Arizona Department of Education

Last updated
Arizona Department of Education
Arizona Department of Education Seal.svg
Agency overview
Formed1970 [1]
Jurisdiction Arizona
Headquarters1535 W Jefferson St, Phoenix, AZ 85007
Annual budget US$ 6 billion (2018) [2]
Agency executive
Website www.azed.gov
Education in the United States
Diploma icon.png   Educationportal
Flag of the United States.svg   United Statesportal

Arizona Department of Education (ADE) is a department tasked by the State of Arizona with the oversight of public education from kindergarten to secondary school. The ADE is run by the Superintendent of Public Instruction Kathy Hoffman.

Contents

History

The Arizona Department of Education (ADE) was established in 1970. [3] It works to implement education standards and policy for Arizona schools. The ADE operates under the Superintendent of Public Instruction in order to execute decisions. [3] It is part of the Arizona K-12 Education system along with the State Board of Education and the Superintendent of Public Instruction. However, these were both established in 1912 prior to the ADE. [3] All three of these bodies operate together to run the education system in Arizona. The ADE provides multiple resources to Arizona schools including training, funding, and other technical support to public schools. [3]

Leadership

Kathy Hoffman was elected State Superintendent of Public Instruction in 2018, [4] replacing Diane Douglas. Prior to this position, she was a speech pathologist in various Arizona school districts. [4] Hoffman studied Japanese and Spanish at the University of Oregon, graduating in 2009. [4] She later graduated from the University of Arizona with a master's degree in speech pathology. [4] Following her graduation, Hoffman taught in the Vail and Peoria districts. [4] The two previous State Superintendents of Public Instruction had not had any classroom experience.

GOP candidate Diane Douglas was sworn into office in January 2015, after winning 50.5% of the vote. [5] Douglas has a background in finance and served two years on the Peoria Unified School Board. [6] Her term was marked by various conflicts with both the state Board of Education as well as Governor Doug Ducey. [5] A recall effort was started in 2015, but it failed to receive enough signatures to take effect. [6] Douglas received attention after trying to fire two members of the Arizona Board of Education, and then sued the Board of Education after they reinstated these two members. [6] The lawsuit was later dismissed, but more controversy followed after Douglas claimed that a member of the board tried to assault her. [6] The board later filed two lawsuits against her for access to her teacher files as well as for access to the board's website. [6]

Budget

The 2019 Arizona budget proposed $4.5 billion to be spent on Arizona's K-12 education. Arizona consistently ranks low in both teacher pay and overall quality of education. In 2018, Arizona was ranked 43rd in overall quality of education [7] and 48th in teachers’ salaries. [8] Arizona teachers have also experienced a decrease in salary with inflation included. Many have called for an increase in funding, which led to a week long teacher strike that took place in 2018, following the Red for Ed movement. Arizona also ranks below the national average in per student expenditure, with an average of $11,787. [9] In 2000, Proposition 301 passed with the approval of Arizona voters. [10] Originally, the proposition expired in 2012, but in 2018, Arizona Governor Doug Ducey signed SB 1390 to extend Proposition 301 until 2041. [10] This proposition protects a $667 annual fund for Arizona schools. [10]

Budget Cuts

Ever since 2009 Arizona has harshly cut the school budgets and even to this day they continue. [11] Although newer budgets are being proposed and passed the majority of those cuts have yet to be restored today despite a sharp incline in the economy. These budget cuts lead to the Red for Ed movement which saw teachers across the state stage a walkout in protest of low salaries and budgets. Since 2006 a total of $4.56 billon has cut from the educational system.

Red For Ed Movement

The Red for Ed movement originated in West Virginia in February 2018, where educators there went on strike in response to a 2% pay raise. [12] The Arizona movement started with a Facebook page, titled Arizona Teachers United in March 2018. [12] On March 12, 2018, a group of educators protested outside a radio station where Governor Doug Ducey was participating in an interview, but Ducey did not respond to the protestors. [13] Following the protest, hundred of teachers did not show up to work, which forced the closure of 9 schools in Arizona's west valley. [13] In the weeks prior to the walk-out, there were multiple demonstrations in opposition to the state of education in Arizona, including multiple strikes, some of which took place within Arizona's largest school district. [13] On April 19, 2018, the Arizona Educators United organized a vote to walkout on April 26, 2018 if a list of demands were not met by the governor. [14] More than 50,000 educators protested in front of the capital in the largest movement in Arizona history. [12] The strike concluded with educators receiving close to $273 in pay raises over the next 3 years. [12] However, many of their demands were not met before they agreed to return to the classroom.

