Universities in Canada are established and operate under provincial and territorial government charters, except in one case directed by First Nations bandsand in another by federal legislation. Most schools are members of Universities Canada (formerly the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada (AUCC)). The title "university" is protected under federal regulation. Higher education institutions in Canada are prevented from becoming diploma mills by provincial/territorial legislation and regulation.
Each Canadian university is autonomous in academic matters including policies and procedures of quality assurance of its programs, instructors and procedures. Membership in Universities Canada and the university's government charter are seen as serving in lieu of institutional accreditation, both in Canada and abroad. Eight Canadian provinces have established bodies to provide a second level of quality assurance at universities. Saskatchewan, Newfoundland and Labrador and Yukon do not have provincial/territorial quality assurance agencies.
In addition, graduate programs and professional schools such as law, nursing, medicine and engineering obtain accreditation from accreditation boards, operated by various professional regulatory bodies.
In Canada, universities are distinct from colleges. Universities Canada, an organization composed of Canadian universities, defines universities as degree-granting institutions, i.e. institutions that provide bachelor's degrees, master's degrees, and doctoral degrees. The organization defines colleges, similar to community colleges in the United States, as institutions that grant diplomas.
Some colleges are enabled by legislation to provide a limited set of bachelor's degree programs or provide bachelor's degrees through joint programs with universities. In Ontario, for example, this ability is highly restricted and must be renewed yearly.
As of 2016 [update] there are 96 universities in Canada, offering education in English and French. Most French-speaking universities are located in Quebec, while several institutions outside the province are either francophone or bilingual. 1.8 million students are enrolled in university. Programs are offered to graduating high school students through choice, however, students must maintain specific entering averages, which generally range from 65–85%, depending on criteria set by the chosen university. On campus residences are available at 95% of universities in Canada. Most include a meal plan and general utilities. Residence is optional at all post-secondary campuses.[ citation needed ]
Degree programs generally last three to four years, though some programs may take longer to complete due to cooperative education (Co-op) programs or joint programs with colleges which are touted for offering practical experience. Tuition is based on program material and content, which vary in price. For many programs, more general courses will be taken in first year while "program specific courses" begin in year two. Some universities such as University of Toronto require admission separate from initial admission from high school into specific programs based on internal standards achieved in first year (i.e. a set grade point average).[ citation needed ]
Post-secondary education in Alberta is regulated by the Ministry of Advanced Education.There are eight public universities in Alberta, eleven public colleges, two polytechnical institutes (which grant degrees), and seven private colleges (all of which grant degrees). Most private universities refer to themselves as "university colleges", and they grant equivalent degrees. One university, University nuhelotʼįne thaiyotsʼį nistameyimâkanak Blue Quills, is governed not under provincial legislation, but control directly by a consortium of seven First Nations band governments.
Edmonton, the province's capital city, is home to the University of Alberta, the province's oldest and largest university; MacEwan University; The King's University; and Concordia University of Edmonton (not to be confused with Concordia University of Montreal). The French-language Campus Saint-Jean is part of the University of Alberta, offering programmes to francophone and francophile students.
There are five universities in Calgary: the University of Calgary, Ambrose University, Mount Royal University, St. Mary's University and the Alberta University of the Arts. The University of Lethbridge is based out of Lethbridge but also has a campus in Calgary. Athabasca University, a distance learning university, has been based out of Athabasca since 1970.
Established in 1907 in Leduc, the independent publicly funded Burman University in Lacombe is the oldest university in Alberta. Formerly a university college, the Alberta Government granted the institution permission to change its status from "university college" to "university" in 2014.
In 2009, a bill was passed by the Alberta legislature which allowed the two public colleges that offered degrees (MacEwan College in Edmonton and Mount Royal College in Calgary) to change their status to universities.Mount Royal College was renamed Mount Royal University on September 3, 2009 and Grant MacEwan College became Grant MacEwan University on September 24, 2009 (renamed MacEwan University in September 2013).
Most recently, The King's University[ when? ] and Concordia University of Edmonton (2014) have obtained the right to change their respective names from University-College to University.
