Beda College

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The Pontifical Beda College (Italian : Pontificio Collegio Beda) is a college in Rome. It was founded as the Collegio Ecclesiastico at the Palazzo dei Convertendi in 1852 by Pope Pius IX and is intended for older men, often convert clergymen, wishing to prepare for the Roman Catholic priesthood. [1]

Italian language Romance language

Italian is a Romance language of the Indo-European language family. Italian descended from the Vulgar Latin of the Roman Empire and, together with Sardinian, is by most measures the closest language to it of the Romance languages. Italian is an official language in Italy, Switzerland, San Marino and Vatican City. It has an official minority status in western Istria. It formerly had official status in Albania, Malta, Monaco, Montenegro (Kotor) and Greece, and is generally understood in Corsica and Savoie. It also used to be an official language in the former Italian East Africa and Italian North Africa, where it still plays a significant role in various sectors. Italian is also spoken by large expatriate communities in the Americas and Australia. Italian is included under the languages covered by the European Charter for Regional or Minority languages in Bosnia and Herzegovina and in Romania, although Italian is neither a co-official nor a regional or a traditional language in these countries, where Italians do not represent a historical minority. In the case of Romania, Italian is listed by the Government along 10 other languages which supposedly receive a "general protection", but not between those which should be granted an "advanced or enhanced" one. Many speakers of Italian are native bilinguals of both Italian and other regional languages.

Palazzo dei Convertendi The Palazzo dei Convertendi in Rome

Palazzo dei Convertendi is a reconstructed Renaissance palace in Rome. It originally faced the Piazza Scossacavalli, but was demolished and rebuilt along the north side of Via della Conciliazione, the wide avenue constructed between 1936 and 1950, which links St Peter's Basilica and the Vatican City to the centre of Rome. The palace is famous as the last home of the painter Raphael, who died there in 1520.

Pope Pius IX 255th Pope of the Catholic Church

Pope Pius IX, born Giovanni Maria Mastai Ferretti, was head of the Catholic Church from 16 June 1846 to his death on 7 February 1878. He was the longest-reigning elected pope in the history of the Catholic Church, serving for over 31 years. During his pontificate, Pius IX convened the First Vatican Council (1869–70), which decreed papal infallibility, but the council was cut short owing to the loss of the Papal States.

Contents

History

This College was moved in 1854 to the English College to accommodate a larger number of clergymen from England who had joined the Roman Catholic Church from other Christian denominations and wished to prepare for the Catholic priesthood. They came only for four years, because they were seen to have significant experience already. Here the college became known as the Collegio Pio. It also included lifelong Catholics, drawn to the priesthood later in life and priests studying for post-graduate degrees in Rome.

English College, Rome Roman Catholic seminary in Regola, Rome, Italy

The Venerable English College, commonly referred to as the English College, is a Catholic seminary in Rome, Italy, for the training of priests for England and Wales. It was founded in 1579 by William Allen on the model of the English College, Douai.

Pope Leo XIII issued a new constitution in 1898 and placed the college under the patronage of the Venerable Bede, the eighth century Anglo-Saxon monk and scholar. Cardinal Howard bequeathed to the two colleges his valuable library.

Edward Henry Howard English Catholic archbishop and cardinal

Edward Henry Howard was an English Catholic priest and archbishop, who was made a cardinal in 1877. He was a relative of the Dukes of Norfolk.

It was decided by the Sacred Congregation of Studies (1917), that it should be completely separated from the Venerable English College, and that it should have a corporate life entirely of its own under a rector and staff of its own and in its own premises. Pending the acquisition of a permanent home, temporary premises were rented in the Prati di Castello from the Polish Hospice. Mgr Mann was brought from England to be the new rector, and the Rev. J. C. Richards was appointed vice-rector. The Bede students took up their new quarters on 2 January 1918. [2]

The Congregation for Catholic Education is the Pontifical congregation of the Roman Curia responsible for: (1) universities, faculties, institutes and higher schools of study, either ecclesial or non-ecclesiastical dependent on ecclesial persons; and (2) schools and educational institutes depending on ecclesiastical authorities.

When the First World War ended, the Polish returned to Rome and the Beda became homeless. The community was transferred in 1922 to the Via S. Niccolo da Tolentino close by the Piazza Barberini. The College made progress under the guidance of Mgr Mann and his Vice-Rector Mgr McShane. [3]

Piazza Barberini square in Rome, Italy

Piazza Barberini is a large piazza in the centro storico or city center of Rome, Italy and situated on the Quirinal Hill. It was created in the 16th century but many of the surrounding buildings have subsequently been rebuilt.

In 1956 Pope Pius XII provided from the extraterritorial property of the Holy See the land on which the present Beda stands, adjacent to the Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls. Pope John XXIII formally opened the new building on 20 October 1960.

Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls Church in Rome, Italy

The Papal Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls, commonly known as Saint Paul's Outside the Walls, is one of Rome's four ancient, papal, major basilicas, along with the basilicas of Saint John in the Lateran, Saint Peter's, and Saint Mary Major.

The Beda remains the responsibility of the Bishops of England and Wales but now receives men from English-speaking countries worldwide.

List of rectors

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References

  1. http://archive.thetablet.co.uk/article/7th-september-1918/11/the-beda-college
  2. http://archive.thetablet.co.uk/article/28th-september-1918/27/the-beda-college
  3. http://archive.thetablet.co.uk/article/22nd-november-1952/15/the-centenary-of-the-beda
  4. "Duchemin, Rt Rev. Mgr Charles L. H." Who Was Who . Oxford University Press. 1 December 2007. doi:10.1093/ww/9780199540884.013.U52191 . Retrieved 3 November 2018.
  5. "Drumm, Rev. Mgr Walter Gregory". Who's Who 2018 . Oxford University Press. 1 December 2017. doi:10.1093/ww/9780199540884.013.U14154 . Retrieved 3 November 2018.
  6. Kennedy, Duncan (12 May 2010). "Catholic recruits and the sex abuse scandal". BBC News. Retrieved 3 November 2018.
  7. "Leading Theologian Monsignor Strange Appointed Visiting Professor". St Mary's University. 14 January 2015. Retrieved 3 November 2018.
  8. "Canon Philip Gillespie". Pontifical Beda College. Retrieved 3 November 2018.

PD-icon.svg  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1912). "Collegio Beda". Catholic Encyclopedia . 13. New York: Robert Appleton. p. 134.

Coordinates: 41°51′28″N12°28′25″E / 41.857723°N 12.473636°E / 41.857723; 12.473636