Arizona Department of Education

Last updated
Arizona Department of Education
Arizona Department of Education Seal.svg
Agency overview
Formed1970 [1]
Jurisdiction Arizona
Headquarters1535 W Jefferson St, Phoenix, AZ 85007
Annual budget US$ 6 billion (2018) [2]
Agency executive
Website www.azed.gov
Education in the United States
Diploma icon.png Educationportal
Flag of the United States.svg United Statesportal

Arizona Department of Education (ADE) is an Arizona state agency overseeing public education. Its headquarters are located in Downtown Phoenix, Arizona, United States. [3]

Arizona state of the United States of America

Arizona is a state in the southwestern region of the United States. It is also part of the Western and the Mountain states. It is the sixth largest and the 14th most populous of the 50 states. Its capital and largest city is Phoenix. Arizona shares the Four Corners region with Utah, Colorado, and New Mexico; its other neighboring states are Nevada and California to the west and the Mexican states of Sonora and Baja California to the south and southwest.

Downtown Phoenix central business district of Phoenix, Arizona

Downtown Phoenix is the central business district (CBD) of the City of Phoenix, Arizona, United States. It is located in the heart of the Phoenix metropolitan area or Valley of the Sun. Phoenix, being the county seat of Maricopa County and the capital of Arizona, serves as the center of politics, justice and government on the local, state and federal levels. The area is a major center of employment for the region, with many financial, legal, and other national and international corporations housed in a variety of skyscrapers. Major arts and cultural institutions also call the area home. Downtown Phoenix is a center of major league sports activities, live concert events, and is an equally prominent center of banking and finance in Arizona. Regional headquarters for several major banks, including JP Morgan Chase, Wells Fargo, US Bank, Bank of America, Compass Bank and Midfirst Bank are all located within or close proximity to the area.

Phoenix, Arizona State capital city in Arizona, United States

Phoenix is the capital and most populous city of Arizona, with 1,626,000 people. It is also the fifth most populous city in the United States, and the most populous American state capital, and the only state capital with a population of more than one million residents.

Contents

The department's mission is to serve Arizona’s education community, ensuring every child has access to an excellent education. The current Superintendent of Public Instruction is Kathy Hoffman. The Superintendent of Public Instruction and the agency’s staff oversee the K-12 public education system in Arizona.

Kathy Hoffman Elected: Arizona Superintendent of Public Instruction

Kathy Hoffman is an Arizona Democratic politician who is the Arizona Superintendent of Public Instruction.

History

The Arizona Department of Education (ADE) was established in 1970 [4] . It works to implement education standards and policy for Arizona schools. The ADE operates under the Superintendent of Public Instruction in order to execute decisions [4] . It is part of the Arizona K-12 Education system along with the State Board of Education [ disambiguation needed ] and the Superintendent of Public Instruction. However, these were both established in 1912 prior to the ADE [4] . All three of these bodies operate together to run the education system in Arizona. The ADE provides multiple resources to Arizona schools including training, funding, and other technical support to public schools [4] .

State Board of Education may refer to the following boards of education:

State schools are generally primary or secondary schools mandated for or offered to all children without charge, funded in whole or in part by taxation.


Leadership

Kathy Hoffman was elected State Superintendent of Public Instruction in 2018 [5] , replacing Diane Douglas. Prior to this position, she was a speech pathologist in various Arizona school districts [5] . Hoffman studied Japanese and Spanish at the University of Oregon, graduating in 2009 [5] . She later graduated from the University of Arizona with a master’s degree in speech pathology [5] . Following her graduation, Hoffman taught preschool for two years in Peoria [5] . The two previous State Superintendents of Public Instruction had not had any classroom experience.

Diane Douglas politician

Diane Douglas is an American politician who served as Arizona Superintendent of Public Instruction from 2015-2019. She was elected on November 4, 2014, edging out her Democratic opponent, David Garcia, by one percentage point.

Japanese is an East Asian language spoken by about 128 million people, primarily in Japan, where it is the national language. It is a member of the Japonic language family, and its relation to other languages, such as Korean, is debated. Japanese has been grouped with language families such as Ainu, Austroasiatic, and the now-discredited Altaic, but none of these proposals has gained widespread acceptance.

