Dozens of Square Enix companion books have been produced since 1998, when video game developer Square began to produce books that focused on artwork, developer interviews, and background information on the fictional worlds and characters in its games rather than on gameplay details. (アルティマニアArutimania) series, a portmanteau of ultimate and mania. This series of books is written by Studio BentStuff, which had previously written game guides for Square for Final Fantasy VII . They were published by DigiCube until the company was dissolved in 2003. Square merged with video game publisher Enix on April 1, 2003 to form Square Enix, which resumed publication of the companion books.The first series of these books was the Perfect Works series, written and published by Square subsidiary DigiCube. They produced three books between 1998 and 1999 before the line was stopped in favor of the Ultimania
A video game is an electronic game that involves interaction with a user interface to generate visual feedback on a two- or three-dimensional video display device such as a TV screen, virtual reality headset or computer monitor. Since the 1980s, video games have become an increasingly important part of the entertainment industry, and whether they are also a form of art is a matter of dispute.
Square Co., Ltd. was a Japanese video game company founded in September 1986 by Masafumi Miyamoto. It merged with Enix in 2003 to form Square Enix. The company also used SquareSoft as a brand name to refer to their games, and the term is occasionally used to refer to the company itself. In addition, "Square Soft, Inc" was the name of the company's American arm before the merger, after which it was renamed to "Square Enix, Inc".
DigiCube Co., Ltd. was a Japanese company established as a subsidiary of software developer Square on February 6, 1996 and headquartered in Tokyo, Japan. The primary purpose of DigiCube was to market and distribute Square products, most notably video games and related merchandise, including toys, books, and music soundtracks. DigiCube served as a wholesaler to distributors, and was noteworthy for pioneering the sale of video games in Japanese convenience stores and vending machine kiosks.
Both the Perfect Works and Ultimania books have focused primarily on Square and Square Enix's role-playing video game franchises, such as the Final Fantasy and Kingdom Hearts series; over 45 of the 75 books are for games related to the Final Fantasy series. Sometimes, multiple books have been written per game or revised editions have been published years afterwards. One of the books, Final Fantasy IX Ultimania Online, was solely published online as part of an experiment by Square Enix with online content delivery; another for Final Fantasy XI was planned, but the idea was abandoned as unsuccessful and all subsequent books have been published traditionally.The Ultimania series had sold over 10 million books by July 2007. All of the books have been released solely in Japanese, but in October 2017 Dark Horse Books announced that they would be publishing English translations of the three-volume 2012 Final Fantasy 25th Memorial Ultimania as Final Fantasy Ultimania Archive, for release starting in June 2018.
A role-playing video game is a video game genre where the player controls the actions of a character immersed in some well-defined world. Many role-playing video games have origins in tabletop role-playing games and use much of the same terminology, settings and game mechanics. Other major similarities with pen-and-paper games include developed story-telling and narrative elements, player character development, complexity, as well as replayability and immersion. The electronic medium removes the necessity for a gamemaster and increases combat resolution speed. RPGs have evolved from simple text-based console-window games into visually rich 3D experiences.
Final Fantasy is a Japanese science fantasy media franchise created by Hironobu Sakaguchi, and developed and owned by Square Enix. The franchise centers on a series of fantasy and science fantasy role-playing video games (RPGs/JRPGs). The first game in the series was released in 1987, with 14 other main-numbered entries being released since then. The franchise has since branched into other video game genres such as tactical role-playing, action role-playing, massively multiplayer online role-playing, racing, third-person shooter, fighting, and rhythm, as well as branching into other media, including CGI films, anime, manga, and novels.
