Ausina et al. 1992, ATCC 49865
Etymology: madagascariense, relating to Madagascar where it was first isolated.
Madagascar, officially the Republic of Madagascar, and previously known as the Malagasy Republic, is an island country in the Indian Ocean, approximately 400 kilometres off the coast of East Africa. The nation comprises the island of Madagascar and numerous smaller peripheral islands. Following the prehistoric breakup of the supercontinent Gondwana, Madagascar split from the Indian subcontinent around 88 million years ago, allowing native plants and animals to evolve in relative isolation. Consequently, Madagascar is a biodiversity hotspot; over 90% of its wildlife is found nowhere else on Earth. The island's diverse ecosystems and unique wildlife are threatened by the encroachment of the rapidly growing human population and other environmental threats.
Polymorphic, gram-positive, nonmotile and acid-fast rods.
Polymorphism in biology and zoology is the occurrence of two or more clearly different morphs or forms, also referred to as alternative phenotypes, in the population of a species. To be classified as such, morphs must occupy the same habitat at the same time and belong to a panmictic population.
Middlebrook 7H10 Agar is a solid growth medium specially used for culture of Mycobacterium, notably Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It has been reported that the 7H10 medium tends to grow fewer contaminants than the egg-based media commonly used for the cultivation of mycobacteria.
Mycobacterium aurum is a species of the phylum Actinobacteria, belonging to the genus Mycobacterium.
Mycobacterium obuense is a species of Mycobacterium. Heat-killed Mycobacterium obuense is immunomodulatory and has been used to direct the immune response in the treatment of cancers - notably pancreatic cancer and malignant melanoma. Recent trials have been directed towards the treatment of colorectal cancer.
Sphagnum is a genus of approximately 380 accepted species of mosses, commonly known as "peat moss". Accumulations of Sphagnum can store water, since both living and dead plants can hold large quantities of water inside their cells; plants may hold 16–26 times as much water as their dry weight, depending on the species. The empty cells help retain water in drier conditions. Hence, as sphagnum moss grows, it can slowly spread into drier conditions, forming larger mires, both raised bogs and blanket bogs. Thus, Sphagnum can influence the composition of such habitats, with some describing Sphagnum as 'habitat manipulators'. These peat accumulations then provide habitat for a wide array of peatland plants, including sedges and ericaceous shrubs, as well as orchids and carnivorous plants. Sphagnum and the peat formed from it do not decay readily because of the phenolic compounds embedded in the moss's cell walls. In addition, bogs, like all wetlands, develop anaerobic soil conditions, which produces slower anaerobic decay rather than aerobic microbial action. Peat moss can also acidify its surroundings by taking up cations, such as calcium and magnesium, and releasing hydrogen ions. Under the right conditions, peat can accumulate to a depth of many meters. Different species of Sphagnum have different tolerance limits for flooding and pH, so any one peatland may have a number of different Sphagnum species.
Strain P2 = ATCC 49865 = CIP 104538 = JCM 13574.
Mycobacterium shottsii is a slowly growing, non-pigmented mycobacteria isolated from striped bass during an epizootic of mycobacteriosis in the Chesapeake Bay. Growth characteristics, acid-fastness and results of 16S rRNA gene sequencing were consistent with those of the genus Mycobacterium. A unique profile of biochemical reactions was observed among the 21 isolates. A single cluster of eight peaks identified by analysis of mycolic acids (HPLC) resembled those of reference patterns but differed in peak elution times from profiles of reference species of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex. Etymology: shottsii; of Shotts, named after Emmett Shotts, an American fish bacteriologist.
Mycobacterium arupense is a rapidly growing mycobacterium first isolated from soil and human sputum samples in Spain. Etymology: arupense, pertaining to the ARUP Institute for Clinical and Experimental Pathology, where the type strain was characterized.
Mycobacterium asiaticum is a slowly growing photochromogenic mycobacterium first isolated from monkeys in 1965. M. asiaticum can, but rarely, causes human pulmonary disease.
Mycobacterium branderi is a slowly growing, nonchromogenic Mycobacterium first isolated from patients in Finland. Etymology: of Brander, referring to Eljas Brander, the former head of the Tuberculosis Laboratory of the National Public Health Institute, Finland, who collected the strains.
Mycobacterium canariasense is a rapidly growing, non-pigmented mycobacterium first isolated from blood samples obtained from 17 patients with febrile syndrome. Etymology: canariasense; referring to the Latin adjective of the Spanish islands where all strains were isolated.
Mycobacterium conceptionense is a non pigmented rapidly growing mycobacterium was first isolated from wound liquid outflow, bone tissue biopsy, and excised skin tissue from a 31-year-old woman who suffered an accidental open right tibia fracture and prolonged stay in a river. Etymology: conceptionense, pertaining to Hôpital de la Conception, the hospital where the first strain was isolated.
Mycobacterium diernhoferi is a species of the phylum Actinobacteria, belonging to the genus Mycobacterium.
Mycobacterium duvalii is a species of the phylum Actinobacteria, belonging to the genus Mycobacterium.
Mycobacterium flavescens is a species of the phylum Actinobacteria, belonging to the genus Mycobacterium.
Mycobacterium haemophilum is a species of the phylum Actinobacteria, belonging to the genus Mycobacterium.
Mycobacterium heidelbergense is a Gram-positive, nonmotile, acid-fast coccobacillus. It is a species of the phylum Actinobacteria, belonging to the genus Mycobacterium.
Mycobacterium hiberniae is a species of the phylum Actinobacteria, belonging to the genus Mycobacterium.
Mycobacterium interjectum is a species of the phylum actinobacteria, belonging to the genus mycobacterium.
Mycobacterium intermedium is a species of the phylum actinobacteria, belonging to the genus Mycobacterium.
Mycobacterium komossense is a species of the phylum Actinobacteria, belonging to the genus Mycobacterium.
Etymology: Magerit, is Arabic for Madrid, where the it was first isolated from human sputum.
Mycobacterium malmoense is a Gram-positive bacterium from the genus Mycobacterium.
Etymology: moriokaense, from Morioka, Japan where the organism was first isolated.
Mycobacterium psychrotolerans is a rapidly growing mycobacterium first isolated from pond water near a uranium mine in Spain. It was able to grow at 4C and is therefore considered to be psychrotolerant. Etymology: psychros cold; tolerans tolerating; psychrotolerans cold-tolerating).
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