Timeline of Portland, Oregon

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The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Portland, Oregon, United States.


19th century

Portland City Hall PortlandCityHall.jpg
Portland City Hall

20th century


Washington Park main entrance Pdx wash mainentrance sse.jpeg
Washington Park main entrance


21st century

See also

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Portland, Oregon</span> Largest city in Oregon, United States

Portland is a port city in the Pacific Northwest and the most populous city in the U.S. state of Oregon. Situated in the northwestern area of the state at the confluence of the Willamette and Columbia rivers, Portland is the county seat of Multnomah County, the most populous county in Oregon. As of 2020, Portland had a population of 652,503, making it the 26th-most populated city in the United States, the sixth-most populous on the West Coast, and the second-most populous in the Pacific Northwest, after Seattle. Approximately 2.5 million people live in the Portland–Vancouver–Hillsboro, OR–WA metropolitan statistical area, making it the 25th most populous in the United States. About half of Oregon's population resides within the Portland metropolitan area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Oregon City, Oregon</span> City in Oregon, United States

Oregon City is the county seat of Clackamas County, Oregon, United States, located on the Willamette River near the southern limits of the Portland metropolitan area. As of the 2020 census, the city population was 37,572. Established in 1829 by the Hudson's Bay Company, in 1844 it became the first U.S. city west of the Rocky Mountains to be incorporated.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Steel Bridge</span> Bridge in Portland, Oregon

The Steel Bridge is a through truss, double-deck vertical-lift bridge across the Willamette River in Portland, Oregon, United States, opened in 1912. Its lower deck carries railroad and bicycle/pedestrian traffic, while the upper deck carries road traffic, and light rail (MAX), making the bridge one of the most multimodal in the world. It is the only double-deck bridge with independent lifts in the world and the second oldest vertical-lift bridge in North America, after the nearby Hawthorne Bridge. The bridge links the Rose Quarter and Lloyd District in the east to Old Town Chinatown neighborhood in the west.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Willamette Shore Trolley</span>

The Willamette Shore Trolley is a heritage railroad or heritage streetcar that operates along the west bank of the Willamette River between Portland and Lake Oswego in the U.S. state of Oregon. The right-of-way is owned by a group of local-area governments who purchased it in 1988 in order to preserve it for potential future rail transit. Streetcar excursion service began operating on a trial basis in 1987, lasting about three months, and regular operation on a long-term basis began in 1990. The Oregon Electric Railway Historical Society has been the line's operator since 1995.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Burnside Bridge</span> Bridge in Portland, Oregon

The Burnside Bridge is a 1926-built bascule bridge that spans the Willamette River in Portland, Oregon, United States, carrying Burnside Street. It is the second bridge at the same site to carry that name. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in November 2012.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Transportation in Portland, Oregon</span> Overview of movement of goods and passengers in Portland

Like transportation in the rest of the United States, the primary mode of local transportation in Portland, Oregon is the automobile. Metro, the metropolitan area's regional government, has a regional master plan in which transit-oriented development plays a major role. This approach, part of the new urbanism, promotes mixed-use and high-density development around light rail stops and transit centers, and the investment of the metropolitan area's share of federal tax dollars into multiple modes of transportation. In the United States, this focus is atypical in an era when automobile use led many areas to neglect their core cities in favor of development along interstate highways, in suburbs, and satellite cities.

Portland is "an international pioneer in transit orientated developments."

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition</span> 1905 Worlds Fair in Portland, Oregon

The Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition, commonly also known as the Lewis and Clark Exposition, and officially known as the Lewis and Clark Centennial and American Pacific Exposition and Oriental Fair, was a worldwide exposition held in Portland, Oregon, United States in 1905 to celebrate the centennial of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. While not officially considered a World's Fair by the Bureau of International Expositions, it is often informally described as such; the exposition attracted both exhibits and visitors from around the world. During the exposition's four-month run, it attracted over 1.6 million visitors, and featured exhibits from 21 countries. Portland grew from 161,000 to 270,000 residents between 1905 and 1910, a spurt that has been attributed to the exposition.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Downtown Portland, Oregon</span> Neighborhood in Portland, Oregon, United States

Downtown Portland is the central business district of Portland, Oregon, United States. It is on the west bank of the Willamette River in the northeastern corner of the southwest section of the city and where most of the city's high-rise buildings are found.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">History of Portland, Oregon</span>

The history of the city of Portland, Oregon, began in 1843 when business partners William Overton and Asa Lovejoy filed to claim land on the west bank of the Willamette River in Oregon Country. In 1845 the name of Portland was chosen for this community by coin toss. February 8, 1851, the city was incorporated. Portland has continued to grow in size and population, with the 2010 Census showing 583,776 residents in the city.

