Congregation for Catholic Education

Last updated
Congregation for Catholic Education (for Educational Institutions)
Latin: Congregatio de Institutione Catholica (Studiorum Institutis)
Coat of arms Holy See.svg
Coat of arms of the Holy See
Via della Conciliazione din Roma1.jpg
Palazzo delle Congregazioni in Piazza Pio XII (in front of St. Peter's Square) is the workplace for most congregations of the Roman Curia
Congregation overview
FormedJanuary 22, 1588;433 years ago (1588-01-22)
Preceding agencies
  • Congregatio pro universitate studii romani
  • Congregatio studiorum
  • Congregatio de Seminariis et Studiorum Universitatibus
  • Sacra Congregatio pro institutione Catholica
  • Congregation for Catholic Education (for Seminaries and Institutes of Study)
Type Congregation
Headquarters Palazzo delle Congregazioni, Piazza Pio XII, Rome, Italy
Congregation executives
Website http://www.educatio.va/

The Congregation for Catholic Education (Institutes of Study) (Latin : Congregatio de Institutione Catholica (Studiorum Institutis)) is the pontifical congregation of the Roman Curia responsible for: (1) universities, faculties, institutes and higher schools of study, either ecclesial or non-ecclesiastical dependent on ecclesial persons; and (2) schools and educational institutes depending on ecclesiastical authorities.

Contents

It was also in charge of regulating seminaries, which prepare those students intending to become priests (seminarians) for ordination to the presbyterate, until 16 January 2013 when Pope Benedict XVI [1] transferred the oversight of seminaries and all other related formation programs for priests and deacons from this dicastery to the Congregation for the Clergy, which regulates deacons and priests generally, not only their education. The Congregation for Catholic Education retains responsibility for matters pertaining to the structure of seminary curricula in philosophy and theology, in consultation with the Congregation for the Clergy. [2]

History

Pope Sixtus V created the forerunner of the Congregation in 1588 with the Constitution Immensa, to oversee the University of Rome La Sapienza and other notable universities of the time, including Bologna, Paris, and Salamanca. In 1824 Pope Leo XII created the Congregatio studiorum for educational institutions in the Papal States, which in 1870 began to oversee Catholic universities. Pope Saint Pius X confirmed this responsibility in 1908 and Pope Benedict XV erected in 1915 the section for seminaries (which existed within the Consistorial Congregation), joined to it the Congregatio studiorum, and called it Congregatio de Seminariis et Studiorum Universitatibus. In 1967, Pope Paul VI renamed it Sacra Congregatio pro institutione Catholica. The present name "Congregation for Catholic Education (Institutes of Study)" derives from Pope John Paul II's 1988 Apostolic Constitution Pastor Bonus .

Offices

To fulfill its mission, this congregation has two offices:

1. The Office for Universities (Higher Education) with the sub-section Department for International Organizations (Dipartimento per gli Organismi Internazionali or DOI). This Office has competence over:

2. The Office for Schools.

Competences on Ecclesiastical Higher Education Institutions

The Congregation conducts apostolic visits to Catholic institutions and receives bishops during their quinquennial visits ad limina apostolorum, in order to discuss with local Ordinaries concerns pertaining to Catholic Education in their areas of responsibility.

The Congregation for Catholic Education "erects or approves ecclesiastical universities and institutions, ratifies their statutes, exercises the highest supervision over them, and ensures that the integrity of the Catholic faith is preserved in teaching doctrine." [6] Corollary to this, the dicastery nominates or confirms highest personal academic authorities of Ecclesiastical higher Education institutions, [7] i.e., rectors, presidents and deans. [8] Names of confirmed and appointed rectors, presidents and deans of Institutions belonging to the Higher Education System of the Holy See appear in the Annuario Pontificio at the section on Istituti di Studi Superiori. These are updated yearly.

To this dicastery belongs also the final authority for the nomination of teachers of ecclesiastical learning institutions to the permanent status and to the highest rank of Ordinaries of the various cathedrae of ecclesiastical disciplines, through the issuance of the rescript granting the nihil obstat for such promotion, on behalf of the Holy See. [9]

Academic collaboration (for the purpose of obtaining the authority to grant canonical degrees in the name of the Holy See) between Ecclesiastical Higher Education institutions that do not have the juridical status as autonomous Ecclesiastical Faculties (i.e., Affiliated, [10] Aggregated, [11] and Incorporated [12] Institutes) and autonomous Ecclesiastical Faculties have to be approved by this dicastery.

