Hastings (UK Parliament constituency)

Last updated
Hastings
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
1366–1983
Number of membersone
Replaced by Hastings and Rye

Hastings was a parliamentary constituency in Sussex. It returned two Members of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom until the 1885 general election, when its representation was reduced to one member. It was abolished for the 1983 general election, when it was partially replaced by the new Hastings and Rye constituency.

Contents

Boundaries

1918–1950: The County Borough of Hastings.

1950–1955: The County Borough of Hastings, the Municipal Borough of Rye, and part of the Rural District of Battle.

1955–1983:

Members of Parliament

MPs 1366–1640

ParliamentFirst memberSecond member
1386 John Clyvessend Edward Martham [1]
1378 John Salerne
1382 (May) John Salerne
1383 (Feb) John Salerne
1383 (Oct) John Salerne
1388 (Feb) John Clyvessend Edward Martham [1]
1388 (Sep) Richard Bannok John Scott [1]
1390 (Jan) John Clyvessend Richard Wybard [1]
1390 (Nov)
1391 John Clyvessend Richard Bannok [1]
1393 John Scott John Sharp [1]
1394
1395 Edward Martham John Hokere [1]
1397 (Jan) John Clyvessend John Hokere [1]
1397 (Sep)
1399 Edward Martham Henry Mordant [1]
1401
1402 John Sharp Robert Burgrove [1]
1404 (Jan)
1404 (Oct)
1406 Henry Mordant John Bexle [1]
1407 Robert Burgrove Thomas Wybard [1]
1410 Edward Martham John Harry [1]
1411
1413 (Feb)
1413 (May) Henry Mordant Richard Huntingdon [1]
1414 (Apr)
1414 (Nov) Jihn Sharp Thomas Julyan [1]
1415
1416 (Mar)
1416 (Oct)
1417 John Lyvett Richard Huntingdon [1]
1419 Simon Lymbergh John Martham [1]
1420 Simon Lymbergh William Courthope [1]
1421 (May) John Parker William Courthope [1]
1421 (Dec) Richard Huntingdon William Courthope [1]
1510No names known [2]
1512 Robert Hall Henry Benever [2]
1515?
1523 Edmund Jacklin alias Bocher Edmund Franke [2]
1529 Richard Calveley Thomas Shoyswell [2]
by 1534 John Durrant John Taylor [2]
1536?John Durrant ?John Taylor [2]
1539?
1542 John Franke Richard Bishop [2]
1545?
1547 Sir William Stafford John Isted [2]
1553 (Mar) John Isted ?
1553 (Oct) Thomas Rhodes John Peyton [2]
1554 (Apr) John Franke John Isted [2]
1554 (Nov) Thomas Rhodes John Peyton [2]
1555 Thomas Rhodes Roger Manwood [2]
1558 Thomas Brett Henry Tennant [2]
1559 John Franke James Hobson [3]
1562/3 Sir William Damsell [4] Richard Lyffe [3]
1571 Richard Lyffe James Bryan [3]
1572 Richard Lyffe Thomas Lake [3]
1584 Thomas Lake Thomas Phillips [3]
1586 Thomas Lake Thomas Phillips [3]
1588/9 Richard Lyffe John Parker [3]
1593 Richard Lyffe Henry Apsley [3]
1597 Richard Lyffe Edmund Pelham [3]
1601 Sir Thomas Shirley Richard Lyffe [3]
1604–1611 Richard Lyffe died and
replaced by
James Lasher
Sir George Carew ennobled and
replaced 1605 by
Sir Edward Hales [5]
1614 Sir Edward Hales James Lasher
1621 Samuel Moore James Lasher
1624 Nicholas Eversfield Samuel Moore
1625 Nicholas Eversfield Sackville Crowe
1626 Sir Dudley Carleton
replaced by Sir Thomas Parker
Nicholas Eversfield
1628 John Ashburnham Nicholas Eversfield

