Arthur E. Brown Jr.

Last updated
Arthur E. Brown Jr.
Arthur E Brown.jpg
General Arthur E. Brown Jr.
Born (1929-11-21) November 21, 1929 (age 91)
Manila, Philippines
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Department of the Army Seal.svg United States Army
Years of service1953–1989
Rank US-O10 insignia.svg General
Commands held Vice Chief of Staff of the United States Army
Battles/wars Cold War
Vietnam War
Awards Defense Distinguished Service Medal
Army Distinguished Service Medal (2)
Silver Star
Legion of Merit (4)
Distinguished Flying Cross

Arthur Edmon Brown Jr. (born November 21, 1929) is a retired United States Army four-star general who served as Vice Chief of Staff of the United States Army (VCSA) from 1987 to 1989.

Contents

Military career

Brown was born on November 21, 1929, in Manila, Philippines, the son of an Army dental surgeon. [1] After graduating from high school, he attended the University of Alabama for two years before being accepted to West Point. [1] He graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1953 and was commissioned in the infantry, and also married the former Jerry Cook immediately upon graduation. [1]

After graduating from Airborne and Ranger School, he was assigned as a rifle platoon leader with the 508th Airborne Regimental Combat Team. He was a company commander in the 60th Infantry Regiment, He went to Vietnam with the Military Advisory Assistance Group-Vietnam from 1962 to 1963, receiving the Combat Infantryman Badge, Bronze Star, and an Army Commendation Medal with "V" device.

Upon returning to the U.S. he attended the University of Pittsburgh and earned a master's degree in public and international affairs [2] in 1964, [3] and then was assigned to the Directorate of Plans, Army Combat Development Command, and awarded a Legion of Merit for his work on the Assessment of Combat Effectiveness Study and the Dynamics of Firepower and Maneuver Study, as well as for his efforts as a member of the Pacification Role in Vietnam Study Group and his work with the Institute of Land Combat. He served as executive officer to the U.S. Representative, NATO Military Committee in Belgium, from 1967 to 1968, earning a Joint Service Commendation Medal.

He graduated from the Army War College and returned to Vietnam in 1969 for a second tour, commanding the 1st Battalion, 52nd Infantry Regiment of the Americal Division and serving as an advisor to the 9th Infantry Division, Army of the Republic of Vietnam. While commanding the battalion he was awarded the Silver Star, the Bronze Star Medal with "V" device, the Legion of Merit, the Distinguished Flying Cross, and the Air Medal.

After his second Vietnam tour he returned to the Army War College as Director, Arms Control and Disarmament Studies, and later served as Director, General Purpose Forces Strategy Studies. His work there earned him a third Legion of Merit. He went on to command the 1st Brigade, 1st Infantry Division, and worked as a division chief and executive officer in the Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations from 1975 to 1978, receiving a fourth Legion of Merit.

Brown next served as Assistant Division Commander, 25th Infantry Division from 1978 to 1980. He returned to West Point as Deputy Superintendent, and his tenure there also had him responsible for the welcome, housing, and transition of the American hostages that had been released from Iran, for which he received a Meritorious Service Medal. In 1981, he took command of Mobilization and Readiness Region IV, which was responsible for Reserve and National Guard units in five southeastern states, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands.

As a Lieutenant General in 1983, he was assigned as Director of the Army Staff, and oversaw the greatest modernization program since World War II. This included the transition to the M1 Abrams, the M2/M3 Bradley Fighting Vehicle, UH-60 Blackhawk, AH-64 Apache, and the creation or transition to four light infantry divisions: the 6th, 7th, 10th and 25th Infantry Divisions. He also managed the staff reorganization mandated by the Goldwater-Nichols Department of Defense Reorganization Act of 1986 and served as a member of the Stilwell Commission on security. He was also responsible for providing guidance on public affairs matters during a time which saw the Gander aircraft disaster and Operation Urgent Fury. For his work as the Director of the Army Staff, he was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal.

