Peter Schoomaker

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Peter Schoomaker
Peter Schoomaker.jpg
General Peter J. Schoomaker
35th Chief of Staff of the United States Army
Born (1946-02-12) February 12, 1946 (age 75)
Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
AllegianceUnited States
Service/branch United States Army
Years of service1969–2000
2003–2007
Rank General
Commands held Chief of Staff of the United States Army
United States Special Operations Command
United States Army Special Operations Command
Joint Special Operations Command
Delta Force
Battles/wars Operation Eagle Claw
Operation Just Cause
Gulf War
Awards Defense Distinguished Service Medal (3)
Army Distinguished Service Medal (3)
Defense Superior Service Medal (4)
Legion of Merit (3)
Bronze Star Medal (2)
Defense Meritorious Service Medal (3)
Meritorious Service Medal (3)
Relations Eric Schoomaker (brother)

Peter Jan Schoomaker (born February 12, 1946) is a retired four-star general of the United States Army who served as the 35th Chief of Staff of the United States Army from August 1, 2003 to April 10, 2007. Schoomaker's appointment as Chief of Staff was unusual in that he was recalled and came out from retirement to assume the position. [1] Schoomaker voluntarily retired from the Army for the second time in 2007 after completing the full four-year term as Chief of Staff.

Contents

Prior to his last assignment, Schoomaker spent over 30 years in a variety of assignments with both conventional and special operations forces – he was the first Special Forces-trained Army Chief of Staff and the second to serve on the Joint Chiefs of Staff (General Henry H. Shelton was the first, when he served as Chairman).

His brother, Lieutenant General Eric Schoomaker, was the 42nd Surgeon General of the United States Army.

Early life and education

Schoomaker was born on February 12, 1946 in Detroit, Michigan. He was raised in an army family. [2] After attending East Lansing High School, Schoomaker graduated from the University of Wyoming in 1969 with a Bachelor of Science degree in education administration. A football player, he was a starter on Wyoming's Sugar Bowl team. He holds a Master of Arts degree in management from Central Michigan University, and an Honorary Doctorate of Laws from Hampden–Sydney College.

Military career

Schoomaker participated in numerous deployment operations including Eagle Claw in Iran, Urgent Fury in Grenada, Just Cause in Panama, Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm in Southwest Asia, Uphold Democracy in Haiti, and supported various other operations.

After being commissioned as a second lieutenant after participating in the Reserve Officers' Training Corps program at the University of Wyoming, Schoomaker went to the United States Army Armor School at Fort Knox. He soon became a Reconnaissance Platoon Leader and Rifle Company Commander with 2nd Battalion, 4th Infantry, and a Cavalry Troop Commander with 1st Squadron, 2nd Armored Cavalry Regiment in Germany. He then served in Korea as the S-3 of 1st Battalion, 73rd Cavalry, 2nd Infantry Division. From 1978 to 1981, he commanded a squadron of the 1st Special Forces Operational Detachment – Delta (1st SFOD-D), commonly known to the public as "Delta Force", at Fort Bragg, North Carolina. Following a year at the army's Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, Schoomaker served as the Squadron Executive Officer, 2nd Squadron, 2nd Armored Cavalry Regiment in Germany. In August 1983, he returned to Fort Bragg, to serve as Special Operations Officer, J-3, Joint Special Operations Command. From August 1985 to August 1988, Schoomaker commanded another squadron of the 1st SFOD-D. Following the National War College in Washington, D.C., he returned to command Delta Force from June 1989 to July 1992. Subsequently, Schoomaker served as the Assistant Division Commander of the 1st Cavalry Division, Fort Hood, Texas, followed by a tour in the Headquarters, Department of the Army staff as the Deputy Director for Operations, Readiness and Mobilization. [2]

Schoomaker served as the Commanding General of the Joint Special Operations Command from July 1994 to August 1996, followed by command of the United States Army Special Operations Command at Fort Bragg, North Carolina through October 1997. His most recent assignment prior to assuming duties as the Army Chief of Staff was as Commander, United States Special Operations Command at MacDill Air Force Base, Florida, from November 1997 to November 2000. According to the 9/11 Commission, Schoomaker wanted to take action against Al Qaeda in Afghanistan using his special operators but was unable to gain approval for the mission.

Post-military career

After his retirement from active duty, Schoomaker served as a Director for DynCorp, as well as on the advisory boards of Camber Corporation and EWA-Government Systems Inc. Concurrently, Schoomaker was the Director of CAE USA Inc. from November 2007 to February 2009, where he still serves a member of the Human Resources Committee as well as an independent director and consultant on defense matters. Schoomaker is also currently a Director of Aeroflex Incorporated and several private and non-profit companies, including the Special Operations Warrior Foundation. [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] In 2018, Peter Schoomaker joined MAG Aerospace's board of directors. [8]

Dates of rank

RankDate
US Army O1 shoulderboard rotated.svg Second lieutenant June 1969
US Army O2 shoulderboard rotated.svg First lieutenant June 1970
US Army O3 shoulderboard rotated.svg Captain June 1971
US Army O4 shoulderboard rotated.svg Major July 1979
US Army O5 shoulderboard rotated.svg Lieutenant colonel July 1985
US Army O6 shoulderboard rotated.svg Colonel June 1990
US Army O7 shoulderboard rotated.svg Brigadier general January 1993
US Army O8 shoulderboard rotated.svg Major general March 1996
US Army O9 shoulderboard rotated.svg Lieutenant general August 1996
US Army O10 shoulderboard rotated.svg General October 4, 1997

[9]

