Christ's College, Cambridge

Last updated

Christ's College
University of Cambridge
Christ's College First Court, Cambridge, UK - Diliff.jpg
First Court, Christ's College
Christs shield.png
Arms of Christ's College, being the arms of the foundress Lady Margaret Beaufort
Blazon: Royal arms of England a bordure componée azure and argent
Location St Andrew's Street (map)
Coordinates 52°12′23″N0°07′21″E / 52.2063°N 0.1224°E / 52.2063; 0.1224 Coordinates: 52°12′23″N0°07′21″E / 52.2063°N 0.1224°E / 52.2063; 0.1224
AbbreviationCHR [1]
MottoSouvent me Souvient (Old French)
Motto in EnglishI often remember
Founders
Established1437; refounded 1505
Named for Jesus Christ
Previous names God's House (1437–1505)
Sister colleges
Master Jane Stapleton
Undergraduates450 [3]
Postgraduates170 [3]
Endowment £107m [4]
Website www.christs.cam.ac.uk
JCR www.thejcr.co.uk
MCR www.christsmcr.co.uk
Boat club christsbc.soc.srcf.net/wp/
Map
Cambridge centre map.png
Red pog.svg
Location in Central Cambridge
Location map Cambridge.png
Red pog.svg
Location in Cambridge

Christ's College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge. The college includes the Master, the Fellows of the College, and about 450 undergraduate and 170 graduate students. [3] The college was founded by William Byngham in 1437 as God's House. In 1505, the college was granted a new royal charter, was given a substantial endowment by Lady Margaret Beaufort, and changed its name to Christ's College, becoming the twelfth of the Cambridge colleges to be founded in its current form. The college is renowned for educating some of Cambridge's most famous alumni, including Charles Darwin and John Milton.

Contents

Within Cambridge, Christ's has a reputation for highest academic standards and strong tutorial support. It has averaged 1st place on the Tompkins Table from 1980–2006 and third place from 2006 to 2013, returning to first place in 2018 and 2019.

History

Lady Margaret Beaufort, Christ's College Library Lady Margaret Christ's College Library.jpg
Lady Margaret Beaufort, Christ's College Library

Christ's College was founded by William Byngham in 1437 as God's House, on land which was soon after sold to enable the enlargement of King's College. [5] Byngham obtained the first royal licence for God's House in July 1439. [6] The college was founded to provide for the lack of grammar-school masters in England at the time, [7] and the college has been described as "the first secondary-school training college on record". [8] The original site of Godshouse was surrendered in 1443 to King's College, and currently about three quarters of King's College Chapel stands on the original site of God's House. [9]

After the original royal licence of 1439, three more licences, two in 1442 and one in 1446, were granted before in 1448 God's House received the charter upon which the college was in fact founded. [10] In this charter, King Henry VI was named as the founder, and in the same year the college moved to its current site. [11]

In 1505, the college was endowed by Lady Margaret Beaufort, mother of King Henry VII, and was given the name Christ's College, perhaps at the suggestion of her confessor, the Bishop John Fisher. [12] The expansion in the population of the college in the seventeenth century led to the building, in the 1640s, of the Fellows' Building in what is now Second Court. [12]

Buildings

The chapel, with a viewing window from the Master's Lodge Christ's College Chapel, Cambridge, UK - Diliff.jpg
The chapel, with a viewing window from the Master's Lodge
The Great Gate of Christ's College Christs Great Gate.jpg
The Great Gate of Christ's College

The original 15th/16th century college buildings now form part of First Court, including the chapel, Master's Lodge and Great Gate tower. The gate itself is disproportionate: the bottom has been cut off to accommodate a rise in street level, which can also be seen in the steps leading down to the foot of L staircase in the gate tower. The college hall, originally built at the very start of the 16th century, was restored in 1875–1879 by George Gilbert Scott the younger. The lawn of First Court is famously round, and a wisteria sprawls up the front of the Master's lodge.

