The Washington State Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction, or OSPI is the state education agency for the State of Washington. The agency is bound by the Washington State Legislature to implement state laws regarding education, including the 1993 education reform act which mandated the controversial WASL standards based assessment. The Superintendent of Public Instruction is sixth (behind the Lieutenant Governor, Secretary of State, Treasurer, Auditor, and Attorney General, respectively) in the line of succession to the office of Governor of Washington.The current Superintendent of Public Instruction is Chris Reykdal.
Like all members of executive branch, the Superintendent of Public Instruction was established as a partisan position by the Washington State Constitution in 1889.However, an initiative to the people in 1938 made the position nonpartisan. Initiatve 126 passed 293,202 to 153,142 and is codified as Chapter 1 Laws of 1939. Pearl Wannamaker became the first nonpartisan superintendent when she was elected in November 1940.
The agency is headquartered in the Old Capitol Building in Olympia.
|Name (Political Party)||Years|
|Rev. B.C. Lippincott||1861|
|Dr. Nelson Rounds||1872-1874|
|John P. Judson||1874-1880|
|Jonathan S. Houghton||1880-1882|
|Charles W. Wheeler||1882-1884|
|Robert Bruce Bryan (R)||1889-1893; |
|Charles W. Bean (R)||1893-1897|
|Frank J. Browne (P)||1897-1901|
|Henry B. Dewey (R)||1908-1913|
|Josephine Corliss Preston (R)||1913–1929|
|Noah D. Showalter (R)||1929-1937|
|Stanley F. Atwood (D)||1937-1940|
|Pearl Anderson Wanamaker||1941–1956|
|Louis "Louie" Bruno||1960–1972|
|Frank (Buster) Brouillet||1973–1989|
|Teresa "Terry" Bergeson||1997–2008|
|Chris Reykdal||2017 – present|
Christine O'Grady Gregoire is an American politician and lawyer who served as the 22nd governor of Washington from 2005 to 2013. A member of the Democratic Party, she defeated Republican candidate Dino Rossi in 2004 and again in 2008. She is the second female governor of Washington; Gregoire chaired the National Governors Association for the 2010–2011 term. She also served on the Governors' Council of the Bipartisan Policy Center in Washington, D.C.
The State Superintendent of Public Instruction (SPI) of California is the nonpartisan elected executive officer of the California Department of Education. The SPI directs all functions of the Department of Education, executes policies set by the California State Board of Education, and also heads and chairs the Board. The superintendents serves a four-year term, serves as the state’s chief spokesperson for public schools, provides education policy and direction to local school districts, and also serve as an ex officio member of governing boards of the state’s higher education system. The current Superintendent of Public Instruction is Tony Thurmond.
The Constitution of the State of Michigan is the governing document of the U.S. state of Michigan. It describes the structure and function of the state's government.
The government of Texas operates under the Constitution of Texas and consists of a unitary democratic state government operating under a presidential system that uses the Dillon Rule, as well as governments at the county and municipal levels.
The California Department of Education is an agency within the Government of California that oversees public education.
The Oklahoma State Superintendent of Public Instruction, sometimes called the Oklahoma State School Superintendent, is the chief executive officer for the Oklahoma State Department of Education and the President of the Oklahoma State Board of Education. The State Superintendent of Public Instruction is responsible for overseeing, implementing and reviewing the policies of the Oklahoma’s public school system.
The government of the State of New Jersey is separated into three distinct branches: legislative, executive, and judicial. The powers of the State of New Jersey are vested by the Constitution of New Jersey, enacted in 1947, in a bicameral state legislature, the Governor, and the state courts, headed the New Jersey Supreme Court. The powers and duties of these branches are further defined by acts of the state legislature, including the creation of executive departments and courts inferior to the Supreme Court. Like most states, the state allows the incorporation of county, and other local municipal government.
