Personal Ordinariate of the Chair of Saint Peter
Cathedrae Sancti Petri
Coat of arms
|Country|| United States |
|Deaneries||Deanery of St John the Baptist|
|Rite||Roman Rite (Ordinariate Use)|
|Established||1 January 2012|
|Cathedral||Our Lady of Walsingham|
|Patroness||Our Lady of Walsingham|
|Secular priests||62 (2016)|
|Bishop||Steven J. Lopes|
|Vicar General||Timothy Perkins|
The Personal Ordinariate of the Chair of Saint Peter is a personal ordinariate of the Catholic Church—a jurisdiction within the Church, the equivalent of a diocese, for priests and laypeople from an Anglican background, that enables them to retain elements of their Anglican patrimony after entering the Catholic Church. Its territory extends over the United States and Canada. Former Methodists and former members of denominations such as the United Church of Canada are also included, as they are considered members of "ecclesial communion[s]" of "Anglican heritage".
A personal ordinariate, sometimes called a "personal ordinariate for former Anglicans" or more informally an "Anglican ordinariate", is a canonical structure within the Catholic Church established in accordance with the apostolic constitution Anglicanorum coetibus of 4 November 2009 and its complementary norms. The ordinariates were established in order to enable "groups of Anglicans" to join the Catholic Church while preserving elements of their liturgical and spiritual patrimony. They are juridically equivalent to a diocese, "a particular church in which and from which exists the one and unique Catholic Church", but may be erected in the same territory as other dioceses "by reason of the rite of the faithful or some similar reason".
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with approximately 1.3 billion baptised Catholics worldwide as of 2017. As the world's oldest and largest continuously functioning international institution, it has played a prominent role in the history and development of Western civilisation. The church is headed by the Bishop of Rome, known as the pope. Its central administration, the Holy See, is in the Vatican City, an enclave within the city of Rome in Italy.
The word diocese is derived from the Greek term dioikesis (διοίκησις) meaning "administration". Today, when used in an ecclesiastical sense, it refers to the ecclesiastical district under the jurisdiction of a bishop. Sometimes it is also called bishopric.
The ordinariate describes itself as "a structure, similar to a diocese, that was created by the Vatican in 2012 for former Anglican communities and clergy seeking to become Catholic. Once Catholic, the communities retain many aspects of their Anglican heritage, liturgy, and traditions".It has also been described as "a special kind of diocese confined to specific national territory - much like a military ordinariate that serves members of a national armed forces". The ordinariate uses a missal called Divine Worship: The Missal , a variation of the Roman Rite officially referred to as the "Divine Worship or Ordinariate Use", which incorporates aspects of the Anglican liturgical tradition.
Anglicanism is a Western Christian tradition which has developed from the practices, liturgy, and identity of the Church of England following the English Reformation.
A military ordinariate is an ecclesiastical jurisdiction of the Catholic Church, of the Latin or an Eastern church, responsible for the pastoral care of Catholics serving in the armed forces of a nation.
Divine Worship: The Missal (DW:™️) is the liturgical book containing the instructions and texts for the celebration of Mass by the former Anglicans within the Roman Catholic Church in the three personal ordinariates of Great Britain, United States and Canada, and Australia. The rite contained in this missal is a variant of the Roman Rite eucharistic liturgy. It was approved for use beginning on the first Sunday of Advent, November 29, 2015.
Based in Houston, Texas, with the Cathedral of Our Lady of Walsingham as its principal church, the ordinariate includes 42 parishes throughout the United States and Canada.
Houston is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Texas, fourth most populous city in the United States, as well as the sixth most populous in North America, with an estimated 2018 population of 2,325,502. Located in Southeast Texas near Galveston Bay and the Gulf of Mexico, it is the seat of Harris County and the principal city of the Greater Houston metropolitan area, which is the fifth most populous metropolitan statistical area in the United States and the second most populous in Texas after the Dallas-Fort Worth metroplex, with a population of 6,997,384 in 2018.
Texas is the second largest state in the United States by area and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders with the U.S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas to the southwest, and has a coastline with the Gulf of Mexico to the southeast.
The Cathedral of Our Lady of Walsingham in Houston, Texas, is a Catholic church that serves as the Cathedral of the Personal Ordinariate of the Chair of Saint Peter.