Second Court is fully built up on only three sides, one of which is formed by the 1640s Fellows' Building. The fourth side backs onto the Master's garden.

The Stevenson Building in Third Court was designed by J. J. Stevenson in the 1880s and was extended in 1905 as part of the College's Quadcentenary. In 1947 Professor Albert Richardson designed a new cupola for the Stevenson building, and a second building, the neo-Georgian Chancellor's Building (W staircase, now known as The Blyth Building), completed in 1950. Third Court's Memorial Building (Y staircase), a twin of the Chancellor's building, also by Richardson, was completed in 1953 at a cost of £80,000. [13] Third Court is also noted for its display of irises in May and June, a gift to the college in 1946. [14]

The controversial tiered concrete New Court (often dubbed "the Typewriter") was designed in the Modernist style by Sir Denys Lasdun in 1966–70, and was described as "superb" in Lasdun's obituary in the Guardian. [15] Design critic Hugh Pearman comments "Lasdun had big trouble relating to the street at the overhanging rear". [16] It appears very distinctively in aerial photographs, forming part of the northern boundary of the college.

An assortment of neighbouring buildings have been absorbed into the college, of which the most notable is the Todd Building, previously Cambridge's County Hall. [17]

Through an arch in the Fellows' Building is the Fellows' Garden. It includes two mulberry trees, of which the older was planted in 1608, the same year as Milton's birth. Both trees have toppled sideways, the younger tree in the Great Storm of 1987, and are now earthed up round the trunks, but continue to fruit every year. [18]

Swimming Pool

Christ's College is one of only 5 colleges in Oxford or Cambridge to have its own swimming pool. It is fed by water from Hobson's Conduit. Recently refurbished, it is now known as the 'Malcolm Bowie Bathing Pool', and is thought to be the oldest outdoor swimming pool in the UK, dating from the mid 17th century. [19] The other four swimming pools within colleges belong to Girton College (indoor pool), Corpus Christi College (outdoor pool), Emmanuel College (outdoor pool) and Clare Hall (indoor pool).

Plan of College

ChristsCollege Overhead.jpg
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
Christ's College, Cambridge, from above
1
Great Gate
2
First Court
3
Chapel
4
Master's Lodge
5
Hall
6
Library
7
Second Court
8
Fellows' Building
9
Third Court
10
Memorial Building
11
Stevenson Building
12
Blyth Building
13
Todd Building
14
Four Staircase
15
New Court (Yusuf Hamied Centre)
16
Fellows' Garden

Academic profile

With a deserved reputation even within Cambridge for the highest academic standards, Christ's came first in the Tompkins Table's twentieth anniversary aggregate table, [20] and between 2001 and 2007, it had a mean position of third. [21] Academic excellence continues at Christ's, with 91% of students in 2013 gaining a first class degree or an upper second (II.i). This is significantly higher than the University average of 70%. [22] [23]

Christ's is noted for educating two of Cambridge's most famous alumni, the poet John Milton and the naturalist Charles Darwin, who, during the celebrations for the 800th anniversary of the University, were both placed at the foreground as two of the four most iconic individuals in the University's history. [24] [25] [26] The college has also educated Nobel Laureates including Martin Evans, James Meade, Alexander R. Todd, Baron Todd and Duncan Haldane. [27] [28] It is the University's 6th largest producer of Nobel Prize winners.[ citation needed ]

Some of the college's other famous alumni include comedians Sacha Baron Cohen, John Oliver and Andy Parsons, Lord Louis Mountbatten of Burma, South African Prime Minister Jan Smuts, historian Simon Schama, theologian William Paley and the former Archbishop of Canterbury Rowan Williams. Professor in Pediatric Oncology Michael Whitehead, husband of Canadian author Louise Penny, completed both a Bachelor's and a master's degree at Christ's College. [29] Her fictional character French native speaker Chief Inspector Armand Gamache of the Sûreté du Québec is said in her first book Still Life to have learned English while an undergraduate at Christ's College, [30] where according to A Great Reckoning he read for a degree in History.