The programmes and other conditions [13] required of Higher Learning Institutions belonging the Higher Education System of the Holy See are regulated by the Apostolic Constitutions Sapientia christiana, and other pertinent normative documents of the dicastery, such as:

1. Decree of the Congregation for Catholic Education revising the order of studies in the Faculties and Departments of Canon Law (2 September 2002); [14]

2. The Reform of the Higher Institutes of Religious Sciences (28 June 2008), [15] which gives the appropriate norms regarding the pathway of the study of Philosophy and Theology for those who are not preparing to receive the Holy Orders, i.e., for the lay and religious;

3. The Decree on the Reform of Ecclesiastical Studies of Philosophy (28 January 2011), [16] which outlines the current requirements of Ecclesiastical Studies of Philosophy and of the philosophical formation that forms integral part of the Cycle I of Catholic Theology;

4. The normative documents for affiliations, aggregations and incorporations. [17]

National Qualifications Framework of the Ecclesiastical Higher Education System of the Holy See

The Holy See is signatory to various international and regional agreements in recognition of diplomas and degrees in the field of Higher Education, such as the Lisbon Convention and the Asia-Pacific Regional Convention on the Recognition of Qualifications in Higher Education (2011). [18] As part of the process of implementing these international accords, the Congregation for Catholic Education has followed international guidelines, such as those recommended by the Bologna Process, in order to make transparent its Higher Education System. Among the instruments of this process is the National Qualifications Framework, to which all institutions belonging to the System must conform in order to legitimately and validly grant canonical degrees. [19]

Leadership

Cardinal Giuseppe Versaldi had been the Prefect of the Congregation for Catholic Education since 31 March 2015. [20] Archbishop Angelo Vincenzo Zani has been the Secretary since 9 November 2012. [21] Father Friedrich Bechina, FSO, has been the Undersecretary. [22]

Prefects since 1915

Secretaries since 1913

Related Research Articles

The Roman Curia comprises the administrative institutions of the Holy See and the central body through which the affairs of the Catholic Church are conducted. It acts in the pope's name and with his authority for the good and for the service of the particular churches and provides the central organization for the church to advance its objectives.

A dicastery is a department of the Roman Curia, the administration of the Holy See through which the pope directs the Roman Catholic Church. The most recent comprehensive constitution of the church, Pastor bonus (1988), includes this definition:

By the word "dicasteries" are understood the Secretariat of State, Congregations, Tribunals, Councils and Offices, namely, the Apostolic Camera, the Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See and the Prefecture for the Economic Affairs of the Holy See.

A pontifical university is an ecclesiastical university established or approved directly by the Holy See, composed of three main ecclesiastical faculties and at least one other faculty. These academic institutes deal specifically with Christian revelation and related disciplines, and the Church's mission of spreading the Gospel, as proclaimed in the apostolic constitution Sapientiachristiana. As of 2018, they are governed by the apostolic constitution Veritatis gaudium issued by Pope Francis on 8 December 2017.

Licentiate of Sacred Theology (STL) is the second cycle of studies of a faculty of theology offered by pontifical universities or Ecclesiastical Faculties of sacred theology. An ecclesiastical faculty offers three cycles of study: baccalaureate or fundamentals, licentiate or specialized, and the doctorate. The licentiate is a graduate degree with canonical effects in the Roman Catholic Church. STL is the abbreviation of the Latin, sacrae theologiae licentiatus, which translates as "licentiate of sacred theology". "The academic degrees conferred by an ecclesiastical faculty are: Baccalaureate, Licentiate, and Doctorate".

University of Saint Mary of the Lake

The University of Saint Mary of the Lake, also called Mundelein Seminary, is a private Roman Catholic seminary in Mundelein, Illinois. It is the principal seminary and school of theology for the formation of priests in the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Chicago. Chartered by the Illinois General Assembly in 1844, it has the longest continuous academic charter in the state of Illinois.

Zenon Grocholewski Catholic cardinal

Zenon Grocholewski was a Polish prelate of the Catholic Church, who was elevated to the rank of cardinal in 2001. He joined the Roman Curia in 1972 and served from 1999 until 2015 as Prefect of the Congregation for Catholic Education and Grand Chancellor of the Pontifical Gregorian University.

