Andover (UK Parliament constituency)

Last updated

Andover
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
1586–1885
Number of memberstwo (1586-1868); one (1868-1885)
Hampshire, Western or Andover Division
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
18851918
Number of membersone
Replaced by Basingstoke and Winchester

Andover was the name of a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of England from 1295 to 1307, and again from 1586, then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1918. It was a parliamentary borough in Hampshire, represented by two Members of Parliament until 1868, and by one member from 1868 to 1885. The name was then transferred to a county constituency electing one MP from 1885 until 1918.

Contents

History

The parliamentary borough of Andover, in the county of Hampshire (or as it was still sometimes known before about the eighteenth centuries, Southamptonshire), sent MPs to the parliaments of 1295 and 1302-1307. It was re-enfranchised as a two-member constituency in the reign of Elizabeth I of England. It elected MPs regularly from 1586. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9]

The House of Commons decided, in 1689, that the elective franchise for the seat was limited to the twenty four members of the Andover corporation and not the freemen of the borough. This ruling was confirmed after another disputed election in 1727. Matthew Skinner and Abel Kettleby received the most votes, from many householders, but James Brudenell and Charles Colyear (Viscount Milsington) were declared elected for winning the most support from corporation members. Under the Reform Act 1832 the electorate was expanded by allowing householders, whose property was valued at £10 or more, to vote. There were 246 registered electors in 1832.

From the 1868 United Kingdom general election the constituency returned one member. The electorate was further extended, in 1868, to 775 registered electors.

Apart from the period between 1653 and 1658, Andover continued to be represented as a borough constituency until that was abolished in 1885. Immediately thereafter, from the 1885 United Kingdom general election, the town of Andover was combined with surrounding rural territory to form a county division of Hampshire, known formally as the Western or Andover division. The registered electorate for the expanded seat was 9,175 in 1885, and 9,460 in 1901. [10]

The constituency was abolished in 1918, when the Municipal Borough of Andover and Andover Rural District were included in the Basingstoke seat.

Boundaries

The constituency was based on the northern Hampshire town of Andover.

The Parliamentary Boundaries Act 1832 (2 & 3 William IV, c. 64) defined the seat as "the respective parishes of Andover and Knights Enham, and the tithing of Foxcot". The boundaries were left unaltered, until the end of the borough constituency in 1885.

Under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, the county division was defined as including the Sessional Divisions of Andover, and Kingsclere; with parts of the Sessional Divisions of Winchester, Romsey, and Basingstoke, and the Municipal Boroughs of Andover and Winchester, and the parish of Coombe, Hampshire in the Hungerford Sessional Division of Berkshire.

Members of Parliament

The Roman numerals after some names are to distinguish different members for this constituency, with the same name. It is not suggested this use of Roman numerals was applied at the time.

Parliament of England 1586-1707 (two members)

As there were sometimes significant gaps between Parliaments held in this period, the dates of first assembly and dissolution are given. Where the name of the member has not yet been ascertained or (before 1558) is not recorded in a surviving document, the entry unknown is entered in the table.