There are eleven public universities and five private universities in British Columbia. Eight of these universities – Capilano University, Emily Carr University of Art and Design, University of the Fraser Valley, Kwantlen Polytechnic University, Trinity Western University, Simon Fraser University, the University Canada West and the University of British Columbia (with the exception of the University of British Columbia Okanagan, the major UBC campus located in the Okanagan Valley) – are in the Metro Vancouver region, the most populated region of British Columbia, and three of them – Vancouver Island University, Royal Roads University and the University of Victoria – are on Vancouver Island. The University of Northern British Columbia houses a main campus in Prince George, with regional campuses in Quesnel, Terrace and Fort St. John. Three public universities, Capilano University, University of the Fraser Valley and Kwantlen Polytechnic University, along with the private Quest University Canada, are primarily undergraduate institutions. Two US based private universities campuses in Vancouver namely New York Institute of Technology and Fairleigh Dickinson University both are in Vancouver primarily for undergraduate and graduate students.
The oldest university in the province is the University of British Columbia, established in 1908,with its newest major campus in Okanagan established in 2005. Five institutions in British Columbia were officially designated as universities on September 1, 2008: Capilano University, Emily Carr University of Art and Design, Kwantlen Polytechnic University, the University of the Fraser Valley, and Vancouver Island University. University enrolment in British Columbia ranges from Quest University Canada with 700 students to the University of British Columbia with 45,484 students.
The biggest provider of online and distance education in BC is Thompson Rivers University, Open Learning. With over 400 individual courses and more than 57 programs available for completion by distance and online learning, students can take a variety of programs such as: adult secondary school completion; certificates and diplomas, including advanced and post-baccalaureate; associate degrees; and bachelor's degrees. Considering distance students, Thompson Rivers University's enrolment is 22,036 (8964 of which is distance).
There are seven universities in Manitoba, which are under the responsibility of the Ministry of Advanced Education and Literacy.Five of these universities—Booth University College, Canadian Mennonite University, the University of Manitoba, the University of Winnipeg, and Université de Saint-Boniface—are in Winnipeg, the capital and largest city in the province. Université de Saint-Boniface, established in 1818, is the oldest university in the province and is the only French-language university in western Canada. Booth University College, formed in 1982, is one of the newest. Brandon University is located in the western Manitoba city of Brandon. In northern Manitoba, the University College of the North serves the communities of The Pas and Thompson. Smaller satellite campuses serve 12 other smaller centers, 9 of which are on First Nations. University enrollment in Manitoba ranges from Booth University College with several hundred students to the University of Manitoba with 26,800 students.
There are eight chartered universities in New Brunswick; four public universities, governed by the Ministry of Post-Secondary Education, Training and Labour, and four private institutions including an online university, Yorkville University. New Brunswick holds the distinctions of having the first English-language university in Canada and the first public university in North America, (the University of New Brunswick); and also the first university in the British Empire to award a bachelor's degree to a woman, (Mount Allison University) in 1875. St. Thomas University and University of New Brunswick have campuses in the province's capital of Fredericton and UNB also maintains a campus in Saint John. Established in 1785, the University of New Brunswick is the oldest public in the province, and the Université de Moncton is the newest, formed in 1963, though dating back to 1864 through one of its three predecessor institutions. Public university enrolment ranges from Mount Allison University with 2,486 students to the University of New Brunswick with 10,587 students. Of the three private universities, Crandall University has an enrollment 800. Another private university, St. Stephen's University is located in St. Stephen, NB.
The Degree Granting Act of Newfoundland and Labrador regulates degree-granting universities in the province.The only university in Newfoundland and Labrador, Memorial University of Newfoundland, has campuses in two cities, in St. John's, the capital of Newfoundland and Labrador, and on the west coast of the province, in Corner Brook. With 18,172 enrolled students, it is the largest university in Atlantic Canada.
There are 10 universities in Nova Scotia.Six of these – Atlantic School of Theology, Dalhousie University, Mount Saint Vincent University, the NSCAD University, Saint Mary's University, and the University of King's College – are located in Halifax, Nova Scotia, the provincial capital and largest city in Atlantic Canada. The oldest university in the province is the University of King's College, established in 1789, while the newest is Cape Breton University, established in 1974. University student enrolment in Nova Scotia ranges from 150 students at Atlantic School of Theology to more than 18,000 at Dalhousie University.
