Green Man, Leytonstone

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Green Man
O'neil's Pub, formerly The Green Man - geograph.org.uk - 805812.jpg
The pub in 2008
General information
Type Public house
Location Leytonstone, London, England
Coordinates 51°34′14″N0°0′56″E / 51.57056°N 0.01556°E / 51.57056; 0.01556 Coordinates: 51°34′14″N0°0′56″E / 51.57056°N 0.01556°E / 51.57056; 0.01556
Construction started1668 (1668)

The Green Man is a pub and road junction on High Road, Leytonstone, London. The pub has been rebranded as part of the O'Neill's chain. The current 1920s building replaced an earlier public house on the same site, built around 1668; it was mentioned by Daniel Defoe.

Pub drinking establishment

A pub, or public house, is an establishment licensed to sell alcoholic drinks, which traditionally include beer and cider. It is a social drinking establishment and a prominent part of British, Irish, Breton, New Zealand, South African and Australian cultures. In many places, especially in villages, a pub is the focal point of the community. In his 17th-century diary Samuel Pepys described the pub as "the heart of England".

Leytonstone area of east London

Leytonstone is an area of East London, and part of the London Borough of Waltham Forest. It is a suburban area, located seven miles north-east of Charing Cross in Greater London. It borders Walthamstow to the north-west, Wanstead to the north, Stratford and Leyton to the south, and Forest Gate to the east. The area is served by Leytonstone tube station on the Central line & Leytonstone High Road on London Overground's Gospel Oak to Barking line. The northern end of Leytonstone High Road, beside Wanstead Flats, is known as Bushwood.

London Capital of the United Kingdom

London is the capital and largest city of England and the United Kingdom. Standing on the River Thames in the south-east of England, at the head of its 50-mile (80 km) estuary leading to the North Sea, London has been a major settlement for two millennia. Londinium was founded by the Romans. The City of London, London's ancient core − an area of just 1.12 square miles (2.9 km2) and colloquially known as the Square Mile − retains boundaries that follow closely its medieval limits. The City of Westminster is also an Inner London borough holding city status. Greater London is governed by the Mayor of London and the London Assembly.

Contents

Pub

There has been a pub at this location since around 1668. [1] On 22 August 1722, Christopher Layer and Stephen Lynch were arrested in the pub over a plot to assassinate King George I. A robbery by Dick Turpin reportedly took place outside the premises on 30 April 1737, when Turpin attacked Joseph Major and took his horse and around £7 to £8 in silver. [2] [3]

Christopher Layer (1683–1723) was an English Jacobite conspirator, executed for high treason in 1723 for his part in what became known as the Atterbury Plot.

Atterbury Plot

The Atterbury Plot was a conspiracy led by Francis Atterbury, Bishop of Rochester and Dean of Westminster, aimed at the restoration of the House of Stuart to the throne of Great Britain. It came some years after the unsuccessful Jacobite Rising of 1715, at a time when the Whig government of the new Hanoverian king was deeply unpopular.

Dick Turpin 18th-century English highwayman

Richard Turpin was an English highwayman whose exploits were romanticised following his execution in York for horse theft. Turpin may have followed his father's trade as a butcher early in his life but, by the early 1730s, he had joined a gang of deer thieves and, later, became a poacher, burglar, horse thief and killer. He is also known for a fictional 200-mile (320 km) overnight ride from London to York on his horse Black Bess, a story that was made famous by the Victorian novelist William Harrison Ainsworth almost 100 years after Turpin's death.

The pub is named by Daniel Defoe in his account "Tour through the Eastern Counties of England", published as part of A tour thro' the whole island of Great Britain in 1724: "the great road passed up to Leytonstone, a place by some known now as much by the sign of the Green Man, formerly a lodge upon the edge of the forest". [4]

Daniel Defoe 18th-century English trader, writer and journalist

Daniel Defoe, born Daniel Foe, was an English trader, writer, journalist, pamphleteer and spy. He is most famous for his novel Robinson Crusoe, which is second only to the Bible in its number of translations. He has been seen as one of the earliest proponents of the English novel, and helped to popularise the form in Britain with others such as Aphra Behn and Samuel Richardson. Defoe wrote many political tracts and often was in trouble with the authorities, including a spell in prison. Intellectuals and political leaders paid attention to his fresh ideas and sometimes consulted with him.

A tour thro' the whole island of Great Britain is an account of his travels by English author Daniel Defoe, first published in three volumes between 1724 and 1727. Other than Robinson Crusoe, Tour was Defoe's most popular and financially successful work during the eighteenth century. Pat Rogers notes that in Defoe’s use of the “literary vehicle that could straddle the literal and the imaginative,” “Nothing...anticipated Defoe’s Tour”. Thanks in part to his extensive travels and colourful background as a soldier, businessman, and spy, Defoe had “hit on the best blend of objective fact and personal commentary” in his descriptions of locations and trips around Britain.