MPs 1640–1885

Election1st Member1st Party2nd Member2nd Party
April 1640 Sir John Baker Robert Reed
November 1640 John Ashburnham Royalist (Sir) Thomas Eversfield Royalist
February 1644Ashburnham and Eversfield disabled from sitting - both seats vacant
1645 John Pelham Roger Gratwick
December 1648Pelham excluded in Pride's Purge - seat vacant
1653Hastings was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament and the First and Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
January 1659 Samuel Gott Nicholas Delves
May 1659 Not represented in the restored Rump
April 1660 Sir Denny Ashburnham Nicholas Delves
1661 Edmund Waller
1679 Sir Robert Parker John Ashburnham
1681 Thomas Mun
1685 Sir Denny Ashburnham John Ashburnham
Jan 1689 Thomas Mun
Aug 1689 John Beaumont
1690 Peter Gott
1695 John Pulteney Robert Austen
1698 Peter Gott
1701 John Mounsher
1702 Hon. William Ashburnham
Feb 1710 John Ashburnham Tory
Oct 1710 Sir William Ashburnham Sir Joseph Martin
1713 Archibald Hutcheson
1715 Henry Pelham
1722 Sir William Ashburnham
1727 Thomas Townshend [6]
1728 Thomas Pelham
1741 James Pelham Andrew Stone Whig
1761 Hon. James Brudenell William Ashburnham
1768 Samuel Martin
1774 Henry Temple Charles Jenkinson
1780 John Ord
1784 John Dawes John Stanley Tory [7]
1790 Sir Richard Pepper Arden Tory [7]
1794 Robert Dundas Tory [7]
1796 Sir James Sanderson Tory [7] Nicholas Vansittart Tory [7]
1798 William Sturges Tory [7]
1802 Sylvester Douglas Tory [7] George Gunning Tory [7]
1806 Sir John Nicholl Sir William Fowle Middleton Tory [7]
1807 George Canning Tory [7] Sir Abraham Hume Tory [7]
1812 James Dawkins Tory [7]
1818 George Peter Holford Tory [7]
1820 William Scott Tory [7]
June 1826Sir William Curtis, Bt. Tory [7] Sir Charles Wetherell Tory [7]
December 1826 Evelyn Denison Whig [7] James Lushington Tory [7]
1827 Joseph Planta Tory [7]
1830 Sir Henry Fane Tory [7]
1831 John Ashley Warre Whig [8] [9] [10] [7] Frederick North Whig [11] [8] [12] [7]
1835 Howard Elphinstone Radical [10] [13] [14] [15] [16]
1837 Joseph Planta Conservative [7] Robert Hollond Radical [17] [18] [19]
1844 Musgrave Brisco Conservative [7]
1852 Patrick Francis Robertson Conservative
1854 Frederick North Whig [11] [8] [12]
1859 Liberal Lord Harry Vane Liberal
1864 Hon. George Waldegrave-Leslie Liberal
1865 Patrick Francis Robertson Conservative
1868 Thomas Brassey Liberal Frederick North Liberal
1869 Ughtred Kay-Shuttleworth Liberal
1880 Charles James Murray Conservative
1883 Henry Bret Ince Liberal
1885 Redistribution of Seats Act: representation reduced to one member

MPs 1885–1983

ElectionMemberParty
1885 Thomas Brassey Liberal
1886 Wilson Noble Conservative
1895 William Lucas-Shadwell Conservative
1900 Freeman Freeman-Thomas Liberal
1906 Harvey du Cros Conservative
1908 by-election Sir Arthur du Cros Conservative
1918 Laurance Lyon Coalition Conservative
1921 by-election Lord Eustace Percy Coalition Conservative
1937 by-election Maurice Hely-Hutchinson Conservative
1945 Sir Neill Cooper-Key Conservative
1970 Kenneth Warren Conservative
1983 constituency abolished: see Hastings and Rye

Elections

Elections in the 1840s

General election 1841: Hastings [20] [7]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Radical Robert Hollond Unopposed
Conservative Joseph Planta Unopposed
Registered electors 952
Radical hold
Conservative hold

Planta resigned by accepting the office of Steward of the Chiltern Hundreds, causing a by-election.