Several universities in Nova Scotia have religious connections. The University of King's College, founded in Windsor, was the first college to obtain university powers in British North America, at a time when Upper Canada had no government of its own. It has always remained under the control of the Church of England. Dalhousie University, originally known as Dalhousie College, was established in Halifax in 1818 with the help of the Presbyterian Church, and Acadia University was founded by Baptists. Catholics formed Saint Mary's University, Mount Saint Vincent University, and Saint Francis Xavier University.
Université Sainte-Anne, the tenth university, is located in Pointe-de-l'Église and instructs its academic courses in French.
There are 22 publicly funded universities in the Canadian province of Ontario that are post-secondary education institutions with degree-granting authority.Each of these institutions were either established through an Act of the Legislative Assembly or through a Royal Charter. With the exception of Royal Military College of Canada, students apply to public universities in Ontario through the Ontario Universities' Application Centre.
Ontario also has 24 publicly funded colleges, most referred to as Colleges of Applied Arts and Technology and five as Institutes of Technology and Advanced Learning, all of which are commonly referred to as colleges. 12 colleges offered 74 bachelor's degree programmes, as of 2012 [update] -13.
The University of Toronto was established in 1827 making it the oldest university in Ontario. The newest university in Ontario is the Université de l'Ontario français, incorporated by legislation in 2018 but accepting its first cohort of full-time students in 2021. The next newest, Algoma University, was established in 2008 after gaining independence from Laurentian University. The largest university in terms of enrolment is the University of Toronto, which has campuses in three locations.York University, in Toronto has over 50,000 students, the second largest university in terms of enrolment. The U15 Group of Canadian Research Universities is headquartered in Ottawa.
There is one university in Prince Edward Island that is authorized to grant degrees. Higher education in the province falls under the jurisdiction of the Higher Education and Corporate Services Branch within the Department of Education and Early Childhood Development. The only university in the province, the University of Prince Edward Island, is in the province's capital of Charlottetown. The institution resulted from an amalgamation of Prince of Wales College, a former university college founded in 1834, and Saint Dunstan's University, founded in 1855. UPEI hosts the Atlantic Veterinary College, funded by the four Atlantic provincial governments.
There are 18 universities in the largely French-speaking province of Quebec, 10 of which form the Université du Québec network.
In Québec, universities are independent from government and autonomous in managing their affairs. By means of legislation or constitutional charters, lawmakers have granted each university the freedom to define its own curriculum and develop its own teaching and research programs. The university has full responsibility for setting admission standards and enrolment requirements, awarding degrees and recruiting its personnel.
Of the eighteen universities, three are anglophone: Concordia University, McGill University and Bishop's University. The rest are francophone: five of them – École de technologie supérieure, École Polytechnique de Montréal, HEC Montréal, Université de Montréal and Université du Québec à Montréal – are located in Montreal, the most populated city in Quebec, and four of them – École nationale d'administration publique, Institut national de la recherche scientifique, TÉLUQ and Université Laval – are based in Quebec City, the province's capital. The Institut national de la recherche scientifique and École nationale d'administration publique do not offer undergraduate level programs.
The oldest university in the province is Université Laval, established in 1663. The most recent institutions are: Université du Québec en Abitibi-Témiscamingue (1983), Concordia University (1974), École de technologie supérieure (1974), TÉLUQ (1972, merged with UQÀM in 2005, split in 2012). University enrolment in the province of Quebec ranges from the Institut national de la recherche scientifique with 480 students to the Université de Montréal with 55,540 students (but this figure actually includes HEC and Polytechnique, which are legally distinct universities).