The Superintendent of Public Instruction, sometimes referred to as the State Superintendent of Schools, was a constitutional office within the executive branch of the Oregon state government from 1872 to 2012, when it was eliminated by state law. The superintendent acted as administrative officer of the State Board of Education and was executive head of the Department of Education. The superintendent was elected by the people of Oregon in a nonpartisan statewide ballot for a term of office of four years.
The Washington State Legislative Youth Advisory Council (LYAC) is the official nonpartisan youth advisory body to the Washington State Legislature on issues related to young people in Washington. Created in July 2005, it consists of approximately 22 members, each serving a two-year term. According to state law, the mission of LYAC is to "examine issues of importance to youth, including but not limited to education, employment, strategies to increase youth participation in state and municipal government, safe environments for youth, substance abuse, emotional and physical health, foster care, poverty, homelessness, and youth access to services on a statewide and municipal basis."
Michigan has a republican form of government with three branches of government: the executive branch consisting of the Governor of Michigan and the other independently elected constitutional officers; the legislative branch consisting of the House of Representatives and Senate; and the judicial branch consisting of the one court of justice. The state also allows direct participation of the electorate by initiative, referendum, recall, and ratification.
The following table indicates the party of elected officials in the U.S. state of Oregon:
Washington ratified its constitution and held its first state elections in 1889, the year it was admitted to the union as a state. It established the positions of governor, lieutenant governor, Secretary of State, attorney general, state treasurer, state auditor, Commissioner of Public Lands, and Superintendent of Public Instruction. The position of insurance commissioner was legislatively established in 1907. All positions are elected to four-year terms, concurrent with presidential elections. Washington is one of three states that elects nine separate statewide officials, while six others elect ten.
The Secretary of State of Washington is one of the elected constitutional officers of the U.S. state of Washington. The duties of the office are specified in Article III, Section 17 of the Washington State Constitution and Chapter 43.07 of the Revised Code of Washington. The Secretary of State is second in the line of succession to the office of Governor of Washington. There have been 15 Secretaries of State since Washington became a state.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the U.S. state of Washington:
The Lieutenant Governor is an official in state governments of 45 out of 50 United States. In most cases, the lieutenant governor is the highest officer of state after the governor, standing in for that officer when they are absent from the state or temporarily incapacitated. In the event a governor dies, resigns or is removed from office, the lieutenant governor typically becomes governor.
The Attorney General of Washington is the chief legal officer of the U.S. state of Washington and head of the Washington State Office of the Attorney General. The Attorney General represents clients of the state and defends the public interest in accordance to state law. The office of the attorney general is an executive office elected by the citizens of Washington, and the officeholder serves a four-year term.
The Superintendent of Public Instruction, sometimes referred to as the State Superintendent of Schools, is a constitutional officer within the executive branch of the Wisconsin state government, and acts as the executive head of the Department of Public Instruction. The State Superintendent is elected by the people of Wisconsin in a nonpartisan statewide ballot during the spring primary six months after the presidential election with one justice of the Supreme Court of Wisconsin. The State Superintendent serves a term of office of four years. The incumbent is Carolyn Stanford Taylor, who was appointed by her predecessor Tony Evers who resigned to take office as Governor of Wisconsin. Superintendents have been elected in non-partisan elections since 1902; before that, Superintendents were elected by party like other state executive officers.
The government of Washington State is the governmental structure of the State of Washington as established by the Constitution of the State of Washington. The executive is composed of the Governor, several other statewide elected officials and the Governor's cabinet. The Washington State Legislature consists of the House of Representatives and State Senate. The judiciary is composed of the Washington Supreme Court and lower courts. There is also local government, consisting of counties, municipalities and special districts.
The Washington State Auditor is an independently elected executive office of the Government of Washington State. Established in the state in 1889, this position was designed to serve as an independent auditor of all government spending in the state. The Auditor is fourth in the line of succession to the office of Governor of Washington.
The Washington State Treasurer is an elected official in the US state of Washington whose office is established by the Washington State Constitution. Mike Pellicciotti is the current Washington State Treasurer, a Democrat who began his term in January 2021. He is charged with a variety of responsibilities related to the fiscal management of state government.
|This Washington-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|