2019 Polish parliamentary election

Last updated
2019 Polish parliamentary election
Flag of Poland.svg
  2015 13 October 2019 Next  

All 460 seats in the Sejm
231 seats are needed for a majority in the Sejm
All 100 seats in the Senate of Poland
51 seats are needed for a majority in the Senate
Opinion polls
Turnout18,678,457 (61.74%) (Sejm)
18,677,930 (61.74%) (Senate)
 First partySecond partyThird party
Mateusz Morawiecki Prezes Rady Ministrow (cropped square).jpg
Kidawa-Blonska 29 February 2020 06.jpg
Wlodzimierz Czarzasty Sejm 2019.jpg
Leader Mateusz Morawiecki Małgorzata Kidawa-Błońska Włodzimierz Czarzasty
Party PiS PO SLD
Alliance United Right Civic Coalition The Left
Leader since11 December 2017 (Prime Minister)3 September 2019 (PM Candidate) [1] 19 July 2019
Leader's seat 31 – Katowice II 19 – Warsaw I 32 – Katowice III
Last election235 seats, 37.58%
61 seats, 39.99%
166 seats, 31.69% [lower-alpha 1]
34 seats, 31.48%
0 seats, 11.17% [lower-alpha 2]
0 seats, 3.97%
Seats before235 (Sejm)
61 (Senate)
155 (Sejm)
26 (Senate)
0 (Sejm)
0 (Senate)
Seats won235(Sejm)
48 (Senate)
134 (Sejm)
43 (Senate)
49 (Sejm)
2 (Senate)
Seat changeSteady2.svg(Sejm)
Decrease2.svg13 (Senate)
Decrease2.svg21 (Sejm)
Increase2.svg17 (Senate)
Increase2.svg49 (Sejm)
Increase2.svg2 (Senate)
Popular vote8,051,935 (43.59%) (Sejm)
8,110,193 (44.56%) (Senate)
5,060,355 (27.4%) (Sejm)
6,490,306 (35.66%) (Senate)
2,319,946 (12.56%) (Sejm)
415,745 (2.28%) (Senate)
SwingIncrease2.svg 6.01% (Sejm)
Increase2.svg 4.57% (Senate)
Decrease2.svg 4.29% (Sejm)
Increase2.svg 4.18% (Senate)
Increase2.svg 1.39% (Sejm)
Decrease2.svg 1.69% (Senate)

 Fourth partyFifth partySixth party
20170722 Wladyslaw Kosiniak-Kamysz Demonstracja Krakow 4323 DxO.jpg
Confederation leadership 2019.jpg
Ryszard Galla Sejm 2016.JPG
Leader Władysław Kosiniak-Kamysz Janusz Korwin-Mikke
Robert Winnicki
Grzegorz Braun
Ryszard Galla
German Minority
Alliance Polish Coalition [lower-alpha 3] Confederation [lower-alpha 4] -
Leader since4 July 20196 December 201825 September 2005
Leader's seat 15 - Tarnów 19 – Warsaw I
24 - Białystok
23 - Rzeszów
21 - Opole
Last election58 seats, 13.94% [lower-alpha 5]
1 seats, 8.78%
0 seats, 4.84% [lower-alpha 6]
0 seats, 1.24%
1 seat, 0.18% [lower-alpha 7]
0 seats, 0.26%
Seats before38 (Sejm)
1 (Senate)
0 (Sejm)
0 (Senate)
1 (Sejm)
0 (Senate)
Seats won30 (Sejm)
3 (Senate)
11 (Sejm)
0 (Senate)
1 (Sejm)
0 (Senate)
Seat changeDecrease2.svg8 (Sejm)
Increase2.svg2 (Senate)
Increase2.svg11 (Sejm)
Popular vote1,578,523 (8.55%) (Sejm)
1,041,909 (5.72%) (Senate)
1,256,953 (6.81%) (Sejm)
144,124 (0.79%) (Senate)
32,094 (0.17%)
49,138 (0.27%)
SwingDecrease2.svg 5.39% (Sejm)
Decrease2.svg 3.06% (Senate)
Increase2.svg 1.97% (Sejm)
Decrease2.svg 0.45% (Senate)
Decrease2.svg 0.01% (Sejm)
Increase2.svg 0.01% (Senate)

