National Union of Agricultural and Allied Workers

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NUAW
National Union of Agricultural and Allied Workers
National Union of Agricultural and Allied Workers logo.jpg
Merged into Transport and General Workers' Union (Agricultural Section)
Founded20 July 1906
Dissolved1982
Headquarters308 Gray's Inn Road, London
Location
Members
70,800 (1946) [1]
Key people
George Nicholls (President), George Edwards (Secretary), Richard Winfrey (Treasurer), William "Bill" Holmes (General Secretary).
PublicationThe Landworker
Affiliations TUC, Labour


The National Union of Agricultural and Allied Workers (NUAW) was a trade union in the United Kingdom which existed between 1906 and 1982. It represented farmworkers.

Contents

History

The union was established as the Eastern Counties Agricultural Labourers & Small Holders Union at a conference of Norfolk agricultural workers at the Angel Hotel, North Walsham on 20 July 1906. Its first president was George Nicholls, its secretary (on 13 shillings a week) was George Edwards and its treasurer was Richard Winfrey. The other members of its executive committee were J. Binder, J. Sage, William G. Codling, Herbert Day, J. Bly, C. Holman and J. Stibbins. [2]

The first three branches of the union were in Norfolk at St Faith's (former stronghold of Joseph Arch's old National Agricultural Labourers Union) and Kenninghall and Shipham. [2]

In 1910 major strikes and disputes broke out in the Norfolk villages of Trunch, Knapton and St Faith's. At St Faith's, the 105 union men were on strike from May 1910 until February 1911 for 1 shilling a week extra. [2]

The organisation changed its name in 1910 to the National Agricultural Labourers and Rural Workers Union. [2] Edwards stood down as Secretary in 1913, but then took up the post of President. [3] In 1920, the union became the National Union of Agricultural Workers, and in 1968 the "National Union of Agricultural and Allied Workers". [2] [4]

The union not only fought for worker's rights but also provide social activities. [5]

The union's stronghold was in Norfolk, Lincolnshire and Dorset with over 90% of agricultural labourers being in membership.[ citation needed ]

William "Bill" Holmes, NUAW General Secretary once told an audience of American trade unionists: "In many of our villages, a man who joins a trade union is worthy of the Victoria Cross that's won on a battlefield. In many villages he dare not be known to be a member of the union. But to be a branch secretary! That is to risk one's livelihood every day in the week".

The union's journal was The Landworker.

The union became the Agricultural Section of the Transport and General Workers' Union in 1982. The Dorset County Committee organises the annual Tolpuddle Martyrs festival along with the TUC.

Election results

The union worked closely with the Labour Party from its early years. [6] Until 1945, it contributed election expenses to some candidates, but no ongoing expenses to those who won election, and therefore it is often not listed as a sponsor in this period. [7]

ElectionConstituencyCandidateVotesPercentagePosition
1918 general election King's Lynn Robert Barrie Walker 9,78049.12 [8]
South Norfolk George Edwards 6,53635.72 [8]
1920 by-election Horncastle William Holmes 3,44318.83
1920 by-election South Norfolk George Edwards 8,59445.71 [8]
1921 by-election Taunton James Lunnon 8,29038.92 [9]
1922 general election King's Lynn Robert Barrie Walker 8,68332.72 [10]
South Norfolk George Edwards 10,15944.42 [10]
Stafford Bill Holmes 7,67241.12 [10]
1923 general election Ormskirk Robert Barrie Walker 9,38847.02
South Norfolk George Edwards 11,68251.91
1924 general election Ormskirk Robert Barrie Walker 10,40243.72
South Norfolk George Edwards 11,37644.52
1929 general election East Norfolk Bill Holmes 7,85623.43 [6]
1931 general election East Norfolk Bill Holmes 6,56220.22
1945 general election Barkston Ash Bert Hazell 24,32249.92 [11]
Holland with Boston Arthur Monks21,26344.12 [11]
North Norfolk Edwin Gooch 17,75358.71 [11]
1950 general election Barkston Ash Bert Hazell 18,62642.52 [12]
North Norfolk Edwin Gooch 19,79048.01 [12]
1951 general election Central Norfolk John Lambley17,27044.12 [13]
North Norfolk Edwin Gooch 21,06750.31 [13]
1955 by-election South Norfolk John MacLennan Stewart14,25448.52
1955 general election North Norfolk Edwin Gooch 20,89951.51 [14]
South Norfolk John MacLennan Stewart17,21547.92 [14]
Worcester Leonard Pike19,50843.22 [14]
1959 by-election South West Norfolk Albert Hilton 15,31450.61
1959 general election North Norfolk Edwin Gooch 19,78450.91 [15]
South Norfolk John MacLennan Stewart16,54246.22 [15]
South West Norfolk Albert Hilton 16,85850.11 [15]
Taunton Leonard Pike16,18235.32 [15]
1964 general election North Norfolk Bert Hazell 19,37050.11 [16]
South West Norfolk Albert Hilton 16,60549.22 [16]
Taunton Leonard Pike16,61936.22 [16]
1966 general election North Norfolk Bert Hazell 20,79650.91 [17]
1970 general election Ludlow David Nagington12,80031.72 [18]
North Norfolk Bert Hazell 19,90344.72 [18]
1974 Oct general election Sheffield Brightside Joan Maynard 18,10849.71 [19]
1979 general election Sheffield Brightside Joan Maynard 25,67268.51 [20]

