Alexander Stuart (scientist)

Last updated

Alexander Stuart FRS FRCP (1673–1742) was a British natural philosopher and physician.

Royal Society English learned society for science

The President, Council and Fellows of the Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge, commonly known as the Royal Society, is a learned society. Founded on 28 November 1660, it was granted a royal charter by King Charles II as "The Royal Society". It is the oldest national scientific institution in the world. The society is the United Kingdom's and Commonwealth of Nations' Academy of Sciences and fulfils a number of roles: promoting science and its benefits, recognising excellence in science, supporting outstanding science, providing scientific advice for policy, fostering international and global co-operation, education and public engagement.

Royal College of Physicians professional body of doctors of general medicine and its subspecialties in the UK

The Royal College of Physicians is a British professional body dedicated to improving the practice of medicine, chiefly through the accreditation of physicians by examination. Founded in 1518, it set the first international standard in the classification of diseases, and its library contains medical texts of great historical interest.

Physician professional who practices medicine

A physician, medical practitioner, medical doctor, or simply doctor, is a professional who practises medicine, which is concerned with promoting, maintaining, or restoring health through the study, diagnosis, prognosis and treatment of disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments. Physicians may focus their practice on certain disease categories, types of patients, and methods of treatment—known as specialities—or they may assume responsibility for the provision of continuing and comprehensive medical care to individuals, families, and communities—known as general practice. Medical practice properly requires both a detailed knowledge of the academic disciplines, such as anatomy and physiology, underlying diseases and their treatment—the science of medicine—and also a decent competence in its applied practice—the art or craft of medicine.

He was born in Aberdeen, Scotland.

He graduated from Marischal College, University of Aberdeen, in 1691 with an MA and became a ship's surgeon, serving on the London from 1701 to 1704 and on the Europe from 1704 to 1707. [1] While at sea he kept records of his operations and sent specimens of new creatures to Hans Sloane, with several reports on such animals being published in the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society .

Marischal College

Marischal College is a large granite building on Broad Street in the centre of Aberdeen in north-east Scotland, and since 2011 has acted as the headquarters of Aberdeen City Council. However, the building was constructed for and is on long-term lease from the University of Aberdeen, which still uses parts of the building to house a museum and for ceremonial events. Today, it provides corporate office space and public access to council services, adjacent to the Town House, the city's historic seat of local government. Many Aberdonians consider Marischal College to be an icon of the "Granite City" and to symbolise the zenith of Aberdeen's granite-working industry.

University of Aberdeen university in Aberdeen, Scotland

The University of Aberdeen is a public research university in Aberdeen, Scotland. It is an ancient university founded in 1495 when William Elphinstone, Bishop of Aberdeen and Chancellor of Scotland, petitioned Pope Alexander VI on behalf of James IV, King of Scots to establish King's College, making it Scotland's third-oldest university and the fifth-oldest in the English-speaking world. Today, Aberdeen is consistently ranked among the top 200 universities in the world and is ranked within the top 30 universities in the United Kingdom. In the 2019 Times Higher Education University Impact Rankings, Aberdeen was ranked 31st in the world for impact on society. Aberdeen was also named the 2019 Scottish University of the Year by The Times and Sunday Times Good University Guide.

Hans Sloane Irish botanist and doctor

Sir Hans Sloane, 1st Baronet, was an Irish physician, naturalist and collector noted for bequeathing his collection of 71,000 items to the British nation, thus providing the foundation of the British Museum, the British Library and the Natural History Museum, London. He was elected to the Royal Society at the age of 24. Sloane traveled to the Caribbean in 1687 and documented his travels and findings with extensive publishings years later. Sloane was a renowned medical doctor among the aristocracy and was elected to the Royal College of Physicians by age 27. He is credited with creating drinking chocolate.

After returning to land in 1708 he started a medical degree at Leiden University, and he graduated on 22 June 1711. [1] He served as a doctor for the British Army for a bit but returned to England. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1714, [2] and in 1719 he became the first doctor to practise at Westminster Hospital, transferring to St George's Hospital in 1733. In 1728 he became a physician-in-ordinary for Caroline of Ansbach [ citation needed ] and was elected a Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians the same year. He retired in 1736.

Leiden University university in the Netherlands

Leiden University is a public research university in Leiden, Netherlands. Founded in 1575 by William, Prince of Orange, leader of the Dutch Revolt in the Eighty Years' War, it is the oldest university in the Netherlands. It is known for its historic foundations, emphasis on the social sciences, and student-run societies.

British Army land warfare branch of the British Armed Forces of the United Kingdom

The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces. As of 2018, the British Army comprises just over 81,500 trained regular (full-time) personnel and just over 27,000 trained reserve (part-time) personnel.

Fellow of the Royal Society Elected Fellow of the Royal Society, including Honorary, Foreign and Royal Fellows

Fellowship of the Royal Society is an award granted to individuals that the Royal Society of London judges to have made a 'substantial contribution to the improvement of natural knowledge, including mathematics, engineering science, and medical science'.

