Made in Japan (Deep Purple album)

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Made in Japan
Deep Purple Made in Japan.jpg
Live album by
ReleasedDecember 1972 (UK)
April 1973 (US)
Recorded Festival Hall, Osaka, 15 and 16 August 1972
Nippon Budokan, Tokyo, 17 August 1972
Genre Hard rock, heavy metal
Length76:44 (Original 2LP)
98:06 (1998 2CD edition)
Label Purple (UK and Europe)
Warner Bros. (US, Canada and Japan)
Producer Deep Purple
Martin Birch (engineering)
Deep Purple live albums chronology
Concerto for Group and Orchestra
Made in Japan
Made in Europe

Made in Japan is a double live album by English rock band Deep Purple, recorded during their first tour of Japan in August 1972. It was originally released in December 1972, with a US release in April 1973, and became a commercial and critical success.

A double album is an audio album which spans two units of the primary medium in which it is sold, typically records and compact disc. A double album is usually, though not always, released as such because the recording is longer than the capacity of the medium. Recording artists often think of double albums as comprising a single piece artistically; however, there are exceptions such as John Lennon's Some Time in New York City and Pink Floyd's Ummagumma and OutKast's Speakerboxxx/The Love Below. Another example of this approach is Works Volume 1 by Emerson Lake and Palmer, where side one featured Keith Emerson, side two Greg Lake, side three Carl Palmer, and side four was by the entire group.

Deep Purple English rock band

Deep Purple are an English rock band formed in Hertford in 1968. The band is considered to be among the pioneers of heavy metal and modern hard rock, although their musical approach changed over the years. Originally formed as a progressive rock band, the band shifted to a heavier sound in 1970. Deep Purple, together with Led Zeppelin and Black Sabbath, have been referred to as the "unholy trinity of British hard rock and heavy metal in the early to mid-seventies". They were listed in the 1975 Guinness Book of World Records as "the globe's loudest band" for a 1972 concert at London's Rainbow Theatre, and have sold over 100 million copies of their albums worldwide.


The band were well known for their strong stage act, and had privately recorded several shows, or broadcast them on radio, but were unenthusiastic about recording a live album until their Japanese record company decided it would be good for publicity. They insisted on supervising the live production, including using Martin Birch, who had previously collaborated with the band, as engineer, and were not particularly interested in the album's release, even after recording. The tour was successful, with strong media interest and a positive response from fans.

Martin Birch is a British former music producer and sound engineer, who became renowned for engineering and producing albums by the British rock bands Deep Purple, Rainbow, Whitesnake, Black Sabbath, and Iron Maiden.

The album was an immediate commercial success, particularly in the US, where it was accompanied by the top five hit "Smoke on the Water", and became a steady seller throughout the 1970s. A three-CD set of most of the tour's performances was released in 1993, while a remastered edition of the album with a CD of extra tracks was released in 1998. In 2014, a deluxe edition was announced with further bonus material. The album had a strong critical reception and continues to attract praise. A Rolling Stone readers' poll in 2012 ranked Made in Japan the sixth best live album of all time.

Smoke on the Water 1973 single by Deep Purple

"Smoke on the Water" is a song by the English rock band Deep Purple. It was first released on their 1972 album Machine Head. In 2004, the song was ranked number 434 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the 500 greatest songs of all time, ranked number 4 in Total Guitar magazine's Greatest Guitar Riffs Ever, and in March 2005, Q magazine placed "Smoke on the Water" at number 12 in its list of the 100 greatest guitar tracks.

<i>Rolling Stone</i> American magazine focusing on popular culture, based in New York City

Rolling Stone is an American monthly magazine that focuses on popular culture. It was founded in San Francisco, California in 1967 by Jann Wenner, who is still the magazine's publisher, and the music critic Ralph J. Gleason. It was first known for its musical coverage and for political reporting by Hunter S. Thompson. In the 1990s, the magazine shifted focus to a younger readership interested in youth-oriented television shows, film actors, and popular music. In recent years, it has resumed its traditional mix of content.