Originally, its territory was the same as that of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops.However, it was announced on 7 December 2012 that the Holy See, after consulting the Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops, had extended its territory to include Canada also. Accordingly, the head of the ordinariate is a full member of both episcopal conferences.
The United States Conference of Catholic Bishops (USCCB) is the episcopal conference of the Catholic Church in the United States. Founded in 1966 as the joint National Conference of Catholic Bishops (NCCB) and United States Catholic Conference (USCC), it is composed of all active and retired members of the Catholic hierarchy in the United States and the Territory of the U.S. Virgin Islands. In the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the bishops in the six dioceses form their own episcopal conference, the Puerto Rican Episcopal Conference. The bishops in U.S. insular areas in the Pacific Ocean – the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, the Territory of American Samoa, and the Territory of Guam – are members of the Episcopal Conference of the Pacific.
The Holy See, also called the See of Rome, refers to the jurisdiction of the Bishop of Rome, known as the pope, which includes the apostolic episcopal see of the Diocese of Rome with universal ecclesiastical jurisdiction of the worldwide Catholic Church, as well as a sovereign entity of international law.
The Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops (CCCB) is the national assembly of the bishops of the Catholic Church in Canada. It was founded in 1943, and was officially recognized by the Holy See in 1948. Since the Second Vatican Council, it became part of a worldwide network of episcopal conferences, established in 1965. Until 1977, it was called the Canadian Catholic Conference, when the present name was adopted.
The second personal ordinariate to be established after the promulgation of Anglicanorum coetibus , the Personal Ordinariate of the Chair of Saint Peter is, according to the decree of its erection, juridically equivalent to a diocese. – that is, monsignori of the highest rank – soon after the respective appointments to that office. In the case of an ordinary who is an apostolic protonotary, the ordinary holds the same power of governance over the ordinariate that a diocesan bishop holds over a diocese. The only practical difference is that a bishop may ordain clergy for the ordinariate personally, whereas an ordinary who is not a bishop must ask a bishop to ordain clergy of the ordinariate on his behalf in the same manner as the major superior of a clerical religious order. In 2016, the Personal Ordinariate of the Chair of Saint Peter became the first personal ordinariate to receive a bishop as its ordinary when Steven J. Lopes was installed.The faithful of the ordinariate are led by an ordinary who is named directly by the pope. The ordinary may be a bishop, if celibate, or priest, if married. Initially, the Holy See named all married ordinaries as apostolic protonotaries
Steven Joseph Lopes is an American Roman Catholic prelate. He is the bishop of the Personal Ordinariate of the Chair of Saint Peter, a community for former Anglican clergy and laypeople within the Catholic Church.
The ordinary of a personal ordinariate is the equivalent to a diocesan bishop, and thus wears the same ecclesiastical attire and uses the same pontifical insignia (mitre, crosier, pectoral cross, and episcopal ring) as a diocesan bishop, even if he is not a bishop.The ordinary is also, ex officio, a full member of the episcopal conference(s) of the territory of the ordinariate.
From the reign of Pope Pius XII if not before, popes have granted dispensations from the norm of celibacy for the ordination of married former Protestant and Anglican clergy in the Catholic Church – but the numbers were generally small so the Vatican processed those cases individually. The situation changed in the late 1970s when hundreds of former clergy of the Episcopal Church (TEC), including several who brought their congregations with them, sought ordination in the Catholic Church and, in the case of those who brought congregations with them, provision of liturgical books that followed their Anglican tradition. Pope John Paul II responded to this situation, first, by establishing a "Pastoral Provision" to facilitate processing of the large number of requests for dispensations coming from former TEC clergy the United States in 1980 and, second, by authorizing the Book of Divine Worship based on the Anglican Book of Common Prayer for use by intact communities of former Anglicans, which variously became parishes, missions, or chaplaincies of the local Roman Catholic diocese. The Vatican also prescribed the use of the Revised Standard Version, Second Catholic Edition translation of biblical texts, rather than the New American Bible translation then in use in the United States, in conjunction with the rites of the Book of Divine Worship. The Book of Divine Worship was officially deemed to be an interim work, authorized ad experimentum pending completion of a final edition, but there was no further work on "approved liturgical books of the Anglican tradition" in the decades that followed.