Spanish language Romance language

Spanish or Castilian is a Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in the Americas and Spain. It is a global language and the world's second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese.

GOP candidate Diane Douglas was sworn into office in January of 2015, after winning 50.5% of the vote [6] . Douglas has a background in finance and served two years on the Peoria Unified School Board [7] . Her term was marked by various conflicts with both the state Board of Education as well as Governor Doug Ducey [6] . A recall effort was started in 2015, but it failed to receive enough signatures to take effect [7] . Douglas received attention after trying to fire two members of the Arizona Board of Education, and then sued the Board of Education after they reinstated these two members [7] . The lawsuit was later dismissed, but more controversy followed after Douglas claimed that a member of the board tried to assault her [7] . The board later filed two lawsuits against her for access to her teacher files as well as for access to the board's website [7] .


Budget

The 2019 Arizona budget proposed $4.5 billion to be spent on Arizona’s K-12 education. Arizona consistently ranks low in both teacher pay and overall quality of education. In 2018, Arizona was ranked 43rd in overall quality of education [8] and 48th in teachers’ salaries [9] . Arizona teachers have also experienced a decrease in salary with inflation included. Many have called for an increase in funding, which led to a week long teacher strike that took place in 2018, following the Red for Ed movement. Arizona also ranks below the national average in per student expenditure, with an average of $11,787 [10] . In 2000, Proposition 301 passed with the approval of Arizona voters [11] . Originally, the proposition expired in 2012, but in 2018, Arizona Governor Doug Ducey signed SB 1390 to extend Proposition 301 until 2041 [11] . This proposition protects a $667 annual fund for Arizona schools [11] .

2018–19 education workers strikes in the United States Withdrawal of labor by US teachers, 2018

The 2018–19 education workers' strikes in the United States began on February 22, 2018, after local activists compelled the West Virginia state leadership of the West Virginia branches of the American Federation of Teachers and the National Education Association into holding a strike vote. The strike—which ended when teachers returned to their classrooms on March 7—inspired similar, statewide strikes in Oklahoma and Arizona. It also inspired smaller-scale protests by school staff in Kentucky, North Carolina, Colorado, and led to a school bus driver strike in Georgia. Additionally, around this time, adjunct professors at Virginia Commonwealth University in Richmond, Virginia protested over pay.

Doug Ducey American businessman and politician

Douglas Anthony Ducey is an American businessman and politician who is the 23rd governor of Arizona. A Republican, he was sworn in as governor on January 5, 2015. He was the state's treasurer from 2011 to 2015.


Red For Ed Movement

The Red for Ed movement originated in West Virginia in February of 2018, where educators there went on strike in response to a 2% pay raise [12] . The Arizona movement started with a Facebook page, titled Arizona Teachers United in March of 2018 [12] . On March 12, 2018, a group of educators protested outside a radio station where Governor Doug Ducey was participating in an interview, but Ducey did not respond to the protestors [13] . Following the protest, hundred of teachers did not show up to work, which forced the closure of 9 schools in Arizona's west valley [13] . In the weeks prior to the walk-out, there were multiple demonstrations in opposition to the state of education in Arizona, including multiple strikes, some of which took place within Arizona's largest school district [13] . On April 19, 2018, the Arizona Educators United organized a vote to walkout on April 26, 2018 if a list of demands were not met by the governor. [14] More than 50,000 educators protested in front of the capital in the largest movement in Arizona history [12] . The strike concluded with educators receiving close to $273 in pay raises over the next 3 years [12] . However, many of their demands were not met before they agreed to return to the classroom.


English as a Second Language Education

The ADE has been especially criticized in the past for its English as a Second Language Education. In 1992, Flores v. State of Arizona the courts ruled in favor of the parents of ESL students and ruled that there would be changes in the English Education provided by schools [15] . English education was again reformed in 2000 with the passing of Proposition 203 which dictated that all education would be conducted in English “as quickly and effectively as possible” [15] . Later in 2006, House Bill 2064 required all first year English students to take 4 hours of English a day while also creating funding for various programs [15] . In 2014, the courts ruled that the state had taken the appropriate measures to fulfill the ruling in Flores v. State of Arizona [15] . In recent years, the current curriculum for English education for language learners has been called into question. Senate Bill 1014, introduced in 2019, would change the amount of English education these students receive throughout the school day. Rather than the current 4 hours of instruction, the bill would reduce instruction to 2 hours in order to reduce segregation and encourage conversation with native speakers [16] .


