List of Enix home computer games

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The back cover of Door Door 's NEC PC-8801 version, featuring a photo and resume of Koichi Nakamura. Door Door back cover.jpg
The back cover of Door Door 's NEC PC-8801 version, featuring a photo and resume of Koichi Nakamura.

The Japanese company Enix was established as a publisher of home computer games in August 1982, after founder Yasuhiro Fukushima noticed how popular these were in the United States. [1] Fukushima had no programming knowledge and did not employ internal programmers or game designers. Instead, he held a contest for programming hobbyists in order to pool talents and publish selected games, with a ¥1 million award for the top prize (US$5,000). Due to a lack of brand recognition and the unusually high award (several times more than other contests of the time), few entries were received in the first month; however, after a successful marketing campaign on television and in appliance stores, hobby clubs, and computer and manga magazines promising that the award was real, three hundred entries were received by the end of the "First Game Hobby Program Contest". [2] [3]

Enix Japanese video game publisher

Enix Corporation was a Japanese video game publisher that produced video games, anime and manga. Enix is known for publishing the Dragon Quest series of role-playing video games.

Home computer class of microcomputers

Home computers were a class of microcomputers that entered the market in 1977, that started with what Byte Magazine called the "trinity of 1977", and which became common during the 1980s. They were marketed to consumers as affordable and accessible computers that, for the first time, were intended for the use of a single nontechnical user. These computers were a distinct market segment that typically cost much less than business, scientific or engineering-oriented computers of the time such as the IBM PC, and were generally less powerful in terms of memory and expandability. However, a home computer often had better graphics and sound than contemporary business computers. Their most common uses were playing video games, but they were also regularly used for word processing, doing homework, and programming.

Japanese yen Official currency of Japan

The yen is the official currency of Japan. It is the third most traded currency in the foreign exchange market after the United States dollar and the euro. It is also widely used as a reserve currency after the U.S. dollar, the euro, and the pound sterling.

Contents

This contest allowed Enix to release numerous games with a wide variety of genres early on, as thirteen winning entries were polished and chosen for release in February 1983. [1] [2] Among these were Morita no Battle Field by Kazurou Morita; Door Door by Koichi Nakamura; and Love Match Tennis by Yuji Horii, a young columnist for Weekly Shōnen Jump . In addition to two more contests, Enix began recruiting developers on a project basis. For each project, Enix outsourced development and handled production and promotion duties, which made cost control more efficient. Unlike software houses of the time, Fukushima tried to instill a commercial mindset in his developers, as he thought games should be treated as books or movies in terms of copyright. He employed a royalty payment between the company and the developer, so that the latter would be compensated proportionally to the sales of their games. Each of Enix's home computer release featured a photo and resume of the developer on the back cover of the package. [1] [2]

<i>Door Door</i> 1983 video game

Door Door is a puzzle-platform video game designed by Koichi Nakamura and published by Enix. As Enix's debut title, Door Door first released in February 1983 for the NEC PC-8801 and was subsequently converted for other Japanese computers. The game's success prompted a Famicom port and an expanded edition in 1985 as well as a mobile phone release in 2004. In 2006, editors of the popular Japanese gaming magazine Famitsu placed the game among classics such as Super Mario Bros. and Donkey Kong in its listing of the best Famicom games. Despite its popularity, Door Door has never been released outside Japan.

Koichi Nakamura is a Japanese video game designer. A programming prodigy, Nakamura gained fame while still in high school; in 1982, he entered Enix's national programming contest and claimed first place with his entry, Door Door. In 1984, he founded the video game company Chunsoft, where he remains its president.

Yuji Horii Japanese video game designer

Yuji Horii is a Japanese video game designer and scenario writer best known as the creator of the Dragon Quest series of role-playing games, supervising and writing the scenario for Chrono Trigger, as well as the first visual novel adventure game Portopia Serial Murder Case.

