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|965 by topic|
|Ab urbe condita||1718|
|Balinese saka calendar||886–887|
|Chinese calendar|| 甲子年 (Wood Rat)|
3661 or 3601
— to —
乙丑年 (Wood Ox)
3662 or 3602
|- Vikram Samvat||1021–1022|
|- Shaka Samvat||886–887|
|- Kali Yuga||4065–4066|
|Japanese calendar|| Kōhō 2|
|Minguo calendar||947 before ROC |
|Seleucid era||1276/1277 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1507–1508|
1091 or 710 or −62
— to —
1092 or 711 or −61
Year 965 ( CMLXV ) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Roman numerals, as used today, employ seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value, as follows:
A common year starting on Sunday is any non-leap year that begins on Sunday, 1 January, and ends on Sunday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is A. The most recent year of such kind was 2017 and the next one will be 2023 in the Gregorian calendar, or, likewise, 2018 and 2029 in the obsolete Julian calendar, see below for more. Any common year that starts on Sunday, Monday or Tuesday has two Friday the 13ths. This common year contains two Friday the 13ths in January and October.
The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 46 BC, was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on 1 January 45 BC, by edict. It was the predominant calendar in the Roman world, most of Europe, and in European settlements in the Americas and elsewhere, until it was refined and gradually replaced by the Gregorian calendar, promulgated in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII.
Nikephoros II Phokas was Byzantine Emperor from 963 to 969. His brilliant military exploits contributed to the resurgence of the Byzantine Empire during the 10th century. His reign, however, included controversy. In the west, he inflamed conflict with the Bulgarians and saw Sicily completely turn over to the Muslims, while he failed to make any serious gains in Italy following the incursions of Otto I. Meanwhile, in the east, he completed the conquest of Cilicia and even retook the island of Cyprus, thus opening the path for subsequent Byzantine incursions reaching as far as the Jazira and the Levant. His administrative policy was less successful, as in order to finance these wars he increased taxes both on the people and on the church, while maintaining unpopular theological positions and alienating many of his most powerful allies. These included his nephew John Tzimiskes, who would take the throne after killing Nikephoros in his sleep.
Tarsus is a historic city in south-central Turkey, 20 km inland from the Mediterranean. It is part of the Adana-Mersin metropolitan area, the fourth-largest metropolitan area in Turkey with a population of 3 million people. Tarsus forms an administrative district in the eastern part of the Mersin Province and lies in the core of Çukurova region.
Mopsuestia is an ancient city in Cilicia Campestris on the Pyramus River located approximately 20 km (12 mi) east of ancient Antiochia in Cilicia. From the city's harbour the river is navigable to the Mediterranean Sea, a distance of over 40 km (24 mi).
Lothair, sometimes called Lothair III or Lothair IV, was the penultimate Carolingian king of West Francia, reigning from 10 September 954 until his death in 986.
The County of Flanders was a historic territory in the Low Countries.
Arnulf II was Count of Flanders from 965 until his death.
July 12 is the 193rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 172 days remaining until the end of the year.
Meng Chang (孟昶), originally Meng Renzan (孟仁贊), courtesy name Baoyuan (保元), formally Prince Gongxiao of Chu (楚恭孝王), was the second emperor of Later Shu during imperial China's Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period. He ruled from 934 until 965, when his state was conquered by the Song Dynasty. He died soon afterwards.
Shu, also known as Meng Shu, was one of the Ten Kingdoms during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period in China. It was located in present-day Sichuan with its capital in Chengdu and lasted from 934 to 965. It was the fourth and latest state of this name on the same territiory.
September 23 is the 266th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 99 days remaining until the end of the year. It is frequently the day of the autumnal equinox in the Northern Hemisphere and the day of the vernal equinox in the Southern Hemisphere.
Abu at-Tayyib Ahmad bin Al-Husayn al-Mutanabbi al-Kindi was an Arab poet. He is considered one of the greatest, most prominent and most influential poets in the Arabic language, and much of his work has been translated into over 20 languages worldwide. Much of his poetry revolves around praising the kings he visited during his lifetime. Some consider his 326 poems to be a great representation of his life story. He started writing poetry when he was nine years old. He is well known for his sharp intelligence and wittiness. Al-Mutanabbi had a great pride in himself through his poetry. Among the topics he discussed were courage, the philosophy of life, and the description of battles. Many of his poems were and still are widely spread in today's Arab world and are considered to be proverbial.
The Abbasid Caliphate was the third of the Islamic caliphates to succeed the Islamic prophet Muhammad. It was founded by a dynasty descended from Muhammad's uncle, Abbas ibn Abdul-Muttalib, from whom the dynasty takes its name. They ruled as caliphs for most of the caliphate from their capital in Baghdad in modern-day Iraq, after having overthrown the Umayyad Caliphate in the Abbasid Revolution of 750 CE (132 AH).
March 1 is the 60th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 305 days remaining until the end of the year.
Pope Leo VIII was Pope from 23 June 964 to his death in 965; before that, he was an antipope from 963 to 964, in opposition to Pope John XII and Pope Benedict V. An appointee of the Holy Roman Emperor, Otto I, his pontificate occurred during the period known as the Saeculum obscurum.
Pope John XIII was Pope from 1 October 965 to his death in 972. His pontificate was caught up in the continuing conflict between the Emperor, Otto I, and the Roman nobility.
The 840s decade ran from January 1, 840, to December 31, 849.
The 910s decade ran from January 1, 910, to December 31, 919.
The 930s decade ran from January 1, 930, to December 31, 939.
The 960s decade ran from January 1, 960, to December 31, 969.
The 980s decade ran from January 1, 980, to December 31, 989.
Year 967 (CMLXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 966 (CMLXVI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1003 (MIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.
Year 946 (CMXLVI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.
Year 972 (CMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.
Year 963 (CMLXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.
Year 950 (CML) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 986 (CMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1025 (MXXV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.
Year 960 (CMLX) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.
Year 956 (CMLVI) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 915 (CMXV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.
Year 895 (DCCCXCV) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 936 (CMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.
Year 942 (CMXLII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.