Rail transportation is an important element of the transportation network in the U.S. state of Oregon. Rail transportation has existed in Oregon in some form since 1855, and the state was a pioneer in development of electric railway systems. While the automobile has displaced many uses of rail in the state, rail remains a key means of moving passengers and freight, both within the state and to points beyond its borders.

William Overton was a pioneer of the Oregon Country in the Pacific Northwest region of North America. In the mid-1840s he purchased the land claim, along with Asa Lovejoy, for the site which would become Portland, Oregon. Overton sold his share shortly thereafter to Francis Pettygrove.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Portland Railway, Light and Power Company</span> Defunct transport and utility company of Portland, Oregon

The Portland Railway, Light and Power Company (PRL&P) was a railway company and electric power utility in Portland, Oregon, United States, from 1906 until 1924.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Cicero Hunt Lewis</span> Merchant and investor

Cicero Hunt Lewis (1826–1897) was a prominent merchant and investor in Portland in the U.S. state of Oregon during the second half of the 19th century. Born in New Jersey, Lewis and a friend, Lucius Allen, traveled across the continent in 1851 to open a dry goods and grocery store in what was then a frontier town of about 800 people living along the west bank of the Willamette River. By 1880, their firm, Allen & Lewis, had become one of the leading wholesale grocery companies on the West Coast.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bernard Goldsmith</span> American politician

Bernard Goldsmith was a Bavarian-American businessman and politician. He is best remembered as the 19th mayor of Portland, Oregon, serving from 1869 to 1871, and as the first Jew to hold that position.

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Jacksonville, Florida, USA.

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Miami in Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States.

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Austin, Texas, USA.

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of El Paso, Texas.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Madison Street Bridge (Portland, Oregon)</span> Former bridge in Portland, Oregon, U.S.

The Madison Street Bridge, or Madison Bridge, refers to two different bridges that spanned the Willamette River in Portland, Oregon, from 1891 to 1900 and from 1900 to 1909. The bridges connected Madison Street, on the river's west bank, and Hawthorne Avenue, on the east bank, on approximately the same alignment as the existing Hawthorne Bridge. The original and later bridges are sometimes referred to as Madison Street Bridge No. 1 and Madison Street Bridge No. 2, respectively. The second bridge, built in 1900, has alternatively been referred to as the "rebuilt" Madison Street Bridge, rather than as a new bridge, because it was rebuilt on the same piers. Both were swing bridges, whereas their successor, the Hawthorne Bridge, is a vertical-lift-type.

The following is a timeline of the history of Oregon in the United States of America.


  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Britannica 1910.
  2. 1 2 "US Newspaper Directory". Chronicling America. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress. Retrieved November 4, 2013.
  3. 1 2 3 Auditor's Office (2000). "Portland Historical Timeline". City of Portland. Retrieved November 4, 2013.
  4. Purdy 1947.
  5. Davies Project. "American Libraries before 1876". Princeton University. Retrieved November 4, 2013.
  6. Reid 1879.
  7. Susan M. Schweik (2010). The Ugly Laws: Disability in Public. New York University Press. ISBN   978-0-8147-8361-0.
  8. Jacqueline Williams (1999). "Much Depends on Dinner: Pacific Northwest Foodways, 1843–1900". Pacific Northwest Quarterly. 90 (2): 68–76. JSTOR   40492465.
  9. "Oregon: Multnomah", Pacific States Newspaper Directory (6th ed.), San Francisco: Palmer & Rey, 1894, OCLC   35801625
  10. Wortman 2006, p. 53.
  11. Oregon Historical Quarterly
  12. Hermida, Arianne. "IWW Yearbook 1907". IWW History Project. University of Washington . Retrieved 5 May 2016.
  13. "Portland Mill Men Strike". Industrial Union Bulletin . Vol. 1, no. 3. 16 March 1907. p. 1.
  14. "History". Audubon Society of Portland. Retrieved February 11, 2014.
  15. 1 2 3 4 "Movie Theaters in Portland, OR". CinemaTreasures.org. Los Angeles: Cinema Treasures LLC. Retrieved November 4, 2013.
  16. 1 2 Federal Writers' Project 1951.
  17. Ulrich Hardt; Jeff LaLande; Linda Tamura (eds.). "Oregon Encyclopedia". Portland State University. Retrieved November 4, 2013.
  18. Thompson 2006, p. 113–114, 121.
  19. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "Sister Cities". City of Portland. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  20. "Mission & History". Portland: Food Front. Retrieved November 4, 2013.
  21. "NCGA Co-ops: Oregon". Iowa: National Cooperative Grocers Association . Retrieved November 4, 2013.
  22. Williams, Linda (November 25, 1980). "Beaming Ivancie sworn in as Portland mayor". The Oregonian. p. 1.
  23. Mike Tigas; Sisi Wei, eds. (9 May 2013). "Portland, Oregon". Nonprofit Explorer. New York: ProPublica . Retrieved November 4, 2013.
  24. Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in the United States: 1790 to 1990, US Census Bureau, 1998
  25. "Downtown Portland". Downtown Portland Marketing Initiative. Retrieved November 4, 2013.
  26. 1 2 3 "Portland Restaurants". Food & Wine . Time Inc. Retrieved November 4, 2013.
  27. "Welcome to the City of Portland". Archived from the original on 1996-12-27 via Internet Archive, Wayback Machine.
  28. Michael Barone; Chuck McCutcheon (2011). Almanac of American Politics 2012. Washington, D.C.: National Journal Group. ISBN   978-0-226-03807-0.
  29. "Staff". Urban Greenspaces Institute. Retrieved February 11, 2014.
  30. "About". Portland Indymedia. Archived from the original on February 3, 2001.
  31. "p:ear". GuideStar . Retrieved November 4, 2013.
  32. 1 2 "Portland, Oregon". Hackerspaces. Retrieved November 9, 2013.
  33. "Frugal Portland". New York Times. May 7, 2009.
  34. "Largest Urbanized Areas With Selected Cities and Metro Areas (2010)". US Census Bureau. 2012.
  35. "Street Books". Archived from the original on October 12, 2014. Retrieved October 30, 2014.
  36. "Two dead, thousands without power after U.S. Pacific Northwest storms", Reuters, December 10, 2015