In 2019, Umar Sadat, a vascular surgeon, who had previously completed a Masters in Philosophy, Masters in Surgery and a Doctorate in Philosophy at Christ's, was awarded the prestigious Hunterian medal and Hunterian Professorship 2019 by the Royal College of Surgeons of England, for his research on imaging of atherosclerosis [31] [32] .

Student life

Christ's College Boat Club's boathouse on the River Cam Cambridge boathouses - Christ's.jpg
Christ's College Boat Club's boathouse on the River Cam

The Junior Combination Room (JCR), represents the undergraduate students. It organises social and welfare events, and negotiates on the students' behalf on important issues. The JCR has a standing committee and a common room for all the students. The JCR's counterpart, the Middle Combination Room (MCR) represents the graduate students of the College, and has its own bar. The MCR organises regular Graduate Halls. A Garden Party is held by both the JCR and the MCR every June in the Fellows' Garden. The Senior Combination Room (SCR) is composed solely of fellows of the College and holds two feasts each year.

The Acting Chaplain of the college is Michael Dormandy.

Other societies in Christ's include:

May Ball

Christ's, like most other Cambridge Colleges, also hosts a biennial May Ball in the time after undergraduate examinations which is by students commonly known as May Week. A separate society called "Christ's College May Ball Committee" is set up every two years to organise and direct this event. In 2010, Two Door Cinema Club headlined the entertainment. The May Ball in June 2012 featured a Rio de Janeiro carnival theme. The previous May Ball, named "L'Esprit Nouveau", was held on 15 June 2010 and featured a 1920s Parisian theme.

The May Ball on Tuesday 17 June 2014 was hailed as one of the best May Balls of the year, coming close to perfection. [35] It was themed "The Emerald City".

Grace

The College Grace is normally said before any dinner held in the Formal Hall of the College. Though the student body rises for the recitation of the Grace, Christ's is one of the only Colleges in Cambridge where the students do not rise when the Fellows enter and leave the Dining Hall. This is said to be the result of a historical conflict between the Students and Fellows at Christ's, who were on opposite sides during the English Civil War. The words of the Grace are as follows:

LatinEnglish
Exhilarator omnium Christe

Sine quo nihil suave, nihil jucundum est:
Benedic, quaesumus,
cibo et potui servorum tuorum,
Quae jam ad alimoniam corporis apparavisti;
et concede ut istis muneribus tuis ad laudem tuam utamur
gratisque animis fruamur;
utque quemadmodum corpus nostrum
cibis corporalibus fovetur,
ita mens nostra spirituali verbi tui
nutrimento pascatur

Per te Dominum nostrum,

Amen.

Christ, the gladdener of all,

Without whom nothing is sweet, nothing pleasant:
Bless, we beseech you,
the food and drink of your servants,
Which you have now provided for the nourishment of the body;
And grant that we may use these gifts of yours for your praise,
And enjoy them with grateful minds;
And that, just as our body
is nourished by bodily foods,
So our mind may feed
on the spiritual nourishment of your Word.

Through you, our Lord,

Amen.

