Martin Dempsey

Last updated

Martin Dempsey
General Martin E. Dempsey, CJCS, official portrait 2012.jpg
Nickname(s)"Marty"
Born (1952-03-14) March 14, 1952 (age 69)
Jersey City, New Jersey, U.S. [1]
AllegianceUnited States
Service/branch United States Army
Years of service1974–2015
Rank General
Commands held Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
Chief of Staff of the United States Army
United States Army Training and Doctrine Command
United States Central Command
Multi-National Security Transition Command – Iraq
1st Armored Division
3rd Armored Cavalry Regiment
Battles/wars Gulf War
Iraq War
Awards Defense Distinguished Service Medal (3)
Army Distinguished Service Medal (6)
Navy Distinguished Service Medal
Air Force Distinguished Service Medal
Coast Guard Distinguished Service Medal
Defense Superior Service Medal
Legion of Merit (3)
Bronze Star Medal (2) with Valor V
Website www.generaldempsey.com OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg

Martin Edward Dempsey (born March 14, 1952), sometimes known as Marty Dempsey, is a retired United States Army general who served as the 18th chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff from October 1, 2011 until September 25, 2015. He previously served as the 37th chief of Staff of the Army from April 11, 2011, to September 7, 2011. Before that, he served as Commanding General, U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command, from December 8, 2008, to April 11, 2011, as Acting Commander, U.S. Central Command, from March 24, 2008, to October 30, 2008, as Deputy Commander, U.S. Central Command, from August 2007 to March 23, 2008, and as Commanding General, Multi-National Security Transition Command – Iraq (MNSTC-I), from August 2005 to August 2007. Dempsey assumed his assignment as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff on October 1, 2011 and stepped down from the Chairmanship on September 25, 2015. [2] [3] He now serves as a professor at Duke University and is the chairman of USA Basketball. [4] [5]

Contents

Early life

Dempsey was born on March 14, 1952, in Jersey City, New Jersey, and grew up in nearby Bayonne. He attended John S. Burke Catholic High School in Goshen, New York. Dempsey is Irish American. [6] [7] [8] Following high school, Dempsey attended the United States Military Academy at West Point and graduated with the Class of 1974. Dempsey's four grandparents were born in the counties of Sligo, Donegal, Mayo and Roscommon in Ireland. He learned a small amount of the Irish language while spending his summers in Ireland as a child. [9] [10]

Career

Dempsey received a commission as an Armor officer upon graduation from the United States Military Academy in 1974. As a company-grade officer, he served in 1st Squadron, 2d Armored Cavalry Regiment as the officer in charge for personnel. He went on to be the executive officer of the 3rd Brigade 3rd Armored Division during Operation Desert Shield/Storm. As a captain, Dempsey was the commanding officer of Alpha Troop, 1/10 Armored Cavalry at Ft. Carson, CO. As a lieutenant colonel he commanded the 4th Battalion of the 67th Armored Regiment "Bandits" from 1992 to 1995 in the 1st Armored Division in Friedberg, Hesse, Germany. [11]

In 1996 he took command of the 3d Armored Cavalry Regiment. Following that assignment as the Army's “senior scout,” he served as an Assistant Deputy Director for Strategic Plans and Policy (J-5) on the Joint Staff, and as Special Assistant to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, General Henry H. Shelton, USA. During this period of his career, he attended both the Army Command and General Staff College and the National War College, earning master's degrees in military art and national strategic studies. [12]

Promoted to brigadier general in August 2001, Dempsey first served in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia training and advising the Saudi Arabian National Guard. [12]

In June 2003, then Major General Dempsey assumed command of the 1st Armored Division. He succeeded Ricardo S. Sanchez who was promoted to lieutenant general, as commander of V Corps. Dempsey's command of the 1st Armored Division lasted until July 2005 and included 13 months in Iraq, from June 2003 to July 2004. While in Iraq, 1st Armored Division, in addition to its own brigades, had operational command over the 2nd Armored Cavalry Regiment and a brigade of the 82nd Airborne Division; the command, called "Task Force Iron" in recognition of the Division's nickname, "Old Ironsides", was the largest division-level command in the history of the United States Army. [13]

Dempsey talks with U.S. Marine Corps drill instructors in March 2013. Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Gen. Martin E. Dempsey talks with U.S. Marine Corps drill instructors at the 4th Recruit Training Battalion, Parris Island, S.C., on March 21, 2013 130321-F-UN972-011.jpg
Dempsey talks with U.S. Marine Corps drill instructors in March 2013.