In June 1987, he was appointed to the post of Vice Chief of Staff of the Army. He served as Chief of the U.S. Delegation to the 1987 American, British, Canadian, and Australian Conference on Military Standardization and provided analyses and advice on the Intermediate-range Nuclear Force Arms Control Treaty. He retired in 1989, and was awarded both the Defense Distinguished Service Medal and Army Distinguished Service Medal.

Awards and decorations

Defense Distinguished Service Medal ribbon.svg Defense Distinguished Service Medal
Bronze oakleaf-3d.svg
Distinguished Service Medal ribbon.svg
Army Distinguished Service Medal with one bronze oak leaf cluster
Silver Star ribbon.svg Silver Star
Bronze oakleaf-3d.svg
Bronze oakleaf-3d.svg
Bronze oakleaf-3d.svg
Legion of Merit ribbon.svg
Legion of Merit with three oak leaf clusters
Distinguished Flying Cross ribbon.svg Distinguished Flying Cross
Valor device.svg
Bronze oakleaf-3d.svg
Bronze oakleaf-3d.svg
Bronze Star ribbon.svg
Bronze Star with "V" Device and two Oak Leaf Clusters
Meritorious Service Medal ribbon.svg Meritorious Service Medal
Air Medal ribbon.svg Award numeral 9.png Air Medal (9 awards)
Joint Service Commendation ribbon.svg Joint Service Commendation Medal
Valor device.svg
Army Commendation Medal ribbon.svg
Army Commendation Medal with "V" device
Army of Occupation ribbon.svg Army of Occupation Medal
Bronze-service-star-3d-vector.svg
National Defense Service Medal ribbon.svg
National Defense Service Medal with one Service star
Bronze-service-star-3d-vector.svg
Bronze-service-star-3d-vector.svg
Bronze-service-star-3d-vector.svg
Bronze-service-star-3d-vector.svg
Bronze-service-star-3d-vector.svg
Vietnam Service Ribbon.svg
Vietnam Service Medal with five Service stars
Army Service Ribbon.svg Army Service Ribbon
Army Overseas Service Ribbon.svg Award numeral 1.png Army Overseas Service Ribbon with bronze award numeral 1
1 golden star.svg
1 golden star.svg
Cross of Gallantry with Bronze Star (South Vietnam).png
Gallantry Cross (Vietnam) with two gold and one bronze stars
Vietnam Armed Forces Honor Medal Ribbon.png Vietnam Armed Forces Honor Medal 1st class
Gallantry Cross Unit Citation.png Vietnam Gallantry Cross Unit Citation
Vietnam Campaign Medal ribbon with 60- clasp.svg Vietnam Campaign Medal

Post military career

After retiring from the military, he served in various community service positions, including serving on the board of the United Way of Beaufort County, South Carolina, serving as a trustee of the Technical College of the Lowcountry Foundation and later as chairman, and serving on the board of the Hilton Head Island Foundation. He was the 2002 Distinguished Graduate Award recipient from the Association of Graduates, the United States Military Academy alumni association.

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 Executive Summary: Senior Officer Oral History Program Interview of General (Retired) Arthur E. Brown Jr.
  2. "Lieutenant General Arthur E. Brown, Jr.". Army Executive Biographies. Headquarters, Department of the Army. 1985. p. 41. Retrieved 2021-04-19.
  3. "Class of 1953—Register of Graduates". Official Register of the Officers and Cadets. United States Military Academy. 1969. p. 684. Retrieved 2021-04-20.

In 2010 General Brown was awarded the Distinguished Alumnus Award by the University of Pittsburgh's Graduate School of Public and International Affairs.

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References

Military offices
Preceded by
Gen. Maxwell R. Thurman
Vice Chief of Staff of the United States Army
1987–1989
Succeeded by
Gen. Robert W. RisCassi