ElectedAssembledDissolvedFirst MemberSecond Member
158613 October 158623 March 1587 Edwin Sandys James Hawley
15884 February 158929 March 1589 Thomas Temple Henry Reade
159318 February 159310 April 1593 Miles Sandys Edward Barker
159724 October 15979 February 1598 Edward Reynolds Edward Phelips
160127 October 160119 December 1601 Henry Ludlow Nicholas Hyde
160419 March 16049 February 1611 Sir Thomas Jermyn Thomas Antrobus
16145 April 16147 June 1614 Richard Venables Peter Noyes
1620 or 162116 January 162125 August 1621 Richard Venables John Shuter
162122 November 16218 February 1622 Robert Wallop
1623 or 162412 February 162427 March 1625 Robert Wallop John Shuter
162517 May 162512 August 1625 Sir Henry Wallop Henry Shuter
16266 February 162615 June 1626 Henry Lord Paulett John Shuter
162817 March 162810 March 1629 Robert Wallop Ralph Conway
164013 April 16405 May 1640 Robert Wallop Sir Richard Wynn
16403 November 16405 December 1648 Robert Wallop Sir Henry Rainsford [11]
1641 * Henry Vernon [12]
3 May 1642 [13] Sir William Waller [14]
6 December 1648 [15] 20 April 1653 [16] Seat vacant
1653 [17] 4 July 165312 December 1653unrepresented
16543 September 165422 January 1655 John Duns
165617 September 16564 February 1658 Thomas Hussey
1658 or 165927 January 165922 April 1659 Colonel Gabriel Beck Robert Gough
N/A [18] 7 May 165920 February 1660 Robert Wallop Seat vacant
21 February 166016 March 1660 Sir William Waller
1660, April 20 25 April 166029 December 1660 Sir John Trott, Bt John Collins
1661 8 May 166124 January 1679 Sir John Trott, Bt [19] John Collins
1673, January 31 * Sir Kingsmill Lucy, Bt [20]
1678, October 29 * Charles West
1679, February 11 6 March 167912 July 1679 Francis Powlett William Wither
1679, August 14 21 October 168018 January 1681 Francis Powlett Sir Robert Henley
1681, March 4 21 March 168128 March 1681 Charles West Sir John Collins
1685, March 16 19 May 16852 June 1687 Robert Phelips Sir John Collins
1689, January 14 22 January 16896 February 1690 Francis Powlett John Pollen II
1690, March 3 20 March 169011 October 1695 Francis Powlett (Whig) [21] John Pollen II (Tory)
1695, October 30 22 November 16956 July 1698 John Smith (Whig) Sir Robert Smyth, Bt (Whig)
1698, July 21 24 August 169819 December 1700 John Smith (Whig) Anthony Henley (Whig)
1701, January 14 6 February 170111 November 1701 John Smith (Whig) Francis Shepheard (Whig) [22]
1701, November 25 30 December 17012 July 1702 John Smith (Whig) Francis Shepheard (Whig)
1702, July 16 20 August 17025 April 1705 John Smith (Whig) Francis Shepheard (Whig)
1705, May 11 14 June 17051707 [23] John Smith (Whig) Francis Shepheard (Whig)

1707–1868 (two members)

DateFirst memberFirst partySecond memberSecond party
1707, October 23 [24] John Smith Whig Francis Shepheard Whig
1708, May 6 William Guidott Whig
1713, August 25 Sir Ambrose Crowley [25] Tory
1714, March 30 * Gilbert Searle Tory
1715, January 29 * John Wallop
1715, April 1 James Brudenell
1727, August 23 Viscount Milsington [26]
1730, January 20 * William Guidott Whig
1734, April 25 John Pollen III Whig
1741, May 5 Hon. John Wallop [27] Whig
1749, November 28 * Sir John Griffin
1754, April 16 Sir Francis Blake Delaval
1768, March 21 Benjamin Lethieullier
1784, August 11 * William Fellowes
1796, May 25 Hon. Coulson Wallop
1797, December 14 * Thomas Assheton Smith I [28] Tory [29]
1802, July 5 Hon. Newton Fellowes Whig [29]
1820, March 8 Sir John Pollen, 2nd Bt Tory [29]
1821, May 11 * Thomas Assheton Smith II Tory [29]
1831, May 2 Henry Arthur Wallop Fellowes Whig [29] Ralph Etwall Whig [29] [30] [31]
1835, January 8 Sir John Pollen, 2nd Bt Conservative [29]
1841, June 29 Lord William Paget Whig [29]
1847, July 29 Henry Beaumont Coles Conservative William Cubitt [32] Conservative
1857, March 28 Hon. Dudley Fortescue Whig
1859 Liberal
1861, July 29 * Henry Beaumont Coles [33] Conservative
1862, December 17 * William Cubitt [34] Conservative
1863, November 18 * William Humphery [35] Conservative
1867, February 11 * Sir John Burgess Karslake Conservative
1868 constituency reduced to one member