By-election, 30 March 1844: Hastings [20] [7]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Musgrave Brisco 51374.7N/A
Radical Robert Ross Rowan Moore 17425.3N/A
Majority33949.3N/A
Turnout 68779.9N/A
Registered electors 860
Conservative hold Swing N/A
General election 1847: Hastings [20]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Radical Robert Hollond 42327.0N/A
Conservative Musgrave Brisco 40726.0N/A
Whig John Ashley Warre 38724.7N/A
Conservative Patrick Francis Robertson 34822.2N/A
Independent Liberal William Downing Bruce [21] 00.0N/A
Turnout 783 (est)86.1 (est)N/A
Registered electors 909
Majority161.0N/A
Radical hold Swing N/A
Majority201.3N/A
Conservative hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1850s

General election 1852: Hastings [20]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Patrick Francis Robertson 50127.1+4.9
Conservative Musgrave Brisco 48726.3+0.3
Whig John Ashley Warre 47725.8+1.1
Radical John Locke [22] [23] 38620.96.1
Majority100.50.8
Turnout 926 (est)84.9 (est)1.2
Registered electors 1,090
Conservative hold Swing +4.0
Conservative gain from Radical Swing +1.7

Brisco resigned by accepting the office of Steward of the Chiltern Hundreds, causing a by-election.

By-election, 10 May 1854: Hastings [20]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Whig Frederick North Unopposed
Whig gain from Conservative
General election 1857: Hastings [20]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Whig Frederick North Unopposed
Conservative Patrick Francis Robertson Unopposed
Registered electors 1,199
Whig gain from Conservative
Conservative hold
General election 1859: Hastings [20]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Frederick North 61333.5N/A
Liberal Harry Vane 55730.5N/A
Conservative Patrick Francis Robertson 42923.5N/A
Conservative William Drew Lucas-Shadwell [24] 23012.6N/A
Majority1287.0N/A
Turnout 915 (est)74.0 (est)N/A
Registered electors 1,235
Liberal hold Swing N/A
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing N/A

Elections in the 1860s

Powlett succeeded to the peerage, becoming Duke of Cleveland, and causing a by-election.

By-election, 6 October 1864: Hastings [20]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal George Waldegrave-Leslie 64551.112.9
Conservative Patrick Francis Robertson 61648.9+12.8
Majority292.34.7
Turnout 1,26178.2+4.2
Registered electors 1,613
Liberal hold Swing 12.9
General election 1865: Hastings [20]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal George Waldegrave-Leslie 74626.63.9
Conservative Patrick Francis Robertson 73726.3+2.8
Liberal Frederick North 72826.07.5
Conservative John Eldon Gorst 59121.1+8.5
Turnout 1,401 (est)74.9 (est)+0.9
Registered electors 1,871
Majority90.36.7
Liberal hold Swing 4.8
Majority90.3N/A
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +4.3
Brassey Brassey1.JPG
Brassey
General election 1868: Hastings [20]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Thomas Brassey 1,50831.5+4.9
Liberal Frederick North 1,44630.2+4.2
Conservative Somerset Gough-Calthorpe [25] 96720.26.1
Conservative Clement Arthur Thurston87318.22.9
Majority47910.0+9.7
Turnout 2,397 (est)85.6 (est)+10.7
Registered electors 2,801
Liberal hold Swing +3.9
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +5.2

North's death caused a by-election.

By-election, 18 November 1869: Hastings [20]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Ughtred Kay-Shuttleworth 1,21852.98.8
Conservative Patrick Francis Robertson 1,08447.1+8.7
Majority1345.84.2
Turnout 2,30282.23.4
Registered electors 2,801
Liberal hold Swing 8.8

Elections in the 1870s

General election 1874: Hastings [20]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Thomas Brassey 1,72131.8+0.3
Liberal Ughtred Kay-Shuttleworth 1,49527.72.5
Conservative Patrick Francis Robertson 1,24423.0+2.8
Conservative Richard Nicholson [26] 94517.50.7
Majority2514.65.4
Turnout 2,703 (est)87.7 (est)+2.1
Registered electors 3,082
Liberal hold Swing +0.5
Liberal hold Swing 2.7

Elections in the 1880s

General election 1880: Hastings [20]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Charles James Murray 1,87334.65.9
Liberal Thomas Brassey 1,83834.0+2.2
Liberal Ughtred Kay-Shuttleworth 1,70231.4+3.7
Majority350.6N/A
Turnout 3,711 (est)95.0 (est)+7.3
Registered electors 3,905
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing 3.3
Liberal hold Swing +2.6

Brassey was appointed a Civil Lord of the Admiralty, requiring a by-election.

