Tis Hazari

Last updated

Tis Hazari
Location map India Delhi EN.svg
Red pog.svg
Tis Hazari
Location in North Delhi, India
Coordinates: 28°39′56″N77°13′00″E / 28.6656°N 77.2168°E / 28.6656; 77.2168
CountryFlag of India.svg  India
Territory Delhi (National Capital Region)
Region North India
Town Delhi
  Official Hindi
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)

Tis Hazari is a neighbourhood in Old Delhi, India just south of the Northern Ridge. It is the location of the Tis Hazari Courts Complex which was inaugurated on 19 March 1958 by Chief Justice Mr. A. N. Bhandari of the then Punjab High Court. It is one of the six District Courts that function under the Delhi High Court, and continues to be the principal Court building in state of Delhi.



The place gets its name from a force of 30,000 Sikhs, which encamped here under Jassa Singh Ahluwalia, Jassa Singh Ramgarhia, and Baghel Singh in 1783, prior to Battle of Delhi (1783). Sikhs defeated Mughals in the Battle of Delhi (1783) and captured Red Fort. [1] [2] [3] [4] Under the command of Jassa Singh Ahluwalia and other leading warriors crossed the Yamuna and captured Saharanpur. They overran the territory of Najib ud-Daulah, the Ruhila chief, acquiring from him a tribute of eleven lakh of rupees (INR 1,100,000). In April Baghel Singh Dhaliwal with two other sardars (Rai Singh Bhangi and Tara Singh Ghaiba) crossed the Yamuna to occupy that country, which was then ruled by Zabita Khan, who was the son and successor of Najib ud-Daulah. Zabita Khan in desperation offered Baghel Singh Dhaliwal large sums of money and proposed an alliance to jointly plunder the crown lands. Sardar Baghel Singh Dhaliwal set up an octroi-post near Sabzi Mandi to collect the tax on the goods imported into the city to finance the search and the construction of the Sikh Temples. (He did not want to use the cash received from the Government Treasury for this purpose, and most of that was handed out to the needy and poor. He often distributed sweetmeats bought out of this government gift to the congregationalists at the place which is now known as the Pul Mithai.)

Tis Hazari Court

The Tis Hazari Courts Complex was inaugurated in 1958 by Chief Justice A.N. Bhandari, the then Chief Justice of Punjab, [5] since Delhi was under the jurisdiction of High Court of Punjab at the time. [6] Tis Hazari was the principal court complex in Delhi, since Delhi consisted of only one district. [5] However, courts were shifted out to other complexes with time. [5] Presently, the court houses courts having their jurisdiction over Central Delhi, West Delhi.

2019 Clash of Lawyers & Police

On 2 November 2019, an altercation broke out between lawyers and police officers allegedly over parking. [7] The lawyers alleged that the police misbehaved with them, while the police claimed that the lawyers turned violent without provocation. The incident spiralled into a police officer opening fire at lawyers, injuring two lawyers. [8] The police claim that this was done to prevent lawyers from breaking into the lockup. [7] Following this, spontaneous violence broke out throughout the Tis Hazari complex and several vehicles, including police vehicles, were set ablaze. [9] A lady Deputy Commissioner of Police who happened to be present in the complex claimed to have her pistol snatched by lawyers. [10]

The High Court of Delhi took cognizance of the violence, and conducted a special hearing on Sunday. [11] The High Court ordered suspension of the police officers involved, and transfer of a Special Commissioner of Police and an Additional Deputy Commissioner of Police. [12] The High Court also ordered a judicial probe headed by Justice (Retired) S.P. Garg. [11]

The lawyers in all district courts of Delhi immediately went on strike and abstained from work. [13] In the following days, incidents of lawyers harassing and manhandling police officers were reported. [14] [15] [16] The strike was called off two weeks later. [17]

Sexual Harassment

Several female lawyers have reported incidents of sexual harassment at Tis Hazari Courts, including groping and sexually coloured remarks. [18]

St Stephen's Hospital

St Stephen's Hospital, Delhi is the other landmark at Tis Hazari. It is a 600 bedded tertiary care and teaching hospital located adjacent to the court complex.


The area is serviced by the Tis Hazari station on the Red Line of the Delhi Metro. Besides the Metro connections, Tis Hazari District Court is well connected through a series of "Destination" Bus services run by the Delhi Bar Association from Karkardooma Court, Patiala House Court, Delhi High Court and Supreme Court. One can otherwise avail other local buses with the major Bus terminal / destination namely ISBT and the nearby Mori Gate bus stop.