2019 Polish parliamentary election - Results.svg
Seats won by Sejm district

Prime Minister before election

Mateusz Morawiecki

Elected Prime Minister

Mateusz Morawiecki

The 2019 Polish parliamentary elections were held on 13 October 2019. All 460 members of the Sejm and 100 senators of the Senate were elected. The ruling Law and Justice (PiS) retained its majority in the Sejm, but lost its majority in the Senate to the opposition. With 43.6% of the popular vote, Law and Justice received the highest vote share by any party since Poland returned to democracy in 1989. The turnout was the highest for a parliamentary election since the first free elections after the fall of communism in 1989. [2] For the first time after 1989, the ruling party controls one house (Sejm) and opposition controls second (Senate).



Following the 2015 parliamentary elections the Law and Justice (PiS) party was able to form a majority government, after receiving 235 seats to the 138 won by their main competitor, Civic Platform, the first time in the post-communist era that a party had won an outright majority in parliamentary elections. [3] [4] Beata Szydło became Prime Minister on 16 November 2015 heading a cabinet that also included Solidary Poland and Poland Together, which ran on joint lists with Law & Justice.

On 23 December 2015 the Sejm passed a law, which reorganized the Constitutional Court, introducing a requirement for a two-thirds majority and the mandatory participation of at least 13, instead of 9 of the 15 judges. In addition, in early 2016 the PiS government passed a law which began the process of giving the government full control of state radio and television. [5] In protest, the Committee for the Defence of Democracy, with help from the Modern party and Civic Platform, started demonstrations across the country. [6]

In December 2016 a parliamentary crisis took place, after the Marshal of the Sejm Marek Kuchciński excluded a Civic Platform's MP Michał Szczerba from the Sejm's proceedings. [7] In protest, members of the opposition occupied the Sejm's rostrum. The Marshal, unable to proceed in the main session chamber, moved the session to the smaller Column Hall. [8] Some politicians and commentators supporting Law and Justice accused opposition of attempting a "coup d'état". [9] It ended fruitlessly for the opposition, though the Modern party was disgraced, as its leader, Ryszard Petru, was photographed flying to Madeira, with fellow MP Joanna Schmidt, during the tense situation. [10] Modern's opinion poll ratings fell as a result.

In December 2017 Mateusz Morawiecki succeeded Beata Szydło as Prime Minister. [11]

December 6, 2018 the Pro-Polish Coalition was formed [12] [13] - an alliance of KORWiN and the National Movement, with more parties joining later in order to contest the 2019 Elections to the European Parliament. The alliance later changed its name to just "Confederation".

In February 2019 the Wiosna party was founded as a left wing anticlerical party. [14] For the 2019 European Parliament elections, the opposition formed a wide coalition, the European Coalition, with the exception of Wiosna. However, PiS won the European elections. Following the loss, the European Coalition dissolved and the Confederation lost many member parties and leaders. [15] In June 2019 Modern and the Civic Platform formed a joint parliamentary club. [16] August 6, the Left was formed, a de facto coalition of Razem, SLD and Wiosna, de jure carrying the SLD name. [17] On August 8, 2019 PSL allied with Kukiz'15 in an alliance named "Polish Coalition". [18]

Electoral system

The 460 members of the Sejm are elected by open party-list proportional representation in 41 multi-member districts. Each district has between 7 and 19 seats.

Seats are allocated using the D'Hondt method, with a 5% threshold for single parties and 8% threshold for coalitions (thresholds are waived for national minorities).

The Senate is elected using first-past-the-post voting in single-member districts. [19] Candidates for Deputies are nominated either by the electoral committees of the various political parties and or by individual voter committees. [20]

Overall, the Sejm includes 460 MPs. Should a party have 231 or more deputies in Parliament, it has an absolute majority and could govern by itself, without a coalition partner.