Educator Certification

The ADE sets the requirements for Arizona Educator Certification as well as providing resources and assistance in obtaining this certification [17] . The ADE assists in certifying teachers for a variety of specialties including Early Childhood, Elementary, Secondary, CTE, STEM, Arts, Physical Education, Administration, Special Education, Adult Education [17] . However, Doug Ducey recently signed legislature into place that allows teachers in Arizona to be hired without formal training, as long as they have at least 5 years of experience in relevant fields [10] .

Related Research Articles

English for Children (Arizona Proposition 203, 2000)

Arizona Proposition 203, also known as English for the Children, is a ballot initiative that was passed by 63% of Arizona voters on November 7, 2000. It limited the type of instruction available to English language learner (ELL) students. Before Proposition 203, schools were free in terms of ELL instruction to use bilingual or immersion methods. According to a cover letter from the Arizona Department of Education Superintendent of Public Instruction Lisa Graham Keegan to the Arizona Legislature, it was impossible to make a correct analysis regarding how many students were learning through English as a second language programs, as opposed to bilingual education. The school districts had submitted "conflicting information," and 40% had not submitted any data, in spite of three deadline extensions.

Thomas Luna is the former Superintendent of Public Instruction in Idaho.

Oklahoma State Department of Education

The Oklahoma State Department of Education is the state education agency of the State of Oklahoma charged with determining the policies and directing the administration and supervision of the public school system of Oklahoma. The State Board of Education, the governing body of the Department, is composed of the Oklahoma State Superintendent of Public Instruction and six members appointed by the Governor of Oklahoma with the approval of the Oklahoma Senate. The State Superintendent, in addition to serving as chair of the Board, serves as the chief executive officer of the Department and is elected by the voters of Oklahoma every four years.

The government of Arizona is the governmental structure of the state of Arizona as established by the Arizona Constitution. The executive is composed of the Governor, several other statewide elected officials, and the Governor's cabinet. The Arizona Legislature consists of the House of Representatives and Senate. The judiciary is composed of the Arizona Supreme Court and lower courts. There is also local government, consisting of counties, municipalities and special districts.

Michigan Department of Education

The Michigan Department of Education (MDE) is a state agency of Michigan, in the United States. The MDE oversees public school districts in the state. The department is governed by the State Board of Education. The State Board of Education was first provided for in the Constitution of 1850 and currently exists through the provisions of Article VIII, Section 3, of the Constitution of 1963. The state board is composed of eight members nominated by party conventions and elected at-large for terms of eight years, with two members being elected at each biennial state general election. The governor is authorized to fill vacancies on the state board and also serves as an ex officio member of the state board, without the right to vote. The Superintendent of Public Instruction is appointed by the board for a term to be determined by the board, to serve as its chair, without the right to vote.

2010 Arizona elections

The 2010 Arizona state elections were held on November 2, 2010, with primaries on August 24, 2010. These include gubernatorial and both sides of Congress. A special election was also on May 18 for Proposition 100.

Kelly Townsend American politician and an active Republican member of the Arizona House of Representatives

Kelly Townsend is an American politician who since 2013 has served as a Republican member of the Arizona House of Representatives representing District 16.

Charlene Fernandez Democratic politician and educator who serves in the Arizona House of Representatives

Charlene Fernandez is an American politician who is the Democratic Leader of the Arizona House of Representatives. She was first elected to the state House in 2014 and represents Southwestern Arizona, specifically, the majority of Yuma County, western Pima County, southwestern Maricopa County and southwestern Pinal County.

Joy Hofmeister currently serves as Oklahoma's State Superintendent of Public Instruction. Hofmeister was sworn in as Oklahoma's 14th State Superintendent on January 12, 2015, after defeating the incumbent Republican candidate, Janet Barresi, in the primary election and Democratic candidate John Cox in the general election. Hofmeister was re-elected November 6, 2018, and sworn in for a second four-year term as State Superintendent on January 14, 2019. Hofmeister won re-election in 2018 after facing Democrat John Cox a second time as well as Independent candidate Larry Huff.