Notable people

Proctors of God's House

Masters of Christ's

Notable alumni

NameBirthDeathCareer
Prince Ra'ad bin Zeid Al-Hussein 1936Iraqi Prince
Prince Zeid Ra'ad Zeid Al-Hussein 1964 UN High Commissioner for Human Rights
William Ames 15761633Reformed Theologian
Thomas Baines 16221680Physician, original Fellow of Royal Society
Richard Bancroft 15441610Archbishop of Canterbury, Organiser of James I Bible
Jasmine Birtles 1962British financial and business commentator, television presenter, author and journalist
Jagdish Chandra Bose 18581937Indian physicist
C. Delisle Burns 18791942Atheist and secularist writer and lecturer
Brian Cantor 1948Vice-Chancellor of the University of Bradford and previously Vice-Chancellor of the University of York
Sir Anthony Caro 19242013Sculptor
Randolph Carter 18741932Explorer
Sacha Baron Cohen 1971Comedian
John Cook 19181984Prolific Anglo-American composer and organist
Miles Corbet 1594/51662Regicide
Frederick Cornwallis 17131783 Archbishop of Canterbury
John Cornwell 1940British author and journalist
John James Cowperthwaite 19162006Credited with policies allowing Hong Kong's economic boom in the 1960s
John Cridland 1961Director-General of the Confederation of British Industry
Charles Darwin 18091882British naturalist
Patrick Arthur Devlin, Baron Devlin 19051992Jurist, Lord of Appeal in Ordinary
Colin Dexter 19302017Novelist
Jill Duff 1972 Bishop-designate of Lancaster
George Dwyer 19081987Archbishop of Birmingham; Council Father of the Second Vatican Council
James Chuter Ede 18821965 Home Secretary and Leader of the House of Commons
Sir Martin Evans 1941 Biochemist, Nobel laureate in medicine
Dee Ferris 1973British Painter
John Finch 16261682Ambassador, original Fellow of Royal Society
Noel Gay 18981954Composer
Nina Gold 1964BAFTA-winning casting director
Edmund Grindal 15191583 Archbishop of Canterbury
Alfred Cort Haddon 18551940Father of modern anthropology
Duncan Haldane 1951Physicist, Nobel laureate in physics
Yusuf Hamied 1936Chemist and industrialist
Natalie Haynes 1974Writer and broadcaster and a former comedian.
John Healey 1960British politician
Derry Irvine, Baron Irvine of Lairg 1940Lord Chancellor
Phillip King 1934Sculptor
David Knowles 18961974Historian
David Konstant 1930 Roman Catholic Bishop of Leeds
John Kotelawala 18971980 Prime Minister of Ceylon (Sri Lanka)
John Leland c 15061552Father of English history
Tony Lewis 1938England and Glamorgan cricket captain; writer and broadcaster
Michael Liebreich 1963Clean energy expert, founder of Bloomberg New Energy Finance
Richard Luce 1936Lord Chamberlain
Michael Lynch 1965Founder of Autonomy Systems
Allama Mashriqi 18831963Founder of the Khaksar Tehreek
Peter Mathieson 1959 Vice-Chancellor of the University of Edinburgh
David Mellor 1949British politician
Sir Walter Mildmay 1589Founder of Emmanuel College, Cambridge
Miles Millar c 1967Hollywood screenwriter and producer
John Milton 16081674English poet
Helen Mort 1985Poet
Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma 19001979British Admiral of the Fleet and statesman
Thomas Nelson, Jr. 17381789Governor of Virginia; signer of the American Declaration of Independence
Davidson Nicol 19241994Sierra Leonean academic, diplomat, physician, and writer
John Oliver 1977British political comedian
J. Robert Oppenheimer 19041967American theoretical physicist and 'father of the atomic bomb'
Andy Parsons 1967English comedian and writer
William Paley 17431805English theologian and philosopher
Steve Palmer 1968Professional football player
John Peile 18381910Philologist
William Perkins 15581602Leading Puritan Theologian of the Elizabethan Era
Sir John Plumb 19112001British historian
Thomas Plume 16301704English clergyman, founder of the University's Plumian Chair of Astronomy and Experimental Philosophy
Roy Porter 19462002British historian
Beilby Porteus 17311809 Bishop of Chester and Bishop of London, leading reformer and abolitionist
Peter Rawlinson, Baron Rawlinson of Ewell 19192006 Attorney General for England and Wales
Forrest Reid 18751948Cambridge apostle, novelist, literary critic
Austin Robinson 18971993British Economist and economic historian
Thomas Robinson, 2nd Baron Grantham 17381786British Foreign Secretary
David Say 19392006Bishop of Rochester
Simon Schama 1945British historian, author, and television presenter
Sir Nicholas Serota 1946Director of the Tate Gallery
Walter William Skeat 18351912Philologist
Jan Smuts 18701950 Prime Minister of South Africa, Field Marshal, and Commonwealth statesman
C. P. Snow, Baron Snow 19051980British novelist and philosopher
John Soothill 19252004Paediatric immunologist
F. Gordon A. Stone 19252011British chemist
Szeming Sze 19081998Chinese Diplomat, WHO co-founder
Nicholas Tarling 19312017Historian
Sir Jeffrey Tate 1943Conductor
Henry Teonge 16201690Naval chaplain and diarist
Andrew Turnbull, Baron Turnbull 1945 Cabinet Secretary and Head of the Civil Service
Richard Whiteley 19432005British television presenter
Rowan Williams 1950British theologian, Anglican Archbishop of Canterbury, Master of Magdalene College, Cambridge
Sir Christopher Zeeman 19252016British mathematician