The constitution can be amended with a supermajority of two-thirds, or 307 deputies.

Election date

The date of the election, 13 October, was set by the President of Poland, Andrzej Duda.

The Constitution of Poland requires that the next election should take place on a non-working day, Sunday or national holiday, within the 30-day period before the expiry of the 4-year period beginning from the commencement of the current Sejm's and Senate's term of office. [21] Elections can be held earlier under certain conditions, for instance, if the Sejm is dissolved or if no government is formed in time limit set by the constitution. [22]

Since the former Sejm and Senate first sitting took place on 12 November 2015, [23] possible dates were Sundays 13 October, 20 October, 27 October, 3 November and 10 November 2019. The other possible but unlikely dates were public holidays 1 November (All Saints' Day) and 11 November (Independence Day) 2019.


Electoral committees registered in all constituencies

ListIdeologyEuropean Union positionLeaderStanding pre-campaign# of candidates
Sejm Senate SejmSenate
1 Polish Coalition [lower-alpha 3]
Polish People's Party
Union of European Democrats
Alliance of Democrats
Silesians Together
• Poland Needs Us
• One-PL
Christian democracy, decentralization Pro-Europeanism Władysław Kosiniak-Kamysz
38 / 460
1 / 100
2 Law and Justice [lower-alpha 8]
United Poland
• Republican Party
"Piast" Party
Free and Solidary
National conservatism, Christian democracy Soft Euroscepticism Jarosław Kaczyński [lower-alpha 9]
240 / 460
61 / 100
3 The Left [lower-alpha 10]
Democratic Left Alliance
Your Movement
Polish Socialist Party
Social democracy, progressivism Pro-Europeanism Włodzimierz Czarzasty
0 / 460
0 / 100
4 Confederation [lower-alpha 4]
National Movement
Confederation of the Polish Crown
Union of Christian Families
Party of Drivers
National League
Right-libertarianism, Polish nationalism Hard Euroscepticism Janusz Korwin-Mikke
Robert Winnicki
Grzegorz Braun
4 / 460
0 / 100
5 Civic Coalition [lower-alpha 11]
Civic Platform
The Greens
Polish Initiative
Silesian Autonomy Movement
Social Democracy of Poland
Liberalism, big tent Pro-Europeanism Grzegorz Schetyna, Małgorzata Kidawa-Błońska (candidate for Prime Minister) [24]
155 / 460
26 / 100

Electoral committees registered in less than half of the constituencies

ListIdeologyEuropean Union positionLeaderStanding pre-campaignNumber of constituencies# of candidates
6 Right Wing of the Republic Social conservatism, political Catholicism Soft Euroscepticism Bogusław Kiernicki
1 / 460
0 / 100
7 Action of Disappointed Retirees and Pensioners Pensioners' rights, solidarism Soft Euroscepticism Wojciech Kornowski
0 / 460
0 / 100
8 Coalition of Nonpartisan and Local Government Activists Decentralization, pro-single-member districts Pro-Europeanism Robert Raczyński
0 / 460
0 / 100
9 Effective Classical liberalism, direct democracy Soft Euroscepticism Piotr Liroy-Marzec
1 / 460
0 / 100
10 German Minority German minority interests, regionalism Pro-Europeanism Ryszard Galla
1 / 460
0 / 100

Electoral committees with candidates only for the Senate

NameIdeologyEuropean Union positionLeaderCandidates
Restore the Law Pro-single-member districts, populism Soft Euroscepticism Janusz SanockiEffective list7
Polish Left Social democracy, third way Pro-Europeanism Jacek Zdrojewski3
List of Mirosław Piotrowski to the Senate National Catholicism, Christian right Soft Euroscepticism Mirosław Piotrowski 3
Self-Defence Agrarian socialism, left-wing nationalism Hard Euroscepticism Lech Kuropatwiński 2
Unity of the Nation National conservatism, national Catholicism Soft Euroscepticism Gabriel Janowski 2
Silesians Together Localism, Silesian autonomism Pro-Europeanism Leon Swaczyna Polish Coalition list2
List of Kukiz'15 to the Senate Pro-single-member districts, direct democracy Pro-Europeanism Paweł Kukiz Polish Coalition list2
Other electoral committees with only one candidateVarious39

