|Merged into||International Social Science Council|
|Successor||International Science Council|
|Website||International Council for Science|
|International Council of Scientific Unions|
The International Council for Science (ICSU, after its former name, International Council of Scientific Unions) was an international non-governmental organization devoted to international cooperation in the advancement of science. Its members were national scientific bodies and international scientific unions.
In July 2018, the ICSU merged with the International Social Science Council (ISSC) to form the International Science Council (ISC).
In 2017, the ICSU comprised 122 multi-disciplinary National Scientific Members, Associates and Observers representing 142 countries and 31 international, disciplinary Scientific Unions. ICSU also had 22 Scientific Associates.In July 2018, ICSU merged with the International Social Science Council (ISSC) to form the International Science Council (ISC) at a constituent general assembly in Paris.
The ICSU's mission was to strengthen international science for the benefit of society. To do this, the ICSU mobilized the knowledge and resources of the international scientific community to:
Activities focused on three areas: International Research Collaboration, Science for Policy, and Universality of Science.
In July 2018, the ICSU became the International Science Council (ISC).
The ICSU itself was one of the oldest non-governmental organizations in the world, representing the evolution and expansion of two earlier bodies known as the International Association of Academies (IAA; 1899—1914) and the International Research Council (IRC; 1919—1931). In 1998, Members agreed that the Council’s current composition and activities would be better reflected by modifying the name from the International Council of Scientific Unions to the International Council for Science, while its rich history and strong identity would be well served by retaining the existing acronym, ICSU.
The Principle of Freedom and Responsibility in Science: the free and responsible practice of science is fundamental to scientific advancement and human and environmental well-being. Such practice, in all its aspects, requires freedom of movement, association, expression and communication for scientists, as well as equitable access to data, information, and other resources for research. It requires responsibility at all levels to carry out and communicate scientific work with integrity, respect, fairness, trustworthiness, and transparency, recognizing its benefits and possible harms. In advocating the free and responsible practice of science, the council promotes equitable opportunities for access to science and its benefits, and opposes discrimination based on such factors as ethnic origin, religion, citizenship, language, political or other opinion, sex, gender identity, sexual orientation, disability, or age.
The International Science Council's Committee on Freedom and Responsibility in Science (CFRS) "oversees this commitment and is the guardian of this work."
The ICSU Secretariat (20 staff in 2012) in Paris ensured the day-to-day planning and operations under the guidance of an elected executive board. Three Policy Committees − Committee on Scientific Planning and Review (CSPR), Committee on Freedom and Responsibility in the conduct of Science (CFRS) and Committee on Finance − assisted the executive board in its work and a General Assembly of all Members was convened every three years. ICSU has three Regional Offices − Africa, Asia and the Pacific as well as Latin America and the Caribbean.
The principal source of ICSU's finances was the contributions it receives from its members. Other sources of income are the framework contracts from UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) and grants and contracts from United Nations bodies, foundations and agencies, which are used to support the scientific activities of the ICSU Unions and interdisciplinary bodies.