Kingdom Hearts is a series of action role-playing games developed and published by Square Enix. It is a collaboration between Disney Interactive and Square Enix, and is under the direction of Tetsuya Nomura, a longtime Square Enix character designer.
|Xenogears Perfect Works||Xenogears||October 10, 1998||ISBN 978-4-9250-7532-9|
|SaGa Frontier II Perfect Works||SaGa Frontier 2||July 15, 1999||ISBN 978-4-9250-7554-1|
|Front Mission 3 Perfect Works||Front Mission 3||November 20, 1999||ISBN 978-4-9250-7566-4|
|Final Fantasy VIII Ultimania||Final Fantasy VIII||March 31, 1999||ISBN 978-4-9250-7549-7|
|SaGa Frontier II Ultimania||SaGa Frontier 2||June 18, 1999||ISBN 978-4-9250-7553-4|
|Legend of Mana Ultimania||Legend of Mana||September 30, 1999||ISBN 978-4-9250-7564-0|
|Chrono Cross Ultimania||Chrono Cross||January 27, 2000||ISBN 978-4-9250-7573-2|
|Vagrant Story Ultimania||Vagrant Story||April 13, 2000||ISBN 978-4-9250-7575-6|
|Final Fantasy IX Online Ultimania||Final Fantasy IX||December 29, 2000||Internet-only|
|Final Fantasy X Scenario Ultimania||Final Fantasy X||September 14, 2001||ISBN 978-4-8878-7010-9|
|Final Fantasy X Battle Ultimania||Final Fantasy X||September 14, 2001||ISBN 978-4-8878-7011-6|
|Final Fantasy X Ultimania Ω||Final Fantasy X||January 31, 2002||ISBN 978-4-8878-7021-5|
|Final Fantasy IX Ultimania||Final Fantasy IX||February 28, 2002||ISBN 978-4-8878-7025-3|
|Kingdom Hearts Ultimania||Kingdom Hearts||June 13, 2002||ISBN 978-4-8878-7042-0|
|Kingdom Hearts Ultimania Revised Edition||Kingdom Hearts||January 9, 2003||ISBN 978-4-8878-7090-1|
|Final Fantasy X-2 Ultimania||Final Fantasy X-2||May 31, 2003||ISBN 978-4-8878-7126-7|
|Final Fantasy X-2 Ultimania Ω||Final Fantasy X-2||February 13, 2004||ISBN 978-4-7575-1161-3|
|Final Fantasy Crystal Chronicles World Ultimania||Final Fantasy Crystal Chronicles||March 19, 2004||ISBN 978-4-7575-1162-0|
|Final Fantasy X-2 Ultimania||Final Fantasy X-2||April 16, 2004||ISBN 978-4-7575-1205-4|
|Final Fantasy X-2 International+Last Mission Ultimania||Final Fantasy X-2 International+Last Mission||April 16, 2004||ISBN 978-4-7575-1163-7|
|Final Fantasy X Scenario Ultimania||Final Fantasy X||May 28, 2004||ISBN 978-4-7575-1215-3|
|Final Fantasy X Battle Ultimania||Final Fantasy X||May 28, 2004||ISBN 978-4-7575-1216-0|
|Final Fantasy X Ultimania Ω||Final Fantasy X||May 28, 2004||ISBN 978-4-7575-1214-6|
|Final Fantasy VIII Ultimania||Final Fantasy VIII||June 25, 2004||ISBN 978-4-7575-1243-6|
|Final Fantasy IX Ultimania||Final Fantasy IX||June 25, 2004||ISBN 978-4-7575-1244-3|
|Chrono Cross Ultimania||Chrono Cross||July 30, 2004||ISBN 978-4-7575-1249-8|
|Seiken Densetsu: Legend of Mana||Legend of Mana||July 30, 2004||ISBN 978-4-7575-1250-4|
|Kingdom Hearts: Chain of Memories Ultimania||Kingdom Hearts: Chain of Memories||December 17, 2004||ISBN 978-4-7575-1344-0|
