Fabula Nova Crystallis Final Fantasy

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Fabula Nova Crystallis
Final Fantasy
Fabula Nova Crystallis Final Fantasy (logo).jpg
Official logo of the Fabula Nova Crystallis series, depicting a deity from the series mythos. [1] [lower-alpha 1]
Genre(s) Role-playing
Developer(s) Square Enix [lower-alpha 2]
Publisher(s) Square Enix
Creator(s) Kazushige Nojima, Shinji Hashimoto, Yoshinori Kitase
Platform(s) Android, iOS, PlayStation 3, PlayStation 4, PlayStation Portable, Microsoft Windows, Xbox 360, Xbox One
First release Final Fantasy XIII
December 17, 2009
Latest release Final Fantasy Awakening
December 14, 2016

Fabula Nova Crystallis Final Fantasy [lower-alpha 3] is a series of games within the Final Fantasy video game franchise. It was primarily developed by series creator and developer Square Enix, which also acted as publisher for all titles. While featuring various worlds and different characters, each Fabula Nova Crystallis game is ultimately based on and expands upon a common mythos focusing on important crystals tied to deities. The level of connection to the mythos varies between each title. The series title translates from Latin as 'The New Tale of the Crystal'. Each development team was given the freedom to adapt the mythos to fit the context of a game's story.

Final Fantasy is a Japanese science fantasy media franchise created by Hironobu Sakaguchi, and developed and owned by Square Enix. The franchise centers on a series of fantasy and science fantasy role-playing video games (RPGs/JRPGs). The first game in the series was released in 1987, with 14 other main-numbered entries being released since then. The franchise has since branched into other video game genres such as tactical role-playing, action role-playing, massively multiplayer online role-playing, racing, third-person shooter, fighting, and rhythm, as well as branching into other media, including CGI films, anime, manga, and novels.

Square Enix Japanese video game company

Square Enix Holdings Co., Ltd. is a Japanese video game developer, publisher, and distribution company known for its Final Fantasy, Dragon Quest, and Kingdom Hearts role-playing video game franchises, among numerous others. Several of them have sold over 10 million copies worldwide, with the Final Fantasy franchise alone selling 144 million, the Dragon Quest franchise selling 78 million and the Kingdom Hearts franchise selling 30 million. The Square Enix headquarters are in the Shinjuku Eastside Square Building in Shinjuku, Tokyo. The company employs over 4300 employees worldwide.

Contents

The series, originally announced in 2006 as Fabula Nova Crystallis Final Fantasy XIII, currently consists of seven games across multiple platforms. Final Fantasy XIII , designed as the series' flagship title, was released in 2009. The creative forces behind the series include many developers from previous Final Fantasy titles, including Shinji Hashimoto and Motomu Toriyama. The mythos was conceived and written by Kazushige Nojima. The first games announced for the series were Final Fantasy XIII, Final Fantasy XV (as Versus XIII), and Final Fantasy Type-0 (as Agito XIII). All three games went through delays. After Final Fantasy XIII and Type-0's releases, their respective teams used ideas and concepts from development to create additional games. For later games, other studios have been brought in to help with aspects of development. Final Fantasy XV was distanced from the series brand for marketing purposes despite retaining thematic connections.

<i>Final Fantasy XIII</i> 2010 role-playing video game

Final Fantasy XIII is a science fiction role-playing video game developed and published by Square Enix for the PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360 consoles and later for the Microsoft Windows operating system. Released in Japan in December 2009 and worldwide in March 2010, it is the thirteenth title in the mainline Final Fantasy series. The game includes fast-paced combat, a new system for the series for determining which abilities are developed for the characters called "Crystarium", and a customizable "Paradigm" system to control which abilities are used by the characters. Final Fantasy XIII includes elements from the previous games in the series, such as summoned monsters, chocobos, and airships.