Congregation for the Clergy

The Congregation for the Clergy is the congregation of the Roman Curia responsible for overseeing matters regarding priests and deacons not belonging to religious orders. The Congregation for the Clergy handles requests for dispensation from active priestly ministry, as well as the legislation governing presbyteral councils and other organisations of priests around the world. The Congregation does not deal with clerical sexual abuse cases, as those are handled exclusively by the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith.

The Secretariat of State is the oldest dicastery in the Roman Curia, the central papal governing bureaucracy of the Catholic Church. It is headed by the Cardinal Secretary of State and performs all the political and diplomatic functions of the Holy See. The Secretariat is divided into three sections, the Section for General Affairs, the Section for Relations with States, and, since 2017, the Section for Diplomatic Staff.

Congregation for the Oriental Churches

The Congregation for the Oriental Churches is a dicastery of the Roman Curia, and the curial congregation responsible for contact with the Eastern Catholic Churches for the sake of assisting their development and protecting their rights. It also maintains whole and entire in the one Catholic Church, alongside the liturgical, disciplinary, and spiritual patrimony of the Latin Rite, the heritage and Eastern Catholic canon law of the various Eastern Catholic traditions. It has exclusive authority over the following regions: Egypt and the Sinai Peninsula, Eritrea and northern Ethiopia, southern Albania and Bulgaria, Cyprus, Greece, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon, Israel, Syria, Jordan and Turkey, and also oversees jurisdictions based in Romania, Southern Italy, Hungary, India and Ukraine. It was founded by the Motu Proprio Dei Providentis of Pope Benedict XV as the "Sacred Congregation for the Oriental Church" on 1 May 1917 and "considers those matters, whether concerning persons or things, affecting the Catholic Oriental Churches."

In the Roman Curia, a congregation is a type of department of the Curia. They are second-highest-ranking departments, ranking below the two Secretariats, and above the pontifical councils, pontifical commissions, tribunals and offices.

Doctor of Sacred Theology is the final theological degree in the pontifical university system of the Roman Catholic Church.

Virgilio Noè

Virgilio Noè was an Italian Roman Catholic prelate and cardinal. He was elevated to the cardinalate in 1991.

Licentiate of Canon Law is the title of an advanced graduate degree with canonical effects in the Roman Catholic Church offered by pontifical universities and ecclesiastical faculties of canon law. Licentiate is the title of a person who holds an academic degree called a licence. The licentiate of canon law is the ordinary way for forming future canonists, according to Veritatis gaudium.

Pastor bonus is an apostolic constitution promulgated by Pope John Paul II on 28 June 1988. It instituted a number of reforms in the process of running the central government of the Roman Catholic Church, as article 1 states "The Roman Curia is the complex of dicasteries and institutes which help the Roman Pontiff in the exercise of his supreme pastoral office for the good and service of the whole Church and of the particular Churches. It thus strengthens the unity of the faith and the communion of the people of God and promotes the mission proper to the Church in the world".

Mauro Piacenza

Mauro Piacenza JCD is an Italian prelate of the Catholic Church. A cardinal since 2010, he has served as Penitentiary Major of the Apostolic Penitentiary since his appointment by Pope Francis on 21 September 2013. He was Prefect of the Congregation for the Clergy from 7 October 2010 to 21 September 2013. where he had been Secretary since 2007. At that Congregation, Pope Benedict XVI, according to one report, valued "his efficiency and in-depth knowledge of how the Congregation worked and its problems" and "his traditionalist ecclesiastical line of thought".

Domenico Jacobini

Domenico Maria Jacobini was an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Vicar General of Rome from 1899 until his death, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1896.

The Pontifical Faculty of Theology of Sardinia is a theological academic institution founded by pope Pius XI in Cuglieri with the Apostolic Constitution Nostrarum Partem of 5 August 1927. It was the first Italian Faculty of Theology extra urbem.

Angelo Vincenzo Zani Italian prelate and Vatican official

Angelo Vincenzo Zani is an Italian prelate of the Catholic Church, who has served as the Secretary of the Congregation for Catholic Education, its second-highest officer, since November 2012. He was previously its third-highest official for ten years.