Related Research Articles

Trinity College, Cambridge Constituent college of the University of Cambridge in England

Trinity College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge in England. With around 600 undergraduates, 300 graduates, and over 180 fellows, it is the largest college in either of the Oxbridge universities by number of undergraduates. In terms of total student numbers, it is second only to Homerton College, Cambridge.

Downing College, Cambridge college of the University of Cambridge

Downing College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge and currently has around 650 students. Founded in 1800, it was the only college to be added to Cambridge University between 1596 and 1869, and is often described as the oldest of the new colleges and the newest of the old. Downing College was formed "for the encouragement of the study of Law and Medicine and of the cognate subjects of Moral and Natural Science", and has developed a reputation amongst Cambridge colleges for Law and Medicine.

St Johns College, Cambridge college of the University of Cambridge

St John's College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge founded by the Tudor matriarch Lady Margaret Beaufort. In constitutional terms, the college is a charitable corporation established by a charter dated 9 April 1511. The aims of the college, as specified by its statutes, are the promotion of education, religion, learning and research. It is one of the larger Oxbridge colleges in terms of student numbers. For 2018, St. John's was ranked 9th of 29 colleges in the Tompkins Table with over 30% of its students earning First-class honours.

Exeter College, Oxford constituent college of the University of Oxford

Exeter College is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in England and the fourth oldest college of the University.

St Hughs College, Oxford college of the University of Oxford

St Hugh's College is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford. It is located on a 14.5-acre (5.9-hectare) site on St Margaret's Road, to the north of the city centre. It was founded in 1886 by Elizabeth Wordsworth as a women's college, and accepted its first male students in its centenary year in 1986.

Selwyn College, Cambridge College of the University of Cambridge

Selwyn College, Cambridge is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge in the United Kingdom. The college was founded in 1882 by the Selwyn Memorial Committee in memory of George Augustus Selwyn (1809–1878), the first Bishop of New Zealand (1841–1868), and subsequently Bishop of Lichfield (1868–1878). It consists of three main courts built of stone and brick along with several secondary buildings, including adjacent townhouses and lodges serving as student hostels on Grange Road, West Road and Sidgwick Avenue. The college has some 60 Fellows and 110 non-academic staff.

Churchill College, Cambridge college of the University of Cambridge

Churchill College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge, England. It has a primary focus on science, engineering and technology, but still retains a strong interest in the arts and humanities.

University College, Durham constituent college of the University of Durham, UK

University College, informally known as Castle, is a college of Durham University in Durham, England. Centred on Durham Castle on Palace Green, it was founded in 1832 and is the oldest of Durham's colleges. As a constituent college of Durham University, it is listed as a higher education institution under section 216 of the Education Reform Act 1988. Almost all academic activities, such as research and tutoring, occur at a university level.

Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge College of the University of Cambridge

Fitzwilliam College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge, England.

Magdalene College, Cambridge constituent college of the University of Cambridge in England

Magdalene College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge. The college was founded in 1428 as a Benedictine hostel, in time coming to be known as Buckingham College, before being refounded in 1542 as the College of St Mary Magdalene. Magdalene counted some of the greatest men in the realm among its benefactors, including Britain's premier noble the Duke of Norfolk, the Duke of Buckingham and Lord Chief Justice Christopher Wray. Thomas Audley, Lord Chancellor under Henry VIII, was responsible for the refoundation of the college and also established its motto—garde ta foy. Audley's successors in the Mastership and as benefactors of the College were, however, prone to dire ends; several benefactors were arraigned at various stages on charges of high treason and executed.

