Religion in Oceania

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This page gives an outline of religions in Oceania.

Religion is a social-cultural system of designated behaviors and practices, morals, worldviews, texts, sanctified places, prophecies, ethics, or organizations, that relates humanity to supernatural, transcendental, or spiritual elements. However, there is no scholarly consensus over what precisely constitutes a religion.

Oceania Geographic region comprising Australasia, Melanesia, Micronesia and Polynesia

Oceania is a geographic region that includes Australasia, Melanesia, Micronesia and Polynesia. Spanning the eastern and western hemispheres, Oceania has a land area of 8,525,989 square kilometres (3,291,903 sq mi) and a population of 40 million. Situated in the southeast of the Asia-Pacific region, Oceania, when compared to continental regions, is the smallest in land area and the second smallest in population after Antarctica.

Contents

Religious distribution

Australasia

Country [1] PopulationChristianMuslimIrreligionHinduBuddhistFolk religionOther religionJewish
Pop.%Pop.%Pop.%Pop.%Pop.%Pop.%Pop.%Pop.%
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 22,270,00014,987,00067.3%534,4802.4%5,389,34024.2%311,7801.4%601,2902.7%155,8900.7%178,1600.8%111,3500.5%
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand 4,370,0002,490,90057.00%52,4401.20%1,599,42036.60%91,7702.10%69,9201.60%21,8500.50%30,5900.70%8,7400.20%
Total26,640,00017,478,61065.61%586,9202.20%6,988,76026.23%403,5501.51%671,2102.52%177,7400.67%208,7500.78%120,0900.45%

Melanesia

Country [1] PopulationChristianMuslimIrreligionHinduBuddhistFolk religionOther religionJewish
Pop.%Pop.%Pop.%Pop.%Pop.%Pop.%Pop.%Pop.%
Flag of Fiji.svg  Fiji 860,000553,84064.40%54,1806.30%6,8800.80%239,94127.90%00.00%00.00%4,3000.50%00.00%
Flag of FLNKS.svg  New Caledonia 250,000213,00085.20%7,0002.80%26,00010.40%00.00%1,5000.60%5000.20%2,0000.80%00.00%
Flag of Papua New Guinea.svg  Papua New Guinea 6,860,0006,805,12099.20%2,0000.003%00.00%00.00%00.00%27,4400.40%13,7200.20%00.00%
Flag of the Solomon Islands.svg  Solomon Islands 540,000525,96097.40%00.00%1,0800.20%00.00%1,6200.30%7,0201.30%3,7800.70%00.00%
Flag of Vanuatu.svg  Vanuatu 240,000223,92093.30%00.00%2,8801.20%00.00%00.00%9,8404.10%3,3601.40%00.00%
Total8,750,0008,321,84095.11%61,1800.70%36,8400.42%239,9402.74%3,1200.04%44,8000.51%27,1600.31%00.00%

Micronesia

Country [1] PopulationChristianMuslimIrreligionHinduBuddhistFolk religionOther religionJewish
Pop.%Pop.%Pop.%Pop.%Pop.%Pop.%Pop.%Pop.%
Flag of Guam.svg  Guam 180,000169,56094.20%00.00%3,0601.70%00.00%1,9801.10%2,7001.50%2,8801.60%00.00%
Flag of Kiribati.svg  Kiribati 100,00097,00097.00%00.00%8000.80%00.00%00.00%00.00%2,2002.20%00.00%
Flag of the Marshall Islands.svg  Marshall Islands 50,00048,75097.50%00.00%7501.50%00.00%00.00%1500.30%4000.80%00.00%
Flag of Federated States of Micronesia.svg  Micronesia 110,000104,83095.30%00.00%9900.90%00.00%4400.40%2,9702.70%7700.70%00.00%
Flag of Nauru.svg  Nauru 10,0007,90079.00%00.00%4504.50%00.00%1101.10%8108.10%7407.40%00.00%
Flag of the Northern Mariana Islands.svg  Northern Mariana Islands 60,00048,78081.30%4200.70%6001.00%00.00%6,36010.60%3,1805.30%6601.10%00.00%
Flag of Palau.svg  Palau 20,00017,34086.70%00.00%2401.20%00.00%1600.80%1600.80%2,08010.40%00.00%
Total530,000494,16093.24%4200.08%6,8901.30%00.00%9,0501.71%9,9701.88%9,7301.84%00.00%