In the first decade of the 21st century, a number of bishops from the Church of England and the bishops of the Traditional Anglican Communion (TAC), a global "continuing Anglican" body, independently approached the Vatican seeking some manner of corporate reunion that would preserve their autonomy and their ecclesial structure within the Catholic Church. Pope Benedict XVI promulgated the apostolic constitution Anglicanorum coetibus, permitting erection of personal ordinariates equivalent to dioceses, on 4 November 2009.
Pursuant to Anglicanorum coetibus, the Holy See subsequently erected three ordinariates within the next three years in countries where interest among prospective Anglican clergy and communities was strongest: 1) the Personal Ordinariate of Our Lady of Walsingham in the territory of the episcopal conference of England and Wales on 15 January 2011, 2) the Personal Ordinariate of the Chair of Saint Peter in the territory of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops on 1 January 2012, and 3) the Personal Ordinariate of Our Lady of the Southern Cross in the territory of Australian Conference of Catholic Bishops on 15 June 2012.
The decree erecting the Personal Ordinariate of the Chair of St. Peter designated the Cathedral of Our Lady of Walsingham in Houston as the principal church of the ordinariate, analogous to the cathedral church of a diocese.This church was home to one of the congregations that came into the church under the Pope John Paul II's Pastoral Provision of 1980, effectively transferring that parish from the Diocese of Galveston-Houston to the ordinariate. On the same day, Pope Benedict XVI appointed Jeffrey N. Steenson, who had served as Bishop of the Rio Grande of the Episcopal Church prior to his reception into full communion and ordination in the Catholic Church, as its first ordinary. Steenson was installed as ordinary on 12 February 2012 during a Mass celebrated at the Co-Cathedral of the Sacred Heart in Houston led by cardinals Daniel DiNardo and Donald Wuerl.
In the first weeks after the erection of the ordinariate, over 100 Anglican clergy applied to be Catholic priests in the ordinariate, and over 1,400 lay people joined.Within the first year of the ordinariate's existence, the number of communities joining the ordinariate quickly grew to nearly three dozen. As of the spring of 2017, there are 43 parishes or canonical communities within the ordinariate.
Mount Calvary Church in Baltimore voted to join the ordinariate in 2010. In December 2011, the parish had settled in court with the Episcopal Diocese of Maryland over the church and associated properties. Thus, on 21 January 2012, Mount Calvary parish was received together as the first ordinariate parish in North America.
On 26 June 2012, Randy Sly, a former archbishop in the Charismatic Episcopal Church, was ordained to the priesthood by Bishop Paul Loverde in Potomac Falls.On 16 September 2012, the Cathedral of the Incarnation, the cathedral of the Diocese of Eastern United States of the Anglican Church in America, was received into the ordinariate along with their bishop, Louis Campese. After the reception of several Anglican communities in Canada, the ordinariate formed a deanery for Canada, the Deanery of Saint John the Baptist, on 7 December 2012.
On February 4, 2015, the ordinariate dedicated a new chancery building, on property adjacent to its principal church (which would become its cathedral with the installation of its first bishop in 2016), Our Lady of Walsingham, in Houston.The chancery complex includes offices for the Bishop and his staff, conference rooms and gathering areas, a Great Hall, as well as meeting rooms. Cardinal William Levada, Prefect Emeritus of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, officiated at the dedication, accompanied by Cardinal Daniel DiNardo, archbishop of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Galveston–Houston and Cardinal DiNardo’s predecessor, Archbishop Joseph Fiorenza.
On 24 November 2015, Pope Francis appointed Steven J. Lopes the first bishop of the personal ordinariate. It was announced that on 2 February 2016 that he would succeed Steenson.This appointment was the first time a bishop has been named to any of the world's three personal ordinariates for former Anglicans. With the appointment of a bishop to head the ordinariate, the principal church was elevated to a cathedral, the third in Houston.
In 2017, the ordinariate inducted the last of the Anglican Use parishes originally erected under the provisions of the 1980 Pastoral Provision with the decree, on March 21, by the Holy See that "all parishes of the Pastoral Provision are to be incorporated into the Ordinariate."With this decree, Our Lady of the Atonement in San Antonio – the first and also largest of the Pastoral Provision parishes – became a parish of the ordinariate, along with its clergy. Our Lady of the Atonement also brought with it the ordinariate's first K–12 Catholic school, The Atonement Academy, with over five hundred students enrolled. The other remaining Pastoral Provision parish, the Congregation of St. Athanasius in Boston, is also expected to join the ordinariate pursuant to the Holy See's decree.