There are three universities in Saskatchewan.The Government of Saskatchewan must establish statutes individually to degree-granting universities; these statutes outline the authority of each institution, their regulations, and bylaws. The First Nations University of Canada and the University of Regina are both in Regina, the province's capital, and the University of Saskatchewan is in Saskatoon, the most populous city in Saskatchewan. The University of Saskatchewan is the oldest university in the province, founded in 1907, and the First Nations University of Canada is the newest, established in 1976. The University of Saskatchewan is also the largest university in Saskatchewan with 18,620 students, and the First Nations University of Canada (FNUC) is the smallest with 840 students. The First Nations University is the only Canadian university that caters to the needs of First Nations students. It was originally called the Federation of Saskatchewan Indian Nations, and once formed, it entered into a federated agreement with the University of Regina to create the Saskatchewan Indian Federated College (SIFC). This Agreement allowed FNUC to become an independently administered university-college that served First Nations students. The First Nations University of Canada is the only university in the province that does not offer graduate-level programs.
Yukoners have proposed the college become a university in some form or other since 2004. In December, 2019, the Yukon Legislature passed a bill that would transform Yukon College into Yukon University. The university officially opened in May 2020, making Yukon University the only public university in the north.
Canada is the only developed country without an accreditation system to assess the quality of post-secondary schools[ citation needed ], such as the United States' network of national and regional accreditation organizations. Membership in Universities Canada and government charters or legislation are substitutes but provinces/territories usually do not evaluate universities as rigorously as American accreditation organizations, and graduates of institutions that are not Universities Canada members sometimes find that universities in other provinces do not recognize their degrees.
There are several unofficial rankings published on an annual basis by media such as Maclean's. Several other magazines like Times Magazine also regularly publish rankings.
Athabasca in 2006 became one of the first Canadian universities to receive American accreditation, when the Middle States Commission on Higher Education approved its application. as of 2015 [update] . According to Simon Fraser, US accreditation will "simplify our relationships with US institutions, including government, foundations and collegiate sports associations", and "enhance the value of an SFU degree for alumni abroad and for international students returning home". In 2013 non-Universities Canada member Capilano also received accreditation from the NWCCU, and Thompson Rivers announced its intention to apply.After the Simon Fraser Clan became the first non-American team to join the American National Collegiate Athletic Association—which requires regional accreditation—the university applied to the Northwest Commission on Colleges and Universities (NWCCU) in 2008 and was granted accredited status effective
The following is a list of public universities (by province/territory) that are authorized to issue degrees. The following list does not include affiliated institutions and seminaries, whose degrees are typically awarded by the affiliate's parent institution.
|Alberta University of the Arts||Calgary||English||1926||1,323|
|Athabasca University||Athabasca, Calgary, Edmonton||English||1970||36,240||3,460||39,700|
|Mount Royal University||Calgary||English||1910||24,768||0||24,768|
|University of Alberta||Edmonton, Camrose, Calgary||Bilingual||1906||31,904||7,598||39,502|
|University of Calgary||Calgary, Edmonton||English||1966||23,320||6,540||29,860|
|University of Lethbridge||Lethbridge, Edmonton, Calgary||English||1967||7,930||300||8,230|
|Capilano University||North Vancouver||English||1968||7,500||0||7,500|
|Emily Carr University of Art and Design||Vancouver||English||1925||1,870||28||1,898|
|Kwantlen Polytechnic University||Richmond, Surrey, Langley, Cloverdale||English||1981||16,811||0||16,811|
|Royal Roads University||Victoria||English||1995||887||3,385||4,272|