By-election, 10 May 1880: Hastings [20]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Thomas Brassey Unopposed
Liberal hold

Murray resigned, causing a by-election.

By-election, 2 Jul 1883: Hastings [20]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Henry Bret Ince 2,13850.415.0
Conservative John Henry Boyer Warner [27] 2,10149.6+15.0
Majority370.9N/A
Turnout 4,23989.45.6 (est)
Registered electors 4,743
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing
General election 1885: Hastings [28] [29] [30]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Thomas Brassey 2,71251.513.9
Conservative Wilson Noble 2,55048.5+13.9
Majority1623.0N/A
Turnout 5,26292.82.2 (est)
Registered electors 5,672
Liberal hold Swing 13.9
General election 1886: Hastings [28] [29]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Wilson Noble 2,76555.4+6.9
Liberal Thomas Seymour Brand2,23044.6-6.9
Majority53510.8N/A
Turnout 4,99588.1-4.7
Registered electors 5,672
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +6.9

Elections in the 1890s

Hemphill Charles Hemphill.jpg
Hemphill
General election 1892: Hastings [28] [29]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Wilson Noble 3,07753.91.5
Liberal Charles Hemphill 2,62846.1+1.5
Majority4497.83.0
Turnout 5,70586.81.3
Registered electors 6,576
Conservative hold Swing +1.5
Lucas-Shadwell William Lucas-Shadwell.jpg
Lucas-Shadwell
General election 1895: Hastings [28] [29] [31]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative William Lucas-Shadwell 3,20552.8-1.1
Liberal Cecil Henry Blundell Ince2,86347.2+1.1
Majority3425.6-2.2
Turnout 6,06883.23.6
Registered electors 7,292
Conservative hold Swing -1.1

Elections in the 1900s

Thomas Freeman Thomas.jpg
Thomas
General election 1900: Hastings [28] [29] [31]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Freeman Freeman-Thomas 3,39951.6+4.4
Conservative Edward Boyle 3,19148.44.4
Majority2083.2N/A
Turnout 6,59080.92.3
Registered electors 8,142
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +4.4
General election 1906: Hastings [28] [29]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Harvey du Cros 4,34852.5+4.1
Liberal Freeman Freeman-Thomas 3,93547.54.1
Majority4135.0N/A
Turnout 8,28394.6+13.7
Registered electors 8,758
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +4.1
Du Cros Arthur du Cros.jpg
Du Cros
1908 Hastings by-election [29]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Arthur Du Cros 4,49556.4+3.9
Liberal Robert Harcourt 3,47743.63.9
Majority1,01812.8+7.8
Turnout 7,97291.63.0
Registered electors 8,707
Conservative hold Swing +3.9

Elections in the 1910s

General election January 1910: Hastings [28] [32]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Arthur Du Cros 4,63454.7-1.7
Liberal Robert Tweedy-Smith3,83345.3+1.7
Majority8019.4-3.4
Turnout 93.8+2.2
Conservative hold Swing -1.7
General election December 1910: Hastings [28] [32]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Arthur Du Cros 4,39755.6
Liberal Arthur Frederick William Johnson3,51544.4
Majority88211.2
Turnout 87.6
Conservative hold Swing

General Election 1914/15

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

General election 1918: Hastings [33]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
C Unionist Laurance Lyon 11,21075.9+20.3
Labour Joseph George Butler 3,55624.1N/A
Majority7,65451.8+40.6
Turnout 14,76659.228.4
Registered electors 24,958
Unionist hold Swing N/A
Cindicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