Polynesia

Country [1] PopulationChristianMuslimIrreligionHinduBuddhistFolk religionOther religionJewish
Pop.%Pop.%Pop.%Pop.%Pop.%Pop.%Pop.%Pop.%
Flag of American Samoa.svg  American Samoa 70,00068,81098.30%00.00%4900.70%00.00%2100.30%2800.40%2100.30%00.00%
Flag of the Cook Islands.svg  Cook Islands 20,00019,20096.00%00.00%6403.20%00.00%00.00%00.00%1600.80%00.00%
Flag of French Polynesia.svg  French Polynesia 270,000253,80094.00%00.00%13,2304.90%00.00%00.00%1,3500.50%1,0800.40%00.00%
Flag of Niue.svg  Niue 2,0001,92896.40%00.00%663.30%00.00%00.00%00.00%40.20%00.00%
Flag of Samoa.svg  Samoa 180,000174,24096.80%00.00%4,5002.50%00.00%00.00%00.00%7200.40%00.00%
Flag of Tokelau.svg  Tokelau 1,4001,39799.80%00.00%00.00%00.00%00.00%00.00%30.20%00.00%
Flag of Tonga.svg  Tonga 100,00098,90098.90%00.00%00.00%1000.10%00.00%00.00%9000.90%00.00%
Flag of Tuvalu.svg  Tuvalu 11,00010,63796.70%110.10%1431.30%00.00%00.00%00.00%2091.90%00.00%
Flag of France.svg  Wallis and Futuna 13,00012,66297.40%00.00%780.60%00.00%00.00%1561.20%1040.80%00.00%
Total667,400641,57496.13%110.00%19,1472.87%1000.01%2100.03%1,7860.27%3,3900.51%00.00%

Hyponyms

Religion in Australia Wikipedia overview article

Religion in Australia is diverse. Section 116 of the Constitution of Australia of 1901 prohibits the Commonwealth government from establishing a church or interfering with the freedom of religion. In an optional question on the 2016 Census, 52.2% of the Australian population declared some variety of Christianity. Historically the percentage was far higher; now, the religious landscape of Australia is changing and diversifying. In 2016, 30.1% of Australians stated "no religion" and a further 9.6% chose not to answer the question. Other faiths include Muslims (2.6%), Buddhists (2.4%), Hindus (1.9%), Sikhs (0.5%), and Jews (0.4%).As per the 2016 Census, Sikhism is the fastest growing religion in Australia which showed a 74% increase from the 2011 census followed by Hinduism and Irreligion.

Religion in New Zealand Wikipedia overview article

Religion in New Zealand encompasses a wide range of groups and beliefs. Christianity is the most common religion with almost half of the population at the 2013 New Zealand census declaring an affiliation. Around six percent of the population is affiliated with non-Christian religions, with Hinduism being the largest at over two percent, while 42 percent of New Zealanders stated they had no religion in the most recent census, and 4 percent made no declaration.

Religion in Fiji info and statistics on the religions practiced in Fiji

Fiji is a mixed society religiously with most people being Christian but with sizable Hindu and Muslim minorities. Religion tends to split along ethnic lines with most Indigenous Fijians being Christian and most Fijians of Indian descent being either Hindu or Muslim.

See also

Major religious groups Religious movement with major international spread

The world's principal religions and spiritual traditions may be classified into a small number of major groups, although this is by no means a uniform practice. This theory began in the 18th century with the goal of recognizing the relative levels of civility in societies.

The Bahá'í Faith is a minority religion in all Oceania countries. It forms the majority in the Nanumea Island of Tuvalu.

Buddhism is a minority religion in Oceania.

Related Research Articles

Irreligion is the absence, indifference to, or rejection of religion. According to the Pew Research Center's 2012 global study of 230 countries and territories, 16% of the world's population is not affiliated with a religion, while 84% are affiliated.

Religion in the United States is diverse with Christianity being the majority religion. Various religious faiths have flourished within the United States. A majority of Americans report that religion plays a very important role in their lives, a proportion unique among developed countries. Freedom of religion in the United States is guaranteed in the First Amendment to the United States Constitution.

Buddhism by country The Buddhism in the world

Buddhism is a religion practiced by an estimated 488 million in the world, 495 million, or 535 million people as of the 2010s, representing 7 % of the world's total population.

Hinduism by country Hindu citizens in various countries

Hinduism has approximately 1.1 billion adherents worldwide. Nepal (81.3%) and India (79.28%) are countries with Hindus being the majority of their respective populations. Along with Christianity (31.5%), Islam (23.2%), Hinduism is one of the three major religions of the world by percentage of population. Hinduism is the third largest religion in the world after Christianity and Islam.

Western religions Religions that originated within Western culture

Western religions refers to religions that originated within Western culture, and are thus historically, culturally, and theologically distinct from the Eastern religions. The term Abrahamic religions is often used instead of using the East and West terminology.

The Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan American think tank based in Washington, D.C. It provides information on social issues, public opinion, and demographic trends shaping the United States and the world. It also conducts public opinion polling, demographic research, media content analysis, and other empirical social science research. The Pew Research Center does not take policy positions, and is a subsidiary of The Pew Charitable Trusts.

Christianity by country Wikimedia list article

As of the year 2015, Christianity has more than 2.3 billion adherents, out of about 7.5 billion people. The faith represents one-third of the world's population and is the largest religion in the world, with the three largest groups of Christians being the Catholic Church, Protestantism, and the Eastern Orthodox Church. The largest Christian denomination is the Catholic Church, with 1.2 billion adherents. The second largest Christian branch is either Protestantism, or the Eastern Orthodox Church.

Muslim population growth Wikimedia list article

Muslim population growth is the population growth of Muslims worldwide. In 2006, countries with a Muslim majority population growth rate of 1.8% per year. This compares with a world population growth rate of 1.1% per year. As of 2011, it was predicted that the world's Muslim population will grow twice as fast as non-Muslims over the next 20 years. fertility rate, compared to other religious groups.

Accurate demographics of atheism are difficult to obtain since conceptions of atheism vary across different cultures and languages from being an active concept to being unimportant or not developed. In global studies, the number of people without a religion is usually higher than the number of people without a belief in a deity and the number of people who agree with statements on lacking a belief in a deity is usually higher than the number of people who self-identify as "atheists". According to sociologist Phil Zuckerman, broad estimates of those who have an absence of belief in a deity range from 500 to 750 million people worldwide. Other estimates state that there are 200 million to 240 million self-identified atheists worldwide, with China and Russia being major contributors to those figures. According to sociologists Ariela Keysar and Juhem Navarro-Rivera's review of numerous global studies on atheism, there are 450 to 500 million positive atheists and agnostics worldwide, with China having the most atheists in the world.

Growth of religion is the spread of religions and the increase of religious adherents around the world. The statistics are commonly measured by the absolute number of adherents, the percentage of the absolute growth per year, and the growth of the number of converts in the world. Projections of future religious adherence are based on assumptions that trends, total fertility rates, life expectancy, political climate, conversion rates, secularization, etc will continue. Such forecasts cannot be validated empirically and are contentious, but are useful for comparison. A study in 2017 revealed that Islam is the fastest growing religion.

Religion in North America Wikipedia overview article

Template:Religion by Continent

Christianity in the United States Wikipedia overview article

Christianity is the most adhered to religion in the United States, with 75% of polled American adults identifying themselves as Christian in 2015. This is down from 85% in 1990, lower than 81.6% in 2001, and slightly lower than 78% in 2012. About 62% of those polled claim to be members of a church congregation. The United States has the largest Christian population in the world, with nearly 240 million Christians, although other countries have higher percentages of Christians among their populations.

Religions by country Wikimedia list article

This is an overview of religion by country according to the Pew Research Center. The article Religious information by country gives information from The World Factbook of the CIA and the U.S. Department of State.

Surveys show that Americans without a religious affiliation range around 23.8%, 22.8%, 24.8%,, 36%, 21%, and 31.4% of the population, with 'nothing in particulars' making up the majority of this demographic. Since the early 1990s, independent polls have shown the rapid growth of those without a religious affiliation.

Wealth and religion

The correlation between wealth and religion has been subject to academic research. Wealth is the status of being the beneficiary or proprietor of a large accumulation of capital and economic power. Religion is a cultural system that often involves belief in supernatural forces and may intend to provide a moral system or a meaning of life.

There are conflicting reports as to the religious beliefs in South Sudan, though all agree that the three main religions are traditional African religions, Christianity and Islam. The South Sudanese President Kiir, a Roman Catholic, while speaking at Saint Theresa Cathedral in Juba, South Sudan, stated that South Sudan would be a nation which respects freedom of religion. The reported estimated relative proportions of adherents of African Traditional Religion and Christianity have varied.

Islam by country Wikimedia list article

Adherents of Islam constitute the world's second largest religious group. According to a study in 2015, Islam has 1.8 billion adherents, making up about 24.1% of the world population. Most Muslims are either of two denominations: Sunni or Shia. Islam is the dominant religion in Central Asia, Indonesia, Middle East, North Africa, the Sahel and some other parts of Asia. The diverse Asia-Pacific region contains the highest number of Muslims in the world, easily surpassing the Middle East and North Africa.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 Pew Research Center’s Forum on Religion & Public Life (December 2012), The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World's Major Religious Groups as of 2010 (PDF), Pew Research Center, retrieved 20 September 2016