|Long title||An Act for the Regulation of Municipal Corporations in Ireland|
|Citation||3 & 4 Vict. c. 108|
|Royal assent||10 August 1840|
|Commencement||25 October 1840|
|Repealed||1972 and 2001|
|Repealed by||Local Government Act 2001 (Ireland), Local Government Act (Northern Ireland) 1972 (Northern Ireland)|
The Municipal Corporations Act (Ireland) 1840 (3 & 4 Vict. c. 108), An Act for the Regulation of Municipal Corporations in Ireland, was passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom on 10 August 1840. It was one of the Municipal Corporations (Ireland) Acts 1840 to 1888.
The Act followed similar lines to the Municipal Corporations Act 1835 which reformed municipal boroughs in England and Wales. Prior to the passing of the Act, there were 68 borough corporations in Ireland Many of them were ineffective, some virtually defunct and none of them in any way representative of their populations. The Act dissolved all but 10 of the corporations.
The ten reformed corporations, which were named in Schedule A to the Act were to be styled as Mayor, Aldermen and Burgesses, with the exception of Dublin where the title Right Honourable Lord Mayor was retained.
|1||Belfast||Antrim and Down|
|3||Cork (County of the City)||Cork|
|4||Drogheda (County of the Town)||Louth and Meath|
|5||Dublin (County of the City)||Dublin|
|6|| Kilkenny (County of the City; merging the|
former boroughs of Kilkenny and Irishtown)
|7||Limerick (County of the City)||Limerick|
|10||Waterford (County of the City)||Waterford|
Under section 13 of the Act, the remaining 58 borough corporations were dissolved on 25 October 1840. The extinguished boroughs were listed in schedules B and I of the Act. Boroughs in schedule B could petition for a grant of a charter restoring borough status, as could any town with a population of more than 3,000. Boroughs in Schedule I were already effectively extinct at the time of the passing of the Act, and so were not permitted to apply for such a charter.
Wexford's application for restoration of its charter was granted in 1846. Cashel also applied,but without success.
Boroughs in Schedule B
|3||Athlone||Roscommon and Westmeath|
|5||Bandon or Bandon Bridge||Cork|
|9||Carrickfergus (County of the Town retained)||Antrim|
|21||Galway (County of the Town retained)||Galway|
|31||Portarlington||Queen's and King's|
Boroughs in Schedule I
Many of the extinguished boroughs had an additional form of local government in place, in the form of commissioners appointed under the Lighting of Towns (Ireland) Act, 1828. Where such a body existed, it was deemed to be the successor to the corporation. Section 16 of the Act provided that any borough dissolved with property worth more than £100, and which did not have commissioners under the 1828 Act, should have a board of "Municipal Commissioners" established. In most cases, the commissioners appointed under the terms of the 1840 Act eventually adopted the terms of the 1828 Act or its replacement, the Towns Improvement (Ireland) Act 1854. By 1876, only Carrickfergus was still governed by commissioners appointed under the 1840 Act.
In England and Wales, Northern Ireland, and the Republic of Ireland, an urban district was a type of local government district that covered an urbanised area. Urban districts had an elected urban district council (UDC), which shared local government responsibilities with a county council.
Municipal boroughs were a type of local government district which existed in England and Wales between 1835 and 1974, in Northern Ireland from 1840 to 1973 and in the Republic of Ireland from 1840 to 2002. Broadly similar structures existed in Scotland from 1833 to 1975 with the reform of royal burghs and creation of police burghs.
A county corporate or corporate county was a type of subnational division used for local government in England, Wales, and Ireland.
The Municipal Corporations Act 1835, sometimes known as the Municipal Reform Act, was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that reformed local government in the incorporated boroughs of England and Wales. The legislation was part of the reform programme of the Whigs and followed the Reform Act 1832, which had abolished most of the rotten boroughs for parliamentary purposes.
A municipal corporation is the legal term for a local governing body, including cities, counties, towns, townships, charter townships, villages, and boroughs. The term can also be used to describe municipally owned corporations.
Sanitary districts were established in England and Wales in 1875 and in Ireland in 1878. The districts were of two types, based on existing structures:
Unreformed boroughs were those corporate towns in England and Wales which had not been reformed by the Municipal Corporations Act 1835. A handful of these obtained new charters under the 1835 Act. A royal commission was established in 1876 to inquire into these boroughs, and legislation passed in 1883 finally forced the reform or dissolution of these corporations by 1886.
