Final Fantasy Crystal Chronicles

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Final Fantasy Crystal Chronicles
Final Fantasy Crystal Chronicles (box art).jpg
Developer(s) The Game Designers Studio [lower-alpha 1]
Publisher(s) Nintendo (GameCube)
Square Enix (Remaster)
Director(s) Kazuhiko Aoki
Producer(s) Akitoshi Kawazu
Programmer(s) Mitsuru Kamiyama
Artist(s) Toshiyuki Itahana
Writer(s) Masahiro Kataoka
Composer(s) Kumi Tanioka
Series Final Fantasy
Platform(s) GameCube, Nintendo Switch, PlayStation 4, iOS, Android
  • JP: August 8, 2003
  • NA: February 9, 2004
  • PAL: March 12, 2004
  • AU: March 19, 2004
Remastered Edition
Nintendo Switch, PlayStation 4, iOS, Android
  • WW: 2019
Genre(s) Action role-playing
Mode(s) Single-player, multiplayer

Final Fantasy Crystal Chronicles [lower-alpha 2] is an action role-playing game developed by The Game Designers Studio and published for the GameCube by Nintendo in 2003 in Japan; and 2004 in North America, Europe and Australia. A remastered version for Nintendo Switch, PlayStation 4, Android, and iOS will be released in 2019. A spin-off of the Final Fantasy series, Crystal Chronicles was the first title released for a Nintendo console since Final Fantasy VI in 1994.

Action role-playing video games are a subgenre of role-playing video games. The games emphasize real-time combat where the player has direct control over the characters as opposed to turn or menu-based combat. These games often use action game combat systems similar to hack and slash or shooter games. Action role-playing games may also incorporate action-adventure games, which include a mission system and RPG mechanics, or massively multiplayer online role-playing games (MMORPGs) with real-time combat systems.

The Game Designers Studio, Inc. was a shell corporation founded in June 1999 by Square. The brand’s final iteration was known as Taito Soft Corporation, a 10-employee team designed for software development for consoles. The Game Designers Studio is associated with Taito Corporation for being the legal entity to assimilate Taito into the Square Enix group.

GameCube home video game console produced by Nintendo in 2001

The Nintendo GameCube is a home video game console released by Nintendo in Japan and North America in 2001 and Europe and Australia in 2002. The sixth-generation console is the successor to the Nintendo 64. It competed with Sony's PlayStation 2, Microsoft's Xbox and Sega's Dreamcast.


Players take on the role of adventurers who travel in a caravan gathering mystical fuel for crystals which protect the world's settlements from the destructive Miasma. The single-player campaign has the player escort the vessel carrying the crystal's energy, defending it from enemies and solving puzzles to progress. Multiplayer, which uses Game Boy Advance units connected using the console's link cable, has up to four players protecting the vessel.

Game Boy Advance Handheld video game console by Nintendo

The Game Boy Advance (GBA) is a 32-bit handheld video game console developed, manufactured and marketed by Nintendo as the successor to the Game Boy Color. It was released in Japan on March 21, 2001, in North America on June 11, 2001, in Australia and Europe on June 22, 2001, and in mainland China on June 8, 2004 as iQue Game Boy Advance. The GBA was part of the sixth generation. The original model did not have an illuminated screen; Nintendo addressed that with the release of a redesigned model with a frontlit screen, the Game Boy Advance SP, in 2003. Another redesign, the Game Boy Micro, was released in 2005.

GameCube – Game Boy Advance link cable

The Nintendo GameCube Game Boy Advance cable (DOL-011) is a cable used to connect the Game Boy Advance (GBA) to the GameCube (GCN). The cable serves different functions with different games. These functions include, but are not limited to: unlocking additional content, turning the GBA into a second screen, turning the GBA into a separate controller, or transferring in-game items between related games. When used with the Game Boy Player accessory, the GBA can be used to control any Game Boy game played through the GameCube.

Deciding to partner with Nintendo for game development following severe financial problems created by the failure of Final Fantasy: The Spirits Within , franchise creator Square formed the Game Designers Studio as a shell company to develop for Nintendo hardware without impacting games for Sony platforms. The development team wanted to create an accessible gameplay experience focusing on multiplayer. The music, written by Kumi Tanioka, made extensive use of medieval and Renaissance musical instruments. Upon release, the title was positively received by journalists, and was nominated for multiple awards. Reaching high sales positions in Japan and the West, it went on to sell over one million copies worldwide. Crystal Chronicles spawned a series for Nintendo consoles.