Upon erection of the first ordinariates, the Vatican established the commission Anglicanae Traditiones to prepare liturgical books of the Anglican tradition for their use, and also for use of the communities of former Anglicans who remain under the jurisdiction of their local dioceses. This commission, under the direction of Steven Lopes, first published Divine Worship: Occasional Services containing rites for baptisms, weddings, and funerals, followed by Divine Worship: The Missal containing the rite for Mass to replace the respective rites in the Book of Divine Worship. The ordinariate missal took effect on the first Sunday of Advent (27 November) in 2015. Lopes, who was in Houston following the announcement of his appointment as the new ordinary, was the principal celebrant of the first Mass at the ordinariate's principal church according to the new missal.The new rites retain the use of the Revised Standard Version, Second Catholic Edition translation of scriptural texts.
The apostolic constitution Anglicanorum coetibus drew significant interest in Canada, but the number of communities were too few to support a separate ordinariate for that country. Thus, Cardinal Thomas Collins, Archbishop of Toronto, approached Jeffrey N. Steenson to work out a solution that would extend the Ordinariate of the Chair of St. Peter into Canada.
While all of this was pending, the parish of St. John the Evangelist in Calgary, Alberta, formerly of the Anglican Church of Canada (ACC), came into the full communion of the Catholic Church with its priest, Lee Kenyon, in December 2011, initially as a parish of the Diocese of Calgary with faculties to celebrate the liturgy according to the Book of Divine Worship. On 15 April 2012, former bishops Peter Wilkinson and Carl Reid of the Anglican Catholic Church of Canada (ACCC), the Canadian province of the Traditional Anglican Communion (TAC), and their congregations also came into the full communion of the Catholic Church.
In April 2012, Steenson had expressed his agreement with the idea that all groups of Canadian Anglicans who had taken or would in the future take the step of joining the Catholic Church should be organized as parishes of a deanery of the Ordinariate of the Chair of Saint Peter.On 7 December 2012, the ordinariate formally erected the Deanery of Saint John the Baptist for the Canadian parishes and the ordinary appointed Kenyon as its first dean, with the approval of the Holy See and the support of the Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops. The name, first proposed by then-ACCC bishop Peter Wilkinson, is that of a patron saint of Canada whose feast was significant in the discovery of Canada by both the English and the French.
On 8 December 2012, the day after the announcement of the extension of the Personal Ordinariate of the Chair of Saint Peter to Canada, Peter Wilkinson, the former Metropolitan Bishop of Canada of the Anglican Catholic Church of Canada (ACCC), was ordained to the priesthood in the Catholic Church by Bishop Richard Gagnonat St. Andrew's Cathedral in Victoria. Wilkinson was later named a Prelate of Honor by Pope Benedict XVI. On 26 January 2013, Carl Reid, a former ACCC bishop, was ordained by Archbishop Terrence Prendergast at the Notre-Dame Cathedral Basilica in Ottawa.
The Deanery of St. John the Baptist now encompasses 11 communities from New Brunswick to British Columbia.
The liturgical calendar of the ordinariate was approved by the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments in early 2012. In the main, it is identical with the two current Roman Rite liturgical calendars for the dioceses of the United States and Canada, but it has retained some elements that form part of the Anglican patrimony.
In the Proper of Time:
Regarding the Proper of Saints, the ordinariate observes the proper calendar of the United States (or in the Deanery of St. John the Baptist, that of Canada), as well as the following saints:
The Continuing Anglican movement, also known as the Anglican Continuum, encompasses a number of Christian churches, principally based in North America, with an Anglican identity and tradition but are not part of the Anglican Communion. The largest of these are the Anglican Catholic Church, the Anglican Church in America, the Anglican Province of America, the Anglican Province of Christ the King, the Diocese of the Holy Cross, the Episcopal Missionary Church, and the United Episcopal Church of North America. These churches generally believe that traditional forms of Anglican faith and worship have been unacceptably revised or abandoned within some Anglican Communion churches in recent decades and, therefore, that they are "continuing" or preserving both Anglican lines of apostolic succession and historic Anglican belief and practice.