|Simon Fraser University||Burnaby, Surrey, Vancouver||English||1965||29,697||5,507||35,204|
|Thompson Rivers University||Kamloops||English||1970||13,072||100||13,172|
|University of British Columbia||Vancouver, Kelowna||English||1908||41,700||8,630||50,330|
|University of Victoria||Victoria||English||1963||18,863||3,542||22,405|
|University of the Fraser Valley||Abbotsford, Chilliwack, Mission||English||1974||8,124||40||8,164|
|University of Northern British Columbia||Prince George||English||1990||3,068||490||3,558|
|Vancouver Island University||Nanaimo, Duncan, Parksville, Powell River||English||1969||6,116||163||6,279|
|University College of the North||The Pas, Thompson||English||1966||2,400||0||2,400|
|University of Manitoba||Winnipeg||Bilingual||1877||23,640||3,160||26,800|
|University of Winnipeg||Winnipeg||English||1871||9,394||453||9,847|
|Mount Allison University||Sackville||English||1839||2,678||16||2,694|
|St. Thomas University||Fredericton||English||1910||2,494||0||2,494|
|University of New Brunswick||Fredericton, Saint John||English||1785||9,061||1,577||10,638|
|Université de Moncton||Moncton, Shippagan, Edmundston||French||1963||5,281||683||5,964|
|Memorial University of Newfoundland||St. John's, Corner Brook, Harlow (United Kingdom)||English||1925||15,418||3,495||18,913|
|Cape Breton University||Sydney||English||1974||3,140||204||3,334|
|Dalhousie University||Halifax, Truro||English||1818||14,423||3,931||18,354|
|Mount Saint Vincent University||Halifax||English||1873||2,923||1,036||3,959|
|Nova Scotia College of Art and Design University||Halifax||English||1887||942||29||971|
|Saint Francis Xavier University||Antigonish||English||1853||4,815||343||5,158|
|Saint Mary's University||Halifax||English||1802||6,904||682||7,586|
|University of King's College||Halifax||English||1788||865||49||914|
|Algoma University||Sault Ste. Marie||English||2008||1150||0||1150|
|Brock University||St. Catharines, Hamilton||English||1964||16,352||1719||18071|
|Lakehead University||Thunder Bay, Orillia||English||1965||6,524||1,198||7,722|
|Laurentian University||Sudbury, Barrie, Hearst, Kapuskasing, Timmins||Bilingual||1960||8,174||869||9,043|
|Nipissing University||North Bay, Bracebridge, Brantford||English||1992||4,592||186||4,778|
|Ontario College of Art and Design University||Toronto||English||1876||4,208||270||4,478|
|Queen's University at Kingston||Kingston||English||1841||19,738||4,889||24,627|
|Royal Military College of Canada||Kingston||Bilingual||1876||1040||660||1700|
|Trent University||Peterborough, Oshawa||English||1963||8,880||557||9,437|
|Université de l'Ontario français||Toronto||French||2018||0||0||0|
|University of Guelph||Guelph, Toronto, Alfred, Ridgetown, Kemptville||English||1964||26,251||2,818||29,069|
|Ontario Tech University||Oshawa||English||2002||9,315||669||9,984|
|University of Ottawa||Ottawa||Bilingual||1848||32,150||6,230||38,380|
|University of Toronto||Toronto (St. George), Scarborough, Mississauga||English||1827||65,991||18,167||84,158|
|University of Waterloo||Waterloo, Cambridge, Kitchener, Stratford||English||1957||32,143||5,827||37,970|
|University of Western Ontario||London||English||1878||30,159||6,390||36,549|
|University of Windsor||Windsor||English||1857||12,014||3,635||15,649|
|Wilfrid Laurier University||Waterloo, Brantford, Toronto, Kitchener||English||1911||17,754||1,667||15,649|
|University of Prince Edward Island||Charlottetown||English||1969||4,251||304||4,555|
|École de technologie supérieure||Montreal||French||1974||7,480||3,180||10,600|
|École nationale d'administration publique||Quebec City, Montreal, Gatineau, Saguenay, Trois-Rivières||French||1969||0||1,880||1,880|
|Institut national de la recherche scientifique||Quebec City, Montreal, Laval, Varennes||French||1969||0||480||480|
|McGill University||Montreal, Ste-Anne-de-Bellevue||English||1821||23,758||8,756||32,514|
|Université de Montréal||Montreal||French||1878||41,055||14,485||55,540|
|Université de Sherbrooke||Sherbrooke||French||1954||13,490||6,010||19,500|
|Université du Québec en Abitibi-Témiscamingue||Rouyn-Noranda, Mont-Laurier||French||1970||2,260||390||2,650|
|Université du Québec en Outaouais||Gatineau, Saint-Jérôme||French||1970||4,360||1,090||5,450|
|Université du Québec à Chicoutimi||Chicoutimi||French||1969||5,140||1,030||6,170|
|Université du Québec à Montréal||Montreal||French||1969||33,100||6,570||41,670|