In 1738 he gave the first Croonian Lecture of the Royal Society, and in 1740 he was awarded the Copley Medal by the same institution. He delivered the Croonian Lecture again in 1740. [1]

Croonian Lecture prestigious lectureships given at the invitation of the Royal Society and the Royal College of Physicians

The Croonian Lectures are prestigious lectureships given at the invitation of the Royal Society and the Royal College of Physicians.

Copley Medal award given by the Royal Society of London

The Copley Medal is an award given by the Royal Society, for "outstanding achievements in research in any branch of science." It alternates between the physical and the biological sciences. Given every year, the medal is the oldest Royal Society medal awarded and the oldest surviving scientific award in the world, having first been given in 1731 to Stephen Gray, for "his new Electrical Experiments: – as an encouragement to him for the readiness he has always shown in obliging the Society with his discoveries and improvements in this part of Natural Knowledge".

Despite the money he was earning as physician-in-ordinary he was heavily in debt when he died on 15 September 1742.

Related Research Articles

Sir Andrew Clark, 1st Baronet British pathologist

Sir Andrew Clark, 1st Baronet, was a Scottish physician and pathologist.

Edward Headlam Greenhow British doctor

Edward Headlam Greenhow FRS, FRCP was an English physician, epidemiologist, sanitarian, statistician, clinician and lecturer.

Rudolph Peters British biochemist

Sir Rudolph Albert Peters MC MID FRS HFRSE FRCP LLD was a British biochemist. He led the research team at Oxford who developed British Anti-Lewisite (BAL), an antidote for the chemical warfare agent lewisite. His efforts investigating the mechanism of arsenic war gases were deemed crucial in maintaining battlefield effectiveness.

Kay Davies British geneticist and anatomist; educator

Dame Kay Elizabeth Davies, is a British geneticist. She is Dr Lee's Professor of Anatomy at the University of Oxford and a Fellow of Hertford College, Oxford. She is director of the Medical Research Council (MRC) functional genetics unit, a governor of the Wellcome Trust, a director of the Oxford Centre for Gene Function, and a patron and Senior Member of Oxford University Scientific Society. Her research group has an international reputation for work on Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). In the 1980s, she developed a test which allowed for the screening of foetuses whose mothers have a high risk of carrying DMD.

Robert Lee (obstetrician) British obstetrician

Robert Lee FRS was Regius Professor of Midwifery at the University of Glasgow in 1834. He held the Chair for the shortest period of any holder to date, resigning from his position immediately after giving his opening address.

Francis Sibson British anatomist

Francis Sibson FRS was an English physician and anatomist.

Charles Murchison (physician) British doctor

Charles Murchison was a British physician and a noted authority on fevers and diseases of the liver.

Sir John Bradford, 1st Baronet British physician

Sir John Rose Bradford, 1st Baronet was a British physician.

Dr Donald Monro FRS FRSE FRCP (1727–1802) was a Scottish physician and medical author.

Sir George Burrows, 1st Baronet physician

Sir George Burrows, Bt, PRS, was an English physician and President of the Royal College of Physicians.

William Marcet FRS FRCP was President of the Royal Meteorological Society

Hugh Christian Watkins Professor of Medicine at the University of Oxford

Hugh Christian Watkins is a British cardiologist. He is a Fellow of Merton College, Oxford, an associate editor of Circulation Research, and was Field Marshal Alexander Professor of Cardiovascular Medicine in the University of Oxford between 1996 and 2013.

Peter J. Barnes (respiratory scientist) British pulmonary scientist, clinician

Peter John Barnes, FRCP, FCCP, FMedSci, FRS is a British respiratory scientist and clinician, a specialist in the mechanisms and treatment of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). He is currently professor of thoracic medicine at the National Heart & Lung Institute, head of respiratory medicine at Imperial College and honorary consultant physician at the Royal Brompton Hospital London.

John Cooke (physician) English physician, born 1756

John Cooke (1756–1838) was an English physician.

John Beresford Leathes physiologist and biochemist

John Beresford Leathes DSc, MA, FRS, FRCS, FRCP was a British physiologist and an early biochemist. He was the son of Hebrew scholar Stanley Leathes, and the brother of the poet, historian and First Civil Service Commissioner Sir Stanley Mordaunt Leathes.

Samuel Foart Simmons, FRS was a British physician.

Walter Sydney Lazarus-Barlow was an English physician who was professor of experimental pathology at the Middlesex Hospital. He was a specialist in cancer and was one of the first physicians to research the effects of X-rays and radium on that disease. In 1909, he gave the Croonian Lecture on the subject of Radioactivity and Carcinoma.

William Henry Stone was an English physician, known for his studies on electro-therapy and the electrical properties of the human body.

Sir Ronald Bodley Scott (1906–1982) was an English haematologist and expert on therapy for leukaemia and lymphoma.

Peter Wallwork Latham (1832–1923) was an English physician and professor of medicine at the University of Cambridge.

References

  1. 1 2 3 "Oxford DNB article:Stuart, Alexander (subscription needed)". Oxford University Press. 2004. Retrieved 29 January 2009.
  2. "Library and Archive Catalogue". Royal Society. Retrieved 4 September 2010.[ permanent dead link ]