This is a list of rulers of Bosnia, containing bans and kings of Medieval Bosnia.
Ban was a noble title used in several states in Central and Southeastern Europe between the 7th century and the 20th century, primarily in medieval Croatia and Hungary and their respective predecessor states. In English, a common term for the province governed by the ban is banate and term for the office of the ban is banship.
| Duke |
|Vojislavljević dynasty|| fl. |
|He was appointed governor of Bosnia by King Constantine Bodin of Dioclea (r. 1081–1101), his kinsman, sometime between 1082-5.|
|Annexed by the Vukanović dynasty (1101–1136)[ citation needed ]|
|Conquered by Béla II of Hungary in 1136; Ladislaus II of Hungary first held the title Duke of Bosnia 1137–1154|
| Ban |
Géza II (1158–1162)
Stephen IV (1162–1163)
|1167: Bosnia claimed by the Byzantine Empire|
|1180s: Bosnia claimed by the Kingdom of Hungary|
Emeric I (1183–1204)
Matej Ninoslav (Matthew Ninoslaus)
Béla of Macsó (1266–1272)
Stephen Gutkeled (1272–1273)
|In 1299, Paul I Šubić of Bribir took the title Lord of Bosnia (Bosniae dominus) and named his brother Mladen I Šubić of Bribir as the Bosnian Ban. Mladen was Bosnian Ban from 1299–1304. From 1299 Mladen I was at war with Stephen I.|
|In 1305, Paul Šubić took the title Lord of all of Bosnia (totius Bosniae dominus). Paul was from 1305–1312 Lord of all of Bosnia.|
|Paul's eldest son Mladen II Šubić of Bribir was Lord of all of Bosnia from 1312–1322. In 1314, Mladen II appoints Stephen II Kotromanić, his former enemy, as vassal in Bosnia|
Tvrtko I (2nd time)
All Bosnian kings added the honorific Stephen to their baptismal name upon accession.
The name Stephen, long popular among South Slavic monarchs, was used as an honorific or as a royal title by various rulers of Serbia and claimants to the Serbian throne, most notably the Nemanjić kings of Serbia and the Kotromanić kings of Bosnia.
| Tvrtko I |
26 October 1377 – 10 March 1391
son of Vladislav Kotromanić and Jelena Šubić
| Dorothea of Bulgaria |
8 December 1374
|10 March 1391|
| Dabiša |
10 March 1391 – 8 September 1395
illegitimate son of Vladislav Kotromanić
| Jelena Gruba |
|8 September 1395|
| Jelena Gruba |
8 September 1395 – 1398
|born to the House of Nikolić|| Stephen Dabiša |
| Ostoja |
|illegitimate son of Tvrtko I||(1) Vitača |
(3) Jelena Nelipčić
|after 23 March 1418|
| Stephen Ostojić |
|son of Stephen Ostoja and Kujava||never married||1421|
| Tvrtko II |
1421 – November 1443
|illegitimate son of Tvrtko I|| Dorothy Garai |
| Radivoj |
|illegitimate son of Stephen Ostoja||Catherine of Velika|
| Thomas |
1443 – 10 July 1461
|illegitimate son of Stephen Ostoja||(1) Vojača |
(2) Katarina Kosača
|10 July 1461|
| Stephen Tomašević |
10 July 1461 – 5 June 1463
|son of Stephen Thomas and Vojača|| Jelena Branković |
1 April 1459
|5 June 1463|
|Nicholas of Ilok||"King of Bosnia" (1471–1477)||appointed by the King of Hungary|
|Matthias of Bosnia (House of Kotromanić)||"King of Bosnia" (1465–1471)||son of Radivoj of Bosnia, appointed by the Sultan|
|Matija Vojsalić (House of Hrvatinić)||"King of Ottoman Bosnia" (1472–1476)||appointed by the Sultan, removed for conspiring against the Ottomans|
Bosnia and Herzegovina, sometimes referred to simply as Bosnia, is a country in Southeastern Europe on the Balkan Peninsula. It has had permanent settlement since the Neolithic Age. By the early historical period it was inhabited by Illyrians and Celts. Christianity arrived in the 1st century, and by the 4th century the area became part of the Western Roman Empire. Germanic tribes invaded soon after, followed by Slavs in the 6th Century. In 1136, Béla II of Hungary invaded Bosnia and created the title "Ban of Bosnia" as an honorary title for his son Ladislaus II of Hungary. During this time, Bosnia became virtually autonomous, and was eventually proclaimed a kingdom in 1377. The Ottoman Empire followed in 1463 and lasted over 400 years. They wrought great changes to the political and administrative system, introduced land reforms, and class and religious distinctions. A series of uprisings began 1831, which culminated in the Herzegovinian rebellion, a widespread peasant uprising, in 1875. The conflict eventually forced the Ottomans to cede administration of the country to Austria-Hungary through the Treaty of Berlin in 1878. The establishment of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1929 brought the redrawing of administrative regions into the Kingdom of Yugoslavia which purposely avoided all historical and ethnic lines, and removed any trace of Bosnian identity. The kingdom of Yugoslavia was conquered by Nazi forces in World War II, and Bosnia was ceded to the Independent State of Croatia (NDH), which led to widespread persecution and genocide. Three years of war began in 1992 which caused around 100,000 deaths and 2 million refugees.
The title Grand Duke of Bosnia was a court title in the Kingdom of Bosnia, bestowed by the King to highest military commanders, usually reserved for most influential and most capable among highest Bosnian nobility. To interpret it as an office post rather than a court rank could be more accurate.
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Mihailo II was the King of Duklja from 1101 to 1102. He was the eldest son of King Constantine Bodin of Duklja and Queen Jaquinta. He succeeded his father on the throne of Duklja, but soon lost ground to cousins, pretenders to the throne. left without support, he abdicated and retreated to monastery.
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The Banate of Bosnia, or Bosnian Banate, was a medieval state based in what is today Bosnia and Herzegovina. Although it was a part of the Hungarian Crown Lands, the Banate of Bosnia was a de facto independent state. It was founded in the mid-12th century and existed until 1377, when it was proclaimed a kingdom with the coronation of Tvrtko I. The greater part of its history was marked by a religiopolitical controversy revolving around the native Bosnian Church condemned as heretical by the dominant Nicene Christian churches, namely the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox, with the Catholic church being particularly antagonistic and persecuting its members through the Hungarians.
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Stephen was the knez ("duke") of Bosnia mentioned in the Chronicle of the Priest of Duklja, appointed in c. 1083–84 by his first cousin Constantine Bodin, the King of Duklja. He was the first Bosnian ruler known by name. Bodin had also appointed his relative Vukan at Rascia. Bosnia, Zachlumia and Rascia were never incorporated into an integrated state with Duklja; each principality had its own nobility and institutions, simply requiring a member of the Dukljan royal family to rule as prince or duke. According to Jacob Luccari's Annals of Ragusa (1605), Stephen participated in the siege of Ragusa in 1094–95, as Bodin's vassal.
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John V. A. Fine Jr. is an American historian and author. He is professor of Balkan and Byzantine history at the University of Michigan and has written several books on the subject.