Enix's home computer games were commercially successful; on their release, the first batch of February 1983 ranked first, second, third, fifth and seventh in the top ten Japanese best-selling games, leading to other game releases and a profit of ¥300 million (US$1.5 million) by the end of the year. [2] Some of the most successful games were ported for the rising Famicom console market, starting with Door Door, which sold 200,000 copies, [1] and The Portopia Serial Murder Case , which sold 700,000. [2] Enix eventually focused on the console market, which became bigger than the home computer one. With the exception of the character designer Akira Toriyama, the development team of Enix's future flagship series Dragon Quest was recruited thanks to the company's programming contests: Horii and Nakamura had won the first contest, and Koichi Sugiyama was contacted after sending in a questionnaire postcard for Morita Kazurou no Shogi. [1]

Nintendo Entertainment System 8-bit video game console produced by Nintendo in 1983

The Nintendo Entertainment System is an 8-bit home video game console developed and manufactured by Nintendo. It is a remodeled export version of the company's Family Computer (FC) platform in Japan, also known as the Famicom for short, which launched on July 15, 1983. The NES was launched through test markets in New York City and Los Angeles in 1985, before being given a wide release in the rest of North America and parts of Europe in 1986, followed by Australia and other European countries in 1987. Brazil saw only unlicensed clones until the official local release in 1993. In South Korea, it was packaged as the Hyundai Comboy and distributed by SK Hynix which then was known as Hyundai Electronics; the Comboy was released in 1989.

<i>The Portopia Serial Murder Case</i> 1985 video game

Portopia Renzoku Satsujin Jiken, often translated to The Portopia Serial Murder Case in English, is an adventure game designed by Yuji Horii and published by Enix. It was first released on the NEC PC-6001 in June 1983, and has since been ported to other personal computers, the Nintendo Famicom, and mobile phone services.

Akira Toriyama Japanese manga artist and video game character designer

Akira Toriyama is a Japanese manga artist, game artist and character designer. He first achieved mainstream recognition for his highly successful manga series Dr. Slump, before going on to create Dragon Ball—his best-known work—and acting as a character designer for several popular video games such as the Dragon Quest series, Chrono Trigger and Blue Dragon. Toriyama is regarded as one of the artists that changed the history of manga, as his works are highly influential and popular, particularly Dragon Ball, which many manga artists cite as a source of inspiration.

List by year

1983

MonthTitlePlatform(s)Details
February
(winning entries in the 1st Game Hobby Program Contest)
Morita no Battle Field(森田のバトルフィールド,Morita no Batoru Fīrudo) NEC PC-8801
Door Door (ドア・ドア,Doa Doa) NEC PC-8801, other models
Guest Mariko Hashimoto(マリちゃん危機一髪,Mari-chan Kikiippatsu) FM-8, other models
Cosmic Soldier(宇宙の戦士,Uchū no Senshi) NEC PC-8801
D.I.S Airport(D・I・Sエアポート,D.I.S Eapōto) Sharp X1
Seiko's Adventure(星子のアドベンチャー,Seiko no Adobenchā) NEC PC-8801
Underground Monster(地底のモンスター,Chitei no Monsutā) NEC PC-8801, other models
Bacteria Escape(バクテリアエスケープ,Bakuteria Esukēpu) FM-7, other models
Napoleon(ナポレオン,Naporeon) NEC PC-6001
Love Match Tennis(ラブマッチテニス,Rabu Macchi Tenisu) NEC PC-6001
Bōsō! Orient Kyūkō(暴走!オリエント急行,Bōsō! Oriento Kyūkō) Sharp MZ-80K, other models
Piranha-kun no Isshūkan(ピラニア君の一週間,Pirania-kun no Isshūkan) Sharp MZ-80B, other models
Poker Extra(ポーカーエキストラ,Pōka Ēkisutora) NEC PC-8001, other models
JuneAlphos(アルフォス,Arufosu) NEC PC-8801, other models
The Portopia Serial Murder Case (ポートピア連続殺人事件,Pōtopia Renzoku Satsujin Jiken) NEC PC-6001, other models
Raita no Growing Up(雷太のグローイングアップ,Raita no Gurōinguappu) NEC PC-6001, other models
Titan Bōeisen(タイタン防衛戦,Taitan Bōeisen) Sharp X1
Gekisen! Minamitaiheiyō(激戦!南太平洋) NEC PC-8801, other models
Joshiryō Panic(女子寮パニック,Joshiryō Panikku) FM-7, other models
Light Flipper(ライト・フリッパー,Raito Furippā) NEC PC-8801, other models
Toward 8(トワード8,Towādo 8) Sharp X1, other models
October
(winning entries in the 2nd Game Hobby Program Contest)
Fan Fun(ファンファン,Fan Fan) NEC PC-8001, other models
Game Kyōjin no Uchū Ryokō(芸夢狂人の宇宙旅行) NEC PC-8001mkII, other models
Dokuron no Yakata(ドクロンの館) Sharp X1, other models
Kagirinaki Tatakai (限りなき戦い) Sharp X1, other models
Lolita Syndrome (ロリータ・シンドローム,Rorīta Shindorōmu) FM-7, other models
  • Adult game by Katsumi Mochizuki. [27]
Fushigi na Tabi(不思議な旅) FM-7, other models
Tropical Boy(トロピカルボーイ,Toropikaru Boī) NEC PC-8801
Mazenand Sharp MZ-700
Magnetic Field(マグネチックフィールド,Magunechikku Fīrudo) NEC PC-8001mkII, other models
PushMan(プッシュマン,Pusshuman) NEC PC-8001, other models
Checker Flag(チェッカーフラッグ,Chiekkā Furaggu) NEC PC-8801, other models
Cosmo Crash(コスモクラッシュ,Kosumo Kurasshu) FM-7
Lovely Asuka(Lovely飛鳥) FM-7
NovemberParallel World(パラレルワールド,Parareru Wārudo) Sharp X1, other models