English as a Second Language Education

The ADE has been especially criticized in the past for its English as a Second Language Education. In 1992, Flores v. State of Arizona the courts ruled in favor of the parents of ESL students and ruled that there would be changes in the English Education provided by schools. [15] English education was again reformed in 2000 with the passing of Proposition 203 which dictated that all education would be conducted in English “as quickly and effectively as possible”. [15] Later in 2006, House Bill 2064 required all first year English students to take 4 hours of English a day while also creating funding for various programs. [15] In 2014, the courts ruled that the state had taken the appropriate measures to fulfill the ruling in Flores v. State of Arizona. [15] In recent years, the current curriculum for English education for language learners has been called into question. Senate Bill 1014, introduced in 2019, would change the amount of English education these students receive throughout the school day. Rather than the current 4 hours of instruction, the bill would reduce instruction to 2 hours in order to reduce segregation and encourage conversation with native speakers. [16]

Educator Certification

The ADE sets the requirements for Arizona Educator Certification as well as providing resources and assistance in obtaining this certification. [17] The ADE assists in certifying teachers for a variety of specialties including Early Childhood, Elementary, Secondary, CTE, STEM, Arts, Physical Education, Administration, Special Education, Adult Education. [17] However, Doug Ducey recently signed legislature into place that allows teachers in Arizona to be hired without formal training, as long as they have at least 5 years of experience in relevant fields. [9]

Related Research Articles

The California Teachers Association(CTA), initially established in 1863, is one of the largest and most powerful teachers' unions in the country with over 300,000 members and a high political profile in California politics. The teachers' union is based in Burlingame, and its current president is E. Toby Boyd.

Tom Horne

Thomas Charles Horne is a Canadian-American attorney, politician, and Republican activist who served as the 25th Attorney General of Arizona from 2011 to 2015. Horne lost to Mark Brnovich in the Republican primary for Attorney General in 2014. He previously served as the Arizona Superintendent of Public Instruction from 2003 to 2011.

The Montana Office of Public Instruction (OPI) is the state education agency of Montana. Elsie Arntzen currently serves as the Montana Superintendent of Public Instruction. The agency is headquartered in Helena.

2010 Arizona elections

The 2010 Arizona state elections were held on November 2, 2010, with primaries on August 24, 2010. These include gubernatorial and both sides of Congress. A special election was also on May 18 for Proposition 100.

Alberto M. Carvalho

Alberto M. CarvalhoMedM is a Portuguese-American educator and the superintendent of Miami-Dade County Public Schools (M-DCPS), the fourth-largest school district in the United States, with over 346,000 students and 52,000 employees. He was appointed superintendent in September 2008.

Doug Ducey American businessman and politician

Douglas Anthony Ducey Jr. is an American businessman and politician serving as the 23rd and current governor of Arizona since 2015. He previously was the CEO of Cold Stone Creamery, a chain of ice cream parlors based in Scottsdale, Arizona.

Kelly Townsend

Kelly Townsend is an American politician who since 2013 has served as a Republican member of the Arizona House of Representatives representing District 16. From 2017 to 2018 Townsend was elected to serve as The Majority Whip of Arizona House of Representatives.

Diane Douglas American politician

Diane Douglas is an American politician who served as Arizona Superintendent of Public Instruction from 2015 to 2019. She was elected on November 4, 2014, edging out her Democratic opponent, David Garcia, by one percentage point.

Charlene Fernandez American politician

Charlene Fernandez (néeRamos; is an American politician who is the Democratic Leader of the Arizona House of Representatives. She was first elected to the state House in 2014 and represents Southwestern Arizona, specifically, the majority of Yuma County, western Pima County, southwestern Maricopa County and southwestern Pinal County.

Joy Hofmeister currently serves as Oklahoma's State Superintendent of Public Instruction. Hofmeister was sworn in as Oklahoma's 14th State Superintendent on January 12, 2015, after defeating the incumbent Republican candidate, Janet Barresi, in the primary election and Democratic candidate John Cox in the general election. Hofmeister was re-elected November 6, 2018, and sworn in for a second four-year term as State Superintendent on January 14, 2019. Hofmeister won re-election in 2018 after facing Democrat John Cox a second time as well as Independent candidate Larry Huff.

2018 Arizona gubernatorial election

The 2018 Arizona gubernatorial election took place on November 6, 2018, to elect the Governor of Arizona, concurrently with the election of Arizona's Class I U.S. Senate seat, as well as other elections to the United States Senate in other states and elections to the United States House of Representatives and various state and local elections.

2018 Arizona elections

A general election was held in the U.S. state of Arizona on November 6, 2018. All of Arizona's executive offices were up for election as well as a United States Senate seat and all of Arizona's nine seats in the United States House of Representatives. The Democratic Party picked up three statewide offices, as well as a seat in the U.S. House.

Arizona Superintendent of Public Instruction

The Arizona Superintendent of Public Instruction is an elected state executive position in the Arizona state government. The superintendent oversees the state of Arizona's public school system and directs the state's Department of Education.

Richard A. Carranza is the current New York City Schools Chancellor of the New York City Department of Education. He was appointed by Mayor de Blasio after Alberto M. Carvalho publicly turned down the job in March 2018. He previously served as the superintendent of the Houston Independent and the San Francisco Unified School Districts.