By the end of the 18th century, it had become the most important inn in the local area, as it sat on the main coaching road from London to Cambridge and Newmarket. [2] In the early 20th century, the pub included a room known as the "Dick Turpin chamber" and was reputed to be haunted. [1]

Cambridge City and non-metropolitan district in England

Cambridge is a university city and the county town of Cambridgeshire, England, on the River Cam approximately 50 miles (80 km) north of London. At the United Kingdom Census 2011, its population was 123,867 including 24,506 students. Cambridge became an important trading centre during the Roman and Viking ages, and there is archaeological evidence of settlement in the area as early as the Bronze Age. The first town charters were granted in the 12th century, although modern city status was not officially conferred until 1951.

Newmarket, Suffolk Market town in Suffolk, England

Newmarket is a market town in the English county of Suffolk, approximately 65 miles north of London. It is generally considered the birthplace and global centre of thoroughbred horse racing and a potential World Heritage Site. It is a major local business cluster, with annual investment rivalling that of the Cambridge Science Park, the other major cluster in the region. It is the largest racehorse training centre in Britain, the largest racehorse breeding centre in the country, home to most major British horseracing institutions, and a key global centre for horse health. Two Classic races, and an additional three British Champions Series races are held at Newmarket every year. The town has had close royal connections since the time of James I, who built a palace there, and was also a base for Charles I, Charles II, and most monarchs since. The current monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, visits the town often to see her horses in training.

The current premises dates from the late 1920s. [2] The pub has been rebranded and is now trading as part of the O'Neill's chain. [5]

O'Neill's is an Irish-themed pub chain with 49 outlets in the United Kingdom. The chain is operated by Mitchells & Butlers, one of the largest pub companies in the UK. Pubs are located across the whole of the UK, except for Northern Ireland, where there are none.

Road junction

The road junction in 1955; Bush Road is on the far right, Cambridge Park Road in the centre, and the tramway terminal inbetween. Leytonstone, 1955- intersection on A12 at the Green Man (geograph 4683687).jpg
The road junction in 1955; Bush Road is on the far right, Cambridge Park Road in the centre, and the tramway terminal inbetween.

The junction is now a roundabout which connects the A12, a major road from London to Colchester, High Road, Leytonstone and Whipps Cross Road. There are a number of cycle lanes underneath the roundabout that provide access between Leytonstone town centre and Epping Forest. [6] London Buses route 257 runs through the junction and has a stop marked "Green Man Roundabout". [7]

Roundabout Traffic intersection

A roundabout is a type of circular intersection or junction in which road traffic is permitted to flow in one direction around a central island, and priority is typically given to traffic already in the junction.

A12 road (England) Major road in England, runs between London and Great Yarmouth in Norfolk

The A12 is a major road in England. It runs north-east /south-west between London and the coastal town of Lowestoft in the North-Eastern corner of Suffolk, it follows a similar route to the Great Eastern Main Line. A section of the road between Lowestoft and Great Yarmouth became part of the A47 in 2017, and this forms part of the unsigned Euroroute E30. Unlike most A roads, a significant portion of the A12 has junction numbers as if it were a motorway.

Colchester town in Essex, United Kingdom

Colchester is a historic market town and the largest settlement within the borough of Colchester in the county of Essex. Colchester was the first Roman-founded city in Britain, and Colchester lays claim to be regarded as Britain's oldest recorded town. It was for a time the capital of Roman Britain, and is a member of the Most Ancient European Towns Network.

The North Metropolitan Tramways Co constructed a tramway along High Road, Leytonstone, with the terminal junction at the Green Man opening in 1878. [8]

The original route of the North Circular Road, planned around 1916, ended at this junction. [9] The roundabout was constructed between 1963 and 1965; [10] the A12 underpass opened in 1999. [11] [ unreliable source? ]

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Epping Forest royal forest

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References

  1. 1 2 Roud, Steve (2012). London Lore: The legends and traditions of the world's most vibrant city. Random House. p. 277. ISBN   978-1-409-03619-7.
  2. 1 2 3 "Leytonstone" (PDF). Leyton History Society. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  3. Hagger, Nicholas (2012). A View of Epping Forest. John Hunt Publishing. p. 81. ISBN   978-1-846-94587-8.
  4. Defoe, Daniel (1724). A Tour Thro' the Whole Island of Great Britain, divided into circuits or journeys, vol.1.
  5. "O'Neill's Irish pub undergoes facelift to please Leytonstone's 'hip' newcomers". East London and West Essex Guardian. 4 April 2017. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  6. Leytonstone Town Centre (PDF) (Report). London Borough of Waltham Forest. 16 February 2012. p. 2. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  7. "Green Man Roundabout". Transport for London . Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  8. 'Leyton: Introduction', in A History of the County of Essex: Volume 6, ed. W R Powell (London, 1973), pp. 174-184. British History Online [accessed 9 October 2019]
  9. Smith, Denis (2001). London and the Thames Valley. Thomas Telford. p. 143. ISBN   978-0-727-72876-0.
  10. "London-Norwich-Trunk Road, A11/12: construction of roundabout at `Green Man', Leytonstone". National Archives. 1965. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  11. "A12 – M11 Link Road Official Opening 6 October". wussu.com. Retrieved 28 December 2009.