San Damaso Ecclesiastical University

The San Damaso Ecclesiastical University is a catholic university erected by the Holy See in the Archdiocese of Madrid (Spain). It teaches Philosophy, Theology, Classical Philology, Canon Law and Religion Sciences with official validity in all the universities of the Catholic Church. Its name is taken from the Pope Damasus I.

Veritatis gaudium is an apostolic constitution on ecclesiastical universities and faculties. It was signed by Pope Francis on 8 December 2017 and was promulgated on 29 January 2018. It updates the 1979 apostolic constitution Sapientia christiana. The document is 87 pages in length. The new norms take legal effect on the first day of the 2018-2019 academic year or of the 2019 academic year, depending on the school year of particular institutions. Implemention is the responsibility of the Catholic Church's 289 ecclesiastical faculties and the 503 related institutions that issue Vatican-recognized degrees.

References

  1. Apostolic Letter (Motu proprio) Ministrorum institutio
  2. Apostolic Letter (Motu proprio) Ministrorum institutio
  3. Pope Francis (29 January 2018). "Veritatis Gaudium". Libreria Editrice Vaticana. Retrieved 25 March 2018.Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  4. The Apostolic Constitution Sapientia christiana
  5. The Apostolic Constitution Ex corde Ecclesiae
  6. Apostolic constitution Pastor Bonus, Art. 116 § 2.
  7. "The Rector and the President are named, or at least confirmed, by the Sacred Congregation for Catholic Education." Apostolic Constitution Sapientia christiana, Art. 18.
  8. "The academic authorities are personal and collegial. Personal authorities are, in the first place, the Rector or President and the Dean." Apostolic Constitution Sapientia chrisitana, Art. 15.
  9. "All teachers, before they are given a permanent post or before they are promoted to the highest category of teacher, or else in both cases, as the Statutes are to state, must receive a declaration of nihil obstat from the Holy See." Apostolic Constitution Sapientia christiana, Art. 27, n.2.
  10. Affiliation is an academic collaboration for the granting of Cycle I or Baccalaureate degree. "The conditions for affiliation regard, above all, the number and qualification of teachers, the study program, the library, and the duty of the affiliating Faculty to help the institution being affiliated. Therefore, this is usually granted only when the affiliating Faculty and the affiliated institution are in the same country or cultural region." Apostolic Constitution Sapientia christiana, Ordinationes, Art. 47.
  11. "Aggregation is the linking with a Faculty of some Institute which embraces only the first and second cycle, for the purpose of granting the degrees corresponding to those cycles through the Faculty." Apostolic Constitution Sapientia christiana, Ordinationes, Art. 48, n. 1.
  12. "Incorporation is the insertion into a Faculty of some Institute which embraces either the second or third cycle or both, for the purpose of granting the corresponding degrees through the Faculty." Apostolic Constitution Sapientia christiana, Ordinationes, Art. 48, n. 2.
  13. "The necessary prerequisites are...: permanently engaged teachers who in number and quality respond to the nature and demands of a Faculty; a suitable number of students; a library with scientific apparatus and suitable buildings; economic means really sufficient for a University or Faculty; the Statutes, together with the Study Program, be exhibited, which are in conformity to the Constitution and to [its] Norms of Application." Apostolic Constitution Sapientia christiana, Ordinationes, Art. 45, n. 1b-c.
  14. Decree of the Congregation for Catholic Education revising the order of studies in the Faculties and Departments of Canon Law (2 September 2002)
  15. The Reform of the Higher Institutes of Religious Sciences (28 June 2008)
  16. The Decree on the Reform of Ecclesiastical Studies of Philosophy(28 January 2011)
  17. Documents of the Congregation for Catholic Education
  18. Asia-Pacific Regional Convention on the Recognition of Qualifications in Higher Education (2011)
  19. Quadro Nazionale delle Qualifiche della Santa Sede
  20. "Rinunce e nomine, 31.03.2015" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. 31 March 2015. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  21. "Rinunce e nomine, 09.11.2012" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. 9 November 2012. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  22. "Rinunce e nomine, 15.02.2013" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. 15 February 2013. Retrieved 7 May 2018.

Documents published by the Congregation for Catholic Education

The complete list of documents pertaining to Catholic Education can be accessed at this link. [1]

  1. Documents on Catholic Education