Shinji Hashimoto Japanese video game producer

Shinji Hashimoto is a Japanese game producer at Square Enix. He currently serves as the Final Fantasy series Brand Manager, as an Executive Officer at Square Enix and the Head of Square Enix's Business Division 3. He is also the co-creator of the Kingdom Hearts series. He served as corporate executive of the company's 1st Production Department during its entire existence.

Motomu Toriyama video game designer

Motomu Toriyama is a Japanese game director and scenario writer who has been working for Square Enix since 1994. He initially worked on cutscenes in Bahamut Lagoon and Final Fantasy VII. Toriyama started directing with Final Fantasy X-2 and has continued doing so with large-scale projects such as Final Fantasy XIII and its sequels Final Fantasy XIII-2 and Lightning Returns: Final Fantasy XIII. Since 2003, he has been directing his own team of scenario writers at the company. He is currently directing Mobius Final Fantasy and is a member of Square Enix's Business Division 1, and part of the Final Fantasy Committee that is tasked with keeping the franchise's releases and content consistent.

Seven titles have been released as of 2016. The series is complemented by works in related media, including companion books, novelizations, and manga. Final Fantasy XV notably expanded into a multimedia project, spawning a feature film and an original animated webseries. Individual games have generally received a positive reception, although opinions have been more mixed over various aspects of the three Final Fantasy XIII games. Reception of the mythos' use in the released games has also been mixed: while some critics called it confusing or too similar to the lore of the main series, others were impressed by its scope and use. Retrospective opinions on the series have also been mixed.

Manga Comics or graphic novels created in Japan

Manga are comics or graphic novels created in Japan or by creators in the Japanese language, conforming to a style developed in Japan in the late 19th century. They have a long and complex pre-history in earlier Japanese art.

<i>Kingsglaive: Final Fantasy XV</i> 2016 film by Takeshi Nozue

Kingsglaive: Final Fantasy XV is a 2016 Japanese computer-animated fantasy film directed by Takeshi Nozue and scripted by Takashi Hasegawa from a story by Kazushige Nojima and Saori Itamuro. Developed primarily by Square Enix's exclusive CGI studio Visual Works, Kingsglaive is based on the setting and story of the 2016 video game Final Fantasy XV, which is thematically connected to the Fabula Nova Crystallis subseries. Kingsglaive: Final Fantasy XV released theatrically in July 2016 in Japan by Aniplex, and received a limited theatrical run in August in North America by Stage 6 Films. Digital and physical home video versions were released in October 2016, and the film was bundled with different editions of Final Fantasy XV alongside Brotherhood: Final Fantasy XV.

<i>Brotherhood: Final Fantasy XV</i> 2016 Japanese anime series

Brotherhood: Final Fantasy XV is an original net animation series directed by Soichi Masui, produced by Akio Ofuji, written by Yuniko Ayana, and composed for by Yasuhisa Inoue and Susumi Akizuki. Co-produced by Square Enix and A-1 Pictures, it is based on the setting and story of the 2016 video game Final Fantasy XV, which is thematically connected to the Fabula Nova Crystallis subseries. Brotherhood is set within the events of Final Fantasy XV, and details the backstories of main protagonist Noctis Lucis Caelum and those closest to him.

Titles

Release timeline
2009 Final Fantasy XIII
2010
2011 Final Fantasy Type-0
Final Fantasy XIII-2
2012
2013 Lightning Returns: Final Fantasy XIII
2014 Final Fantasy Agito
2015
2016 Final Fantasy XV
Final Fantasy Awakening

Fabula Nova Crystallis Final Fantasy currently consists of seven titles across multiple platforms, including sequels and spin-offs of the original entries. [3] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] The entries in the Fabula Nova Crystallis series share the same mythology, interpreted differently and referred to in varying degrees for each of the game worlds. [11]

PlayStation 3 seventh-generation and third home video game console developed by Sony Interactive Entertainment

The PlayStation 3 is a home video game console developed by Sony Computer Entertainment. It is the successor to PlayStation 2, and is part of the PlayStation brand of consoles. It was first released on November 11, 2006 in Japan, November 17, 2006 in North America, and March 23, 2007 in Europe and Australia. The PlayStation 3 competed mainly against consoles such as Microsoft's Xbox 360 and Nintendo's Wii as part of the seventh generation of video game consoles.