The Anglican Use is an officially approved form of liturgy used by former members of the Anglican Communion who joined the Catholic Church while wishing to maintain the treasures of the Anglican tradition.
The Book of Divine Worship (BDW) was an adaptation of the American Book of Common Prayer (BCP) by the Roman Catholic Church. It was used primarily by former members of the Episcopal Church within Anglican Use parishes of the Pastoral Provision and the Personal Ordinariates. It has been replaced by a new book to be used worldwide, titled Divine Worship: The Missal.
The Pastoral Provision, in the context of the Catholic Church in the United States, is a set of practices and norms by which bishops are authorized to provide spiritual care for Roman Catholics coming from the Anglican tradition, by establishing parishes for them and ordaining priests from among them. The Pastoral Provision still provides a way for individuals to become priest in territorial dioceses, even though Anglicanorum Coetibus was declared which led to the establishment of Personal Ordinariates, another mechanism for former Anglicans to join the Catholic Church.
The Anglican Catholic Church of Canada (ACCC) is a Continuing Anglican church that was founded in 1979 by traditional Anglicans who had separated from the Anglican Church of Canada (ACC). The ACCC has fifteen parishes and missions; with two bishops and 22 clergy.
The Traditional Anglican Communion (TAC) is an international communion of churches in the continuing Anglican movement independent of the Anglican Communion and the Archbishop of Canterbury. The TAC upholds the theological doctrines of the Affirmation of St. Louis. Each of the respective jurisdictions utilizes a traditional Book of Common Prayer deemed free of theological deviation. Most parishioners of these churches would be described as being traditional Prayer Book Anglicans in their theology and liturgical practice. Some Anglo-Catholic parishes use the Anglican Missal in their liturgies. The TAC is governed by a College of Bishops from across the Communion and headed by an elected Primate.
Latin liturgical rites, or Western liturgical rites, are Catholic liturgical rites employed by the Latin Church, the largest particular church sui iuris of the Roman Catholic Church, that originated in Europe where the Latin language once dominated. Its language is now known as Ecclesiastical Latin. The most used rite is the Roman Rite.
The Anglican Church in America (ACA) is a Continuing Anglican church body and the United States' branch of the Traditional Anglican Communion (TAC). The ACA is separate from the Episcopal Church and is not a member of the Anglican Communion. It comprises 5 dioceses and around 5,200 members.
The Anglican Catholic Church in Australia (ACCA) is the regional jurisdiction of the Traditional Anglican Communion for most of Australia.
Jeffrey Neil Steenson PA is an American prelate of the Catholic Church who served as the first Ordinary of the Personal Ordinariate of the Chair of Saint Peter, which provides for groups of former Anglicans who have become Catholics. Steenson served as the Bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of the Rio Grande from 2005 until 2007, when he resigned and entered full communion with the Catholic Church.
The Personal Ordinariate of Our Lady of Walsingham in England and Wales is a personal ordinariate of the Roman Catholic Church immediately subject to the Holy See within the territory of the Catholic Bishops' Conference of England and Wales, of which its ordinary is a member, and encompassing Scotland also. It was established on 15 January 2011 for groups of former Anglicans in England and Wales in accordance with the apostolic constitution Anglicanorum coetibus of Pope Benedict XVI.
The Personal Ordinariate of Our Lady of the Southern Cross is a personal ordinariate of the Roman Catholic Church primarily within the territory of the Australian Catholic Bishops Conference for groups of Anglicans who desire full communion with the Catholic Church in Australia and Asia. As a personal ordinariate it is immediately subject to the Holy See in Rome. The motto of the ordinariate is Mea Gloria Fides.
Carl Leonard Reid is a Canadian-born Australian Roman Catholic priest, who is Ordinary of the Personal Ordinariate of Our Lady of the Southern Cross. He is a former bishop of the Anglican Catholic Church of Canada, a Continuing Anglican church within the Traditional Anglican Communion; he was received into the Catholic Church in 2012 and was ordained a priest of the Personal Ordinariate of the Chair of Saint Peter.
Peter Donald Wilkinson is a Canadian Roman Catholic priest. He was formerly a bishop in the Anglican Catholic Church of Canada, a Continuing Anglican church within the Traditional Anglican Communion. He was received into the Roman Catholic Church in 2012 and was ordained a Catholic priest and serves within the Personal Ordinariate of the Chair of Saint Peter.
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