2018 Arizona gubernatorial election

The 2018 Arizona gubernatorial election took place on November 6, 2018, to elect the governor of Arizona, concurrently with the election of Arizona's Class I U.S. Senate seat, as well as other elections to the United States Senate in other states and elections to the United States House of Representatives and various state and local elections.

2018 Arizona elections

A general election was held in the U.S. state of Arizona on November 6, 2018. All of Arizona's executive offices were up for election as well as a United States Senate seat and all of Arizona's nine seats in the United States House of Representatives. The Democratic Party picked up three statewide offices, as well as a seat in the U.S. House.

Mark Killian is an American politician and the director of the Arizona Department of Agriculture. Killian is a former Republican state representative and speaker of the Arizona House of Representatives.

Arizona Superintendent of Public Instruction

The Arizona Superintendent of Public Instruction is an elected state executive position in the Arizona state government. The superintendent oversees the state of Arizona's public school system and directs the state's Department of Education.

2018 Arizona teachers strike 2018 strike in the United States

The 2018 Arizona teachers' strike was held from April 26–May 3, 2018 by 20,000 teachers to protest low pay and cuts to school funding. Arizona Governor Doug Ducey had approved a proposal giving a 20 percent raise to teachers by 2020, with a 9 percent raise in 2019; teachers rejected this proposal as it did not provide increased funding for schools themselves or raises for support staff. It has coincided with a similar strike in neighboring Colorado.

David Garcia (politician)

David Garcia is an American politician and education professor who was the Democratic Party's nominee in the 2018 Arizona gubernatorial election.

Carolyn Stanford Taylor American politician

Carolyn Stanford Taylor is an American educator, serving as the 28th Wisconsin Superintendent of Public Instruction since 2019. Stanford Taylor is the first African-American to serve as Wisconsin Superintendent of Public Instruction.

References

  1. "Arizona Department of Education (ADE) | Arizona Library". azlibrary.gov. Retrieved 2018-12-27.
  2. "Arizona Department of Education Report" (PDF). www.azed.gov. Retrieved 2018-12-27.
  3. "ADE: Driving Directions Archived May 13, 2009, at the Wayback Machine ." Arizona Department of Education. Retrieved on May 6, 2009.
  4. 1 2 3 4 "Arizona Department of Education (ADE) | Arizona State Library". azlibrary.gov. Retrieved 2019-05-02.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 lilyaltavena. "What experience does a state superintendent need, and does Kathy Hoffman have it?". azcentral. Retrieved 2019-05-02.
  6. 1 2 "Diane Douglas loses GOP primary race for state schools superintendent". KTAR.com. 2018-09-05. Retrieved 2019-05-02.
  7. 1 2 3 4 5 Reporter, SUZANNE ADAMS OCKRASSA Sun Staff. "Campaign 2018: Candidates lining up to succeed Douglas as schools chief". Arizona Daily Sun. Retrieved 2019-05-02.
  8. Ziegler, Brett (2018-05-14). "Education Rankings". U.S. News. Retrieved May 2, 2019.
  9. "Teacher pay: States where educators are paid the most and least". USA TODAY. Retrieved 2019-05-02.
  10. 1 2 Strauss, Valerie (May 14, 2017). "In Arizona, teachers can now be hired with absolutely no training in how to teach". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 2, 2019.
  11. 1 2 3 "Proposition 301". Office of Education. 2018-03-26. Retrieved 2019-05-02.
  12. 1 2 3 4 Olmstead, Molly (2018-11-01). "The Political Power of Fed-Up Teachers". Slate Magazine. Retrieved 2019-05-02.
  13. 1 2 3 "A year after the teacher walkout, a timeline of Arizona's #RedforEd movement". azcentral. Retrieved 2019-05-02.
  14. "Arizona #RedForEd teacher walkout: What we know now". azcentral. Retrieved 2018-04-21.
  15. 1 2 3 4 "History of EL Laws in Arizona". www.azed.gov. Retrieved 2019-05-02.
  16. lilyaltavena. "'These kids are isolated': Arizona lawmakers weigh how to teach non-English speaking students". azcentral. Retrieved 2019-05-02.
  17. 1 2 "Certification". www.azed.gov. Retrieved 2019-05-02.