Campaign slogans

ListSlogan in PolishUnofficial English translation
Polish CoalitionŁączymy PolakówWe connect Poles
Law and JusticeDobry czas dla PolskiA good time for Poland
The LeftŁączy nas przyszłość
Wybierz przyszłość
The future unites us
Choose the future
ConfederationPolska dla CiebiePoland for you
Civic CoalitionJutro może być lepsze;
Współpraca, a nie kłótnie
Tomorrow can be better;
Cooperation, not quarrels
Coalition of Nonpartisans and Local Government ActivistsTy też jesteś bezpartyjny!You are also nonpartisan!
EffectiveOdpowiedzialna PolskaResponsible Poland
German MinorityOpolskie! Ma znaczenie Opole! It matters

Opinion polls

Polish Opinion Polling for the 2019 Election.png



Results of the Sejm election by powiats. Wybory Parlamentarne 2019.png
Results of the Sejm election by powiats.
Poland Sejm 2019.svg
Law and Justice 8,051,93543.59235–5
Civic Coalition 5,060,35527.40134–32
The Left 2,319,94612.5649+49
Polish Coalition 1,578,5238.5530–28
Confederation 1,256,9536.8111+7
Nonpartisan Local Government Activists 144,7730.780New
German Minority Electoral Committee 32,0940.1710
Action of Disappointed Retirees and Pensioners5,4480.030New
Right Wing of the Republic 1,7650.010–1
Valid votes18,470,71098.89
Invalid/blank votes207,7471.11
Total votes18,678,457100.00
Registered voters/turnout30,253,55661.74
Source: National Electoral Commission
Popular vote (Sejm)
Parliament seats (Sejm)

By constituency

ConstituencyTurnout PiS KO SLD PSL KWiN MN OthersLead
1 – Legnica 57.8042.4025.0216.437.175.85-0.0017.38
2 – Wałbrzych 55.8340.5432.0912.357.255.42-2.348.45
3 – Wrocław 65.8934.6732.8015.417.456.46-3.211.87
4 – Bydgoszcz 59.9036.4331.0515.179.027.05-1.295.38
5 – Toruń 56.3740.3826.4214.8310.886.33-1.1613.96
6 – Lublin 60.8855.3919.307.819.107.07-1.3236.09
7 – Chełm 54.4059.5014.806.8311.865.84-1.1644.70
8 – Zielona Góra 57.2034.3031.2715.6111.637.19-0.003.03
9 – Łódź 68.3232.9035.8220.104.536.65-0.002.92
10 – Piotrków Trybunalski 61.8156.2115.6410.9510.446.76-0.0040.57
11 – Sieradz 60.9249.8120.4811.9810.295.88-1.5629.33
12 – Kraków I 62.8653.4823.048.517.907.06-0.0030.44
13 – Kraków II 68.5739.5630.4813.017.277.99-1.699.08
14 – Nowy Sącz 60.2865.8013.836.077.356.95-0.0051.97
15 – Tarnów 60.4759.5914.005.9413.357.11-0.0045.59
16 – Płock 57.6852.4516.858.7615.175.24-1.5335.60
17 – Radom 60.8457.8217.157.4310.205.89-1.5140.67
18 – Siedlce 60.9859.7613.946.4511.946.49-1.4245.82
19 – Warsaw I 79.7527.4942.0518.194.757.51-0.0014.56
20 – Warsaw II 70.5640.8928.6113.098.606.63-2.1912.28
21 – Opole 52.9137.6426.7111.7410.315.707.900.0010.93
22 – Krosno 56.3763.3615.946.047.856.81-0.0047.42
23 – Rzeszów 60.1362.3814.396.597.798.25-0.6047.99
24 – Białystok 56.9752.0421.049.099.336.96-1.5531.00
25 – Gdańsk 64.2132.1041.3113.475.907.21-0.009.21
26 – Słupsk 62.7936.4335.8512.477.947.30-0.000.58
27 – Bielsko-Biała I 64.9146.7627.2011.487.137.42-0.0019.56
28 – Częstochowa 61.2244.2822.6315.598.686.07-2.7521.65
29 – Katowice I 59.1837.7532.6113.385.997.67-2.615.14
30 – Bielsko-Biała II 60.4148.2827.719.685.647.17-1.5420.57
31 – Katowice II 64.0039.1937.2011.924.377.33-0.001.99
32 – Katowice III 62.9937.1329.6621.904.856.45-0.007.47
33 – Kielce 57.7055.1816.659.959.885.95-2.4038.53
34 – Elbląg 52.7140.8628.4311.6410.895.66-2.5212.43
35 – Olsztyn 54.3238.8226.4613.8413.196.97-0.7112.36
36 – Kalisz 59.6742.4824.7213.4312.806.57-0.0017.76
37 – Konin 59.0847.2920.4815.049.816.74-0.6426.81
38 – Piła 59.1135.6430.6013.2813.866.62-0.005.04
39 – Poznań 73.1325.3345.3816.496.206.61-0.0020.05
40 – Koszalin 55.4636.8332.3115.449.435.98-0.004.52
41 – Szczecin 59.3635.1135.7115.257.406.53-0.000.60