It was during this time that the U.S. intervention in Iraq changed dramatically as Fallujah fell to Sunni extremists and supporters of Muqtada al-Sadr built their strength and rose against American forces. Then Major General Dempsey and his command assumed responsibility for the area of operations in Baghdad as the insurgency incubated, grew, and exploded. General Dempsey has been described by Thomas Ricks in his book "Fiasco": "In the capital itself, the 1st Armored Division, after Sanchez assumed control of V Corps, was led by Maj. Gen. Martin Dempsey, was generally seen as handling a difficult (and inherited) job well, under the global spotlight of Baghdad."

On March 27, 2007, Lieutenant General Dempsey was transferred from commander of Multi-National Security Transition Command-Iraq, and reassigned as deputy commander of U.S. Central Command at MacDill Air Force Base, Florida.

On February 5, 2008, Dempsey was nominated to head the U.S. Army, Europe/Seventh Army, and was nominated for promotion to four-star general upon Senate approval.

On March 11, 2008, Dempsey's commander, Admiral William J. Fallon, retired from active service. U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert Gates accepted this as effective on March 31. Dempsey took over command as acting commander of Central Command.

On March 13, 2008, Dempsey was confirmed by the United States Senate as Commander, U.S. Army, Europe/Seventh Army. [14] However, due, to Admiral Fallon's unexpected retirement, Dempsey never took command of U.S. Army, Europe/Seventh Army.

On July 11, 2008, Dempsey was nominated to take command of U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command while Lieutenant General Carter F. Ham replaced his nomination to command the U.S. Army, Europe/Seventh Army. [15]

Martin Dempsey's wife Deanie, right, and son, Army Capt. Chris Dempsey, add the new four-star rank insignia to his uniform during his promotion ceremony on Fort Monroe, Va., Dec. 8, 2008. Defense.gov photo essay 081208-D-7203T-009.jpg
Martin Dempsey's wife Deanie, right, and son, Army Capt. Chris Dempsey, add the new four-star rank insignia to his uniform during his promotion ceremony on Fort Monroe, Va., Dec. 8, 2008.

On December 8, 2008, Dempsey assumed command of United States Army Training and Doctrine Command. [16]

Dempsey and Lt. General Benny Gantz, Chief of General Staff of the Israel Defense Forces visiting the Yad VaShem Holocaust Memorial Museum in Jerusalem, Israel, where Dempsey paid respect to the memory of Holocaust victims on January 20, 2012. Flickr - Israel Defense Forces - US CJCS Gen. Martin Dempsey Visits Yad VaShem (1).jpg
Dempsey and Lt. General Benny Gantz, Chief of General Staff of the Israel Defense Forces visiting the Yad VaShem Holocaust Memorial Museum in Jerusalem, Israel, where Dempsey paid respect to the memory of Holocaust victims on January 20, 2012.

On January 6, 2011, Defense Secretary Robert Gates announced that he would recommend that the President nominate General Dempsey to succeed General George Casey as the Army Chief of Staff. [19] On February 8, 2011, Gates announced that President Barack Obama nominated Dempsey to be the 37th Chief of Staff of the United States Army. [20] On March 3, 2011, Dempsey testified before the United States Senate Committee on Armed Services, [21] and on March 15, 2011, the committee affirmatively reported Dempsey's nomination. [22] On March 16, 2011, the Senate confirmed Dempsey's nomination by unanimous consent. [23] On April 11, 2011, Dempsey was sworn in as Chief of Staff of the United States Army at a ceremony at Fort Myer.

With Admiral Michael Mullen set to retire as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff in September 2011, U.S. President Obama needed to select his replacement. The Vice-Chairman, Marine General James Cartwright, who was initially believed to be the front runner for the job, had fallen out of favor among senior officials in the Defense Department. Obama administration officials revealed on May 26, 2011, that the President would nominate Dempsey to the post of Chairman. [24] In August 2011, General Dempsey was confirmed by unanimous consent to succeed Admiral Mike Mullen as the next Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. He was sworn in as 18th Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff on October 1, 2011. On June 26, 2013, President Barack Obama re-nominated General Dempsey to serve a second two-year term as Chairman. [25] Dempsey stepped down on September 25, 2015, and was replaced by General Joseph Dunford, USMC.