<i>Final Fantasy: The Spirits Within</i> 2001 American animated sci-fi film

Final Fantasy: The Spirits Within is a 2001 American computer-animated science fiction film directed by Hironobu Sakaguchi, creator of the Final Fantasy series of role-playing video games. It was the first photorealistic computer-animated feature film and was the most expensive video game-inspired film until the release of Prince of Persia in 2010. It features the voices of Ming-Na Wen, Alec Baldwin, Donald Sutherland, James Woods, Ving Rhames, Peri Gilpin and Steve Buscemi.

Square Co., Ltd. was a Japanese video game company founded in September 1986 by Masafumi Miyamoto. It merged with Enix in 2003 to form Square Enix. The company also used SquareSoft as a brand name to refer to their games, and the term is occasionally used to refer to the company itself. In addition, "Square Soft, Inc" was the name of the company's American arm before the merger, after which it was renamed to "Square Enix, Inc".

Shell corporation Company with few, if any, actual assets or operations

A shell corporation is a company or corporation that exists only on paper and has no office and no employees, but may have a bank account or may hold passive investments or be the registered owner of assets, such as intellectual property, or ships. Shell companies may be registered to the address of a company that provides a service setting up shell companies, and which may act as the agent for receipt of legal correspondence. The company may serve as a vehicle for business transactions without itself having any significant assets or operations. Sometimes, shell companies are used for tax evasion, tax avoidance, and money laundering, or to achieve a specific goal such as anonymity. Anonymity may be sought to shield personal assets from others, such as a spouse when a marriage is breaking down, from creditors, from government authorities, besides others.


Four team members in battle. Final Fantasy Crystal Chronicles battle1.png
Four team members in battle.

Final Fantasy Crystal Chronicles is an action role-playing game where players take control of a group of adventurers who travel the world searching for rare trees which produce "myrrh", used to fuel crystals protecting the world's settlements from the poisonous Miasma. [3] [4] Players are guided through a repeating series of events which dictate their progress through the game and its story. The adventurers set out from their village, travelling to the trees guarding the vessel which gathers the myrrh, exploring dungeons in which the trees reside, then returning home to renew their village's protective crystal. [5] :12–13

Players choose their avatar character from one of four races; they can be male or female, each with four pre-set body types. Each race has specific strengths, such as the human-like Clavats having high defence and magic statistics and the nomadic Selkies being able to use special abilities with less cooldown time. Each character's attributes are further customised by choosing the profession of their family, which gives the character access to unique facilities and items each time they return to their home town. [3] [4] Players navigate the world map with their Caravan, and enter town and dungeon environments discovered during the journey. In towns, the player can freely explore and use the available facilities to create and upgrade both items and equipment using materials and blueprints gathered during their journey. The player can also encounter other caravans and travellers, triggering story events. [3] [5] :28–33 Items used to support the player are both bought in shops and received as gifts from the player character's family. [5] :28–33

Avatar (computing) graphical representation of the user or the users alter ego or character

In computing, an avatar is the graphical representation of the user or the user's alter ego or character. An icon or figure representing a particular person in a video game, Internet forum, etc. It may take either a three-dimensional form, as in games or virtual worlds, or a two-dimensional form as an icon in Internet forums and other online communities. Avatar images have also been referred to as "picons" in the past, though the usage of this term is uncommon now. It can also refer to a text construct found on early systems such as MUDs. The term "avatar" can also refer to the personality connected with the screen name, or handle, of an Internet user.

Statistic (role-playing games) piece of data representing a particular aspect of a fictional character

A statistic in role-playing games is a piece of data that represents a particular aspect of a fictional character. That piece of data is usually a (unitless) integer or, in some cases, a set of dice.