Results of the Senate election by single-mandate districts.
.mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}
Law and Justice (PiS)
Civic Coalition (KO)
Polish People's Party (PSL)
The Left (Lewica)
Independent 2019 Polish parliamentary election - Senate map.svg
Results of the Senate election by single-mandate districts.
   Law and Justice (PiS)
   Civic Coalition (KO)
   The Left (Lewica)
Cartogram showing the popular vote in each electoral district. Senate of Poland cartogram, 2019.svg
Cartogram showing the popular vote in each electoral district.
Poland Senate 2019.svg
Law and Justice 8,110,19344.5648–13
Civic Coalition  6,490,30635.6643+9
Polish Coalition 1,041,9095.723+2
The Left 415,7452.282+2
Nonpartisan Local Government Activists 331,3851.820New
Confederation 144,1240.7900
Polish Left 94,9880.520New
Restore the Law 92,0060.510New
Silesians Together 50,0710.280New
German Minority Electoral Committee 49,1380.2700
Kukiz'15 to the Senate 46,2100.2500
Mirosław Piotrowski to the Senate 33,9670.190New
Right Wing of the Republic 21,9430.120New
Unity of the Nation 18,3270.100New
National Revival of Poland 13,8590.0800
Normal Country13,6870.080New
Self-Defence of the Republic of Poland 13,5100.0700
Labour Party 11,5320.0600
Slavic Union 8,4690.0500
Valid votes18,201,34897.45
Invalid/blank votes476,5822.55
Total votes18,677,930100.00
Registered voters/turnout30,253,55661.74
Source: National Electoral Commission
Popular vote (Senate)
Parliament seats (Senate)

Polish Election Results (historical) Procentowe wyniki wyborow do Sejmu.png
Polish Election Results (historical)