Dempsey was appointed as the Chairman of USA Basketball, for a term between 2017 and 2020, and is an NBA Representative. [5]

On October 18, 2020, Dempsey was inducted into the New Jersey Hall of Fame, in the Public Service category. [26]

Personal life

Dempsey is married to his high school sweetheart, Deanie. [27] They have three children: Chris, Megan, and Caitlin. Each has served in the United States Army and is married with three children. Chris remains on active duty as a cavalry lieutenant colonel in 1st Battalion 66th Armored Regiment, 3rd Armored Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (United States). Martin and Deanie have nine grandchildren. [28]

Education

Dates of rank

RankDate
US Army O1 shoulderboard rotated.svg Second lieutenant June 5, 1974
US Army O2 shoulderboard rotated.svg First lieutenant June 5, 1976
US Army O3 shoulderboard rotated.svg Captain August 8, 1978
US Army O4 shoulderboard rotated.svg Major September 1, 1985
US Army O5 shoulderboard rotated.svg Lieutenant colonel April 1, 1991
US Army O6 shoulderboard rotated.svg Colonel September 1, 1996
US Army O7 shoulderboard rotated.svg Brigadier general August 1, 2001
US Army O8 shoulderboard rotated.svg Major general September 1, 2004
US Army O9 shoulderboard rotated.svg Lieutenant general September 8, 2005
US Army O10 shoulderboard rotated.svg General December 8, 2008

Awards and decorations

On December 7, 2011, Dempsey received the USO's Distinguished Service Award on behalf of all military members. [29] In October 2016, he was made an honorary Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire by Queen Elizabeth II, for commitment to British-American defense cooperation. [30] Also, the Association of the United States Army, on October 17, 2019 awarded Dempsey the George Catlett Marshall Medal for distinguished public service, that organization's highest award. [31]

Medals and ribbons

U.S. military decorations
Bronze oakleaf-3d.svg
Bronze oakleaf-3d.svg
Defense Distinguished Service ribbon.svg
Defense Distinguished Service Medal (with two bronze oak leaf clusters)
Silver oakleaf-3d.svg
Distinguished Service Medal ribbon.svg
Army Distinguished Service Medal (with one silver oak leaf cluster)
Navy Distinguished Service ribbon.svg Navy Distinguished Service Medal
Air Force Distinguished Service ribbon.svg Air Force Distinguished Service Medal
Coast Guard Distinguished Service ribbon.svg Coast Guard Distinguished Service Medal
US Defense Superior Service Medal ribbon.svg Defense Superior Service Medal
Bronze oakleaf-3d.svg
Bronze oakleaf-3d.svg
Legion of Merit ribbon.svg
Legion of Merit (with two bronze oak leaf clusters)
Bronze Star ribbon.svg "V" device, brass.svg Bronze oakleaf-3d.svg Bronze Star (with Valor device and bronze oak leaf cluster)
Bronze oakleaf-3d.svg
Bronze oakleaf-3d.svg
Meritorious Service ribbon.svg
Meritorious Service Medal (with two bronze oak leaf clusters)
Joint Service Commendation ribbon.svg Joint Service Commendation Medal
