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Korea has traditionally been divided into a number of unofficial regions that reflect historical, geographical, and dialect boundaries within the Peninsula.[ citation needed ] Many of the names in the list below overlap or are obsolete today, with Honam, Yeongdong, Yeongnam, and the modern term Sudogwon being the only ones in wide use.
The names of Korea's traditional Eight Provinces are often also used as regional monikers.
|Name||RR||MC||Hangul||Hanja||Cities and provinces||Divisions today|
|Haesŏ||Haeseo||Haesŏ||해서||海西||N. Hwanghae and S. Hwanghae||North Korea|
|Kwansŏ||Gwanseo||Kwansŏ||관서||關西||Pyongyang, Nampo, N. Pyongan, S. Pyongan and Chagang||North Korea|
|Gwandong||Gwandong (South Korea)||Kwandong (North Korea)||관동||關東||Gangwon (South), Kangwon (North) and Mount Kumgang||Both|
| Gyeonggi |
(Seoul Capital Area)
|Seoul, Incheon and Gyeonggi||South Korea|
|Kwannam||Gwannam||Kwannam||관남||關南||S. Hamgyong and southern part of Ryanggang; Southern part of Gwanbuk||North Korea|
|Kwanbuk||Gwanbuk||Kwanbuk||관북||關北||Rason, N. Hamgyong and northern part of Ryanggang||North Korea|
|Tongbuk||Dongbuk||Tongbuk||동북||東北||Rason, N. Hamgyong, S. Hamgyong and Ryanggang||North Korea|
|Hoseo||Hoseo||Hosŏ||호서||湖西||Daejeon, Sejong, N. Chungcheong and S. Chungcheong||South Korea|
|Honam||Honam||Honam||호남||湖南||Gwangju, N. Jeolla and S. Jeolla||South Korea|
|Yeongseo||Yeongseo||Yŏngsŏ||영서||嶺西||Western part of Gwandong||Both|
|Yeongdong||Yeongdong||Yŏngdong||영동||嶺東||Eastern part of Gwandong||Both|
|Yeongnam||Yeongnam||Yŏngnam||영남||嶺南||Busan, Daegu, Ulsan, N. Gyeongsang and S. Gyeongsang||South Korea|
|Giho||Giho||Kiho||기호||畿湖||Gyeonggi and Hoseo||South Korea|
Holland is a geographical region and former province on the western coast of the Netherlands. The name Holland is also frequently used informally to refer to the whole of the country of the Netherlands. This usage is commonly accepted in other countries and is also commonly employed by the Dutch themselves. However, some in the Netherlands, particularly those from regions outside Holland, may find it undesirable, misrepresentative, or even offensive to use the term for the whole country.
Korean is an East Asian language spoken by about 77 million people, mainly Korean, as of 2010. It is the official and national language of both North Korea and South Korea, with different standardized official forms used in each country. It is a recognised minority language in the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture and Changbai Korean Autonomous County of Jilin Province, China. It is also spoken in parts of Sakhalin, Russia and Central Asia.
Hanja is the Korean name for a traditional writing system consisting mainly of Traditional Chinese characters that was incorporated and used since the Gojoseon period. More specifically, it refers to the Traditional Chinese characters incorporated into the Korean language with Korean pronunciation.
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A circuit was a historical political division of China and is a historical and modern administrative unit in Japan. The primary level of administrative division of Korea under the Joseon and in modern North and South Korea employs the same Chinese character as the Chinese and Japanese divisions but, because of its relatively greater importance, is usually translated as province instead.
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The administrative divisions of North Korea are organized into three hierarchical levels. These divisions were created in 2002. Many of the units have equivalents in the system of South Korea. At the highest level are nine provinces and four special municipalities. The second-level divisions are cities, counties, and districts. These are further subdivided into third-level entities: towns, dongs (neighborhoods), ris (villages), and workers’ districts.
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This is a partial list of Korea-related topics beginning with G. For Korean words starting with ㄱ, see also under K.
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