The Xbox 360 is a home video game console developed by Microsoft. As the successor to the original Xbox, it is the second console in the Xbox series. It competed with Sony's PlayStation 3 and Nintendo's Wii as part of the seventh generation of video game consoles. It was officially unveiled on MTV on May 12, 2005, with detailed launch and game information announced later that month at the 2005 Electronic Entertainment Expo.

Microsoft Windows is a group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed, marketed and sold by Microsoft. Each family caters to a certain sector of the computing industry. Active Microsoft Windows families include Windows NT and Windows IoT; these may encompass subfamilies, e.g. Windows Server or Windows Embedded Compact. Defunct Microsoft Windows families include Windows 9x, Windows Mobile and Windows Phone.

Final Fantasy XIII and its sequels have a strong connection to the mythos, making extensive use of its terminology and involving many of its deities. [38] [39] The universe of Final Fantasy Type-0 used the terminology and made minor reference to the mythos while focusing on the human side of events, although these references were added during later story development. [38] [40] [41] While the mythos is still present in Final Fantasy XV, it was "disconnected" from the core framework, with specific terminology being removed and its emphasis reduced to become a background element for the world and story. [42] [43] [lower-alpha 4] [44] [45] [46]

Themes

The universes of Final Fantasy XIII, Type-0 and Final Fantasy XV are unrelated to each other, though common elements and themes are present. [47] The first is a common narrative theme of harmful interference by the mythos' deities in the affairs of humans, and those humans' choice of whether to accept or challenge the predetermined fates given to them. [48] [49] [50] [51] Tetsuya Nomura defined this theme as "a battle of the gods that lies behind each tale and gives it inspiration in a different way". [52] Hajime Tabata later defined the theme as a tale of humans placing their lives at risk after being chosen by the crystal. [51] The second common element is the structure of the Fabula Nova Crystallis universe, which is divided in two: the mortal world, where humans live, and the afterlife or Unseen Realm(不可視世界,Fukashi sekai, lit. "Invisible World"). [53] A recurring theme is subverting the series' traditional view of crystals, making them objects that brought both prosperity and tragedy by their influence. [54]

In the mythology, the god Bhunivelze(ブーニベルゼ,Būniberuze) seizes control of the mortal world by killing his mother, the creator goddess Mwynn(ムイン,Muin), who vanishes into the Unseen Realm. Believing that the mortality of the world is Mwynn's curse, Bhunivelze creates three new deities to search for the gate to the Unseen Realm so he can control both worlds. The first deity, Pulse(パルス,Parusu), is tasked with terraforming the world; the second deity, Etro(エトロ,Etoro), is discarded because of her resemblance to Mwynn; the third deity, Lindzei(リンゼ,Rinze), acts as his protector. Bhunivelze then enters a deep sleep, while Lindzei and Pulse carry out their missions. Distraught at being abandoned, Etro kills herself, and humans are born from her blood. Once in the Unseen Realm, Etro finds Mwynn being consumed by a force called chaos, which threatens to destroy reality. As Mwynn fades, she tasks Etro with protecting the balance between the worlds. Etro gives humans pieces of chaos that become their "hearts". Because humans held chaos within them, they maintained the balance through their death and reincarnation. Since then, humans have either worshiped or feared Pulse and Lindzei, and refer to Etro as the goddess of death. [53] The mythos' deities hold similar roles in each game's setting, but are not the same characters in a narrative sense. [47]