Army Commendation Medal ribbon.svg Army Commendation Medal
Bronze oakleaf-3d.svg
Army Achievement Medal ribbon.svg
Army Achievement Medal (with bronze oak leaf cluster)
U.S. unit awards
Bronze oakleaf-3d.svg
Bronze oakleaf-3d.svg
Bronze oakleaf-3d.svg
Joint Meritorious Unit Award ribbon.svg
Joint Meritorious Unit Award (with three bronze oak leaf clusters)
Bronze oakleaf-3d.svg
Valorous Unit Award ribbon.svg
Valorous Unit Award (with bronze oak leaf cluster)
Bronze oakleaf-3d.svg
Army Superior Unit Award ribbon.svg
Army Superior Unit Award (with bronze oak leaf cluster)
U.S. service (and campaign) medals and service and training ribbons
Bronze-service-star-3d-vector.svg
Bronze-service-star-3d-vector.svg
National Defense Service Medal ribbon.svg
National Defense Service Medal (with two bronze service stars)
Bronze-service-star-3d-vector.svg
Bronze-service-star-3d-vector.svg
Bronze-service-star-3d-vector.svg
Southwest Asia Service Medal ribbon (1991-2016).svg
Southwest Asia Service Medal (with three bronze service stars)
Bronze-service-star-3d-vector.svg
Bronze-service-star-3d-vector.svg
Bronze-service-star-3d-vector.svg
Iraq Campaign ribbon.svg
Iraq Campaign Medal (with three bronze service stars)
Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary ribbon.svg Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal
Global War on Terrorism Service ribbon.svg Global War on Terrorism Service Medal
Army Service Ribbon.svg Army Service Ribbon
Army Overseas Service Ribbon.svg Award numeral 4.png Army Overseas Service Ribbon (with award numeral "4")
Foreign awards
NATO Medal Yugoslavia ribbon bar.svg NATO Medal for the former Yugoslavia
Ribbon of the Order of Duke Trpimir.png Croatian Order of Duke Trpimir [32]
Legion Honneur Commandeur ribbon.svg Commander of the French Légion d'honneur [33]
GER Bundesverdienstkreuz 5 GrVK Stern.svg Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany Knight Commander's Cross [34]
Chief of Staff Medal of Appreciation - ISRAEL.svg Israeli Defense Forces' Chief of Staff Medal of Appreciation [35]
Tong-il Security Medel Ribbon.svg Order of National Security Merit, Tong-il Medal (Republic of Korea)
Order of the British Empire (Military) Ribbon.png Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire (KBE) (Military Division) [36]
Kuwait Liberation Medal (Saudi Arabia) ribbon.svg Kuwait Liberation Medal (Saudi Arabia)
Kuwait Liberation Medal (Kuwait) ribbon.svg Kuwait Liberation Medal (Kuwait)
Other accoutrements
Combat Action Badge.svg Combat Action Badge
United States Air Force Parachutist Badge.svg Basic Parachutist Badge
Joint Chiefs of Staff seal.svg Office of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Identification Badge
United States Army Staff Identification Badge.png Army Staff Identification Badge
United States Army 1st Armored Division CSIB.svg 1st Armored Division Combat Service Identification Badge
USA - 3rd Cavalry DUI.png 3rd Armored Cavalry Regiment Distinctive Unit Insignia
ASU overseas service bar.jpg 7 Overseas Service Bars