The Municipal Corporations Act 1835 reformed 178 existing boroughs. It also allowed for further towns to submit petitions for the grant of a charter of incorporation as a municipal borough. There were 62 such incorporations before the 1835 act was repealed and replaced by the Municipal Corporations Act 1882.
Town commissioners were elected local government bodies established in urban areas in Ireland in the 19th century. Larger towns with commissioners were converted to urban districts by the Local Government (Ireland) Act 1898, with the smaller commissions continuing to exist beyond partition in 1922. The idea was a standardisation of the improvement commissioners established in an ad-hoc manner for particular towns in Britain and Ireland in the eighteenth century. The last town commissioners in Northern Ireland were abolished in 1962, while in the Republic of Ireland the remaining commissions were renamed as town councils in 2002. They were finally abolished and replaced with local electoral areas following the enactment of the Local Government Reform Act 2014 on 1 June 2014.
Cashel is a former British Parliament constituency in Ireland, returning one MP. It was an original constituency represented in Parliament when the Union of Great Britain and Ireland took effect on 1 January 1801.
Borough status in the United Kingdom is granted by royal charter to local government districts in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. The status is purely honorary, and does not give any additional powers to the council or inhabitants of the district. In Scotland, similarly chartered communities were known as royal burghs, although the status is no longer granted.
Boards of improvement commissioners were ad hoc urban local government boards created during the 18th and 19th centuries in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and its predecessors the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland. Around 300 boards were created, each by a private Act of Parliament, typically termed an Improvement Act. The powers of the boards varied according to the acts which created them. They often included street paving, cleansing, lighting, providing watchmen or dealing with various public nuisances. Those with restricted powers might be called lighting commissioners, paving commissioners, police commissioners, etc.
Sovereign is a title which can be applied to the highest leader in various categories. The word is borrowed from Old French soverain, which is ultimately derived from the Latin word superānus, meaning "above".
The Belfast Borough Police was the police force for Belfast from 1800 to 1865, when it was abolished and replaced by the Royal Irish Constabulary (RIC). Its members, nicknamed the Bulkies, had authority within the Belfast Police District.
In Ireland, the term city has somewhat differing meanings in Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland.
Carrickfergus is a barony in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. It is bounded on the south-east by Belfast Lough, and otherwise surrounded by the barony of Belfast Lower. It is coextensive with the civil parish of Carrickfergus or St Nicholas and corresponds to the former county of the town of Carrickfergus, a county corporate encompassing Carrickfergus town.
Macreddin, is a hamlet in County Wicklow, in the southern foothills of the Wicklow Mountains, 4 km north of Aughrim on the back road to Greenan. The historical borough is in the townland of Macreddin West in the civil parish of Ballykine, barony of Ballinacor South. It also gives its name to the adjacent townland of Macreddin East.
Municipal Corporations Act is a stock short title used in the United Kingdom for legislation relating to municipal corporations.
Galway is a barony in Ireland, comprising the city of Galway and parts of the surrounding county of Galway. It is coterminous with the former County of the Town of Galway, a county corporate created by the town's 1610 charter and abolished by the Local Government (Ireland) Act 1898.
|Session||Commons||Lords||Other house's amendments|
|(1st &) 2nd r||Ctee||3rd r||2nd r||Ctee (& Rpt)||3rd r||L in C||C in L||2nd L in C|
|1835||1st r: Jul 31 |
2nd r: Aug 10 12
|Aug 13||Aug 17|
|1836||Feb 29||Mar 7 8 14 18 21 22 23||Mar 28||Apr 18||Apr 26, May 9 16||May 18||May 19, Jun 10 13||Jun 17 27||Jun 30|
|1837||1st r: Feb 7 8 |
2nd r: Feb 17
|Feb 20 21 22, Mar 20||Apr 10 11||Apr 13 25||May 5 Jun 9|
|1837–38||1st r: Dec 5 11 |
2nd r: Feb 2
|May 29, Jun 1 11 15 18||Jun 25||Jul 9||Jul 12||Jul 27||Aug 2||Aug 4||Aug 9|
|1839||1st r: Feb 14 |
2nd r: Mar 1 8 22
|Jun 28 Jul 4||Jul 15||Jul 22||Jul 25||Aug 5||Aug 12|
|1840||Feb 14||Feb 24 28, Mar 3||Mar 9||Mar 23, May 4||May 14 15, Jun 12 19 29, Jul 6 |
Rpt: Jul 10
|Jul 20 31||Aug 3||Aug 5 6||Aug 7|