Elections in the 1920s

Lord Percy Portrait of Lord Eustace Percy.jpg
Lord Percy
1921 Hastings by-election [33]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Coalition Unionist Eustace Percy 11,68554.721.2
Labour Richard Davies 5,43725.5+1.4
Liberal Arthur Blackman4,24019.8N/A
Majority6,24829.222.6
Turnout 21,36278.0+18.8
Registered electors 27,386
Unionist hold Swing 11.3
General election 1922: Hastings [33]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Unionist Eustace Percy 13,99168.37.6
Labour Richard Davies 6,49231.7+7.6
Majority7,49936.615.2
Turnout 20,48371.2+12.0
Registered electors 28,785
Unionist hold Swing 7.6
Maria Gordon May Ogilvie Gordon.jpg
Maria Gordon
1923 general election: Hastings [34]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Unionist Eustace Percy 11,91452.615.7
Liberal Maria Gordon 5,87625.9N/A
Labour Richard Davies 4,85921.510.2
Majority6,03826.79.9
Turnout 22,64976.4+5.2
Registered electors 29,662
Unionist hold Swing 2.8
General election 1924: Hastings [33]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Unionist Eustace Percy 15,21771.4+18.8
Labour Muriel Matters 6,08228.6+7.1
Majority9,13542.8+16.1
Turnout 21,29970.55.9
Registered electors 30,195
Unionist hold Swing +5.9
General election 1929: Hastings [33]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Unionist Eustace Percy 15,92852.319.1
Liberal Thomas Austen Edwin Spearing8,00426.3N/A
Labour Basil Noble6,51621.47.2
Majority7,92426.016.8
Turnout 30,44873.4+2.9
Registered electors 41,503
Unionist hold Swing 6.0

Elections in the 1930s

General election 1931: Hastings [33]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Eustace Percy 22,64070.3
Labour Irene Goddard4,98315.5
Liberal Thomas Austen Edwin Spearing4,56114.2
Majority17,65754.9
Turnout 32,18473.8
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1935: Hastings [33]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Eustace Percy 20,90569.0
Labour William Wate Wood9,40431.0
Majority11,50138.0
Turnout 30,30966.5
Conservative hold Swing
1937 Hastings by-election [33]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Maurice Hely-Hutchinson 18,42862.1
Labour William Wate Wood11,24437.9
Majority7,18424.2
Turnout 65.3
Conservative hold Swing

General Election 1939/40

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;

Elections in the 1940s

General election 1945: Hastings [33]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Neill Cooper-Key 14,10551.8
Labour Lewis Gassman10,58038.8
Independent Progressive Sydney Muller Parkman2,5649.4n/a
Majority3,52513.0
Turnout 74.9
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s

General election 1950: Hastings [33]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Neill Cooper-Key 30,03552.92
Labour Lewis Cohen 17,60331.01
Liberal Peter L. M. Hurd9,12216.07
Majority12,43221.90
Turnout 82.14
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1951: Hastings [33]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Neill Cooper-Key 34,49563.74
Labour Catherine Williamson 19,62136.26
Majority14,87427.49
Turnout 77.36
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1955: Hastings [33]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Neill Cooper-Key 20,46955.77
Labour Reginald George White11,93332.51
Liberal John Montgomerie4,30311.72
Majority8,53623.26
Turnout 75.69
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1959: Hastings [33]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Neill Cooper-Key 22,45862.32
Labour James Paterson Bryant13,57637.68
Majority8,88224.65
Turnout 74.19
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s

General election 1964: Hastings [33]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Neill Cooper-Key 16,90244.55
Labour Harry Arthur Fountain11,32429.85
Liberal Jeremy John Arnold9,71625.61
Majority5,57814.70
Turnout 76.34
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1966: Hastings [33]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Neill Cooper-Key 15,32440.27
Labour Cyril Bernard Kissen12,98434.12
Liberal Jeremy John Arnold9,74425.61
Majority2,3406.15
Turnout 76.41
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s