A recurring race in the games are god-like beings created by Pulse and Lindzei to act as their servants in the mortal world. In the original mythos and the XIII games, the demigods are called fal'Cie /fælˈs/ . They take the form of crystal-powered mechanical beings in the XIII games. [55] In the universe of Type-0, they are both semi-sentient crystals and humanoid beings living among the people. [56] The fal'Cie have the ability to imbue chosen humans with magical powers and assign them a task to complete either willingly or unwillingly. Final Fantasy XIII and Type-0 refer to these people as l'Cie /ləˈs/ and the task given to them as a Focus. In the worlds of XIII and Type-0, there are two possible outcomes for l'Cie: once their Focus is fulfilled, they can go into 'crystal stasis', transforming into a crystal statue, and gain eternal life, but if they fail they become mindless crystalline monsters. [57] In Type-0, l'Cie are chosen by the crystal of their country, and given great power to fulfill their assigned Focus, but lose their memories if emotionally unstable. [40] [58] While not referred to as such using the original terminology, humans imbued with magic and burdened with a task exist in Final Fantasy XV, one of them being the main protagonist Noctis. [42] [51] [59]

A common element not related to the mythos, themes or plots of the series is the use of Latin in the games' titles or worlds, often as key words to describing themes and story points: the series' title translates as 'The New Tale of the Crystal', [60] 'Agito' roughly translates as "to put into motion", [61] while 'Versus' translates as both "to turn around" and "against", which were described as representing key narrative concepts. [62] 'Agito' was kept within the Final Fantasy Type-0 universe with both an in-universe concept and the title of its prequel. [38] [63] 'Versus' was used in early trailers for Final Fantasy XV after its re-reveal in 2013, carrying the tagline 'A World of the Versus Epic'. [64] Commenting on the high use of Latin in Final Fantasy XV prior to its public name change, Nomura said he wanted a language that was no longer used on a daily basis and that people "won't be able to understand and yet appreciate", desiring a sense of general equality. [65]

Production

Creation

The concept for the Fabula Nova Crystallis series originated during late development on Final Fantasy X-2 and the original Kingdom Hearts . Discussing what to do once Final Fantasy XII was completed, Nomura, Shinji Hashimoto and Yoshinori Kitase decided to build upon the idea of multiple games connected by a single "central theme". [66] Scenario writer Kazushige Nojima started writing the original mythology for the Fabula Nova Crystallis series in 2003, finishing it by February 2004. [67] Nojima described his creation as the result of a wish to create something entirely new; a universe with its own mythos and legends. When he introduced the concept to other team members, they liked it and helped it grow. As with some of his other projects, Nojima incorporated themes of mythology due to his liking for and extensive research of Greek and Norse mythology. [68] During his work, he received creative input from Kitase and Hashimoto, as well as Nomura, Tabata and Motomu Toriyama. [62] Nojima wrote a series bible about the mythology, explaining concepts such as the fal'Cie and l'Cie and the feelings of the deities who created them. [1] [67] This bible became the basis for a video animated by Yusuke Naora's art team to showcase the mythos in 2011. [1] None of the deities were depicted in human form in the video, as this would have undermined the developers' wishes for open interpretation by developers and players. [1]

The central concept for Fabula Nova Crystallis came from the Compilation of Final Fantasy VII , a multimedia subseries featuring the world and characters of Final Fantasy VII . Whereas the common link in the Compilation was Final Fantasy VII, the team chose to use "the tale of new crystals" for the new series, with the mythos connecting the games rather than an overarching narrative. [66] Another key idea behind the mythos was to ease the production of future Final Fantasy games by providing an established universe. [69] The individual directors are allowed to freely interpret the base mythology when they create their games. [11] [69] When referring to this freedom, Tabata has compared the mythos and the concept behind it to Greek mythology; a mythos with common themes and deities, but featuring many unrelated stories. [38] [69]