Robinson College, Cambridge college of the University of Cambridge

Robinson College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge, England. Founded in 1977, Robinson is one of the newest Oxbridge colleges and is unique in having been intended, from its inception, for both undergraduate and graduate students of both sexes.

Emmanuel College, Cambridge College of the University of Cambridge

Emmanuel College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge. The college was founded in 1584 by Sir Walter Mildmay, Chancellor of the Exchequer to Elizabeth I.

Corpus Christi College, Cambridge College of the University of Cambridge, founded 1352

Corpus Christi College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge. It is notable as the only college founded by Cambridge townspeople: it was established in 1352 by the Guild of Corpus Christi and the Guild of the Blessed Virgin Mary, making it the sixth-oldest college in Cambridge. With around 250 undergraduates and 200 postgraduates, it also has the second smallest student body of the traditional colleges of the University.

Girton College, Cambridge college of the University of Cambridge

Girton College is one of the 31 constituent colleges of the University of Cambridge. The college was established in 1869 by Emily Davies, Barbara Bodichon, and Lady Stanley of Alderley as the first women's college in Cambridge. In 1948, it was granted full college status by the university, marking the official admittance of women to the university. In 1976, it was the first Cambridge women's college to become coeducational.

Trevelyan College, Durham constituent college of the University of Durham, UK

Trevelyan College is a college of Durham University, England. Founded in 1966, the college takes its name from social historian George Macaulay Trevelyan, Chancellor of the University from 1950 to 1957. Originally an all-female college, the college became fully mixed in 1992.

Van Mildert College, Durham constituent college of the University of Durham, UK

Van Mildert College is a college of Durham University in England. Founded in 1965, it takes its name from William Van Mildert, Prince-Bishop of Durham from 1826 to 1836 and a leading figure in the University's 1832 foundation. Originally an all-male college, it became the first Durham college to become co-educational in 1972 with the admission of female undergraduates.

Common room (university)

In some universities in the United Kingdom and Ireland — particularly collegiate universities such as Oxford and Cambridge, as well as King's College London, Dublin University, Durham University, University of York, University of Kent and Lancaster University — students and the academic body are organised into a common room, or at Cambridge a combination room. This terminology has, in addition, been taken up in some universities in other English-speaking nations. The terms JCR, MCR, and SCR are used by Harvard University, Yale University, Princeton University, and the University of Toronto.

Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge college of the University of Cambridge

Gonville & Caius College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge in Cambridge, England. The college is the fourth-oldest college at the University of Cambridge and one of the wealthiest. The college has been attended by many students who have gone on to significant accomplishment, including fifteen Nobel Prize winners, the second-most of any Oxbridge college.

University of Cambridge university in Cambridge, United Kingdom

The University of Cambridge is a collegiate public research university in Cambridge, United Kingdom. Founded in 1209 and granted a royal charter by King Henry III in 1231, Cambridge is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world and the world's fourth-oldest surviving university. The university grew out of an association of scholars who left the University of Oxford after a dispute with the townspeople. The two 'ancient universities' share many common features and are often referred to jointly as 'Oxbridge'. The academic standards, history, influence and wealth of the University of Cambridge has made it one of the most prestigious universities in the world.

Jesus College, Cambridge constituent college of the University of Cambridge, England

Jesus College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge, England. The college's full name is The College of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Saint John the Evangelist and the glorious Virgin Saint Radegund, near Cambridge. Its common name comes from the name of its chapel, Jesus Chapel.

