Mycobacterium chitae

Last updated

Mycobacterium chitae
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
Phylum:
Order:
Suborder:
Family:
Genus:
Species:
M. chitae
Binomial name
Mycobacterium chitae
Tsukamura 1967, ATCC 19627

Mycobacterium chitae is a species of the phylum Actinobacteria (Gram-positive bacteria with high guanine and cytosine content, one of the dominant phyla of all bacteria), belonging to the genus Mycobacterium .

Actinobacteria phylum of Gram-positive bacteria

The Actinobacteria are a phylum of Gram-positive bacteria. They can be terrestrial or aquatic. They are of great economic importance to humans because agriculture and forests depend on their contributions to soil systems. In soil, they behave much like fungi, helping to decompose the organic matter of dead organisms so the molecules can be taken up anew by plants. In this role the colonies often grow extensive mycelia, like a fungus would, and the name of an important order of the phylum, Actinomycetales, reflects that they were long believed to be fungi. Some soil actinobacteria live symbiotically with the plants whose roots pervade the soil, fixing nitrogen for the plants in exchange for access to some of the plant's saccharides. Other species, such as many members of the genus Mycobacterium, are important pathogens.

Bacteria A domain of prokaryotes – single celled organisms without a nucleus

Bacteria are a type of biological cell. They constitute a large domain of prokaryotic microorganisms. Typically a few micrometres in length, bacteria have a number of shapes, ranging from spheres to rods and spirals. Bacteria were among the first life forms to appear on Earth, and are present in most of its habitats. Bacteria inhabit soil, water, acidic hot springs, radioactive waste, and the deep portions of Earth's crust. Bacteria also live in symbiotic and parasitic relationships with plants and animals. Most bacteria have not been characterised, and only about half of the bacterial phyla have species that can be grown in the laboratory. The study of bacteria is known as bacteriology, a branch of microbiology.

<i>Mycobacterium</i> genus of bacteria

Mycobacterium is a genus of Actinobacteria, given its own family, the Mycobacteriaceae. Over 190 species are recognized in this genus. This genus includes pathogens known to cause serious diseases in mammals, including tuberculosis and leprosy in humans. The Greek prefix myco- means "fungus," alluding to the way mycobacteria have been observed to grow in a mold-like fashion on the surface of cultures. It is acid fast and cannot be stained by the Gram stain procedure.

Type strain: strain ATCC 19627 = CCUG 39504 = CIP 105383 = DSM 44633 = JCM 12403 = NCTC 10485.

Related Research Articles

Mycobacterium aubagnense is a species of the phylum Actinobacteria, belonging to the genus Mycobacterium.

Mycobacterium aurum is a species of the phylum Actinobacteria, belonging to the genus Mycobacterium.

Mycobacterium austroafricanum is a species of the phylum Actinobacteria, belonging to the genus Mycobacterium.

Mycobacterium bohemicum is a species of the phylum Actinobacteria, belonging to the genus Mycobacterium.

Mycobacterium celatum is a species of the phylum Actinobacteria, belonging to the genus Mycobacterium.

<i>Mycobacterium chelonae</i> species of bacterium

Mycobacterium chelonae is a species of the phylum Actinobacteria, belonging to the genus Mycobacterium. Mycobacterium chelonae is a rapidly growing mycobacterium, that is found all throughout the environment including sewage and tap water. It can occasionally cause opportunistic infections of humans.

Mycobacterium chlorophenolicum is a species of the phylum Actinobacteria, belonging to the genus Mycobacterium.

Mycobacterium chubuense is a species of the phylum Actinobacteria, belonging to the genus Mycobacterium.

Mycobacterium cookii is a species of the phylum Actinobacteria, belonging to the genus Mycobacterium.

Mycobacterium diernhoferi is a species of the phylum Actinobacteria, belonging to the genus Mycobacterium.

Mycobacterium doricum is a species of the phylum Actinobacteria, belonging to the genus Mycobacterium.

Mycobacterium duvalii is a species of the phylum Actinobacteria, belonging to the genus Mycobacterium.

Mycobacterium fluoranthenivorans is a species of the phylum Actinobacteria, belonging to the genus Mycobacterium.

Mycobacterium frederiksbergense is a species of the phylum Actinobacteria, belonging to the genus Mycobacterium.

Mycobacterium gilvum is a species of the phylum Actinobacteria, belonging to the genus Mycobacterium.

Mycobacterium heckeshornense is a species of the phylum Actinobacteria, belonging to the genus Mycobacterium.

Mycobacterium holsaticum is a species of the phylum Actinobacteria, belonging to the genus Mycobacterium.

Mycobacterium immunogenum is a species of the phylum Actinobacteria, belonging to the genus Mycobacterium.

Mycobacterium interjectum is a species of the phylum actinobacteria, belonging to the genus mycobacterium.

Mycobacterium komossense is a species of the phylum Actinobacteria, belonging to the genus Mycobacterium.

References