Toriyama based the story of Final Fantasy XIII around the mythos' deities and their direct relations to the world. [38] [67] Tabata and Nomura both focused on the human side of the story. [38] [52] [70] Tabata chose to portray the divine elements from a historical standpoint in Type-0. [38] [71] Nomura created a modern-day setting similar to contemporary Earth in Final Fantasy XV, referring far less to the mythos' terminology. [62] [72] Nomura was also appointed as the main character designer for all entries in the subseries. [52] In a 2007 interview, Hashimoto compared the planning of the Fabula Nova Crystallis series to film franchises such as Star Wars and The Lord of the Rings : an expansive brand on which to build multiple Final Fantasy titles planned in advance. [73] The development of all games connected to the mythos was handled by Square Enix 1st Production Department. [74] A trademark for Final Fantasy Haeresis XIII hinted at another entry, but the trademark expired in 2011 and the company did not renew. [75]

Development

Final Fantasy XIII began development in February 2004. [67] It began as a title for the PlayStation 2 under the codename "Colors World", [76] however it was moved onto PlayStation 3 after the positively received Crystal Tools engine demo in 2005 and the delayed release of Final Fantasy XII. [77] [78] [79] The original titles in the series were Final Fantasy XIII and Versus XIII. Agito XIII was conceived later, when Tabata was looking for a new project after finishing Before Crisis: Final Fantasy VII . [62] Originally titled Fabula Nova Crystallis Final Fantasy XIII, the three titles were announced at E3 2006 [80] Final Fantasy XIII and Versus XIII were intended to form the core of the series, with future games being a "facet" of Final Fantasy XIII. [60] Agito XIII and Versus XIII both began production in 2006. [80] The subseries' title changed in 2011 when the "XIII" numeral was dropped as it "would have been an issue". [1]

XIII was developed by team members who had worked on Final Fantasy VII, VIII , X and X-2. [81] [82] It was first announced as a PS3 exclusive. [80] Late in its development, Final Fantasy XIII changed from being a console exclusive when an Xbox 360 version was announced, significantly delaying its release. [83] After the release of Final Fantasy XIII, the creators wanted to expand on the game's setting and tell more stories about the characters, so XIII-2 and Lightning Returns were developed. [84] For these games, Japanese developer tri-Ace was brought in to help with the games' design and graphics. [2] [85] The three games and their respective tie-in media were referred to as the "Lightning Saga" by Square Enix staff after the games' central character. [86] [87] A port for Microsoft Windows was considered, but not followed up due to platform-specific concerns and the company's view of the video game market. [88] Later, Final Fantasy XIII and its sequels would receive PC ports through Steam. [13] While there was speculation that Fabula Nova Crystallis would end with Lightning Returns, Kitase repeatedly said there was still room for further titles beyond the XIII universe. [84] [89]

Agito XIII was handled by staff from Before Crisis. [90] The game was originally being developed as an episodic mobile game. [80] By 2008, Agito XIII had been moved onto the PlayStation Portable, then later renamed Final Fantasy Type-0. The stated reason for the change of title was that Final Fantasy XIII and Type-0 shared little besides the core mythos. [1] [91] [92] Type-0's western release was delayed due to the flagging PSP market in western territories. A high-definition port to the same platforms as Final Fantasy XV was co-developed by Square Enix and HexaDrive, and was eventually announced for a western release. [20] [93] Tabata created Agito around his original ideas for Type-0 as a mobile title. Agito acted both as a prequel to Type-0 and as an alternate story set within its world. [38] [94] The game was co-developed by mobile game developer Tayutau K. K. [3] Later, Chinese developer Perfect World were brought in to develop Awakening. [95]