Background and live bootlegs

Deep Purple "Mk II" formed in July 1969 when founding members, guitarist Ritchie Blackmore, organist Jon Lord and drummer Ian Paice recruited singer Ian Gillan and bassist Roger Glover to progress from their earlier pop and psychedelic rock sound towards hard rock. [1] They began touring extensively, becoming a well received live band, [2] and had recorded several shows either to broadcast on the radio or listen to privately. [3] However, they had rejected the idea of releasing a live album commercially as they believed it would be impossible to reproduce the quality and experience of their stage act on an LP. [1]

Ritchie Blackmore British guitarist and songwriter, guitarist of Deep Purple

Richard Hugh Blackmore is an English guitarist and songwriter. He was one of the founding members of Deep Purple in 1968, playing jam-style hard-rock music which mixed guitar riffs and organ sounds. During his solo career he established the heavy metal band Rainbow, which fused baroque music influences and elements of hard rock. Rainbow steadily moved to catchy pop-style mainstream rock. Later in life, he formed the traditional folk rock project Blackmore's Night, transitioning to vocalist-centred sounds. As a member of Deep Purple, Blackmore was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in April 2016.

Jon Lord English musician

John Douglas Lord was an English composer, pianist, and Hammond organ player known for his pioneering work in fusing rock with classical or baroque forms, especially with Deep Purple, as well as Whitesnake, Paice Ashton Lord, The Artwoods, and The Flower Pot Men. In 1968, Lord co-founded Deep Purple, a hard rock band of which he was regarded as the leader until 1970. Together with the other members, he collaborated on most of his band's most popular songs. He and drummer Ian Paice were the only continuous presence in the band during the period from 1968 to 1976, and also from when it was reestablished in 1984 until Lord's retirement from Deep Purple in 2002. On 11 November 2010, he was inducted as an Honorary Fellow of Stevenson College in Edinburgh, Scotland. On 15 July 2011, he was awarded an honorary Doctor of Music degree at De Montfort Hall by the University of Leicester. Lord was posthumously inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame on 8 April 2016 as a member of Deep Purple.

Ian Paice British drummer

Ian Anderson Paice is an English musician, best known as the drummer and only constant original member of the English rock band Deep Purple.

Consequently, there was a demand for bootleg recordings of the band. The most notorious of these was an LP entitled H Bomb, [3] recorded at Aachen on 11 July 1970, [4] which led to a subsequent court case when Virgin Records' Richard Branson was prosecuted for selling it. [5] An article in Melody Maker that examined the bootleg phenomenon claimed that H Bomb was the best selling one at that time. [4] This success, along with albums from other artists such as the Who's Live at Leeds and the Rolling Stones' Get Yer Ya-Ya's Out convinced the band that an official live album would be commercially successful. [6] [7] At the time, Glover told Sounds magazine that "there are so many bootlegs of us going around, if we put out our own live set, it should kill their market." [8]

Bootleg recording

A bootleg recording is an audio or video recording of a performance that was not officially released by the artist or under other legal authority. The process of making and distributing such recordings is known as bootlegging. Recordings may be copied and traded among fans of the artist without financial exchange, but some bootleggers have sold recordings for profit, sometimes by adding professional-quality sound engineering and packaging to the raw material. Bootlegs usually consist of either unreleased studio recordings, live performances or interviews with an unpredictable level of quality.

Aachen Place in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Aachen, also known as Bad Aachen, and in French and traditional English as Aix-la-Chapelle, is a spa and border city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Aachen developed from a Roman settlement and spa, subsequently becoming the preferred medieval Imperial residence of Charlemagne, and, from 936 to 1531, the place where 31 Holy Roman Emperors were crowned Kings of the Germans.

Virgin Records UK record company

Virgin Records Ltd. is a British record label founded by entrepreneurs Richard Branson, Simon Draper, Nik Powell, and musician Tom Newman in 1972. It grew to be a worldwide phenomenon over time, with the success of platinum performers such as George Michael, Paula Abdul, Janet Jackson, Roy Orbison, Devo, Tangerine Dream, Genesis, Keith Richards, the Human League, Culture Club, Simple Minds, Lenny Kravitz, dc Talk, the Smashing Pumpkins, Mike Oldfield, Gorillaz, and Spice Girls, among others.