Bibliography

  1. Win, Learn, Focus, Adapt, Win Again – Article series for Army Magazine (AUSA). October 2010 – February 2011
  2. Inspired and humbled by the sacrifice of our troops – The Hill, May 24, 2011
  3. From the Chairman – Joint Force Quarterly no. 64. January 2012
  4. From the Chairman – Joint Force Quarterly no. 65. April 2012
  5. Preserving the bonds of trust – The Hill, May 22, 2012
  6. From the Chairman – Joint Force Quarterly no. 66. July 2012
  7. From the Chairman: Building Tomorrow's Leaders – Joint Force Quarterly no. 67. October 2012
  8. From the Chairman: Sustaining our Edge – Joint Force Quarterly no. 68. January 2013
  9. From the Chairman: Risky Business – Joint Force Quarterly no. 69. April 2013
  10. Remember and uphold tradition – The Hill, May 21, 2013
  11. From the Chairman: Why We Serve – Joint Force Quarterly no. 70. July 2013
  12. From the Chairman: Leadership in Historic Times – Joint Force Quarterly no. 71. October 2013
  13. From the Chairman: Mount Up and Move Out – Joint Force Quarterly no. 72. January 2014

Interviews

  1. Dempsey Muses on Challenges as New Head of Joint Chiefs – Thom Shanker. New York Times. Oct 3, 2011.
  2. The New Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff on "Getting to the Truth" – Karl Moore. Forbes Magazine. Oct 20, 2011.
  3. Gen. Martin Dempsey's Interview with Jeremy Paxman – Jeremy Paxman, BBC. Nov 28, 2011.
  4. Transcript: Gen. Martin Dempsey's Interview with Fareed Zakaria – Fareed Zakaria. CNN. Feb 19, 2012.
  5. Video: Gen. Martin Dempsey's Interview with Charlie Rose – Charlie Rose. Mar 16, 2012.
  6. Video: Gen. Martin Dempsey's Interview on Leadership – The Pentagon Channel. October 2012.
  7. Video: Gen. Martin Dempsey at the National Press Club – National Press Club. October 10, 2012.
  8. Transcript: Gen. Martin Dempsey talks to Dan Rather – Dan Rather Reports. AXS.tv. November 13, 2012.
  9. Transcript: Gen. Martin Dempsey talks to Ted Koppel – Rock Center with Brian Williams. NBC. January 24, 2013.
  10. Transcript: Sec. Panetta & Gen. Dempsey's Interview with Candy Crowley – State of the Union. CNN. February 3, 2013.
  11. Transcript: Sec. Panetta & Gen. Dempsey's Interview with Chuck Todd – Meet the Press. NBC. February 3, 2013.
  12. Transcript: Gen. Martin Dempsey talks to Rachel Martin – Weekend Edition. NPR. February 17, 2013.
  13. Transcript: Gen. Martin Dempsey talks to Candy Crowley – State of the Union. CNN. July 7, 2013.
  14. Transcript: Gen. Martin Dempsey talks to Martha Raddatz – This Week. ABC. August 4, 2013.
  15. Transcript: Gen. Martin Dempsey talks to Steve Inskeep - NPR. Morning Edition. June 4, 2020.

Speeches

  1. Gen. Dempsey Becomes the 18th Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff – September 30, 2011
  2. The Atlantic Council of the United States: Security and Partnership in an Age of Austerity – December 9, 2011.
  3. End of Mission Ceremony in Baghdad, Iraq – December 15, 2011.
  4. Duke University's Ambassador S. Davis Phillips Family International Lecture Series: A New Vision for the US Military – January 12, 2012.
  5. West Point Class of 2013 500th Night – January 21, 2012.
  6. Harvard University's John F. Kennedy Jr. Forum: Security Paradox – April 12, 2012.
  7. The Carnegie Endowment for International Peace: A Conversation with General Martin Dempsey – May 1, 2012.
  8. Kansas State University's 161st Landon Lecture – October 1, 2012

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  27. "Official Biography of 18th Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff General Martin E. Dempsey" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on October 28, 2012.
  28. "General Martin E. Dempsey Chairman". US DOD Joint Chiefs of Staff. April 2015. Archived from the original on July 16, 2015. Retrieved July 30, 2015.
  29. Miles, Donna (December 8, 2011). "Dempsey Accepts USO Award on Behalf of Military Members". Armed Forces Press Service. Retrieved January 3, 2017.
  30. "Irish speaking, all-singing US Army general Martin Dempsey made honorary knight in Britain – Irish Post". Irish Post. October 18, 2016. Retrieved January 4, 2017.
  31. "FORMER JCS CHAIRMAN DEMPSEY RECEIVES MARSHALL MEDAL". October 7, 2019. Retrieved January 31, 2020.
  32. "US Army's Most Powerful Man Receives Order of Duke in Croatia". Croatia Week. September 22, 2014. Retrieved January 11, 2018.
  33. "Dempsey receives Legion of Honor, Commander's degree, in 2014".
  34. "Dempsey receives Federal German Award, KCC of the Order of Merit".
  35. "DEMPSEY MEETS WITH ISRAELI LEADERS, RECEIVES AWARD" . Retrieved February 5, 2016.
  36. "Retired Gen. Martin Dempsey, former chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, is knighted" . Retrieved October 21, 2016.
Military offices
Preceded by
Ricardo S. Sanchez
Commanding General of the 1st Armored Division
2003-2004
Succeeded by
Fred D. Robinson Jr.
Preceded by
David Petraeus
Commander of the Multi-National Security Transition Command – Iraq
2005-2007
Succeeded by
James Dubik
Preceded by
David C. Nichols
Deputy Commander of United States Central Command
2007-2008
Succeeded by
John R. Allen
Preceded by
William Fallon
Commander of United States Central Command
Acting

2008
Succeeded by
David Petraeus
Preceded by
William Wallace
Commanding General of the Army Training and Doctrine Command
2008–2011
Succeeded by
John Sterling
Acting
Preceded by
George Casey
Chief of Staff of the Army
2011
Succeeded by
Raymond Odierno
Preceded by
Michael Mullen
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
2011–2015
Succeeded by
Joseph Dunford
U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Michael Mullen
as former Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (2007–2011)
Order of precedence of the United States
as former Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (2011–2015)
Succeeded by
Joseph Dunford
as former Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (2015–2019)