General election 1970: Hastings [33]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Kenneth Warren 20,36450.61
Labour Cyril Bernard Kissen13,54933.67
Liberal Pamela Maud Shields6,32415.72
Majority6,81516.94
Turnout 72.77
Conservative hold Swing
General election, February 1974: Hastings [33]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Kenneth Warren 20,07544.85
Labour Michael Foster 12,99229.02
Liberal MG Cass11,69026.12
Majority7,08315.83
Turnout 79.06
Conservative hold Swing
General election, October 1974: Hastings [33]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Kenneth Warren 18,33744.93
Labour Michael Foster 13,68533.53
Liberal A Leggett8,79321.54
Majority4,65211.40
Turnout 71.58
Conservative hold Swing
General election, 1979: Hastings [33]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Kenneth Warren 21,31151.53
Labour Michael Foster 12,39229.96
Liberal A Leggett6,47415.65
Independent GL McNally8392.03
National Front HJ Anderson3440.83
Majority8,91921.56
Turnout 71.68
Conservative hold Swing

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  4. Stanley T. Bindoff, The House of Commons: 1509-1558, vol. 4, p. 9
  5. Cobbett's Parliamentary History records the second member for Hastings in the 1604 Parliament as being James Lasher, but this seems to be an error; Lasher is mentioned only in the Commons Journal from 1621 while Carew was certainly a member in 1604, and other sources name his constituency as Hastings
  6. Townshend was also elected for Cambridge University, which he chose to represent, and never sat for Hastings
  7. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 Stooks Smith, Henry (1845). The Parliaments of England, from 1st George I., to the Present Time. Vol II: Oxfordshire to Wales Inclusive. London: Simpkin, Marshall, & Co. pp. 80–82. Retrieved 6 November 2018 via Google Books.
  8. 1 2 3 Gash, Norman (2013). Politics in the Age of Peel: A Study in the Technique of Parliamentary Representation, 1830–1850. Faber & Faber. ISBN   9780571302901 . Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  9. Jenkins, Terry. "WARRE, John Ashley (1787–1860), of West Newton Manor, nr. Taunton, Som.; West Cliff House, Ramsgate, Kent and 71 Belgrave Square, Mdx". The History of Parliament. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  10. 1 2 The Spectator, Volume 7. F. C. Westley. 1834. p. 316. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  11. 1 2 "About Marianne North". Botanical Art & Artists. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  12. 1 2 Tipperary Free Press. 27 May 1835. p. 3 https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000789/18350527/015/0003 . Retrieved 13 May 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.Missing or empty |title= (help)
  13. "Arguments for the Ballot" . The Examiner. 23 December 1832. pp. 7–8. Retrieved 13 May 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  14. Fisher, David R. (2009). "Hastings". The History of Parliament. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  15. "The Approaching Revolution". The Royal lady's magazine, and archives of the court of St. James's. Horticultural Journal. 1831. p. 283. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  16. Dod, Charles Roger; Dod, Robert Phipps (1847). Dod's Parliamentary Companion, Volume 15. Dod's Parliamentary Companion. p. 176. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  17. "Elections in Kent" . Kentish Gazette. 1 August 1837. p. 2. Retrieved 13 May 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  18. "Hastings" . Dover Telegraph and Cinque Ports General Advertiser. 15 July 1837. p. 8. Retrieved 13 May 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  19. "Morning Post" . 5 July 1837. pp. 2–3. Retrieved 6 November 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  20. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885(e-book)|format= requires |url= (help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN   978-1-349-02349-3.
  21. "Electioneering Intelligence" . Leicester Journal. 16 July 1847. p. 4. Retrieved 6 November 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  22. "Hastings" . Brighton Gazette. 15 July 1852. p. 6. Retrieved 13 May 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  23. Hamilton, John Andrew (1893). "Locke, John (1805–1880)"  . In Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography . 34. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
  24. "East Sussex Election" . Sussex Agricultural Express. 23 April 1859. p. 4. Retrieved 13 May 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  25. "Lieutenant General The Honourable Somerset Gough Calthorpe". Birmingham Images. Library of Birmingham. 1897. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
  26. "The General Election" . London Evening Standard . 30 January 1874. pp. 2–3. Retrieved 31 December 2017 via British Newspaper Archive.
  27. "Election News" . Bath Chronicle and Weekly Gazette . 28 June 1883. p. 5. Retrieved 29 November 2017 via British Newspaper Archive.
  28. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  29. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  30. Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
  31. 1 2 Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  32. 1 2 Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  33. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  34. FWS Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1949
  35. Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party, 1939