Tour and recording

By 1972, Deep Purple had achieved considerable commercial success in Japan, including several hit singles, so it made sense to tour there. [9] Three dates were booked; the Festival Hall, Osaka on 11 and 12 May, and the Budokan, Tokyo on 16 August, [10] though these were later changed to the 15 and 16 August, and 17 August respectively due to an earlier US tour being rescheduled. [11] The dates sold out almost immediately, and consequently the Japanese arm of the band's label, Warner Bros. Records, wanted to record the tour for a live album to be released in the country. [9] The band eventually agreed to the idea, but insisted if it was going to be released, they wanted it to be done properly. [12] Gillan recalled, "we said we would have to OK the equipment, we wanted to use our own engineer and we would have the last say on whether the tapes were released". [13] The band enlisted producer Martin Birch, who had worked on previous studio albums, to record the shows onto an 8-track recorder so they could subsequently be mixed. [7]

Festival Hall, Osaka building in Kita-ku, Osaka Prefecture, Japan

Festival Hall (フェスティバルホール) is a concert hall located in Kita-ku, Osaka, Japan. It is run by the Asahi Building Co., Ltd., a Japanese real estate company controlling properties of the Asahi Shimbun Company, and is housed in the Festival Tower, a skyscraper. The opening ceremony of the new hall was held on April 3, 2013. The new hall has 2,700 seats, the same number of seats the original hall had.

Nippon Budokan Sporting arena in Tokyo

Nippon Budokan, often shortened to simply Budokan, is an indoor arena located in Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan. Budokan was originally built for the judo competition in the 1964 Summer Olympics, hence its name, which translates in English as Martial Arts Hall. Its primary purpose is to host martial arts contests and for a time was a popular venue for Japanese professional wrestling. It has hosted numerous other sporting events such as the 1967 Women's Volleyball World Championship and other events such as musical concerts.

Warner Bros. Records American record label

Warner Bros. Records Inc. is an American record label owned by Warner Music Group and headquartered in Burbank, California. It was founded in 1958 as the recorded music division of the American film studio Warner Bros., and was one of a group of labels owned and operated by larger parent corporations for much of its existence. The sequence of companies that controlled Warner Bros. and its allied labels evolved through a convoluted series of corporate mergers and acquisitions from the early 1960s to the early 2000s. Over this period, Warner Bros. Records grew from a struggling minor player in the music industry to one of the top record labels in the world.

The band's live setlist had been revamped at the start of the year, immediately after recording the album Machine Head , and that album made up a substantial proportion of new material. Although the setlist remained the same for most of the year, opening with "Highway Star" and closing with "Lazy" and "Space Truckin'", the band's musical skill and structure meant there was sufficient improvisation within the songs to keep things fresh. [14] The original intention was the stage act would be used for about a year before being dropped, [8] but Gillan and Glover both resigned from the band in June 1973. [15] When this line-up reformed in 1984, the 1972 setlist made up a significant amount of material performed in concert. [16]

The band's favourite gig of the tour was at the Nippon Budokan on 17 August 1972 Nippon Budokan 2010.jpg
The band's favourite gig of the tour was at the Nippon Budokan on 17 August 1972

The band arrived in Japan on 9 August, a week before the tour started, to a strong reception, and were greeted with gifts and flowers. [9] Birch was not confident that the recording quality would be satisfactory, [7] since the equipment supplied by Warner Bros. did not have any balance control and that the recorder's size did not appear big enough on sight to capture a commercial quality recording. [17] The band were uninterested in the end result, concentrating on simply being able to deliver a good show. Subsequently, Lord noted that he felt this attitude meant the spontaneity of the performances and interplay between the band members was captured well. [7]

The second gig in Osaka was considered to be the stronger of the two, and indeed this show made up the bulk of the released LP. Only one song, "Smoke on the Water" from 15 August show was used, and this may simply have been because it was the only gig that Blackmore played the song's opening riff as per the studio album. [14]

The band considered the gig at Tokyo on 17 August to be the best of the tour. Glover remembered "twelve or thirteen thousand Japanese kids were singing along to 'Child in Time'" and considered it a career highlight, [18] as did Gillan. [14] At the venue, a row of bodyguards manned the front of the stage. When Blackmore smashed his guitar during the end of "Space Truckin'" and threw it into the audience, several of them clambered past fans to try and retrieve it. Blackmore was annoyed, but the rest of the band found the incident amusing. [17] The gig was not as well recorded as the Osaka shows, though "The Mule" and "Lazy" were considered of sufficient quality to make the final release. [14]

There were no overdubs on the album. [12] Lord claimed once in a magazine interview that a line from "Strange Kind of Woman" had to be redubbed from a different show after Gillan had tripped over his microphone cable, but no direct evidence of this was found when the multitrack tapes were examined. [14] According to Lord, the total budget for the recording was only $3,000 (equivalent to £38,878in 2018). [7]


"That double album ... wasn't meant to be released outside of Japan. They wound up putting it out anyway and it went platinum in about two weeks."

