29.13%
SLD
10.65%
PSL
6.52%
KWiN
2.39%
MN
0.22%

By constituency

ConstituencyTurnout PiS KO SLD PSL KWiN MN OthersLead
1 – Legnica 57.8042.4025.0216.437.175.85-0.0017.38
2 – Wałbrzych 55.8340.5432.0912.357.255.42-2.348.45
3 – Wrocław 65.8934.6732.8015.417.456.46-3.211.87
4 – Bydgoszcz 59.9036.4331.0515.179.027.05-1.295.38
5 – Toruń 56.3740.3826.4214.8310.886.33-1.1613.96
6 – Lublin 60.8855.3919.307.819.107.07-1.3236.09
7 – Chełm 54.4059.5014.806.8311.865.84-1.1644.70
8 – Zielona Góra 57.2034.3031.2715.6111.637.19-0.003.03
9 – Łódź 68.3232.9035.8220.104.536.65-0.002.92
10 – Piotrków Trybunalski 61.8156.2115.6410.9510.446.76-0.0040.57
11 – Sieradz 60.9249.8120.4811.9810.295.88-1.5629.33
12 – Kraków I 62.8653.4823.048.517.907.06-0.0030.44
13 – Kraków II 68.5739.5630.4813.017.277.99-1.699.08
14 – Nowy Sącz 60.2865.8013.836.077.356.95-0.0051.97
15 – Tarnów 60.4759.5914.005.9413.357.11-0.0045.59
16 – Płock 57.6852.4516.858.7615.175.24-1.5335.60
17 – Radom 60.8457.8217.157.4310.205.89-1.5140.67
18 – Siedlce 60.9859.7613.946.4511.946.49-1.4245.82
19 – Warsaw I 79.7527.4942.0518.194.757.51-0.0014.56
20 – Warsaw II 70.5640.8928.6113.098.606.63-2.1912.28
21 – Opole 52.9137.6426.7111.7410.315.707.900.0010.93
22 – Krosno 56.3763.3615.946.047.856.81-0.0047.42
23 – Rzeszów 60.1362.3814.396.597.798.25-0.6047.99
24 – Białystok 56.9752.0421.049.099.336.96-1.5531.00
25 – Gdańsk 64.2132.1041.3113.475.907.21-0.009.21
26 – Słupsk 62.7936.4335.8512.477.947.30-0.000.58
27 – Bielsko-Biała I 64.9146.7627.2011.487.137.42-0.0019.56
28 – Częstochowa 61.2244.2822.6315.598.686.07-2.7521.65
29 – Katowice I 59.1837.7532.6113.385.997.67-2.615.14
30 – Bielsko-Biała II 60.4148.2827.719.685.647.17-1.5420.57
31 – Katowice II 64.0039.1937.2011.924.377.33-0.001.99
32 – Katowice III 62.9937.1329.6621.904.856.45-0.007.47
33 – Kielce 57.7055.1816.659.959.885.95-2.4038.53
34 – Elbląg 52.7140.8628.4311.6410.895.66-2.5212.43
35 – Olsztyn 54.3238.8226.4613.8413.196.97-0.7112.36
36 – Kalisz 59.6742.4824.7213.4312.806.57-0.0017.76
37 – Konin 59.0847.2920.4815.049.816.74-0.6426.81
38 – Piła 59.1135.6430.6013.2813.866.62-0.005.04
39 – Poznań 73.1325.3345.3816.496.206.61-0.0020.05
40 – Koszalin 55.4636.8332.3115.449.435.98-0.004.52
41 – Szczecin 59.3635.1135.7115.257.406.53-0.000.60
Poland61.7443.5927.4012.568.556.810.170.9216.19

Senate

Results of the Senate election by single-mandate districts.
.mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}
Law and Justice (PiS)
Civic Coalition (KO)
Polish People's Party (PSL)
The Left (Lewica)
Independent 2019 Polish parliamentary election - Senate map.svg
Results of the Senate election by single-mandate districts.
   Law and Justice (PiS)
   Civic Coalition (KO)
   The Left (Lewica)
  Independent
Cartogram showing the popular vote in each electoral district. Senate of Poland cartogram, 2019.svg
Cartogram showing the popular vote in each electoral district.
Poland Senate 2019.svg
PartyVotes%Seats+/–
Law and Justice 8,110,19344.5648–13
Civic Coalition  6,490,30635.6643+9
Polish Coalition 1,041,9095.723+2
The Left 415,7452.282+2
Nonpartisan Local Government Activists 331,3851.820New
Confederation 144,1240.7900
Polish Left 94,9880.520New
Restore the Law 92,0060.510New
Silesians Together 50,0710.280New
German Minority Electoral Committee 49,1380.2700
Kukiz'15 to the Senate 46,2100.2500
Mirosław Piotrowski to the Senate 33,9670.190New
Right Wing of the Republic 21,9430.120New
Unity of the Nation 18,3270.100New
National Revival of Poland 13,8590.0800
Normal Country13,6870.080New
Self-Defence of the Republic of Poland 13,5100.0700
Labour Party 11,5320.0600
Slavic Union 8,4690.0500
Independents1,199,9796.5940
Total18,201,348100.001000
Valid votes18,201,34897.45
Invalid/blank votes476,5822.55
Total votes18,677,930100.00
Registered voters/turnout30,253,55661.74
Source: National Electoral Commission
Popular vote (Senate)
PiS
44.56%
KO
35.66%
PSL
5.72%
SLD
2.28%
BS
1.82%
KWiN
0.79%
Independent
1.03%
Others
8.31%
Parliament seats (Senate)
PiS
48.00%
KO
43.00%
PSL
3.00%
SLD
2.00%
Independent
4.00%