Versus XIII's development was headed by the team behind the console Kingdom Hearts games. [96] Like XIII, the game was a PS3 exclusive. [80] As early as 2007, Square Enix considered re-branding Versus XIII as a numbered entry in the main series due to the rapidly growing scale of the project. [97] The game was eventually re-branded in 2011 as Final Fantasy XV. [98] [99] [100] As part of its later marketing, Final Fantasy XV was deliberately distanced from the Fabula Nova Crystallis brand to remove the consequent limitation on their target audience, although lore and design elements were retained. [42] [44] [46] The game was also moved fully onto eighth generation consoles and developed using the company's new Luminous Studio engine. The PS3 version was abandoned due to concerns about the console's continued viability. [31] [100] Final Fantasy XV eventually had help from multiple developers, including HexaDrive, XPEC Entertainment and Umbra. [4] [43] [101] In contrast to Final Fantasy XIII, Tabata decided against creating any sequels to Final Fantasy XV, instead expanding the base game through DLC. [102] [103] The first season of DLC was well received, so a second season was commissioned. [33] All but one of these later DLC episodes was cancelled in 2018 following the decision by the team to focus on a new intellectual property. [104]

The games have been complemented and expanded upon through other media. For Final Fantasy XIII, a small book of short stories titled Final Fantasy XIII - Episode Zero was released, first through the game's website and then as a print release in December 2009. It shows events prior to the game's opening. [105] [106] A second novella, Episode i, was published via XIII-2's official website, bridging the narrative gap between XIII and XIII-2. [107] Alongside XIII-2's Japanese release, a book detailing events not shown or described in the game titled Fragments Before was released in December 2011 including Episode i; [108] this would be followed up by Fragments After, released in June 2012. [109] Only Episode i has received an official English release. [110] Lightning Returns was also set to receive a prequel novel by Benny Matsuyama alongside the game's Japanese release in November 2013, [111] however this was later cancelled due to the author falling ill. [112] A three-part novella exclusive to Famitsu Weekly magazine titled Final Fantasy XIII Reminiscence: tracer of memories was released across June and July 2014. It was written by Daisuke Watanabe, who handled the scripts for the XIII games, and takes place immediately after the ending of Lightning Returns. [113] Reminiscence was later released online. [114]

Final Fantasy Type-0 received a manga adaptation illustrated by Takatoshi Shiozawa. It began publication in the November 2011 of Young Gangan and was collected into a single volume and released in April 2012. [115] [116] The manga was translated into English and released as part of the western collector's edition for Type-0 HD, available exclusively through Square Enix's online store. [117] A second manga following one of the game's secondary characters, Final Fantasy Type-0 Side Story: Reaper of the Icy Blade, [lower-alpha 5] began serialization in May 2012. The latter manga was created by Shiozawa under Nomura's supervision. [118] The manga ended in January 2014, with a bonus chapter released in February of the same year. [119] [120] It will be released in the west in July 2015, licensed by Yen Press. [121] Two novels detailing an alternate version of Type-0, titled Final Fantasy Type-0: Change the World, [lower-alpha 6] were released in April and June 2012. [122] [123] Agito received another Change the World novel adaptation focusing on two of the game's supporting characters. [124] Ultimania guides and companion books have been released for the majority of released games. [125]

Final Fantasy XV similarly had additional media released around it, forming a dedicated multimedia expansion dubbed the "Final Fantasy XV Universe". The majority of its content fleshed out the background for Final Fantasy XV's plot, which would have required multiple video games under normal circumstances. [102] [126] While comparing the Final Fantasy XV Universe to the overall structure of Fabula Nova Crystallis, the game's director defined it as an attempt to make the narrative of XV work in current times rather than attempting to "reinvent" the original concept. [127] An anime produced by Square Enix and A-1 Pictures, Brotherhood: Final Fantasy XV , details the backstories of the main cast and how they came to be journeying together. It is being distributed online through the months leading up to the game's release. [128] [129] A CGI feature film produced by the same team as Advent Children, Kingsglaive: Final Fantasy XV , was released in July 2016 in Japan and in August in America; it focuses on the main character's father Regis Lucis Caelum, alongside original characters. [129] [130] [131] The cancelled DLC was turned into the novel Final Fantasy XV: The Dawn of the Future. [132] [133]