The 2018 Oklahoma teachers' strike began on April 2, 2018, with teachers across the state walking out to protest low pay, overcrowded classrooms, and tax cuts that resulted in lower state-wide education spending. It was the first such action in Oklahoma since 1990. The OEA declared an end to the strike on April 12 after an agreement to increase salaries and state funding for education was reached. The call to end the strike faced some objection from teachers and parents who do not believe that enough concessions were made by lawmakers.

2018 Arizona teachers strike 2018 strike in the United States

The 2018 Arizona teachers' strike was held from April 26–May 3, 2018 by 20,000 teachers to protest low pay and cuts to school funding. Arizona Governor Doug Ducey had approved a proposal giving a 20 percent raise to teachers by 2020, with a 9 percent raise in 2019; teachers rejected this proposal as it did not provide increased funding for schools themselves or raises for support staff. It has coincided with a similar strike in neighboring Colorado.

2018–19 education workers strikes in the United States Withdrawal of labor by US teachers, 2018

The 2018–19 education workers' strikes in the United States began on February 22, 2018, after local activists compelled the West Virginia state leadership of the West Virginia branches of the American Federation of Teachers and the National Education Association into holding a strike vote. The strike—which ended when teachers returned to their classrooms on March 7—inspired similar, statewide strikes in Oklahoma and Arizona. It also inspired smaller-scale protests by school staff in Kentucky, North Carolina, Colorado, and led to a school bus driver strike in Georgia. Additionally, around this time, adjunct professors at Virginia Commonwealth University in Richmond, Virginia protested over pay.

David Garcia (politician) American politician

David Garcia is an American politician and education professor who was the Democratic Party's nominee in the 2018 Arizona gubernatorial election.

COVID-19 pandemic in Arizona Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in Arizona, United States

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached the U.S. state of Arizona in January 2020. On October 31, 2020, Arizona public health authorities reported 1,901 new COVID-19 cases and 45 new deaths, for cumulative totals of 245,946 cases and 5,979 deaths since the start of the pandemic. The 7 day moving average has risen to 1,310 new cases per day.

2018 Arizona Superintendent of Public Instruction election

The 2018 Arizona Superintendent of Public Instruction election took place on November 6, 2018, to elect the Arizona Superintendent of Public Instruction, concurrently with the election of Arizona's Class I U.S. Senate seat, as well as other elections to the United States Senate in other states and elections to the United States House of Representatives and various state and local elections.

References

  1. "Arizona Department of Education (ADE) | Arizona Library". azlibrary.gov. Retrieved 2018-12-27.
  2. "Arizona Department of Education Report" (PDF). www.azed.gov. Retrieved 2018-12-27.
  3. 1 2 3 4 "Arizona Department of Education (ADE) | Arizona State Library". azlibrary.gov. Retrieved 2019-05-02.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 lilyaltavena. "What experience does a state superintendent need, and does Kathy Hoffman have it?". azcentral. Retrieved 2019-05-02.
  5. 1 2 "Diane Douglas loses GOP primary race for state schools superintendent". KTAR.com. 2018-09-05. Retrieved 2019-05-02.
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 Reporter, SUZANNE ADAMS OCKRASSA Sun Staff. "Campaign 2018: Candidates lining up to succeed Douglas as schools chief". Arizona Daily Sun. Retrieved 2019-05-02.
  7. Ziegler, Brett (2018-05-14). "Education Rankings". U.S. News. Retrieved May 2, 2019.
  8. "Teacher pay: States where educators are paid the most and least". USA TODAY. Retrieved 2019-05-02.
  9. 1 2 Strauss, Valerie (May 14, 2017). "In Arizona, teachers can now be hired with absolutely no training in how to teach". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 2, 2019.
  10. 1 2 3 "Proposition 301". Office of Education. 2018-03-26. Retrieved 2019-05-02.
  11. https://azsba.org/arizonas-unrestored-budget-cuts/.Missing or empty |title= (help)
  12. 1 2 3 4 Olmstead, Molly (2018-11-01). "The Political Power of Fed-Up Teachers". Slate Magazine. Retrieved 2019-05-02.
  13. 1 2 3 "A year after the teacher walkout, a timeline of Arizona's #RedforEd movement". azcentral. Retrieved 2019-05-02.
  14. "Arizona #RedForEd teacher walkout: What we know now". azcentral. Retrieved 2018-04-21.
  15. 1 2 3 4 "History of EL Laws in Arizona". www.azed.gov. Retrieved 2019-05-02.
  16. lilyaltavena. "'These kids are isolated': Arizona lawmakers weigh how to teach non-English speaking students". azcentral. Retrieved 2019-05-02.
  17. 1 2 "Certification". www.azed.gov. Retrieved 2019-05-02.