|IAU||International Astronomical Union||1922||Astronomy|
|IBRO||International Brain Research Organization||1993||Neuroscience|
|ICA||International Cartographic Association||1990||Cartography|
|IGU||International Geographical Union||1923||Geography|
|IMU||International Mathematical Union||1922||Mathematics|
|INQUA||International Union for Quaternary Research||2005||Quaternary Period|
|ISA||International Sociological Association||2011||Sociology and Social Sciences|
|ISPRS||International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing||2002||Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing|
|IUAES||International Union of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences||1993||Anthropology and Ethnology|
|IUBMB||International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology||1955||Biochemistry and Molecular Biology|
|IUBS||International Union of Biological Sciences||1925||Biology|
|IUCr||International Union of Crystallography||1947||Crystallography|
|IUFRO||International Union of Forest Research Organizations||2005||Forestry|
|IUFoST||International Union of Food Science and Technology||1996||Food science and Food technology|
|IUGG||International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics||1919||Geodesy and Geophysics|
|IUGS||International Union of Geological Sciences||1922||Geology|
|IUHPS||International Union of History and Philosophy of Science||1922||History of science and Philosophy of science|
|IUIS||International Union of Immunological Societies||1976||Immunology|
|IUMRS||International Union of Materials Research Societies||2005||Materials science|
|IUMS||International Union of Microbiological Societies||1982||Microbiology|
|IUNS||International Union of Nutritional Sciences||1968||Nutrition|
|IUPAB||International Union for Pure and Applied Biophysics||1966||Biophysics|
|IUPAC||International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry||1922||Chemistry|
|IUPAP||International Union of Pure and Applied Physics||1922||Physics|
|IUPESM||International Union for Physical and Engineering Sciences in Medicine||1999||Medical physics|
|IUPHAR||International Union of Basic and Clinical Pharmacology||1972||Pharmacology|
|IUPS||International Union of Physiological Sciences||1955||Physiology|
|IUPsyS||International Union of Psychological Science||1982||Psychology|
|IUSS||International Union of Soil Sciences||1993||Soil science|
|IUTAM||International Union of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics||1947||Mechanics|
|IUTOX||International Union of Toxicology||1996||Toxicology|
|URSI||International Union of Radio Science||1922||Radio science|
|4S||Society for Social Studies of Science|
|AAS||African Academy of Sciences|
|AASSA||Association of Academies and Societies of Sciences in Asia|
|ACAL||Academia de Ciencias de América Latina|
|CIE||Commission Internationale de l'Eclairage|
|FIG||Fédération internationale des géomètres|
|IAHR||International Association for Hydro-Environment Engineering and Research|
|IASC||International Arctic Science Committee|
|ICA (acoustics)||International Commission for Acoustics|
|ICIAM||International Council for Industrial and Applied Mathematics|
|ICLAS||International Council for Laboratory Animal Science|
|ICO||International Commission for Optics|
|ICSTI||International Council for Scientific and Technical Information|
|IFIP||International Federation for Information Processing|
|IFLA||International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions|
|IFS||International Foundation for Science|
|IFSM||International Federation of Societies for Microscopy|
|IIASA||International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis|
|IUVSTA||International Union for Vacuum Science, Technique and Applications|
|IWA||International Water Association|
|PSA||Pacific Science Association|
|SCOPE||Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment|
|TWAS||The World Academy of Sciences|
|UIS||Union Internationale de Spéléologie|
|CIAAW||Commission on Isotopic Abundances and Atomic Weights|
|CODATA||Committee on Data for Science and Technology|
|COSPAR||Committee on Space Research|
|GCOS||Global Climate Observing System|
|IGBP||International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme|
|IHDP||International Human Dimensions Programme|
|SCAR||Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research|
|SCOPE||Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment|
|SCOR||Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research|
|INASP||International Network for the Availability of Scientific Publications|
|WCRP||World Climate Research Programme|
|WDS||World Data System|
The International Astronomical Union is a nongovernmental organisation with the objective of advancing astronomy in all aspects, including promoting astronomical research, outreach, education, and development through global cooperation. It was founded in 1919 and is based in Paris, France.
The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) is an American international non-profit organization with the stated goals of promoting cooperation among scientists, defending scientific freedom, encouraging scientific responsibility, and supporting scientific education and science outreach for the betterment of all humanity. It is the world's largest general scientific society, with over 120,000 members, and is the publisher of the well-known scientific journal Science.
Diversitas was an international research programme aiming at integrating biodiversity science for human well-being. In December 2014 its work was transferred to the programme called Future Earth, which was sponsored by the Science and Technology Alliance for Global Sustainability, comprising the International Council for Science (ICSU), the International Social Science Council (ISSC), the Belmont Forum of funding agencies, the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the United Nations University (UNU) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO).
The World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) is an international programme that helps to coordinate global climate research. The WCRP was established in 1980, under the joint sponsorship of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the International Council for Science (ICSU), and has also been sponsored by the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO since 1993.
ISC may refer to:
The Royal Academies for Science and the Arts of Belgium (RASAB) is a non-governmental association which promotes and organises science and the arts in Belgium by coordinating the national and international activities of its constituent academies such as the National Scientific Committees and the representation of Belgium in international scientific organisations.