|Université du Québec à Rimouski||Rimouski and Lévis||French||1969||4,620||810||5,430|
|Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières||Trois-Rivières||French||1969||9,160||1,450||10,610|
|Université Laval||Quebec City||French||1663||27,530||10,270||37,800|
|University of Regina||Regina, Saskatoon, Swift Current||Bilingual||1911||10,690||1,480||12,170|
|University of Saskatchewan||Saskatoon||English||1907||16,430||2,190||18,620|
|Yukon University||Whitehorse||Bilingual||1983 (college status), 2020 (university status)||?||?||?|
|Fairleigh Dickinson University (branch)||Vancouver||British Columbia||English||2007||78[ failed verification ]||50||78[ failed verification ]|
|New York Institute of Technology (branch)||Vancouver||British Columbia||English||2007||70[ failed verification ]||40||70[ failed verification ]|
|Quest University||Squamish||British Columbia||English||2007||700||0||700|
|Niagara University (branch)||Vaughan||Ontario||English||2019|
|Trinity Western University||Langley||British Columbia||English||1962||2,130||730||2,860|
|University Canada West||Victoria||British Columbia||English||2005||350[ needs update ]||0||350[ needs update ]|
|Booth University College||Winnipeg||Manitoba||English||1982||250||0||250|
|Canadian Mennonite University||Winnipeg||Manitoba||English||1944||600||0||600|
|Kingswood University||Sussex||New Brunswick||English||1945||300||0||300||[ needs update ]|
|Crandall University||Moncton||New Brunswick||English||1949||685||0||685||[ needs update ]|
|St. Stephen's University||St. Stephen||New Brunswick||English||1975||100||0||100||[ needs update ]|
|University of Fredericton||Fredericton||New Brunswick||English||2005||[ needs update ]|
|Atlantic School of Theology||Halifax||Nova Scotia||English||1971||0||124||124|
|Redeemer University College||Ancaster||Ontario||English||1982||955||0||955|
|The King's University||Edmonton||Alberta||English||1979||790||0||790|
Education in Canada is for the most part provided publicly, and is funded and overseen by provincial, territorial and local governments. Education is within provincial jurisdiction and the curriculum is overseen by the province. Education in Canada is generally divided into primary education, followed by secondary education and post-secondary. Within the provinces under the ministry of education, there are district school boards administering the educational programs.
The University of Windsor is a public comprehensive and research university in Windsor, Ontario, Canada. It is Canada's southernmost university. It has approximately 12,000 full-time and part-time undergraduate students and 4,000 graduate students. Founded in 1963, the University of Windsor has graduated more than 135,000 alumni.
The Canadian Federation of Engineering Students (CFES) is the national association of undergraduate engineering student societies in Canada and exists to organize activities, provide services and interact with professional and other bodies at the national and international level for the benefit of Canadian engineering students. The organization is a bilingual non-profit corporation based in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, managed by a volunteer team of engineering students and recent graduates from across Canada.
The Université de Sherbrooke is a large public French-language university in Quebec, Canada with campuses located in Sherbrooke and Longueuil, a suburb of Montreal approximately 130 km (81 mi) west of Sherbrooke. It is one of two universities in the Estrie region of Quebec, and the only French-language university for the region.
The Université de Moncton is a French-language university located in Edmundston, Moncton and Shippagan, New Brunswick, Canada serving the Acadian community of Atlantic Canada. It is the only francophone university in New Brunswick and is one of only two such universities in the Maritimes, the other being the Université Sainte-Anne in Pointe-de-l'Église, Nova Scotia, Canada. It is also the largest French-language university in Canada outside Quebec.
University Canada West (UCW) is a private, for-profit, university in British Columbia, Canada. It was founded in 2005 by David F. Strong, the former president of the University of Victoria. UCW was purchased in 2008 by the Eminata Group and in 2014 sold to Global University Systems, its present owners. Based in downtown Vancouver, the university offers undergraduate and post-graduate programs in business and management.