|Kingdom Hearts Ultimania Revised Edition||Kingdom Hearts||December 17, 2004||ISBN 978-4-7575-1349-5|
|Romancing SaGa: Minstrel Song Ultimania||Romancing SaGa: Minstrel Song||July 15, 2005||ISBN 978-4-7575-1487-4|
|Final Fantasy VII Ultimania Ω||Final Fantasy VII||September 9, 2005||ISBN 978-4-7575-1520-8|
|Kingdom Hearts Series Ultimania α ~Introduction of Kingdom Hearts II~||Kingdom Hearts||December 9, 2005||ISBN 978-4-7575-1597-0|
|Kingdom Hearts II Ultimania||Kingdom Hearts II||February 23, 2006||ISBN 978-4-7575-1621-2|
|Final Fantasy XII Scenario Ultimania||Final Fantasy XII||June 16, 2006||ISBN 978-4-7575-1696-0|
|Final Fantasy XII Battle Ultimania||Final Fantasy XII||June 16, 2006||ISBN 978-4-7575-1697-7|
|SaGa Frontier II Ultimania||SaGa Frontier 2||July 20, 2006||ISBN 978-4-7575-1733-2|
|Vagrant Story Ultimania||Vagrant Story||July 20, 2006||ISBN 978-4-7575-1734-9|
|Final Fantasy XII Ultimania Ω||Final Fantasy XII||November 24, 2006||ISBN 978-4-7575-1821-6|
|Kingdom Hearts II Final Mix+ Ultimania||Kingdom Hearts II Final Mix+||May 2, 2007||ISBN 978-4-7575-2013-4|
|Final Fantasy XII: Revenant Wings Ultimania||Final Fantasy XII: Revenant Wings||June 14, 2007||ISBN 978-4-7575-2024-0|
|Final Fantasy XII International Zodiac Job System Ultimania||Final Fantasy XII International Zodiac Job System||September 6, 2007||ISBN 978-4-7575-2100-1|
|Final Fantasy VII 10th Anniversary Ultimania||Final Fantasy VII||September 13, 2007||Part of the Final Fantasy VII Potion box set|
|Crisis Core: Final Fantasy VII Ultimania||Crisis Core: Final Fantasy VII||October 18, 2007||ISBN 978-4-7575-2126-1|
|Final Fantasy 20th Anniversary Ultimania File 1: Character||Final Fantasy series||January 31, 2008||ISBN 978-4-7575-2206-0|
|Final Fantasy 20th Anniversary Ultimania File 2: Scenario||Final Fantasy series||April 10, 2008||ISBN 978-4-7575-2251-0|
|Final Fantasy 20th Anniversary Ultimania File 3: Battle||Final Fantasy series||June 19, 2008||ISBN 978-4-7575-2320-3|
|Dissidia Final Fantasy Ultimania α||Dissidia Final Fantasy||December 4, 2008||ISBN 978-4-7575-2466-8|
|Chrono Trigger Ultimania||Chrono Trigger||January 20, 2009||ISBN 978-4-7575-2469-9|
|Dissidia Final Fantasy Ultimania||Dissidia Final Fantasy||January 29, 2009||ISBN 978-4-7575-2488-0|
|Final Fantasy VII 10th Anniversary Ultimania Revised Edition||Final Fantasy VII||April 16, 2009||ISBN 978-4-7575-2560-3|
|Final Fantasy XI Story Ultimania Ver.090409||Final Fantasy XI||June 11, 2009||ISBN 978-4-7575-2507-8|
|Kingdom Hearts 358/2 Days Ultimania||Kingdom Hearts 358/2 Days||June 25, 2009||ISBN 978-4-7575-2578-8|
|Final Fantasy XIII Scenario Ultimania||Final Fantasy XIII||January 28, 2010||ISBN 978-4-7575-2775-1|
|Final Fantasy XIII Battle Ultimania||Final Fantasy XIII||January 28, 2010||ISBN 978-4-7575-2776-8|
|Kingdom Hearts Birth By Sleep Ultimania||Kingdom Hearts Birth by Sleep||March 25, 2010||ISBN 978-4-7575-2788-1|
