Campbell's mona monkey

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Campbell's mona monkey [1]
Die Saugthiere in Abbildungen nach der Natur, mit Beschreibungen (Plate 4) (8547689499).jpg
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Suborder: Haplorhini
Infraorder: Simiiformes
Family: Cercopithecidae
Genus: Cercopithecus
Species:
C. campbelli
Binomial name
Cercopithecus campbelli
Waterhouse, 1838
Cercopithecus campbelli distribution.svg
Combined geographic distribution of Campbell's mona monkey and Lowe's mona monkey

Campbell's mona monkey, also known as Campbell's guenon and Campbell's monkey (Cercopithecus campbelli) is a species of primate in the family Cercopithecidae found in the Ivory Coast, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Senegal, and Sierra Leone. [2] It was named for Henry Dundas Campbell, in 1838. [3] Lowe's mona monkey was previously considered a subspecies of Campbell's mona monkey. The International Union for Conservation of Nature has rated this species as being a near-threatened species because it has a wide range and is able to adapt to degraded habitats. [2]

Contents

Distribution and habitat

Campbell's mona monkey is native to Senegal, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia as far east as the Cavally River on the border with Ivory Coast, and also the island of Caravela, off Guinea Bissau. Its habitat is lowland forest, both primary and secondary, gallery forest, mangrove swamps, agricultural land and scrubland. [2]

Ecology

Campbell's mona monkey is a sociable and territorial species, living in small groups of about eight individuals. Around dawn and dusk, the dominant male climbs to a perch on an emergent tree and issues a series of booms. The sound carries for at least a kilometre, and other males join in. This monkey often associates with monkeys of other species and engages in inter-species territorial calling which obey certain ritual rules. [4] This species has one of the more advanced forms of animal communication, with a rudimentary syntax. [5] [6] [7]

Campbell's mona monkey is a slow, deliberate forager. The greater part of its diet is wild and cultivated fruit, but it also eats seeds, invertebrates, grubs, small amphibians and lizards. [4]

Related Research Articles

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Guinean horseshoe bat Species of bat

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<i>Mylothris chloris</i> Species of butterfly

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<i>Belenois calypso</i> Species of butterfly

Belenois calypso, the Calypso white or Calypso caper white, is a butterfly in the family Pieridae. It is found in Senegal, the Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Cameroon, the Republic of the Congo, the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania. The habitat consists of forests. The species occasionally migrates.

<i>Junonia sophia</i> Species of butterfly

Junonia sophia, the little commodore or little pansy, is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae. It is found in Senegal, the Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Nigeria, Cameroon, Angola, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Malawi, and Zambia. The habitat consists of forests and savanna.

<i>Acraea zetes</i> Species of butterfly

Acraea zetes, the large spotted Acraea, is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae. It is found in Senegal, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Burkina Faso, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, São Tomé and Príncipe, Angola, Namibia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya, Malawi and Zambia. The habitat consists of open deciduous forests and woodland savanna.

<i>Acraea caecilia</i> Species of butterfly

Acraea caecilia, the pink acraea, is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae. It is found in Senegal, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Mali, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Chad, Sudan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania and Malawi. The habitat consists of savanna and dry thornbush.

<i>Acraea bonasia</i> Species of butterfly

Acraea bonasia, the bonasia acraea, is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae. It is found in Senegal, the Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Nigeria, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Angola, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya, Tanzania, Zambia and Ethiopia. The habitat consists of forests.

<i>Euphaedra medon</i> Species of butterfly

Euphaedra medon, the widespread forester, is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae. It is found in Senegal, the Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, the Republic of Congo, Angola, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania and Zambia. The habitat consists of forests and riverine vegetation.

References

  1. Groves, C. P. (2005). Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. (eds.). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 155. ISBN   0-801-88221-4. OCLC   62265494.
  2. 1 2 3 4 Matsuda Goodwin, R., Gonedelé Bi, S. & Koné, I. (2020). "Cercopithecus campbelli". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species . 2020: e.T136930A92374066. Retrieved 10 July 2020.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  3. "Campbell's monkey (Cercopithecus campbelli), Glasgow Museums - Collections Navigator" . Retrieved 23 May 2016.
  4. 1 2 Jonathan Kingdon; David Happold; Thomas Butynski; Michael Hoffmann; Meredith Happold; Jan Kalina (2013). Mammals of Africa. A&C Black. p. 129. ISBN   978-1-4081-8996-2.
  5. Rudiments of Language Discovered in Monkeys
  6. Karim Ouattara; Alban Lemasson; Klaus Zuberbühler (2009), "Campbell's Monkeys Use Affixation to Alter Call Meaning", PLOS One, 4 (11): e7808, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0007808, PMC   2771905 , PMID   19915663
  7. Karim Ouattaraa; Alban Lemassona; Klaus Zuberbühler (December 22, 2009), "Campbell's monkeys concatenate vocalizations into context-specific call sequences", PNAS, 106 (51): 22026–22031, doi:10.1073/pnas.0908118106, PMC   2799830 , PMID   20007377