Published in the 19th century

  • G. Owens, ed. (1866), "Portland, Oregon", General directory and business guide of the principal towns in the upper country, San Francisco: A. Gensoul
  • John Mortimer Murphy, ed. (1873), "Multnomah County: Portland", Oregon business directory and state gazetteer, S.J. McCormick
  • William Reid (1879), Progress of Oregon and Portland from 1868 to 1878, Portland, Or: D.H. Stearns & Co., OL   25160344M
  • Harvey Whitefield Scott (1890), History of Portland, Oregon, Syracuse, N.Y: D. Mason & Co., OL   23304856M

Published in the 20th century



  • Paul G. Meriam. "Urban Elite in the Far West, Portland, Oregon, 1870–1890." Arizona and the West 18 (1976): 41-52.
  • Gould, Charles F. "Portland Italians, 1880–1920." Oregon Historical Quarterly 77 (1976): 239-60.
  • MacColl, E. Kimbark (1976). The Shaping of a City: Business and Politics in Portland, Oregon 1885 to 1915. Portland, Oregon: Georgian Press. OCLC   2645815.
  • MacColl, E. Kimbark (1979). The Growth of a City: Power and Politics in Portland, Oregon 1915 to 1950. Portland, Oregon: Georgian Press. ISBN   0-9603408-1-5.
  • Paul G. Meriam. "The ‘Other Portland’: A Statistical Note on the Foreign-born, 1860–1910." Oregon Historical Quarterly 80 (1979): 258-68.
  • Toll, William. The Making of an Ethnic Middle Class: Portland Jewry over Four Generations. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1982.
  • Carl Abbott. Portland: Planning, Politics, and Growth in a Twentieth-Century City. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1983.
  • Blackford, Mansell. "The Lost Dream: Businessmen and City Planning in Portland, Oregon, 1903–1914." The Western Historical Quarterly 15 (1984): 39-56.
  • William Toll. "Ethnicity and Stability: The Italians and Jews of South Portland, 1900–1940." Pacific Historical Review 54 (1985): 161-90.
  • E. Kimbark MacColl. Merchants, Money, and Power: The Portland Establishment, 1843–1913. Portland: Georgian Press, 1988.
  • Bigelow, William, and Norman Diamond. "Agitate, Educate, Organize: Portland, 1934." Oregon Historical Quarterly 89 (1988): 5-29.
  • Horowitz, David A. "The Crusade against Chain Stores: Portland's Independent Merchants, 1928–1935." Oregon Historical Quarterly 89 (1988): 340-68.
  • Dodds, Gordon, and Craig Wollner. The Silicon Forest: High Tech in the Portland Area, 1945–1985. Portland: Oregon Historical Society Press, 1990.
  • Wollner, Craig. The City Builders: One Hundred Years of Union Carpentry in Portland, Oregon, 1883–1983. Portland: Oregon Historical Society Press, 1990.
  • Carl Abbott. "Regional City and Network City: Portland and Seattle in the Twentieth Century." Western Historical Quarterly 23 (1992): 293-322.
  • Harvey, Thomas. "Portland, Oregon: Regional City in a Global Economy." Urban Geography 17 (1996): 95-114.
  • William Toll. "Permanent Settlement: Japanese Families in Portland, 1920." Western Historical Quarterly 28 (1997): 19-44.
  • William Toll. "Black Families and Migration to a Multiracial Society: Portland, Oregon, 1900–1924." Journal of American Ethnic History 17 (1998): 38-70.
  • Barker, Neil. "Portland's Works Progress Administration." Oregon Historical Quarterly 101 (2000): 414-41.

Published in the 21st century