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gurudwara Bangla Sahib</span> Gurdwara in Delhi, India

Gurudwara Bangla Sahib is one of the most prominent Sikh gurdwaras, or Sikh house of worship, in Delhi, India, and known for its association with the eighth Sikh Guru, Guru Har Krishan, as well as the holy pond inside its complex, known as the "Sarovar." It was first built as a small shrine by Sikh General Sardar Baghel Singh in 1783, on the bungalow donated by king Raja Jai Singh of Amer, who supervised the construction of nine Sikh shrines in Delhi in the same year, during the reign of Mughal Emperor, Shah Alam II.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shah Alam II</span> Mughal emperor from 1760 to 1788 and 1788 to 1806

Shah Alam II, also known by his birth name Ali Gohar, or Ali Gauhar, was the seventeenth Mughal emperor and the son of Alamgir II. Shah Alam II became the emperor of a crumbling Mughal Empire. His power was so depleted during his reign that it led to a saying in the Persian language, Sultanat-e-Shah Alam, Az Dilli ta Palam, meaning, 'The empire of Shah Alam is from Delhi to Palam', Palam being a suburb of Delhi.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kiran Bedi</span> First female Indian Police Service Officer

Kiran Bedi, is a former-tennis player who became the first woman in India to join the officer ranks of the Indian Police Service (IPS) in 1972 and was the 24th Lieutenant Governor of Puducherry from 28 May 2016 to 16 February 2021. She remained in service for 35 years before taking voluntary retirement in 2007 as Director General, Bureau of Police Research and Development.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gurdwara Sis Ganj Sahib</span> Sikh place of worship in Delhi, India

Gurdwara Sis Ganj Sahib is one of the nine historical Gurdwaras in Delhi. It was first constructed in 1783 as a small shrine by Baghel Singh to commemorate the martyrdom site of the ninth Sikh Guru, Guru Tegh Bahadur and was probably expanded after Indian Rebellion of 1857 or after Partition of India. Before its construction the Mughal Kotwali was situated here. After the Indian Rebellion of 1857 the Mughal Kotwali was demolished by the British and the land was given to the Sikhs as the Maharaja of Patiala and other Sikh soldiers helped the British to defeat the Mughal soldiers by providing large numbers of ammunition and soldiers. Its current building was made by Rai Bahadur Narain Singh a contractor who build most of roads in Lutyens New Delhi construction under British Rule. Situated in Chandni Chowk in Old Delhi, it marks the site where the ninth Sikh Guru was beheaded on the orders of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb on 11 November 1675. The Sikh regiment of the Indian army salute the Sis Ganj Gurudwara before saluting the president of India since 1979, the only instance of saluting twice in the Republic Day parade by a regiment of Indian army.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jassa Singh Ramgarhia</span> Sikh leader in the period of Sikh Confederacy

Jassa Singh Ramgarhia (1723–1803) was a prominent Sikh leader during the period of the Sikh Confederacy. He was the founder of the Ramgarhia Misl.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jassa Singh Ahluwalia</span> Sikh leader and founder of Kapurthala State (1718–1783)

Sultan-ul-Qaum Sardar Jassa Singh Ahluwalia was a Sikh leader during the period of the Sikh Confederacy, being the Supreme Leader of the Dal Khalsa. He was also Misldar of the Ahluwalia Misl. This period was an interlude, lasting roughly from the time of the death of Banda Bahadur in 1716 to the founding of the Sikh Empire in 1801. He founded the Kapurthala State in 1772.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Baghel Singh</span> Sikh leader of the Singh Krora Misl

Baghel Singh was a Military general in the Punjab region in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent in the 18th century. He rose to prominence in the area around Sutlej and Yamuna. Singh joined the Singh Krora Misl, one of the misls during Sikh Confederacy. In 1765, Singh became the leader of the misl.

Harsharan Singh Balli is an Indian politician belonging to Aam Aadmi Party, ex-BJP leader, who was Industry Minister in the Delhi state government of Madan Lal Khurana. He is the most powerful politician based in west Delhi.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ramgarhia Bunga</span>

Ramgarhia Bunga or Burj is the three-storeyed red stone watchtowers complex located near southeastern edge of the Golden Temple, Amritsar. The two minaret-style Ramgarhia Bunga high towers are visible from the parikrama (circumambulation) walkway around the Harmandir Sahib Sarovar. It is a pre-Ranjit Singh structure built by Sikh warrior and Ramgarhia misl chief Jassa Singh Ramgarhia in late 18th-century, after the 1762 destruction and desecration of the Sikh holy temple and site by the Afghan Muslim forces led by Ahmed Shah Abdali. The Bunga watchtowers-related infrastructure was constructed to station sentinels to watch for any surprise attack, house soldiers to help fortify the area, and to protect the holy complex from desecration.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kapurthala State</span> Princely state of India