Jon Lord [19]

The band did not consider the album to be important and only Glover and Paice showed up to mix it. According to Birch, Gillan and Blackmore have never heard the finished album. [20] The band did not want the album to be released outside Japan and wanted full rights to the tapes, but it was released worldwide anyway. [19]

The album was released in the UK in December 1972, with a special offer price of £3.10, the same as a typical single LP from that period. [8] It reached number 16 in the charts. The cover was designed by Glover and featured a colour photo of the band on the front and rear covers, and black and white photos in the inside gatefold. [21] The release in the US was delayed until April 1973, because Warner Bros. wanted to release Who Do We Think We Are first. They were motivated into releasing it due to a steady flow of UK imports being purchased, [18] and it was an immediate commercial success, reaching number 6 in the charts. [22] Warner Brothers also released "Smoke on the Water" as a single, coupling the live recording on Made in Japan with the studio version on Machine Head, and it reached number 4 in the Billboard charts. [8] A recording of "Black Night" from the Tokyo gig, one of the encores that was not on the album, [14] was released as the B-side to the single "Woman from Tokyo" in Europe, and as a single in its own right in Japan. [21]

The Japanese release was titled Live in Japan and featured a unique sleeve design, with an overhead stage shot of the band, a selection of photographs from a gig at the Rainbow Theatre in London, and an insert with lyrics and a hand-written message from each band member. [23] The first pressing came with a 35mm film negative with photos of the band which buyers could develop into their own prints. [21] The sleeve notes claimed that the recording only contained the Tokyo gig, though in fact it was musically identical to the version released in the rest of the world. [21] Phil Collen, later to play in Def Leppard, was in the audience for the Rainbow gig as captured on the sleeve. [24]

In Uruguay, the album was released in 1974 as a single LP (with just the first two sides) on Odeon Records. It used a simplistic sleeve design unlike any other release, with a rising sun on the cover. [25]


Professional ratings
Review scores
AllMusic Star full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar half.svg [26]
Rolling Stone (favorable) [27]
Sputnikmusic Star full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svg [28]

The band as a whole had mixed feelings about the album. Gillan was critical of his own performance, yet was still impressed with the quality of the live recording. [29] Paice gave a very positive impression, suggesting that the shows were some of the best the group had performed, and the album captured the spirit of them well. [13] Lord listed it as his favourite Deep Purple album, saying, "The band was at the height of its powers. That album was the epitome of what we stood for in those days." [19]

The response from critics was favourable. Rolling Stone's Jon Tiven wrote that "Made in Japan is Purple's definitive metal monster, a spark-filled execution ... Deep Purple can still cut the mustard in concert". [27] Subsequently, a readers' poll in the magazine declared the album to be the sixth best live album of all time, adding the band have performed "countless shows since in countless permutations, but they've never sounded quite this perfect." [30]

Recent reviews have been equally positive. Allmusic 's William Ruhlmann considered the album to be "a definitive treatment of the band's catalog and its most impressive album". [26] Rock author Daniel Bukszpan claimed the album is "widely acknowledged as one of the greatest live albums of all time". [31] Goldmine magazine said the album "defined Deep Purple even as it redefined the concept of the live album." [32] Deep Purple author Dave Thompson wrote "the standing of Deep Purple's first (and finest) live album had scarcely diminished in the quarter-century since its release". [32]


The original LP was a steady seller throughout the 1970s and remained in print. [21] The first reissue on CD was in 1988 which contained the complete double-LP on a single CD. [33]

The 8-track tapes of the three shows were carefully put in storage by Warner Bros. Japan for future use. For the album's 21st anniversary in 1993, Deep Purple author and archivist Simon Robinson decided to enquire via the band's management if the tapes could be located. [34] He discovered the entire show had been recorded well, including all the encores. [14] In July, Robinson and Darron Goodwin remixed the tapes at Abbey Road Studios for an expanded edition, that was then mastered by Peter Mew in September. [35] To compromise between including as much of the shows as possible and setting a realistic price that most fans would accept, they decided to release a 3-CD box set, titled Live in Japan. This included all of the three main shows except for two tracks already available on the original album. In their place were two previously unreleased encores. [14]

Robinson subsequently oversaw a new reissue of the original album in 1998 on CD, that was also remastered by Mew. This version contained an extra CD with three tracks that had been left off the 1993 set. The colour scheme of the cover was reversed to show gold text on a black background. The remastered Made in Japan has further edits to make a contiguous performance, making it shorter than the original release. [36] At the same time, a limited edition of 4,000 double LPs was released on purple vinyl, [37] while in Spain, EMI added the studio versions of the tracks making up the original album to the second CD. [37]