  1. Result of Civic Platform and Modern
  2. Result of United Left and Together
  3. 1 2 While a formal political alliance, participants stand for election on the Polish People's Party political party electoral committee lists. Other participants of the political alliance include Kukiz'15, Union of European Democrats, Alliance of Democrats and other associations
  4. 1 2 Officially registered as a political party, but is, in fact, a political alliance between KORWiN, National Movement, Confederation of Polish Crown, Union of Christian Families.
  5. Result of PSL and Kukiz'15
  6. Result of KORWiN party and God Bless You!, below the 5% threshold.
  7. The German Minority Electoral Committee only stands in the Opole constituency and as an ethnic minority electoral committee, they are not required to reach the minimum thresholds to send members to the Sejm
  8. Informally as the United Right with participants standing for election on the Law and Justice political party electoral committee lists. Other participants of the political alliance include Agreement, United Poland, Republican Party, "Piast" Party, and Free and Solidary
  9. Mateusz Morawiecki was selected as the United Right candidate for Prime Minister of Poland
  10. While a formal political alliance, participants stand for election on the Democratic Left Alliance political party electoral committee lists. Other participants of the political alliance include Spring, Together and Polish Socialist Party.
  11. An official coalition electoral committee composed of Civic Platform, Modern, Polish Initiative, and the Greens with candidates from other parties (e.g. Silesian Autonomy Movement), independents, local government activists, and political associations. The threshold of 8% of the votes, therefore, applies.

Further reading

Related Research Articles

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The Democratic Left Alliance was a social-democratic political party in Poland. It was formed in 1991 as an electoral alliance of centre-left parties, and became a single party on 15 April 1999. It was the major coalition party in Poland between 1993 and 1997, and between 2001 and 2005, from which came two Prime ministers, Aleksander Kwaśniewski and Leszek Miller. It then faded into opposition, shadowed by the rise of Civic Platform and Law and Justice.

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2007 Polish parliamentary election

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2011 Polish parliamentary election

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2015 Polish presidential election

Presidential elections were held in Poland on 10 and 24 May 2015. In the first round of voting Law and Justice (PiS) candidate, lawyer and Member of the European Parliament, Andrzej Duda received the greatest number of votes with a share of 34.76%, followed by incumbent president Bronisław Komorowski, who ran as an independent with the endorsement of the Civic Platform (PO), which he had renounced his membership in after winning the 2010 elections. Independent candidate Paweł Kukiz came third with 20.80% of the votes. As no candidate had received more than 50% of the votes cast, a second round was held on 24 May between the two highest-placed candidates, Duda and Komorowski. This round was won by Duda with 51.5% of the votes, to Komorowski's 48.5%.

2015 Polish parliamentary election

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KORWiN Polish political party

Coalition for the Renewal of the Republic – Liberty and Hope (KORWiN), since 8 October 2016 known also as Liberty, is a free market-capitalist, mostly paleolibertarian and Eurosceptic political party in Poland established in 2015 by Janusz Korwin-Mikke as a result of his removal from Congress of the New Right, his former party. Among the party's other members are Przemysław Wipler, who held a seat in the Polish Sejm and Robert Iwaszkiewicz, Member of the European Parliament. The party's Polish name was originally a backronym of the founder's name Korwin-Mikke, who took part in the 2015 presidential election.

Kukiz'15 is a political party in Poland led by punk rock musician turned politician Paweł Kukiz. Initially it was a loose and informal movement, then formally registered as an association in 2016 and later as a political party in 2020. It has been described as "anti-establishment", as a "broad coalition [lacking] programmatic coherence", from centre-right to right-wing positions.

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2020 Polish presidential election

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Agreement (political party) Polish political party

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United Right (Poland) Polish catholic nationalist political alliance

The United Right is a conservative political alliance in Poland.

2019 European Parliament election in Poland 2019 election of members of the European parliament for Poland

On Sunday 26 May 2019, a vote was held to elect the Polish delegation to the European Parliament. Polish voters elected 52 MEPs, compared to 51 in the 2014 election. The increased number of MEPs is a result of the 2018 reapportionment of seats in the European Parliament. Following the United Kingdom's announcement, that it will participate in elections to the European Parliament on May 23, Poland will continue to be represented by 51 MEPs. The 52nd MEP will take up their mandate immediately after the UK leaves the European Union. Following the announcement of the election results, the National Electoral Commission indicated Dominik Tarczyński from Lesser Poland and Świętokrzyskie will take up the 52nd seat.

Polish Coalition Polish political alliance

The Polish Coalition is a political alliance of parties in Poland created by the Polish People's Party. It is largely Christian-democratic and centrist.


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