|Final Fantasy XIII Ultimania Ω||Final Fantasy XIII||September 30, 2010||ISBN 978-4-7575-2958-8|
|Kingdom Hearts Re:coded Ultimania||Kingdom Hearts Re:coded||November 4, 2010||ISBN 978-4-7575-3050-8|
|Dissidia 012 Final Fantasy Ultimania Action Side||Dissidia 012 Final Fantasy||March 10, 2011||ISBN 978-4-7575-3161-1|
|Dissidia 012 Final Fantasy Ultimania RPG Side||Dissidia 012 Final Fantasy||March 31, 2011||ISBN 978-4-7575-3162-8|
|Final Fantasy Type-0 Ultimania||Final Fantasy Type-0||November 30, 2011||ISBN 978-4-7575-3432-2|
|Final Fantasy XIII-2 Scenario Ultimania||Final Fantasy XIII-2||January 31, 2012||ISBN 978-4-7575-3496-4|
|Final Fantasy XIII-2 Battle Ultimania||Final Fantasy XIII-2||January 31, 2012||ISBN 978-4-7575-3497-1|
|Kingdom Hearts 3D [Dream Drop Distance] Ultimania||Kingdom Hearts 3D: Dream Drop Distance||May 1, 2012||ISBN 978-4-7575-3615-9|
|Final Fantasy XIII-2 Ultimania Ω||Final Fantasy XIII-2||June 21, 2012||ISBN 978-4-7575-3619-7|
|Final Fantasy 25th Memorial Ultimania Volume 1||Final Fantasy series||December 18, 2012||ISBN 978-4-7575-3769-9|
|Final Fantasy 25th Memorial Ultimania Volume 2||Final Fantasy series||December 18, 2012||ISBN 978-4-7575-3770-5|
|Final Fantasy 25th Memorial Ultimania Volume 3||Final Fantasy series||December 18, 2012||ISBN 978-4-7575-3771-2|
|Lightning Returns: Final Fantasy XIII Ultimania||Lightning Returns: Final Fantasy XIII||December 19, 2013||ISBN 978-4-7575-4158-0|
|Final Fantasy X HD Remaster Ultimania||Final Fantasy X/X-2 HD Remaster||December 26, 2013||ISBN 978-4-7575-4159-7|
|Final Fantasy X-2 HD Remaster Ultimania||Final Fantasy X/X-2 HD Remaster||January 30, 2014||ISBN 978-4-7575-4160-3|
|Kingdom Hearts Series Memorial Ultimania||Kingdom Hearts series||October 2, 2014||ISBN 978-4-7575-4384-3|
|Biohazard Revelations 2 Ultimania||Resident Evil: Revelations 2||March 26, 2015||ISBN 978-4-7575-4600-4|
|Final Fantasy XV Ultimania - Scenario Side-||Final Fantasy XV||December 28, 2016||ISBN 978-4-7575-5214-2|
|Final Fantasy XV Ultimania - Battle + Map Side -||Final Fantasy XV||December 28, 2016||ISBN 978-4-7575-5215-9|
|Final Fantasy XII The Zodiac Age Ultimania||Final Fantasy XII: The Zodiac Age||July 13, 2017||ISBN 978-4-7575-5339-2|
|Dissidia Final Fantasy NT Ultimania||Dissidia Final Fantasy NT||January 11, 2018||ISBN 978-4-7575-5615-7|
|Another Eden: The Cat Beyond Time and Space World Ultimania||Another Eden||July 31, 2018||ISBN 978-4-7575-5800-7|
|Kingdom Hearts III Ultimania||Kingdom Hearts III||February 28, 2019||ISBN 978-4-7575-6001-7|
Final Fantasy X-2 is a role-playing video game developed and published by Square for the PlayStation 2, as the direct sequel to Final Fantasy X. The game's story follows the character Yuna from Final Fantasy X as she seeks to resolve political conflicts in the fictional world of Spira before they lead to war and to search for her lost love Tidus from Final Fantasy X.