1868-1918 (one member)

YearMemberPartyNote
1868 Hon. Dudley Fortescue Liberal
1874 Henry Wellesley Conservative
1880 Francis Buxton Liberal
1885 Bramston Beach Conservative Re-elected unopposed 1886, 1892, 1895, 1900; died 3 August 1901
1901 Edmund Faber Conservative
1906 Walter Faber Conservative Last MP for the constituency
1918 constituency abolished

Elections

Elections in the 1830s

General election 1830: Andover [29]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Tory Thomas Assheton Smith Unopposed
Tory John Pollen Unopposed
Tory hold
Tory hold
General election 1831: Andover [29]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Whig Henry Arthur Wallop Fellowes Unopposed
Whig Ralph Etwall Unopposed
Whig gain from Tory
Whig gain from Tory
General election 1832: Andover [29] [37]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Whig Henry Arthur Wallop Fellowes Unopposed
Whig Ralph Etwall Unopposed
Registered electors 246
Whig hold
Whig hold
General election 1835: Andover [29] [37]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Whig Ralph Etwall 14938.0N/A
Conservative John Pollen 10827.6N/A
Whig William Nightingale 10025.5N/A
Conservative Edward Rose Tunno 358.9N/A
Turnout 20987.1N/A
Registered electors 240
Majority4110.5N/A
Whig hold Swing N/A
Majority82.0N/A
Conservative gain from Whig Swing N/A
General election 1837: Andover [29] [37]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Whig Ralph Etwall Unopposed
Conservative John Pollen Unopposed
Registered electors 265
Whig hold
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1840s

General election 1841: Andover [29] [37]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Whig Ralph Etwall 13137.6N/A
Whig William Paget 11232.2N/A
Conservative John Pollen 10530.2N/A
Majority72.0N/A
Turnout 21391.0N/A
Registered electors 234
Whig hold Swing N/A
Whig gain from Conservative Swing N/A
General election 1847: Andover [37] [38]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Henry Beaumont Coles 13431.8+16.7
Conservative William Cubitt 12128.7+13.6
Whig John Newton Fellowes [39] 10725.412.2
Whig Thomas Chaloner Smith [40] 6014.218.0
Majority143.3N/A
Turnout 211 (est)86.8 (est)4.2
Registered electors 243
Conservative gain from Whig Swing +15.9
Conservative gain from Whig Swing +14.4

Elections in the 1850s

General election 1852: Andover [37]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative William Cubitt 14049.8+21.1
Conservative Henry Beaumont Coles 12143.1+11.3
Whig John Curling [41] 207.132.5
Majority10135.9+32.6
Turnout 151 (est)62.4 (est)24.4
Registered electors 241
Conservative hold Swing +18.7
Conservative hold Swing +13.8
General election 1857: Andover [37]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative William Cubitt 14339.210.6
Whig Dudley Fortescue 12032.9+25.8
Conservative Henry Beaumont Coles 10227.915.2
Turnout 183 (est)78.3 (est)+15.9
Registered electors 233
Majority236.329.6
Conservative hold Swing 11.8
Majority184.9N/A
Whig gain from Conservative Swing +25.8
General election 1859: Andover [37]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative William Cubitt 15339.5+0.3
Liberal Dudley Fortescue 12031.01.9
Conservative Richard William Johnson [42] 11429.5+1.6
Turnout 194 (est)81.0 (est)+2.7
Registered electors 239
Majority338.5+2.2
Conservative hold Swing +0.6
Majority61.63.3
Liberal hold Swing +1.3

Elections in the 1860s

Cubitt resigned to contest the 1861 by-election at City of London, causing a by-election.