Decorations and badges

Bronze oakleaf-3d.svg
Bronze oakleaf-3d.svg
Defense Distinguished Service Medal ribbon.svg
Defense Distinguished Service Medal (with two bronze oak leaf clusters)
Bronze oakleaf-3d.svg
Bronze oakleaf-3d.svg
Distinguished Service Medal ribbon.svg
Army Distinguished Service Medal (with two bronze oak leaf clusters)
Bronze oakleaf-3d.svg
Bronze oakleaf-3d.svg
Bronze oakleaf-3d.svg
US Defense Superior Service Medal ribbon.svg
Defense Superior Service Medal (with three oak leaf clusters)
Bronze oakleaf-3d.svg
Bronze oakleaf-3d.svg
Legion of Merit ribbon.svg
Legion of Merit (with two oak leaf clusters)
Bronze oakleaf-3d.svg
Bronze Star ribbon.svg
Bronze Star Medal (with oak leaf cluster)
Bronze oakleaf-3d.svg
Bronze oakleaf-3d.svg
Defense Meritorious Service Medal ribbon.svg
Defense Meritorious Service Medal (with two oak leaf clusters)
Bronze oakleaf-3d.svg
Bronze oakleaf-3d.svg
Meritorious Service Medal ribbon.svg
Meritorious Service Medal (with two oak leaf clusters)
Joint Service Commendation ribbon.svg Joint Service Commendation Medal
Us jointservachiev rib.svg Joint Service Achievement Medal
Bronze oakleaf-3d.svg
Joint Meritorious Unit Award ribbon.svg
Joint Meritorious Unit Award (with oak leaf cluster)
Bronze oakleaf-3d.svg
Valorous Unit Award ribbon.svg
Valorous Unit Award (with oak leaf cluster)
Bronze-service-star-3d-vector.svg
National Defense Service Medal ribbon.svg
National Defense Service Medal (with award star)
Bronze-service-star-3d-vector.svg
Bronze-service-star-3d-vector.svg
Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal ribbon.svg
Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal (with two campaign stars)
Bronze-service-star-3d-vector.svg
Bronze-service-star-3d-vector.svg
Southwest Asia Service Medal ribbon (1991-2016).svg
Southwest Asia Service Medal (with two campaign stars)
Humanitarian Service ribbon.svg Humanitarian Service Medal
Army Service Ribbon.svg Army Service Ribbon
Army Overseas Service Ribbon.svg Award numeral 3.png Overseas Service Ribbon (with award numeral 3)
MSC ribbon-military.png Canadian Meritorious Service Cross (Military Division)
Kuwait Liberation Medal (Saudi Arabia) ribbon.svg Kuwait Liberation Medal (Saudi Arabia)
Kuwait Liberation Medal (Kuwait) ribbon.svg Kuwait Liberation Medal (Kuwait)
Combat Infantry Badge.svg Combat Infantryman Badge
Expert Infantry Badge.svg Expert Infantryman Badge
Master Parachutist badge (United States).svg Master Parachutist Badge
USAF - Occupational Badge - High Altitude Low Opening.svg Military Free Fall Parachutist Badge
SpecialForcesTabMetal.jpg Special Forces Tab
Ranger Tab.svg Ranger Tab
US Army Special Operations Command SSI.svg United States Army Special Operations Command Combat Service Identification Badge
Joint Chiefs of Staff seal.svg Joint Chiefs of Staff Identification Badge
United States Army Staff Identification Badge.png Army Staff Identification Badge
SpecialForces Badge.svg Special Forces Distinctive Unit Insignia
No image.png Royal Thai Airborne badge (Golden wings with red backing)

[10] [11] [12]

See also

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References

  1. Thom Shanker (June 11, 2003). "Retired Commando Chief Is Chosen to Lead the Army". New York Times (Late Edition – Final ed.). p. Section A, Page 20, Column 1. Retrieved December 12, 2006.[ permanent dead link ]
  2. 1 2 Bell, William Gardner (2005). "Peter Schoomaker". Commanding Generals and Chiefs of Staff 1775–2005:Portraits & Biographical Sketches of the United States Army's Senior Officer. Washington, D.C.: United States Army Center of Military History. pp.  166–170. ISBN   0-16-072376-0. CMH Pub 70–14.
  3. "DynCorp press release". Archived from the original on September 29, 2011.
  4. "Forbes Magazine profile: Peter J. Schoomaker". Archived from the original on December 2, 2011. Retrieved September 8, 2017.
  5. Editorial, Reuters. "CAE.TO - Cae Inc Profile | Reuters". www.reuters.comundefined.
  6. "Aeroflex Schoomaker bio". Archived from the original on July 12, 2012.
  7. "American Corporate Partners biography of Schoomaker". Archived from the original on August 11, 2011.
  8. Aerospace, M. A. G. "Former Army Chief of Staff General Peter Schoomaker Joins MAG Aerospace Board of Directors". www.prnewswire.com.
  9. Bell, William Gardner (January 1, 2013). Commanding Generals and Chiefs of Staff, 1775-2013: Portraits & Biographical Sketches of the United States Army's Senior Officer. Washington, D.C., United States: Center of Military History, United States Army. ISBN   978-0-16-072376--6.
  10. "Times Hall of Valor".
  11. "U.S. Department of Defense". U.S. Department of Defense.
  12. "General Peter J. Schoomaker Receives Meritorious Service Cross (Military Division)". archive.gg.ca.

Sources

Military offices
Preceded by
Eric K. Shinseki
Chief of Staff of the United States Army
2003–2007
Succeeded by
George W. Casey, Jr.