While exploring dungeons, players are confined to a safe zone created by the vessel, fighting enemies in a style similar to hack and slash games with actions assigned to command buttons; actions can be chained together into short combination attacks using equipped weapons to increase damage and charge up magic abilities. Magic can be used to damage enemies or trigger status ailments, with multiple spells able to fuse and create new effects in battle. [3] [6] The elemental affinity of the player's attacks can be changed using crystals found in dungeons. Certain elemental affinities are necessary for crossing into new zones otherwise blocked by streams of Miasma. [5] :28–33 Instead of an experience point system, character attributes and statistics are increased by completing challenges in each dungeon session which award skill points, and Artifacts found in dungeons which can be equipped to a character. [5] :28–33 [6]

Hack and slash or hack and slay refers to a type of gameplay that emphasizes combat.

In video games, a combo is a set of actions performed in sequence, usually with strict timing limitations, that yield a significant benefit or advantage. The term originates from fighting games where it is based upon the concept of a striking combination. It has been since applied more generally to a wide variety of genres, such as puzzle games, shoot 'em ups, and sports games. Combos are commonly used as an essential gameplay element, but can also serve as a high score or attack power modifier, or simply as a way to exhibit a flamboyant playing style.

An experience point is a unit of measurement used in tabletop role-playing games (RPGs) and role-playing video games to quantify a player character's progression through the game. Experience points are generally awarded for the completion of missions, overcoming obstacles and opponents, and for successful role-playing.

In single-player, the player controls one character guarding the Moogle-held vessel from monster attacks while navigating dungeons. [5] :14–20 The game's multiplayer allows up to four players to join in a local gameplay session; multiplayer relies on the GameCube console linking with the Game Boy Advance (GBA) link cable. All players are displayed on the screen, while their GBAs both control their characters and allow functions such as shopping in towns and performing battle functions. [5] :21–26 [6] Character attributes are increased in the same way, except that the necessary points are given to the best player during that session. [6] In battle, players can raise attack meters using standard attacks in succession, and combine individual spells to create more powerful version for higher damage. [4] The link cable can also be used in single player, allowing the GBA to be used both as a controller and a second screen displaying radar information. The type of radar and what it shows is determined by the color the player's Moogle—one of a recurring Final Fantasy race—is painted during stays in towns and visits to the adventurers' hometown. [5] :14–20 [7]


Crystal Chronicles takes place in an unnamed fantasy world inhabited by four races. The player takes control of a caravan hailing from the village of Tipa, in which members of the world's four races come together to help its mission. [5] :6–7 [5] :38–41 1000 years before the game's events, the world's sustaining Great Crystal was shattered by a meteorite carrying an alien lifeform called the Meteor Parasite. The Parasite generated a poisonous vapour called the Miasma, which kills anyone it touches. Fragments of the Great Crystal ward off the Miasma from surviving settlements, but require renewal using myrrh, an energy harvested from magical trees using magical vessels protected by dedicated caravans. [5] :6–7 [8] The Tipa caravanners go on missions across the world to gather myrrh, learning the world's history from travellers and characters found in other settlements.

The caravanners eventually reach the home of the Carbuncles, an ancient race who guided the world's races to the Great Crystal fragments before going into hiding. After hearing of their adventures, the Carbuncles direct the caravanners to the source of the Miasma, asking them to destroy the Meteor Parasite. The caravanners fight the Meteor Parasite, but before they can kill it are transported to an unknown realm. There they meet Mio and her evil counterpart Raem, metaphysical beings born following the Great Crystal's destruction. Raem attacks the caravanners, merging with Mio to increase his power, before being finally destroyed. Mio and Raem separate and fade away, then the caravanners are sent back to Mount Vellenge to destroy the wounded Meteor Parasite. The world is freed from the Miasma—allowing the four tribes to begin rebuilding civilisation—and the caravanners return home.