1984

MonthTitlePlatform(s)Details
MayNewtron(ニュートロン,Nyūtoron) NEC PC-8801, other models
New Fan Fun(ニューファンファン,Nyūfanfan) NEC PC-6001mkII, other models
No.1 Golf(No.1ゴルフ,No.1 Gorufu) Sharp X1, other models
JuneBlizzard(ブリザード,Burizādo) Sharp-1500
High School Adventure(ハイスクールアドベンチャー,Hai Sukūru Adobenchā) FM77
JulyGootsn(グッツン,Guttsun) Sharp X1
Rukteu Dark Castle: Dragon Angel's Miracle Voyage(暗黒城,Ankoku Shiro) FM-7, other models
  • Game by Random House. [14]
Flipflop(フリップフロップ,Furippufuroppu) FM-7, other models
AugustKarakuri Ninpou(カラクリ忍法) NEC PC-8801
  • Game by Takeshi Nakazawa.
Swarm(スウォーム,Sūōmu) Sharp X1, other models
Zarth(ザース,Zāsu) FM-7, other models
  • Game by Studio Jandora.
SeptemberArare no Janpu Up(アラレのジャンプUP) NEC PC-8001mkII
Magic Garden(マジックガーデン,Majikku Gāden) NEC PC-8801, other models
  • Game by Toru Hidaka.
NovemberWingman(ウイングマン,Uinguman) NEC PC-8801, other models
  • Game by Tam Tam, based on the Wingman manga series.
Shabon Tama Arare(シャボン玉アラレ) NEC PC-6001mkII
DecemberGumball(ガムボール,Gamubōru) NEC PC-8801mkII, other models
December
(winning entries in the 3rd Game Hobby Program Contest)
Blue Fox(ブルーフォックス,Burū Fokkusu) FM-7, other models
Zunou 4989(頭脳4989) FM-7, other models
  • Game by Kazuo Ohashi.
Again(アゲイン,Agein) FM-7, other models
  • Adventure game by Yuhei Yamaguchi, co-published by Enix and Random House.
UnknownDr. Slump Bubble Daisakusen(Dr.スランプ バブル大作戦,Dr. Suranpu Baburu Daisakusen)
Okhotsk ni Kiyu: Hokkaido Rensa Satsujin Jiken (北海道連鎖殺人 オホーツクに消ゆ)