The International Union of Geological Sciences (IUGS) is an international non-governmental organization devoted to international cooperation in the field of geology.
The International Union of Biological Sciences (IUBS) is a non-profit organization and non-governmental organization, founded in 1919, that promotes the biological sciences internationally. As a scientific umbrella organization it was a founding member of the International Council for Science (ICSU).
The Committee on Space Research (COSPAR) was established on October 3, 1958 by the International Council for Scientific Unions (ICSU). Among COSPAR's objectives are the promotion of scientific research in space on an international level, with emphasis on the free exchange of results, information, and opinions, and providing a forum, open to all scientists, for the discussion of problems that may affect space research. These objectives are achieved through the organization of symposia, publication, and other means. COSPAR has created a number of research programmes on different topics, a few in cooperation with other scientific Unions. The long-term project COSPAR international reference atmosphere started in 1960; since then it has produced several editions of the high-atmosphere code CIRA. The code "IRI" of the URSI-COSPAR working group on the International Reference Ionosphere was first edited in 1978 and is yearly updated.
The Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR) is an interdisciplinary body of the International Science Council (ISC). SCAR coordinates international scientific research efforts in Antarctica, including the Southern Ocean.
The International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (IUBMB) is an international non-governmental organisation concerned with biochemistry and molecular biology. Formed in 1955 as the International Union of Biochemistry (IUB), the union has presently 79 member countries and regions. The Union is devoted to promoting research and education in biochemistry and molecular biology throughout the world and gives particular attention to areas where the subject is still in its early development
The International Social Science Council (ISSC) was an international non-governmental organization promoting the social sciences, including the economic and behavioural sciences. It was founded in Paris, France between 6 and 9 October 1952, under the auspices of UNESCO, following a Resolution at the 6th UNESCO General Conference in 1951. It was adopted on 19 September 1972, completed and revised on 14 November 1979, and underwent multiple revisions on 17 December 1985, 3 December 1992, 27 November 1998, 8 November 2006, and finally 10 December 2010. ISSC was registered in accordance with French Law.
The International Union of Food Science and Technology (IUFoST) is the global scientific organization and voice for food science and technology representing more than 300,000 food scientists, engineers and technologists through its work in more than 100 countries. It is a voluntary, non-profit association of national food science organizations. IUFoST is the only elected scientific representative of Food Science and Technology in the International Science Council (ISC), elected by its peers across scientific disciplines. It is the only global representative of food science and technology to notable organizations such as the World Health Organization (WHO), Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations, United Nations Development Programme and (UNDP), CODEX Alimentarius.
The World Science Forum (WSF) is an international conference series on global science policy. Since 2003, it is organised biannually in Budapest, Hungary.
The International Human Dimensions Programme on Global Environmental Change (IHDP) was a research programme that studied the human and societal aspects of the phenomenon of global change.
The purpose of the International Commission for Acoustics (ICA) is to promote international development and collaboration in all fields of acoustics including research, development, education, and standardisation.
The International Union of Psychological Science, abbreviated IUPsyS or the Union, is the global umbrella organization for psychology.
The ISC World Data System (ISC-WDS) was created by the International Science Council's (ISC) General Assembly in October 2008. ISC-WDS goals are to preserve quality assured scientific data and information, to facilitate open access, and promote the adoption of standards.
The International Science Council (ISC) is an international non-governmental organization that unites scientific bodies at various levels across the social and natural sciences. The ISC was formed with its inaugural general assembly on 4 July 2018 by the merger of the former International Council for Science and the International Social Science Council (ISSC), making it one of the largest organisations of this type.
The International Union for Pure and Applied Biophysics (IUPAB) is an international non-governmental organization whose mission is to assist in the worldwide development of biophysics, to foster international cooperation in biophysics, and to help in the application of biophysics toward solving problems of concern to all humanity. It was established in 1961 as the International Organisation for Pure and Applied Biophysics but then renamed as the International Union in 1966, when it became a member of ICSU, which itself was renamed in 2018 as ISC, the International Council for Science. Affiliated to it are the national adhering bodies of 61 countries, as well as the European Biophysical Societies' Association (EBSA), the Asian Biophysics Association and the Biophysical Society.