Reception

The Fabula Nova Crystallis mythos has received mixed reactions from gaming sites. Hardcore Gamer's Brady Hale called the series "anything but ordinary" in the variety of games it featured. [134] In an article concerning the 25th Anniversary event for the Final Fantasy series, Joystiq's Ben Gilbert called the Fabula Nova Crystallis mythos "occasionally bizarre and often beautiful". [135] In 2014, Jeremy Parish of USGamer said the series was "much ado about nothing", stating that since the games shared a large amount of themes and plot points with the main series, there seemed little reason for a distinction. [79] TechnoBuffalo's Ron Duwell, in an article concerning a documentary video on Final Fantasy XV, called the series "overly ambitious", but felt that it was worth Fabula Nova Crystallis "[imploding] upon itself" if Final Fantasy XV fulfilled its promises. [136] Kat Bailey, writing for USGamer as part of her review for Final Fantasy XV, said that series fans were ready for the subseries to come to an end with the game's release. [137] RPG Site's Chelsi Laire called the subseries "a series of successes and failures, but mostly the latter" due to its troubled development, but hoped that the company would revisit the brand in the future. [54]

Speaking about the XIII games in particular, Parish suggested that their mixed reactions influenced the title changes of other games in the original series, giving the teams a chance to give those games more of their own identity. He also felt that the decision to expand the XIII storyline into multiple games "probably worked out just as well". [79] The presentation of the mythos and its terms received mixed reactions in XIII, resulting in the production team toning down their use for XIII-2. [138] Siliconera writer Spencer Yip, in his review of Lightning Returns, commented that the story and pace of the game was "muddled" by the mythos. [139] In 2016, RPGFan writer Mike Salbato wrote a retrospective of the Final Fantasy XIII games and their version of Fabula Nova Crystallis: he felt that the lack of specific references to the mythos in XIII had harmed general comprehension, and that a reliance on foreknowledge made its sequels difficult to play as standalone titles. [140] In contrast, the portrayal of the mythos in Type-0 was praised by RPG Site's Erren Van Duine in an import review of the title, with him saying that "elements such as l'Cie and fal'Cie are handled in much more interesting ways". [141] When commenting on the lore of Final Fantasy XV, Andrew Reiner of Game Informer praised the story for sticking to basics and avoiding "[overwhelming] the player with lore or branching threads, something Final Fantasy XIII struggled with". [142]

Individual titles

Aggregate review scores
Game Metacritic
Final Fantasy XIII(PS3) 83/100 [143]
(X360) 82/100 [144]
(PC) 65/100 [145]
Final Fantasy Type-0(PS4) 72/100 [146]
(XONE) 72/100 [147]
(PC) 69/100 [148]
Final Fantasy XIII-2(PS3) 79/100 [149]
(X360) 79/100 [150]
(PC) 75/100 [151]
Lightning Returns: Final Fantasy XIII(PS3) 66/100 [152]
(X360) 69/100 [153]
(PC) 66/100 [154]
Final Fantasy AgitoN/A
Final Fantasy XV(PS4) 81/100 [155]
(XONE) 83/100 [156]
(PC) 85/100 [157]
Final Fantasy AwakeningN/A

Final Fantasy XIII was positively received in Japanese magazines, garnering exceptionally high scores from both Famitsu and Dengeki PlayStation. [158] [159] In the west, the game was praised for its graphics, battle system, and music, [160] [161] [162] but opinions were mixed about its story and it was criticized for its highly linear structure. [163] [164] XIII also won an award for best graphics in GamesRadar 's 2012 Platinum Trophy Awards. [165] XIII-2 received a positive reception overall, gaining perfect scores from Famitsu and Dengeki PlayStation, [166] [167] and high scores from most western sites. Common points of praise were its non-linear nature, improved battle system and graphics, [168] [169] [170] while the main points of criticism were its story and characters, which were often called weak, confusing or both. [171] [172] Lightning Returns received mixed to positive reviews, with its combat being highly praised, [173] [174] [175] its graphics and time limit mechanic drawing mixed responses, [176] and the story and characters being cited as poorly developed. [177] [178]

