Tonkean macaque

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Tonkean black macaque [1]
Macaca tonkeana groupe.jpg
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Suborder: Haplorhini
Infraorder: Simiiformes
Family: Cercopithecidae
Genus: Macaca
M. tonkeana
Binomial name
Macaca tonkeana
(Meyer, 1899)
Tonkean Macaque area.png
Tonkean macaque range
(also found on the nearby Togian Islands, not marked on this map)

The Tonkean black macaque or Tonkean macaque (Macaca tonkeana) is a species of primate in the family Cercopithecidae. It is endemic to central Sulawesi and the nearby Togian Islands in Indonesia. [1] It is threatened by habitat loss. [2] Widespread mining in central Sulawesi is believed to exacerbating the problems of habitat loss. [3]

Tonkean Macaques are rather ape-like in appearance, and males are slightly larger than females. A handful of matriarchs enforces a relatively fluid and lenient pecking order. Tonkean macaques take effort in maintaining harmony in the group and practice conflict resolution to a great degree. Despite being pacifists, matrilines remain rigid and unchanging, even if they're relaxed compared to other macaque species. However, this peacefulness does not extend to outside troops, and if two tonkean macaque troops cross paths, intense conflicts can arise.

Related Research Articles


  1. 1 2 Groves, C. P. (2005). Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. (eds.). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 165. ISBN   0-801-88221-4. OCLC   62265494.
  2. 1 2 Supriatna, J. & Richardson, M. (2008). "Macaca tonkeana". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species . IUCN. 2008: e.T12563A3359793. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T12563A3359793.en . Retrieved 13 January 2018.
  3. Syamsul Huda M.Suhari and Ruslan Sangadji, 'Mining, deforestation threaten endemic black macaque', The Jakarta Post, 11 February 2014.