Crystal Chronicles was the first original Final Fantasy title to be developed for a Nintendo console since the release of Final Fantasy VI in 1994. [9] Final Fantasy developer Square had broken with Nintendo to develop Final Fantasy VII for Sony's new PlayStation console, resulting in a long-standing enmity between Square and Nintendo. In 2001, following the financial failure of the feature film Final Fantasy: The Spirits Within , Sony purchased a stake in the company amounting to 19% of shares. After considering their still-poor financial situation and wishing to keep their staff from leaving, Square decided to begin developing titles for Nintendo consoles once again. Sony, whose rivalry with Nintendo had softened with the appearance of Microsoft's Xbox on the console market, agreed to the partnership on the condition that it would not impact development of titles for the PlayStation 2. This resulted in the creation of The Game Designers Studio, a shell company for Square's Product Development Division 2 co-owned by Square and Akitoshi Kawazu, a staff member famous for his work on the SaGa series. [1] [2] [10]

Development of the new project began in late 2001. [11] The title was developed with the aid of Q Fund, a fund set up by Nintendo's Hiroshi Yamauchi to help first-time developers for the GameCube and GBA consoles. [11] [1] Kawazu acted as the game's producer. [12] The director was Kazuhiko Aoki, a veteran of the Final Fantasy series who had worked on Final Fantasy IX . The artwork and character designs were created by Toshiyuki Itahana, who had also worked on Final Fantasy IX. [9] During the game's development in 2003, Square underwent a merger with Enix to become Square Enix, though the nature of the merger meant operations at the Gamer Designers Studio continued as normal. [13] [14]

Similar to his SaGa games, Kawazu wanted to promote player freedom. [10] The basic concept was to build a game around use of the link cable. [15] Kawazu explained that using the GBA would "introduce different elements of gameplay". [12] He later stated that this type of multiplayer meant "the entry was a bit high" for potential players. [16] The battle system was initially going to use the series' recurring Active Time Battle system, but instead chose a purely action-based system to allow more people to enjoy the gameplay. Leveling based on experience points was also removed to create an level field for players. It was initially planned to include a human sidekick character, but upon considering its impact on multiplayer, they changed it to the current Moogle system. [15]

The game's event planner was Masahiro Kataoka, a Square staff member who had previously worked in that capacity on Final Fantasy IX. [17] While previous Final Fantasy games were driven by their narrative, Crystal Chronicles was driven by its gameplay; the narrative was instead communicated through basic storytelling and environmental narrative. Despite this shift, recurring elements from the Final Fantasy were included. The player character designs were intended to be highly distinctive, allowing players to differentiate each other during play sessions. When creating the graphics, the team created graphical effects they considered possible only on the GameCube, and constantly checked background designs throughout development. Due to the multitude of elements new to Final Fantasy being incorporated into Crystal Chronicles, the development team faced multiple difficulties. [15]


The soundtrack to Crystal Chronicles was primarily composed by Kumi Tanioka, while music programmer and arranger Hidenori Iwasaki provided one additional piece of music. [18] [19] Prior to Crystal Chronicles, Tanioka had worked on the score of Final Fantasy XI. [12] Tanioka has described the musical style for the soundtrack as being based on "ancient instruments". [20] The soundtrack makes extensive use of many medieval and Renaissance musical instruments such as the recorder, the crumhorn and the lute, creating a distinctively rustic feel. Tanioka said that the idea came to her while looking at illustrations of the game world, which gave her the idea of making "world music", where the tracks would "not [be] limited to a single country or culture". She also credits Iwasaki with doing "fantastic technical work" that brought her vision to life. [21]

The game features two vocal themes; the opening theme "Kaze no Ne", [lower-alpha 3] and the ending theme "Hoshizukiyo". [lower-alpha 4] The Japanese versions are sung by Fujimoto Yae, while the English versions are sung by Donna Burke. Burke also provided narration for the English version of the game. [22] [23] [24] The lyrics for both "Kaze no Ne" and "Hoshizukiyo" were written by Kataoka. [25]

A soundtrack album was released under the Pony Canyon label on August 20, 2003. It included all of the music from the game with the exception of the English versions of "Kaze no Ne" and "Hoshizukiyo". [20] Final Fantasy Crystal Chronicles: A Musical Journey was a European promotional album which was given alongside the game on March 11, 2004 as a pre-order bonus. It contains six tracks from the soundtrack, including "Kaze No Ne" in both Japanese and English, the only time the English version has been released. It was published by Nintendo of Europe. [22] "Kaze no Ne" was released as a single by Pony Canyon, featuring "Kaze No Ne", an arranged version, and two other songs by Yae from her album Blue Line. The single was released on July 30, 2003. [26]