Type-0 had a highly positive reception in Japan, with it garnering near-perfect scores in Famitsu and Dengeki PlayStation. [179] [180] Import reviews were also fairly positive, sharing many points of praise with the Japanese reviews. [141] [181] Type-0 HD also received a positive reception in the west, with main praise going to the story, characters and action-based gameplay. Other aspects came in for criticism, such as elements of the graphics upgrade, the real-time strategy segments, and the localization. [182] [183] [184] [185] [186] Western previews of Agito have also been positive, with critics agreeing that it looked good on the platform and worked well from a gameplay standpoint. [28] [187] Final Fantasy XV was positively received by many journalists; praise went to aspects of the story, the main characters, battle system and graphics, while the overarching plot, supporting cast and other technical elements such as the camera and late-game changes in gameplay were criticized. [142] [188] [189] [190] [191] [192] [193] [194]

Sales

Final Fantasy XIII broke sales records for the Final Fantasy franchise, [195] selling 1.5 million units in Japan on its release day, [196] and a further million a month after its North American release. [197] XIII-2 was the most purchased title of 2011 in Japan upon release, and reached second and first place in sales charts in the United States and United Kingdom respectively. [198] [199] [200] Lightning Returns had lower first-week sales than its predecessors, but still topped the sales charts in Japan, selling over 277,000 units in its first week and over 404,000 copies by the end of 2013. [201] [202] It ranked as third and eighth in the UK and US February sales charts respectively. [203] [204] Approximately 800,000 copies were sold by as of November 2014. [79] The three XIII games have collectively sold 11 million units worldwide. [205] Speaking of the decreasing success of the XIII games and their effect on the Fabula Nova Crystallis series on USGamer, Parish felt that the initial backlash received by XIII had turned the "XIII" moniker into "box office poison". [79]

Type-0 sold over 472,000 units in its first week, [206] and went on to sell over 740,000 units in Japan. [207] The title was also added to the company's list of Ultimate Hits, re-releases of lucrative titles. [208] Type-0 HD reached the top of the sales charts in its debut week, selling 93,000 units, though it ultimately performed poorly in Japan. [209] [210] It was among the ten top-selling games in March for the UK and US. [211] [212] By April, Type-0 HD had shipped over one million copies worldwide. [213] Agito was highly successful in Japan, achieving 500,000 registered users within a week of release. By November of the year of release, the game had received one million downloads. [214] [215] Awakening met with commercial success in China, achieving two million downloads within its month of release. [216] Upon its release, Final Fantasy XV sold five million copies worldwide through retail shipments and digital sales, breaking sales records for the Final Fantasy franchise. [217]

Notes

  1. In the interview, Yoshinori Kitase does not say which deity the logo depicts, instead suggesting people speculate on its identity. [1]
  2. Additional developers were brought on for some entries, such as Lightning Returns, Final Fantasy Agito and Final Fantasy XV. [2] [3] [4]
  3. Fabura Nova Kurisutarisu Fainaru Fantajī(Japanese:ファブラ ノヴァ クリスタリス ファイナルファンタジー)
  4. Quote from Famitsu:
    ――ではもうひとつ。神話や神についての設定は、『FFヴェルサスXIII』から『FFXV』への移行により変更があるのでしょうか。
    田畑: 『FFXV』にする段階で、そこまでに固まっていた設定については、神話とは強く絡めず『FFXV』の設定として取り込んでいます。ファブラの神話として出てくるものではありませんが、ベースとして活きています。
  5. Fainaru Fantajī Reishiki Gaiden Hyouken no Shinigami(ファイナルファンタジー零式外伝 氷剣の死神)
  6. (ファイナルファンタジー零式 Change the World)

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