In 2014, Universal Music announced that the album would be reissued in a number of formats in May. The deluxe option is a set of four CDs or 9 LPs containing a new remix of the three concerts in full, a DVD containing previously unseen video footage, a hardback book and other memorabilia. The original LP was reissued in 180g vinyl as per the original release with the original 1972 mix, [38] with the audio available for digital download through popular providers. [39]

Cover version

On 13 January 2006, progressive metal band Dream Theater played the original album in its entirety at Kokusai Forum in Tokyo, and also on the 15th at NHK Hall in Osaka. [40] Both performances were recorded, and the latter of the two shows has been released through the band's YtseJam Records label. [41] It was mixed for release by Glover. [40]

Track listing

All songs written by Ritchie Blackmore, Ian Gillan, Roger Glover, Jon Lord and Ian Paice except where indicated.

Original release on vinyl (2 LP)

Side one
No.TitleRecording date and locationLength
1."Highway Star"Osaka on 16 August6:52 [nb 1]
2."Child in Time"Osaka on 16 August12:25
Side two
3."Smoke on the Water"Osaka on 15 August7:32
4."The Mule"Tokyo on 17 August9:50
Side three
5."Strange Kind of Woman"Osaka on 16 August9:36
6."Lazy"Tokyo on 17 August10:51
Side four
7."Space Truckin'"Osaka on 16 August19:42

Single-Disc CD Release

No.TitleRecording date and locationLength
1."Highway Star"Osaka on 16 August6:45
2."Child in Time"Osaka on 16 August12:19
3."Smoke on the Water"Osaka on 15 August7:27
4."The Mule"Tokyo on 17 August9:45
5."Strange Kind of Woman"Osaka on 16 August9:26
6."Lazy"Tokyo on 17 August10:59
7."Space Truckin'"Osaka on 16 August20:02

Live in Japan 3CD set

Titles already released on Made in Japan are in bold. [35]

Disc 1 
Good Morning

Recorded in Osaka on 15 August 1972

Disc 2
Next week, we're turning professional

Recorded in Osaka on 16 August 1972

Disc 3 
Can we have everything louder than everything else?

Recorded in Tokyo on 17 August 1972

25th Anniversary remastered edition (2CD)

Disc One
Made in Japan [43]
Disc Two
The Encores

2014 Box Set Edition

Disc 1
"Good Morning" Osaka 15 August 1972
Disc 2
"Next Week We're Turning Professional" Osaka 16 August 1972
Disc 3
"Can We Have Everything Louder Than Everything Else?" Tokyo 17 August 1972
Disc 4
"Good Night" Encores
Disc 5
Made in Japan Documentary DVD
Disc 6
Japanese 7" Promo

2014 2CD Edition

Disc 1
2013 Kevin Shirley Remix
Disc 2
The Encores


Taken from the sleeve notes: [44]

Deep Purple
Recording Unit



Kerrang! United Kingdom"100 Greatest Heavy Metal Albums of All Time" [63] 198975
New Musical Express United Kingdom"50 Best Live Albums" [64] 201113
Rolling Stone reader's pollU.S."10 Best Live Albums" [30] 20126

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  53. "Austrian album certifications – Deep Purple – Made in Japan" (in German). IFPI Austria.Enter Deep Purple in the field Interpret. Enter Made in Japan in the field Titel. Select album in the field Format. Click Suchen. 
  54. "French album certifications – Deep Purple – Made in Japan" (in French). InfoDisc.Select DEEP PURPLE and click OK. 
  55. "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (Deep Purple; 'Made in Japan')" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie.
  56. "Italian album certifications – Deep Purple – Made in Japan" (in Italian). Federazione Industria Musicale Italiana. Select "Tutti gli anni" in the "Anno" drop-down menu. Select "Made in Japan" in the "Filtra" field. Select "Album e Compilation" under "Sezione".
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  59. "Spanish album certifications – Deep Purple – Made in Japan" (PDF) (in Spanish). Productores de Música de España.Select album under "Chart", enter the certification year in the field "Year". Select the certification week in the field "Semana". Click on "Search Charts".
  60. "British album certifications – Deep Purple – Made in Japan". British Phonographic Industry.Select albums in the Format field. Select Gold in the Certification field. Type Made in Japan in the "Search BPI Awards" field and then press Enter.
  61. "American album certifications – Deep Purple – Made in Japan". Recording Industry Association of America.If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH. 
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