Chrono Break is a cancelled third mainline entry in the Chrono series of video games by Square. While never officially announced by the company, commentary from Chrono series developers Masato Kato, Hironobu Sakaguchi, and Takashi Tokita have confirmed early plans for the game, alongside a number of trademarks filed in the game's name. However, the game would ultimately go unproduced, with many members of the internal development team either moving on to Final Fantasy XI or leaving the company in favor of freelance work. The game elicited much commentary from the company and the video game press in the following years, though as of 2019, all trademarks had expired, with no announced plans to work on the game.
Tifa Lockhart is a fictional character in Square's role-playing video game Final Fantasy VII. Created and designed by Tetsuya Nomura, she has since appeared in the fighting game Ehrgeiz and made cameo appearances in several other titles, as well as the CGI film sequel to Final Fantasy VII, Advent Children and related games and media in the Compilation of Final Fantasy VII series.
Squall Leonhart is a fictional character and the primary protagonist of Final Fantasy VIII, a role-playing video game by Square. In Final Fantasy VIII, Squall is a 17-year-old student at Balamb Garden, a prestigious military academy for elite mercenaries. He stands 177 cm tall. As the story progresses, Squall befriends Quistis Trepe, Zell Dincht, Selphie Tilmitt, and Irvine Kinneas, and falls in love with Rinoa Heartilly. These relationships, combined with the game's plot, gradually change him from a loner to an open, caring person. Squall has appeared in several other games, including Chocobo Racing, Itadaki Street Special, and the Kingdom Hearts series, as Leon.
The Compilation of Final Fantasy VII is a metaseries produced by Square Enix. A subseries stemming from the main Final Fantasy series, it is a collection of video games, animated features and short stories based in the world and continuity of Final Fantasy VII. Officially announced in 2003 with the reveal of Final Fantasy VII: Advent Children, the series' core products are three video games and one movie release. Alongside these are tie-in products and spin-offs including books, mobile games and an original video animation. Advent Children and the mobile title Before Crisis: Final Fantasy VII are a sequel and prequel to VII, respectively focusing on Cloud Strife, the original game's main protagonist, and covert operatives known as the Turks. Crisis Core: Final Fantasy VII follows the story of Zack Fair, an important major character in VII, while Dirge of Cerberus: Final Fantasy VII, which acts as a sequel to Advent Children, follows Vincent Valentine, one of the original's optional characters.
Ivalice is a fictional universe setting primarily appearing in the Final Fantasy video game series. The world was co-created by Yasumi Matsuno and Hiroyuki Ito, and has since been expanded upon by several games as the Ivalice Alliance series. Ivalice is described as a complex world with a very long history, and the stories of Final Fantasy Tactics, Vagrant Story and Final Fantasy XII all take place in it.
Yoshinori Kitase is a Japanese game director and producer working for Square Enix. He is known as the director of Final Fantasy VI, Chrono Trigger, Final Fantasy VII, Final Fantasy VIII and Final Fantasy X, and the producer of the Final Fantasy X and Final Fantasy XIII series. Kitase is an Executive Officer at Square Enix, the Head of Square Enix's Business Division 1 and part of the Final Fantasy Committee that is tasked with keeping the franchise's releases and content consistent.
Motomu Toriyama is a Japanese game director and scenario writer who has been working for Square Enix since 1994. He initially worked on cutscenes in Bahamut Lagoon and Final Fantasy VII. Toriyama started directing with Final Fantasy X-2 and has continued doing so with large-scale projects such as Final Fantasy XIII and its sequels Final Fantasy XIII-2 and Lightning Returns: Final Fantasy XIII. Since 2003, he has been directing his own team of scenario writers at the company. He is currently directing Mobius Final Fantasy and is a member of Square Enix's Business Division 1, and part of the Final Fantasy Committee that is tasked with keeping the franchise's releases and content consistent.