By-election, 29 Jul 1861: Andover [37]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Henry Beaumont Coles Unopposed
Conservative hold

Coles' death caused a by-election.

By-election, 17 Dec 1862: Andover [37]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative William Cubitt Unopposed
Conservative hold

Cubitt's death caused a by-election.

By-election, 18 Nov 1863: Andover [37]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative William Humphery 13061.08.0
Liberal John Clarke Hawkshaw [43] 8339.0+8.0
Majority4722.1+13.6
Turnout 21387.3+6.3
Registered electors 244
Conservative hold Swing 8.0
General election 1865: Andover [37]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative William Humphery Unopposed
Liberal Dudley Fortescue Unopposed
Registered electors 255
Conservative hold
Liberal hold

Humphery resigned, causing a by-election.

By-election, 11 Feb 1867: Andover [37]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative John Burgess Karslake Unopposed
Conservative hold

Karslake was appointed Attorney General for England and Wales, requiring a by-election.

By-election, 22 Jul 1867: Andover [37]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative John Burgess Karslake Unopposed
Conservative hold

The seat was reduced to one member.

General election 1868: Andover [37]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Dudley Fortescue 37755.1N/A
Conservative Henry Wellesley 30744.9N/A
Majority7010.2N/A
Turnout 68488.3N/A
Registered electors 775
Liberal hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1870s

General election 1874: Andover [37]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Henry Wellesley 39560.4+15.5
Liberal Dudley Fortescue 25939.615.5
Majority13620.8N/A
Turnout 65485.62.7
Registered electors 764
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +15.5

Elections in the 1880s

General election 1880: Andover [37]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Francis Buxton 40552.7+13.1
Conservative Henry Wellesley 36447.313.1
Majority415.3N/A
Turnout 76992.3+6.7
Registered electors 833
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +13.1
General election 1885: Andover [44] [45]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Bramston Beach 4,55959.5+12.2
Liberal Francis Buxton 3,10840.5-12.2
Majority1,45119.0N/A
Turnout 7,66783.68.7
Registered electors 9,175
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +12.2
General election 1886: Andover [45]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Bramston Beach Unopposed
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1890s

General election 1892: Andover [45]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Bramston Beach Unopposed
Conservative hold
General election 1895: Andover [45]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Bramston Beach Unopposed
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1900s

General election 1900: Andover [45]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Bramston Beach Unopposed
Conservative hold
1901 Andover by-election [44] [45]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Edmund Faber 3,69651.6N/A
Liberal George Judd 3,47348.4N/A
Majority2233.2N/A
Turnout 7,16975.8N/A
Registered electors 9,460
Conservative hold Swing N/A
General election 1906: Andover [45]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Walter Faber 4,60350.4N/A
Liberal George Judd 4,52449.6N/A
Majority790.8N/A
Turnout 9,12787.6N/A
Registered electors 10,423
Conservative hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1910s

General election January 1910: Andover [45]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Walter Faber 6,12762.2+11.8
Liberal P Wodehouse3,72337.8-11.8
Majority2,40424.4+23.6
Turnout 86.6-1.0
Conservative hold Swing +11.8
General election December 1910: Andover [45]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Walter Faber Unopposed
Conservative hold