The game was officially announced at the Jump Festa event in Japan on December 21, 2002. [27] A Western release was announced in April the following year. [28] The game was among those shown by Square Enix at the 2003 Electronic Entertainment Expo, alongside a number of other titles including Final Fantasy XI and X-2 , and other titles including Unlimited SaGa and Drakengard . [29] Crystal Chronicles released in Japan on August 8, 2003, after being delayed twice. [30] The game came packaged with a GameCube-GBA link cable for use in multiplayer. [31] In North America, the game released the following year on February 9, 2004. [32] In Europe, the game was released on March 12 of that year, [33] while in Australia it released on March 19. [34] The game was published worldwide by Nintendo. [28] [33]

A remastered version for Nintendo Switch and PlayStation 4, titled Final Fantasy Crystal Chronicles: Remastered Edition, was announced in September 2018 for a 2019 release. It was later confirmed for release worldwide. The remaster includes enhanced graphics, new content, voice acting, and adjustments to the multiplayer to allow online remote play. [35] [36]


Aggregate score
Metacritic 80/100 [37]
Review scores
EGM 8/8/8 [38]
Eurogamer 9/10 [39]
Famitsu 32/40 [40]
Game Informer 7/10 [41]
GameSpot 8/10 [3]
IGN 7.5/10 [6]

Japanese gaming magazine Famitsu praised the game's fairytale aesthetic and unconventional treatment of the RPG genre; [40] journalists Shane Bettenhausen, Jennifer Tsao and Kevin Gifford Electronic Gaming Monthly each gave the game high praise for its innovation in gameplay and graphical style. [38] Eurogamer 's Rob Fahey gave the game a near-perfect score, noting the clear production values and calling it "one of the best action RPGs we've played in a long time"; his only major fault was the implementation of multiplayer and its potential problems. [39]

Andrew Reiner—writing for Game Informer —was highly critical of the overall experience, calling the game "an experiment gone awry [...] unfit to bear the sacrosanct Final Fantasy name." A second opinion given by Adam Biessener supported this view, with Biessener feeling that the game did little to distinguish itself from other similar titles. [41] GameSpot 's Brad Shoemaker enjoyed the game despite faulting its high hardware demands for the full experience. [3] Mary Jane Irwin of IGN also gave praised to its gameplay concepts and design, but noted a lack of replay value and the steep entry requirements for multiplayer. [6]

Reviewers praised the game's art design and music, but most considered the story lacking compared to other Final Fantasy games. The gameplay was lauded for its implementation of multiplayer despite the hardware requirements and its detrimental effect on the single player campaign. A consensus in both Japanese and international reviews was that it was an innovative title, but with several flaws keeping it from being ranked among the best Final Fantasy games. [3] [6] [38] [39] [40] [41]

Crystal Chronicles received the Grand Prize at the 2003 Japan Media Arts Festival; it was given the award based on its multiplayer function and graphical achievements. [42] During the 2004 National Academy of Video Game Trade Reviewers ceremony, the game was nominated for awards in the "Character Design", "Costume Design", "Game - Sequel RPG" and "Original Musical Score" categories. [43] It was later nominated for the "Console Role Playing Game of the Year" award at the 2005 Academy of Interactive Arts & Sciences ceremony. [44]

IGN ranked the game in 2003 prior to its Western release as second in a list of the best co-op video games; while noting that the game's unusual features and chosen platform caused confusion within the Final Fantasy fan base, its multiplayer promised a high quality experience of other elements could live up to it. [45] Eurogamer's Rob Haines praised the game's approach to the inherent conflict between multiplayer gameplay and narrative, and despite its drawbacks called its multiplayer function " the most fully-featured implementation of Gamecube-Game Boy Advance connectivity ever created". [46] Henry Gilbert of GamesRadar , as part of a 2017 article ranking the best Final Fantasy spin-off games, praised the game's multiplayer elements and return to Nintendo consoles despite its extensive hardware demands. [47]