The First Nations University of Canada is a post-secondary institution and federated college of the University of Regina, based in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. First Nations University of Canada operates three campuses within the province, in Prince Albert, Regina, and Saskatoon. The university offers academic programs in business, the humanities, social sciences, and sciences; including a number of programs focused around aboriginal practices.
Tyndale University is a Christian university, a Canadian accredited Protestant institution of higher education in the evangelical tradition located in Toronto, Ontario. Tyndale students come from over 40 different Christian denominations. Tyndale offers undergraduate and graduate programs. A student residence is located on its campus.
Kwantlen Polytechnic University is a public degree-granting undergraduate polytechnic university in British Columbia, Canada with campuses in Newton, Richmond, Cloverdale, Whalley, and Langley. KPU is one of the largest institutions by enrolment in British Columbia with a total of 20,000 students and 1,400 faculty members across its five locations, encompassing the Metro Vancouver district. KPU provides undergraduate and vocational education including bachelor's degrees, associate degrees, diplomas, certificates, apprenticeships, and citations in more than 120 diverse programs. The school operates largely as an undergraduate polytechnic university but also serves as a vocational school offering apprenticeships for the skilled trades as well as diplomas in vocational education for skilled technicians and workers in support roles in professions such as engineering, accountancy, business administration, nursing, medicine, architecture, and criminology.
Chiropractic education trains students in chiropractic. The entry criteria, structure, teaching methodology and nature of chiropractic programs offered at chiropractic schools vary considerably around the world. Students are trained in academic areas including scopes of practice, neurology, radiology, microbiology, psychology, ethics, biology, gross anatomy, chemistry/biochemistry, spinal anatomy, phlebotomy, neurology and more. Prospective students are also usually trained in clinical nutrition, public health, pediatrics and other health or wellness related areas.
The U15 Group of Canadian Research Universities is an association of 15 Canadian public research universities. It is headquartered in Ottawa and was established in 1991 to represent its members' interests, primarily to provincial and federal governments, concerning the research enterprise and government programs supporting research and development.
The Université de Montréal is a French-language public research university in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. The university's main campus is located on the northern slope of Mount Royal in the neighbourhoods of Outremont and Côte-des-Neiges. The institution comprises thirteen faculties, more than sixty departments and two affiliated schools: the Polytechnique Montréal and HEC Montréal. It offers more than 650 undergraduate programmes and graduate programmes, including 71 doctoral programmes.
Chiropractic in Canada is licensed at the provincial and territorial level. Council on Chiropractic Education of Canada accredits educational programs.
Ambrose University is a private Christian liberal arts university located in Calgary, Alberta.
Higher education in Canada describes the constellation of provincial higher education systems in Canada and their relationships with the federal government, provinces, and territories.
Historically, Saskatchewan's higher education system has been "significantly shaped" by demographics. In 1901, six years prior to the 1907 founding of a university in Saskatchewan, the urban population in Saskatchewan was 14,266 (16%) while the rural population was 77,013 (84%). One hundred years later, the proportions had changed significantly: urban population in 2001 was 629,036 (64%) while the rural population was 349,897 (36%). Over time the province's higher education system has changed significantly in response both to this demographic shift and to provincial politics.
Higher education in New Brunswick refers to education provided by higher education institutions in the Canadian province of New Brunswick. Higher education has a rich history in New Brunswick. The first English-language university in Canada was the University of New Brunswick. Mount Allison University was the first in the British Empire to award a baccalaureate to a woman, Grace Annie Lockhart, B.Sc. in 1875. Education is the responsibility of the provinces in Canada and there is no federal ministry governing it.
Higher education in Nova Scotia refers to education provided by higher education institutions. In Canada, education is the responsibility of the provinces and there is no Canadian federal ministry governing education. Nova Scotia has a population of less than one million people, but is home to ten public universities and the Nova Scotia Community College, which offers programs at 13 locations.
Ryerson University is a public research university in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Its urban campus surrounds the Yonge–Dundas Square, located at one of the busiest intersections in downtown Toronto.
Briercrest College and Seminary is a private evangelical post-secondary educational institution located in Caronport, Saskatchewan, Canada. It comprises a college and a seminary, and operates the Briercrest Christian Academy.
|This article includes an education-related list of lists.|