Final Fantasy Type-0 is an action role-playing game developed and published by Square Enix for the PlayStation Portable (PSP). Released in Japan on October 27, 2011, Type-0 is part of the Fabula Nova Crystallis subseries, a set of games sharing a common mythos which includes Final Fantasy XIII and Final Fantasy XV. The gameplay, similar to Crisis Core: Final Fantasy VII, has the player taking control of characters in real-time combat during missions across Orience. The player also engages in large-scale strategy-based battles on the world map, and has access to a multiplayer option during story missions and side quests.
Fabula Nova Crystallis Final Fantasy is a series of games within the Final Fantasy video game franchise. It was primarily developed by series creator and developer Square Enix, which also acted as publisher for all titles. While featuring various worlds and different characters, each Fabula Nova Crystallis game is ultimately based on and expands upon a common mythos focusing on important crystals tied to deities. The level of connection to the mythos varies between each title. The series title translates from Latin as 'The New Tale of the Crystal'. Each development team was given the freedom to adapt the mythos to fit the context of a game's story.
Claire Farron, better known by the codename Lightning, is a fictional character from Square Enix's Final Fantasy series. She first appeared as a playable character and protagonist in the role-playing video game Final Fantasy XIII, in which she features as a resident of the artificial world of Cocoon. After her sister Serah is declared an enemy of Cocoon, Lightning attempts to save her. She and others are then chosen by the fal'Cie, a divided race of demigods who rule the worlds of Gran Pulse and Cocoon, to destroy Cocoon. Lightning reappears as a supporting character in Final Fantasy XIII-2, acting as protector of the Goddess Etro. She is the sole playable character in Lightning Returns: Final Fantasy XIII, wherein she sets out to save her world, which is destined to end in thirteen days. Outside the XIII series, Lightning has been featured in multiple Final Fantasy games and had cameo appearances in other video games.
Daisuke Watanabe is a Japanese video game writer employed by Square Enix. He is mostly known for his work on the role-playing video game series Final Fantasy and the action RPG series Kingdom Hearts.
Jun Akiyama is a Japanese video game event director and scenario writer who works at Square Enix. He joined the predecessor company Square in 1995. In his role as event planner for Final Fantasy VII, Akiyama was responsible for the story elements and cutscenes involving the characters Red XIII and Yuffie Kisaragi, respectively. During his work as the event director of Vagrant Story, he intended to make the transitions between gameplay and event scenes as smooth as possible. The fully polygonal graphics of the game entailed precise camera movements, character animations and the usage of different lens effects.
Final Fantasy Type-0, an action role-playing game developed and published by Square Enix in 2011, revolves around a war between four nations in the world of Orience. An episodic companion game, Final Fantasy Agito, was released in 2014. Type-0 was re-released internationally in 2015 as a high-definition remaster for PlayStation 4 and Xbox One. The main protagonists are Class Zero, a group of students at the magical academy in Rubrum. The story is told through two new members of Class Zero: Machina Kunagiri and Rem Tokimiya. The main character of Agito is a player-created cadet at the Rubrum magical academy. The world and characters were designed by Yusuke Naora, Yusaku Nakaaki and Tetsuya Nomura. Their stories were created by Hajime Tabata, Hiroki Chiba and Sarah Obake.
Final Fantasy is a media franchise created by Hironobu Sakaguchi, and developed and owned by Square Enix. The franchise centers on a series of fantasy and science fantasy role-playing video games (RPGs). The eponymous first game in the series, published in 1987, was conceived by Sakaguchi as his last-ditch effort in the game industry; the title was a success and spawned sequels. While most entries in the series are separate from each other, they have recurring elements carrying over between entries: these include plot themes and motifs, gameplay mechanics such as the Active Time Battle (ATB) system, and signature character designs from the likes of Yoshitaka Amano and Tetsuya Nomura.