During its debut in Japan, Crystal Chronicles sold over 179,500 units, reaching second place in sales charts. [48] During the next two weeks, it first dropped to third place then rose to second place again. [49] By 2004, Crystal Chronicles had sold nearly 355,000 units, becoming the twenty-eighth best-selling game title of the year in Japan and boosting GameCube sales for August. [50] Following its North American release, the game was the best-selling title of the month. [51] In the United Kingdom, the game was the best-selling GameCube title of its week of release, [52] a position it retained during the second week. [53] As of October 2007, the game has shipped over 1.3 million copies worldwide. [54]


Final Fantasy Crystal Chronicles series
2003Final Fantasy Crystal Chronicles
2007 Final Fantasy Crystal Chronicles: Ring of Fates
2008 Final Fantasy Crystal Chronicles: My Life as a King
2009 Final Fantasy Crystal Chronicles: My Life as a Darklord
Final Fantasy Crystal Chronicles: Echoes of Time
Final Fantasy Crystal Chronicles: The Crystal Bearers

Crystal Chronicles was the only original game developed by the Game Designers Studio, which had become a subsidiary of Square Enix following the 2002 merger. The Game Designers Studio was eventually renamed SQEX Corporation in 2005. [14] [55] It was later merged with Taito in 2006 following Taito's acquisition by Square Enix, and eventually dissolved entirely during consolidation of Square Enix's arcade businesses in 2010. [56] [57]

Multiple Crystal Chronicles titles were later developed for Nintendo's later consoles, with Square Enix's aim being to make full use of Nintendo hardware while developing the Final Fantasy franchise. [58] The first was Final Fantasy Crystal Chronicles: Ring of Fates for the Nintendo DS (DS). [16] Two further titles were Echoes of Time for the DS and Wii, and The Crystal Bearers for the Wii. [58] Square Enix also developed two Crystal Chronicles titles for the Wii's WiiWare service; My Life as a King and its direct sequel My Life as a Darklord . [59] [60] All the Crystal Chronicles games share the same continuity, creating a narrative spanning two millennia. [61] [62] [63] [64] [65]

Kataoka would go on to work on the scenarios of multiple titles following Crystal Chronicles including Final Fantasy X and XII . He eventually left the company and founded Studio Reel in 2012. Studio Reel and Kataoka would work together with Kawazu on the development of the 2015 title SaGa: Scarlet Grace . [17] [25]


  1. The Game Designers Studio is a now-defunct shell company led by Akitoshi Kawazu for Square (later Square Enix) Product Development Division 2. [1] [2]
  2. Japanese:ファイナルファンタジー クリスタルクロニクル Hepburn:Fainaru Fantajī Kurisutaru Kuronikuru ?
  3. (カゼノネ, "Sound of the Wind")
  4. (星月夜, "Moonless Starry Night")

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Final Fantasy Explorers is an action role-playing video game for the Nintendo 3DS. It features character job-oriented combat against classic Final Fantasy monsters and summons. It was released in Japan in December 2014, and in North America and Europe in January 2016.

<i>Final Fantasy Type-0 HD</i> action role-playing game

Final Fantasy Type-0 HD is an action role-playing game developed by Square Enix and HexaDrive, and published by Square Enix for PlayStation 4 and Xbox One, and later for Microsoft Windows via Steam. It was released worldwide in March 2015, while the Steam port was released in August 2015. Type-0 HD is a high-definition remaster of the Japan-exclusive PlayStation Portable game Final Fantasy Type-0, a spin-off from the main Final Fantasy series and part of the Fabula Nova Crystallis subseries, a set of games sharing a common mythos. The story focuses on Class Zero, a group of fourteen students from the Dominion of Rubrum who must fight the neighboring Militesi Empire when they launch an assault on the other Crystal States of Orience. In doing so, the group become entangled in both the efforts to push back and defeat the forces of Militesi, and the secret behind the war and the existence of the crystals.

Final Fantasy is a media franchise created by Hironobu Sakaguchi, and developed and owned by Square Enix. The franchise centers on a series of fantasy and science fantasy role-playing video games (RPGs). The eponymous first game in the series, published in 1987, was conceived by Sakaguchi as his last-ditch effort in the game industry; the title was a success and spawned sequels. While most entries in the series are separate from each other, they have recurring elements carrying over between entries: these include plot themes and motifs, gameplay mechanics such as the Active Time Battle (ATB) system, and signature character designs from the likes of Yoshitaka Amano and Tetsuya Nomura.


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