Leadership

General Secretaries

1906: George Edwards
1913: Robert Barrie Walker
1928: Bill Holmes
1944: Alf Dann
1953: Harold Collison
1969: Reg Bottini
1978: Jack Boddy

Presidents

1906: George Nicholls
1911: Walter Robert Smith [21]
1924: Bill Holmes
1928: Edwin Gooch
1966: Bert Hazell
1978: John Hose

See also

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References

  1. Labour Party, Report of the Forty-Fifth Annual Conference of the Labour Party, p. 77
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 Groves, Reg (2011). Sharpen the Sickle!:The History of the Farm Workers' Union. Merlin Press. ISBN   0-85036-695-X . Retrieved 14 November 2011.
  3. "Edwards, Sir George", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  4. Arthur Marsh and Victoria Ryan, Historical Directory of Trade Unions, vol.2, pp. 300–301
  5. The Museum of English Rural Life. "Berkshire darts tournament prize officiated by National Union for Agricultural Workers". www.reading.ac.uk. Retrieved 13 August 2021.
  6. 1 2 Griffiths, Clare (2007). Labour and the Countryside. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN   9780199287437.
  7. Parker, James (2017). Trade unions and the political culture of the Labour Party, 1931–1940 (PDF). Exeter: University of Exeter. p. 179.
  8. 1 2 3 Howkins, Alun (1985). Poor Labouring Men . Routledge. ISBN   1315447827.
  9. Labour Party, Report of the Twenty-first Annual Conference of the Labour Party, p. 41
  10. 1 2 3 Labour Party, Report of the Twenty-second Annual Conference of the Labour Party, pp. 255–272. Note that this list is of the sanctioned candidates as of June 1922, and there were some changes between this date and the general election.
  11. 1 2 3 Labour Party, Report of the Forty-Fifth Annual Conference of the Labour Party, pp. 232–248
  12. 1 2 "List of Parliamentary Labour candidates and election results, February 23rd, 1950". Report of the Forty-Ninth Annual Conference of the Labour Party: 179–198. 1950.
  13. 1 2 "List of Parliamentary Labour candidates and election results, 25th October, 1951". Report of the Fiftieth Annual Conference of the Labour Party: 184–203. 1951.
  14. 1 2 3 Labour Party, Report of the Fifty-Fourth Annual Conference of the Labour Party, pp. 255–275
  15. 1 2 3 4 Labour Party, Report of the Fifty-Eighth Annual Conference of the Labour Party, pp. 179–201
  16. 1 2 3 Labour Party, Report of the Sixty-Third Annual Conference of the Labour Party, pp. 158–180
  17. Labour Party, Report of the Sixty-Fifth Annual Conference of the Labour Party, pp. 308–330
  18. 1 2 Labour Party, Report of the Sixty-Ninth Annual Conference of the Labour Party, pp. 289–312
  19. Labour Party, Report of the Seventy-Third Annual Conference of the Labour Party, pp. 391–411
  20. Labour Party, Report of the Seventy-Eighth Annual Conference of the Labour Party, pp. 406–431
  21. "DEATH OF MR. W. R. SMITH" . Northampton Mercury. 27 February 1942. Retrieved 17 November 2015 via British Newspaper Archive.