Biochimica et Biophysica Acta

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Early years

Biochimica et Biophysica Acta was first published in 1947 and was the first international journal to be devoted to the joint fields of biochemistry and biophysics. [1] Published by Elsevier in cooperation with Interscience, it was the first international journal to be launched by Elsevier. [1] The journal first made a profit in 1951. [1]

Early papers were published in English, French, and German, with summaries in all three languages. [2] The majority of papers in the first volume originated in northern and western Europe, with a minority from the US and elsewhere; contributors included William Astbury, Jean Brachet, Hubert Chantrenne, Pierre Desnuelle, Claude Fromageot, Heinz Holter, Raymond Jeener, Felix Haurowitz, Edgar Lederer, Kaj Linderstrøm-Lang, Roger Vendrely, Jean-Marie Wiame, and Ralph W.G. Wyckoff. [3] [ original research? ]

Important papers from these early years include "Studies on the structure of ribonucleic acids" by Boris Magasanik and Erwin Chargaff (1951), [4] part of the evidence on which Watson and Crick's model of the structure of DNA was based, and "Enzymic synthesis of deoxyribonucleic acid" by Arthur Kornberg and colleagues (1956), [5] an early report on the isolation of DNA polymerase I. [1]


Early cover of the General Subjects section BBA cover.gif
Early cover of the General Subjects section

Biochimica et Biophysica Acta was published as a single title until 1962, when additional sections began to be published alongside the main journal: first Specialized Section on Nucleic Acids and Related Subjects and then, from 1963, Specialized Section on Enzymological Subjects and Specialized Section on Lipids and Related Subjects. [6]

In 1964, the main journal became Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) – General Subjects, and was published alongside the three established sections plus Specialized Section on Biophysical Subjects and Specialized Section on Mucoproteins and Mucopolysaccharides. In 1965, the specialist sections were renamed, becoming Biophysics including Photosynthesis, Nucleic Acids and Protein Synthesis, Enzymology and Biological Oxidation, Lipids and Lipid Metabolism and Mucoproteins and Mucopolysaccharides (ceased in 1965). In 1967, Biophysics including Photosynthesis split into Bioenergetics and Biomembranes, and Enzymology and Biological Oxidation split into Enzymology and Protein Structure; the latter pair rejoined in 1982 to become Protein Structure and Molecular Enzymology. Further sections were Molecular Cell Research, launched in 1982, and Molecular Basis of Disease, launched in 1990. [6]

In addition to the specialised research sections, three review sections were launched in the early 1970s: Reviews on Biomembranes (1972–2000), Reviews on Bioenergetics (1973–87) and Reviews on Cancer (from 1974). The former two were later incorporated into the respective research sections. [6]

Further name changes are given in the table in the following section.

Modern journal

As of 2014, Biochimica et Biophysica Acta encompasses ten specialised sections with a total of 100 annual issues in ten volumes. Over 16,000 pages were published in 2011. The journal sections are published separately, with one annual volume per section (two for Reviews on Cancer), but form part of the volume numbering for Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. [6] Sections are available individually or as part of a combined subscription. All papers are in English. [7] The overall editor-in-chief is Ulrich Brandt (Goethe University Frankfurt, Germany). [8]

The sections published in 2014 were as follows: [6]

NameISSNAnnual issues Impact factor [9] Notes
BBA – Bioenergetics [10] ISSN   0005-2728 124.28Commenced 1967; formerly part of BBA – Biophysics including Photosynthesis (1965–1966). Incorporates BBA – Reviews on Bioenergetics
BBA – Biomembranes [11] ISSN   0005-2736 123.4Commenced 1967; formerly part of BBA – Biophysics including Photosynthesis (1965–66). Incorporates BBA – Reviews on Biomembranes
BBA – Gene Regulatory Mechanisms [12] ISSN   1874-9399 125.17Commenced 2008; continuation of BBA – Gene Structure and Expression (0167-4781; 1982–2007), BBA – Nucleic Acids and Protein Synthesis (1963–1981) and BBA – Specialized Section on Nucleic Acids and Related Subjects (1962–64)
BBA – General Subjects [13] ISSN   0304-4165 123.67Commenced 1964; continuation of Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
BBA – Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids [14] ISSN   1388-1981 124.96Commenced 1998; continuation of BBA – Lipids and Lipid Metabolism (1965–98) and BBA – Specialized Section on Lipids and Related Subjects (1963–64)
BBA – Molecular Basis of Disease [15] ISSN   0925-4439 125.1Commenced 1990
BBA – Molecular Cell Research [16] ISSN   0167-4889 124.65Commenced 1982
BBA – Proteins and Proteomics [17] ISSN   1570-9639 122.6Commenced 2002; continuation of BBA – Protein Structure and Molecular Enzymology (1982–2002), BBA – Enzymology (1967–81), BBA – Protein Structure (1967–81), BBA – Enzymology and Biological Oxidation (1965–66), BBA – Specialized Section on Enzymological Subjects (1963–64)
BBA – Reviews on Cancer [18] ISSN   0304-419X 48.2Commenced 1974

Indexing and online journal

BBA is abstracted and indexed by BIOSIS, Chemical Abstracts Service, Current Contents/Life Sciences, EMBASE, EMBiology, Index Chemicus, MEDLINE/Index Medicus, Science Citation Index, and Sociedad Iberoamericana de Informacion Cientifica. [19]

Articles are available online as PDFs and HTML; access is largely limited to subscribers, with a small number of sponsored open-access articles.