Polish Election Results (historical) Procentowe wyniki wyborow do Sejmu.png
Polish Election Results (historical)

Notes

  1. Result of Civic Platform and Modern
  2. Result of United Left and Together
  3. 1 2 While a formal political alliance, participants stand for election on the Polish People's Party political party electoral committee lists. Other participants of the political alliance include Kukiz'15, Union of European Democrats, Alliance of Democrats and other associations
  4. 1 2 Officially registered as a political party, but is, in fact, a political alliance between KORWiN, National Movement, Confederation of Polish Crown, Union of Christian Families.
  5. Result of PSL and Kukiz'15
  6. Result of KORWiN party and God Bless You!, below the 5% threshold.
  7. The German Minority Electoral Committee only stands in the Opole constituency and as an ethnic minority electoral committee, they are not required to reach the minimum thresholds to send members to the Sejm
  8. Informally as the United Right with participants standing for election on the Law and Justice political party electoral committee lists. Other participants of the political alliance include Agreement, United Poland, Republican Party, "Piast" Party, and Free and Solidary
  9. Mateusz Morawiecki was selected as the United Right candidate for Prime Minister of Poland
  10. While a formal political alliance, participants stand for election on the Democratic Left Alliance political party electoral committee lists. Other participants of the political alliance include Spring, Together and Polish Socialist Party.
  11. An official coalition electoral committee composed of Civic Platform, Modern, Polish Initiative, and the Greens with candidates from other parties (e.g. Silesian Autonomy Movement), independents, local government activists, and political associations. The threshold of 8% of the votes, therefore, applies.

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Free and Solidary was a small political party in Poland. Founder Kornel Morawiecki, the Senior Marshal of the Sejm, led the party until his death in 2019. The party was plagued with poor electoral performances, lack of agreements with other parties, and later legal troubles which led to a court-appointed curator disbanding the party in 2020.

2020 Polish presidential election

The 2020 Polish presidential election was an election held in Poland, completed with a second round of voting on 12 July 2020. The first round of voting was held on 28 June 2020. The incumbent president Andrzej Duda, running with the support of Law and Justice, faced off against Civic Platform vice-chairman and Mayor of Warsaw Rafał Trzaskowski after first round results showed Duda with 43.5% of the vote and Trzaskowski with 30.46%. Results from the second round of voting, announced by the National Electoral Commission (PKW) on 13 July, indicated that Andrzej Duda had won with 51.03% compared to Rafał Trzaskowski's 48.97%.

Agreement (political party) Polish political party

Agreement formally Jarosław Gowin's Agreement, is a social conservative and economic-liberal political party in Poland. It was founded in November 2017, led by former Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Science and Higher Education Jarosław Gowin, as an expansion of Gowin's previous party, Poland Together, before changing its name. It was allied with the ruling party of Poland, Law and Justice (PiS), as part of the United Right until 2021, and although all of its MPs and Senators are currently sitting in the Law and Justice parliamentary club, they intend to form a separate parliamentary club.

United Right (Poland) Polish catholic nationalist political alliance

The United Right is a conservative political alliance in Poland.

2019 European Parliament election in Poland 2019 election of members of the European parliament for Poland

On Sunday 26 May 2019, a vote was held to elect the Polish delegation to the European Parliament. Polish voters elected 52 MEPs, compared to 51 in the 2014 election. The increased number of MEPs is a result of the 2018 reapportionment of seats in the European Parliament. Following the United Kingdom's announcement, that it will participate in elections to the European Parliament on May 23, Poland will continue to be represented by 51 MEPs. The 52nd MEP will take up their mandate immediately after the UK leaves the European Union. Following the announcement of the election results, the National Electoral Commission indicated Dominik Tarczyński from Lesser Poland and Świętokrzyskie will take up the 52nd seat.

Polish Coalition Polish political alliance

The Polish Coalition is a political alliance of parties in Poland created by the Polish People's Party. It is largely Christian-democratic and centrist.

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