References

Footnotes

  1. University of Cambridge (6 March 2019). "Notice by the Editor". Cambridge University Reporter . 149 (Special No 5): 1. Retrieved 20 March 2019.
  2. "Fellows' Guide to Christ's College". Christ's College. Retrieved 8 October 2015.[ permanent dead link ]
  3. 1 2 3 "Undergraduate Admissions: Christ's College". University of Cambridge website. Retrieved 2 August 2009.
  4. https://www.christs.cam.ac.uk/sites/www.christs.cam.ac.uk/files/inline-files/RCCA%202018-19%20v9%20FINAL.pdf
  5. Lloyd, A.H. The Early History of Christ's College. p. 13.
  6. Lloyd, A.H. The Early History of Christ's College. p. 24.
  7. Lloyd, A.H. The Early History of Christ's College. p. 37.
  8. Leach. The Schools of Medieval England. p. 257.
  9. Lloyd, A.H. The Early History of Christ's College. pp. 44–45.
  10. Lloyd, A.H. The Early History of Christ's College. p. 86.
  11. Lloyd, A.H. The Early History of Christ's College. p. 73.
  12. 1 2 "College History". Christ's College, Cambridge. Retrieved 6 October 2015.
  13. Christ's College Magazine, Michaelmas 1953
  14. Christ's College Magazine no. 228, p 53, 2003
  15. "Architects pay tribute to Denys Lasdun". the Guardian. Retrieved 13 September 2014.
  16. "The Legacy of Lasdun". Archived from the original on 5 March 2012.
  17. Pevsner, Nikolaus (1970). The Buildings of England: Cambridgeshire. London: Penguin. p. 232. ISBN   978-0300205961.
  18. Christ's College Magazine no. 228, p 56, 2003
  19. "Malcolm Bowie Bathing Pool". Christ's College, Cambridge. Archived from the original on 25 May 2014. Retrieved 13 September 2014.
  20. "Christ's top of 20-year table of Cambridge colleges". The Independent. Retrieved 13 September 2014.
  21. https://web.archive.org/web/20090801230649/http://www.mattmayer.com/fun/tompkins/. Archived from the original on 1 August 2009. Retrieved 8 October 2015.Missing or empty |title= (help)
  22. "Supporting Applicants" (PDF). University of Cambridge. Retrieved 13 September 2014.
  23. "Christ's College Annual Magazine 2013". Christ's College, Cambridge. Retrieved 13 September 2014.
  24. "Quentin Blake unveils Cambridge 800 panorama | University of Cambridge". Cam.ac.uk. 28 September 2009. Retrieved 10 July 2014.
  25. University education (18 January 2009). "Cambridge University's 800th birthday celebrated with spectacular light show". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 10 July 2014.
  26. "University's history writ large on screen | Cambridge City News, Cambridge Local News Stories & Latest Headlines". Cambridge News. Archived from the original on 24 December 2013. Retrieved 10 July 2014.
  27. "University of Cambridge Nobel Laureates" . Retrieved 8 October 2015.
  28. "Christ's College Distinguished Members". Christ's College. Archived from the original on 23 October 2015. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
  29. "In Memoriam: V. Michael Whitehead (1934–2016)". McGill Med e-news. Retrieved 18 June 2018.
  30. "A murder by any other name". Beyond Words – Canada's Official Languages Newsletter, May 2012. 7 July 2014. Retrieved 18 June 2017.
  31. sitecore\asu@rcseng.ac.uk. "Cardiovascular research delivered at 2019 Hunterian Lectures". Royal College of Surgeons. Retrieved 12 January 2020.
  32. Jackson, Cordelia (4 December 2019). "Hunterian Professor Dr Umar Sadat receives the prestigious Hunterian medal 2019". For staff. Retrieved 12 January 2020.
  33. "Official Christ's College Website; Distinguished Alumni". Christ's College, Cambridge. Archived from the original on 18 January 2013. Retrieved 13 September 2014.
  34. "Rugby Varsity Match 1960: First Half Highlights". YouTube. Retrieved 13 September 2014.
  35. "Christ's May Ball 2014: Close to Perfection".

Bibliography