Related Research Articles

P700, or photosystem I primary donor, is the reaction-center chlorophyll a molecule in association with photosystem I. Its name is derived from the word “pigment”, and the maximal wavelength of light it can absorb, 700 nm, at which the phenomenon of photobleaching would occur. Its absorption spectrum peaks at 700 nm. The structure of P700 consists of a heterodimer with two distinct chlorophyll molecules, most notably, chlorophyll a and chlorophyll a’, giving it an additional name of “special pair”. Inevitably, however, the special pair of P700 behaves as if it were just one unit. This species is vital due to its ability to absorb light energy with a wavelength approximately between 430 nm-700 nm, and transfer high-energy electrons on to enzymes that are situated subsequent to it.

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Peridinin chemical compound

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Phosphatidylglycerol lipid

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Protein–lipid interaction is the influence of membrane proteins on the lipid physical state or vice versa.

CYP4F22 protein-coding gene in the species Homo sapiens

CYP4F22 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CYP4F22 gene.

Neutral lipid storage disease lipid storage disease that is characterized by accumulation of triglycerides in the cytoplasm of leukocytes, muscle, liver, fibroblasts, and other tissues

Neutral lipid storage disease is a congenital autosomal recessive disorder characterized by accumulation of triglycerides in the cytoplasm of leukocytes[1], muscle, liver, fibroblasts, and other tissues. It commonly occurs as one of two subtypes, cardiomyopathic neutral lipid storage disease (NLSD-M), or ichthyotic neutral lipid storage disease (NLSD-I) which is also known as Chanarin–Dorfman syndrome), which are characterized primarily by myopathy and ichthyosis, respectively. Normally, the ichthyosis that is present is typically non-bullous congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma which appears as white scaling.

One of the most important properties of a lipid bilayer is the relative mobility (fluidity) of the individual lipid molecules and how this mobility changes with temperature. This response is known as the phase behavior of the bilayer. Broadly, at a given temperature a lipid bilayer can exist in either a liquid or a solid phase. The solid phase is commonly referred to as a “gel” phase. All lipids have a characteristic temperature at which they undergo a transition (melt) from the gel to liquid phase. In both phases the lipid molecules are constrained to the two dimensional plane of the membrane, but in liquid phase bilayers the molecules diffuse freely within this plane. Thus, in a liquid bilayer a given lipid will rapidly exchange locations with its neighbor millions of times a second and will, through the process of a random walk, migrate over long distances.

Biophysical chemistry

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Arachidonoyl serotonin chemical compound

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Bitopic protein

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SF-6847 chemical compound

SF-6847 is a uncoupling agent/protonophore. As of 1974 when it was discovered, its considered most powerful, with a potency over 1800x that of 2,4-dinitrophenol - the prototypical uncoupling agent, and about 3x the effectiveness of 5-chloro-3-tert-butyl-2'-chloro-4'-nitrosalicylanilide.

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Substrate presentation is a biological process that activates a protein. The protein is sequestered away from its substrate and then activated by release and exposure of the protein to its substrate. A substrate is typically the substance on which an enzyme acts but can also be a protein surface to which a ligand binds. The substrate is the material acted upon. In the case of an interaction with an enzyme, the protein or organic substrate typically changes chemical form. Substrate presentation differs from allosteric regulation in that the enzyme need not change its conformation to begin catalysis.


  1. 1 2 3 4 A short history of Elsevier (Elsevier; 2005) (accessed 12 December 2008)
  2. NLM Catalog (search on "0217513[NlmId]") (accessed 12 December 2008)
  3. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta Vol. 1 (accessed 12 December 2008)
  4. Magasanik, Boris; Chargaff, Erwin (1951), "Studies on the structure of ribonucleic acids", Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, 7 (3): 396–412, doi:10.1016/0006-3002(51)90043-1, PMID   14904432
  5. Kornberg A, Lehman IR, Bessman MJ, Simms ES. (1956) Enzymic synthesis of deoxyribonucleic acid. Biochim Biophys Acta 21: 197–198
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 OHSU Library: BBA Decoder [ permanent dead link ] (accessed 10 December 2008)
  7. Elsevier: BBA – Biochimica et Biophysica Acta: Guide for Authors Archived 22 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine (accessed 13 December 2008)]
  8. Elsevier: BBA – Biochimica et Biophysica Acta: Editorial Board Archived 15 September 2008 at the Wayback Machine (accessed 12 December 2008)
  9. "Web of Science". 2014. Retrieved 8 July 2014.
  10. Elsevier: BBA – Bioenergetics (accessed 21 April 2011)
  11. Elsevier: BBA – Biomembranes (accessed 21 April 2011)
  12. Elsevier: BBA − Gene Regulatory Mechanisms (accessed 21 April 2011)
  13. Elsevier: BBA – General Subjects (accessed 21 April 2011)
  14. Elsevier: BBA – Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids (accessed 21 April 2011)
  15. Elsevier: BBA – Molecular Basis of Disease (accessed 21 April 2011)
  16. Elsevier: BBA – Molecular Cell Research (accessed 21 April 2011)
  17. Elsevier: BBA – Proteins and Proteomics (accessed 21 April 2011)
  18. Elsevier: BBA – Reviews on Cancer (accessed 21 April 2011)
  19. Elsevier: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta: Abstracting and Indexing Archived 14 July 2008 at the Wayback Machine (accessed 10 December 2008)

Further reading