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

Notes

  1. "Andover". History of Parliament Online (1558-1603). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  2. "Andover". History of Parliament Online (1604-1629). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  3. "Andover". History of Parliament Online (1640-1660). Retrieved 27 March 2019.(currently unavailable )
  4. "Andover". History of Parliament Online (1660-1690). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  5. "Andover". History of Parliament Online (1690-1715). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  6. "Andover". History of Parliament Online (1715-1754). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  7. "Andover". History of Parliament Online (1754-1790). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  8. "Andover". History of Parliament Online (1790-1820). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  9. "Andover". History of Parliament Online (1820-1832). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  10. "Election intelligence". The Times (36544). London. 27 August 1901. p. 4.
  11. Rainsford died April 1641
  12. On petition, Vernon's election was declared void. The returning officer had given his casting vote to Vernon after he tied in votes with Sir William Waller, but Waller would have won had one of his supporters not been prevented from voting (on the grounds that he had not been sworn in as a burgess). After Vernon's election was declared void without a division, the House voted 107-102 to recognise Waller as duly elected.
  13. Date on which the House of Commons resolved that Henry Vernon's election in 1641 was void and that Waller was duly elected
  14. Waller was disabled from membership in January 1648 at the instigation of the army, but this order was revoked in June 1648; he was excluded permanently in Pride's Purge, December 1648
  15. Date of Pride's Purge, which converted the Long Parliament into the Rump Parliament.
  16. Date when Oliver Cromwell dissolved the Rump Parliament by force.
  17. Date when the members of the nominated or Barebones Parliament were selected. Andover was not represented in this body, except as part of Hampshire.
  18. The Rump Parliament was recalled and subsequently Pride's Purge was reversed, allowing the full Long Parliament to meet until it agreed to dissolve itself.
  19. Trott died 14 July 1672
  20. Lucy died 19 September 1678
  21. Powlett died c. August 1695. Seat vacant at the dissolution.
  22. On petition, Shepheard was "discharged from membership" on 19 March 1701. No new writ was issued and the seat was vacant at the dissolution.
  23. The MPs of the last Parliament of England and 45 members co-opted from the former Parliament of Scotland, became the House of Commons of the 1st Parliament of Great Britain which assembled on 23 October 1707 (see below for the members in that Parliament).
  24. Co-opted, not elected, to the Parliament of Great Britain
  25. Crowley died 7 October 1713
  26. Milsington succeeded as the 2nd Earl of Portmore in January 1730.
  27. Styled Viscount Lymington from 11 October 1743; died 19 November 1749.
  28. Stooks Smith suggests that Thomas Assheton Smith I's term was interrupted by Henry Smith, in the 1812-18 Parliament. However Rayment does not mention such an additional MP. T. A. Smith resigned 1821
  29. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Stooks Smith, Henry. (1973) [1844-1850]. Craig, F. W. S. (ed.). The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp.  123–124. ISBN   0-900178-13-2.
  30. "Londonderry Sentinel" . 14 February 1835. p. 1. Retrieved 26 October 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  31. Dodd, Charles R. (1843). The Parliamentary Companion, for 1843. London: Whittaker & Co. p. 151. Retrieved 26 October 2018 via Google Bookes.
  32. Cubitt resigned in 1861, to contest a City of London by-election (which he lost).
  33. Coles died 23 November 1862.
  34. Cubitt died 28 October 1863.
  35. Humphery resigned, 1867.
  36. F. W. S. Craig classified Whig, Radical and similar candidates, as Liberals from 1832. Other sources may classify all these groups as Whigs. The term Liberal gradually developed as a description for the Whigs and allies, until the formal creation of the Liberal Party shortly after the 1859 United Kingdom general election.
  37. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN   978-1-349-02349-3.
  38. "Results of Contested Elections" . Cumberland Pacquet, and Ware's Whitehaven Advertiser. 3 August 1847. p. 3. Retrieved 26 October 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  39. "The Elections" . Western Times. 7 August 1847. pp. 2–3. Retrieved 26 October 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  40. "Salisbury and Winchester Journal" . 31 July 1847. p. 3. Retrieved 26 October 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  41. "Andover Election" . The Globe . 10 July 1852. p. 3. Retrieved 6 April 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  42. "Andover" . Devizes and Wiltshire Gazette. 14 April 1859. p. 3. Retrieved 6 April 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  43. "Andover Election" . Hertford Mercury and Reformer. 21 November 1863. p. 3. Retrieved 26 January 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  44. 1 2 "Election intelligence". The Times (36545). London. 28 August 1901. p. 4.
  45. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig

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