1985

MonthTitlePlatform(s)Details
JanuaryEl Dorado Denki(エルドラド伝奇,Eru Dorado Denki) FM-7, other models
February Door Door mk2 (ドアドアmk2,Doa Doa mk2) Sharp MZ-1500, other models
Hashire Senbeisan(走れせんべいさん) Sharp X1, other models
Zaxus(ザクサス,Zakusasu) NEC PC-8001, other models
  • Game by Yasuhiro Miyata.
Typing Exercise(ゲームDeタイプ,Gēmu De Taipu)
AprilTokyo Nampa Street(Tokyoナンパストリート,Tokyo Nanpa Sutorīto) FM-7, other models
MayKaruizawa Yūkai Annai(軽井沢誘拐案内) NEC PC-8801, other models
JulyWorld Golf(ワールドゴルフ,Wārudo Gorufu)
AugustMorita Kazurou no Shogi(森田和郎の将棋) NEC PC-9801, other models
November Xevious (ゼビウス,Zebiusu) NEC PC-8801
Savior(セイバー,Seibā) NEC PC-9801E, other models
The Earth Fighter Rayieza (地球戦士ライーザ,Chikyū Senshi Raīza) FM-7, other models
Pakkurando(パックランド) NEC PC-8001mkII
Unknown Brain Breaker (ブレインブレイカー,Burein Bureikā) Sharp X1, other models
Phalanx [39] MSX

1986

MonthTitlePlatform(s)Details
AprilWingman 2: Kītakurā no Fukkatsu(ウイングマン2 キータクラーの復活,Uinguman 2: Kītakurā no Fukkatsu)
  • Sequel of Wingman
MayCannon Shot(キャノンショット,Kyanon Shotto) SMC-777
November Dragon Quest (ドラゴンクエスト,Doragon Kuesuto) MSX2, other models
UnknownHokuto no Ken(北斗の拳)

1987

MonthTitlePlatform(s)Details
April Jesus (ジーザス,Jīzasu) NEC PC-8801 VA, other models
MayGandhara: Buddha no Seisen(ガンダーラ 仏陀の聖戦,Gandāra: Budda no Seisen) NEC PC-8801 VA, other models
  • Game by Toru Hidaka.
JulyAnimal Land Satsujin Jiken(アニマルランド殺人事件,Animaru Rando Satsujin Jiken) MSX
August Dragon Buster (ドラゴンバスター,Doragon Basutā) NEC PC-8801 VA, other models
OctoberWorld Golf II(ワールドゴルフII,Wārudo Gorufu II) NEC PC-8801 VA, other models
DecemberWingman Special(ウイングマンスペシャル,Uinguman Supesharu) NEC PC-8801 FA, other models
  • The sequel to Wingman 2.

1988

MonthTitlePlatform(s)Details
February Dragon Quest II (ドラゴンクエストII,Doragon Kuesuto II) MSX
DecemberThe Old Village Story NEC PC-8801 FE, other models

1989

MonthTitlePlatform(s)Details
FebruaryBurning Point(バーニングポイント,Bāningu Pointo) NEC PC-8801 FE, other models
MarchMorita Shogi 2(森田将棋2) NEC PC-9801 RA, other models
MayAngelus: The Gospel on Evil [41] (アンジェラス~悪魔の福音~,Anjierasu: Akuma no Fukuin) NEC PC-8801 FE, other models
DecemberPrajator: Image Ranger(プラジェータ,Purajiēta) NEC PC-8801 FE, other models

1990

MonthTitlePlatform(s)Details
MarchMisty Blue(ミスティ・ブルー,Misuti Burū) NEC PC-8801 MC, other models
AprilRyūou Hanyuu Yoshiharu Jissen Shū(竜王 羽生善治実践集) NEC PC-9801 RA, other models
  • By Random House. [40]
May46 Okunen Monogatari The Shinkaron(46億年物語THE進化論) NEC PC-9801 VM, other models
JulyFormula C.M.S NEC PC-8801 SR, other models
SeptemberShutendouji(手天童子) NEC PC-9801 VM, other models
OctoberWorld Golf 3(ワールドゴルフ3,Wārudo Gorufu 3) NEC PC-8801 SR, other models

1991

MonthTitlePlatform(s)Details
JanuaryRaihisurittā(ライヒスリッター) NEC PC-9801 RA, other models
March Jesus 2 (ジーザス2,Jīzasu 2) NEC PC-8801mkII SR, other models
  • Sequel to Jesus.
AugustGunyū Sangokushi(群雄三国志) NEC PC-9801 VM, other models
NovemberCode-0(コード0,Kōdo 0) Sharp X68000
DecemberFangs: The Saga of Wolf Blood(ファングス,Fangusu) NEC PC-8801 FH, other models

1993

MonthTitlePlatform(s)Details
OctoberMorita Shogi 4(森田将棋4) NEC PC-9801 DA, other models

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