Kapurthala State, with its capital at Kapurthala, was a former Princely state of the Punjab Province of India. Ruled by Ahluwalia Sikh rulers, spread across 510 square miles (1,300 km2). According to the 1901 census the state had a population of 314,341 and contained two towns and 167 villages. In 1930, Kapurthala became part of the Punjab States Agency and acceded to the Union of India in 1947.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1984 anti-Sikh riots</span> Series of organised pogroms in India after PM Indira Gandhis assassination

The 1984 anti-Sikh riots, also known as the 1984 Sikh massacre, was a series of organised pogroms against Sikhs in India following the assassination of Indira Gandhi by her Sikh bodyguards. Government estimates project that about 2,800 Sikhs were killed in Delhi and 3,350 nationwide, whilst independent sources estimate the number of deaths at about 8,000–17,000.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tis Hazari metro station</span> Metro station in Delhi, India

The Tis Hazari metro station is a metro station located on the Red Line of Delhi Metro. It is situated in the Tis Hazari area of Central Delhi. The station is situated just across the road from the Tis Hazari Courts Complex, which is the principal district court of Delhi. It is connected to gate number 2 of the complex by a footbridge. The footbridge has a ramp available for the disabled or physically challenged people.

The Hashimpura massacre was the killing of 50 Muslim men by police on or around 22 May 1987 near Meerut in Uttar Pradesh state, India, during the 1987 Meerut communal riots. It was reported that 19 personnel of the Provincial Armed Constabulary rounded up 42 Muslim youths from the Hashimpura mohalla (locality) of the city, took them to the outskirts of the city, shot them in cold blood and dumped their bodies in a nearby irrigation canal. A few days later, the dead bodies were found floating in the canal and a case of murder was registered. Eventually, 19 men were accused of having performed the act. In May 2000, 16 of the 19 accused surrendered and were later released on bail. Whereas, the other three accused died in the intervening period. In 2002, the Supreme Court of India ordered that the case trial should be transferred from the Ghaziabad district court to a Sessions Court at the Tis Hazari court complex in Delhi.

Raj Karega Khalsa is a slogan representing the Sikh idea of sovereignty and it is recited at the conclusion of Ardas.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ramgarhia Misl</span> State in the Sikh confederacy (1707–1799)

Ramgarhia Misl was a sovereign state (misl) in the Sikh Confederacy of Punjab region in present-day India and Pakistan. The misl's name is derived from Qila Ramgarh, a place located in Ramsar, near Amritsar, which was fortified and redesigned by Ramgarhia Misl chief Jassa Singh Ramgarhia. The Ramgarhia Misl was one of the twelve major Sikh misls, and held land near Amritsar.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Battle of Delhi (1783)</span> Sikh victory over the Mughal Empire

The Battle of Delhi was fought between Khalsa Sikhs and the Mughal Empire in 1783.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ahluwalia (misl)</span> Misl

Ahluwalia was a misl, that is, a sovereign state in the Sikh confederacy of Punjab region in present-day India and Pakistan. The misl's name is derived from Ahlu, the ancestral village of the misl leaders. The Ahluwalia misl was one of the 12 major Sikh misls, and held land to the north of Sutlej river.

The National Capital Territory of Delhi has seven District Courts that function under the Delhi High Court:

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2020 Delhi riots</span> 2020 series of riots in Delhi, India

The 2020 Delhi riots, or North East Delhi riots, were multiple waves of bloodshed, property destruction, and rioting in North East Delhi, beginning on 23 February 2020 and brought about chiefly by Hindu mobs attacking Muslims. Of the 53 people killed, two-thirds were Muslims who were shot, slashed with repeated blows, or set on fire. The dead also included over a dozen Hindus, who were shot or assaulted. More than a week after the violence had ended, hundreds of wounded were languishing in inadequately staffed medical facilities and corpses were being found in open drains. By mid-March many Muslims had remained missing.

Sikh attacks on Delhi were common in the second half of the 18th century. The Sikhs attacked Delhi 19 times between 1766 and 1788.


  1. Sethi, Jasbir Singh. Views and Reviews. ISBN   9788190825986.
  2. Louis E. Fenech; W. H. McLeod (2014). Historical Dictionary of Sikhism. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 54. ISBN   978-1-4422-3601-1.
  3. Singha, H. S, ed. (2000). The Encyclopedia of Sikhism. Hemkunt Press. ISBN   978-81-7010-301-1.
  4. Bhagata, Siṅgha (1993). A History of the Sikh Misals. Publication Bureau, Punjabi University. pp. 271–282. Baghel Singh, Baghel Singh took the leadership of karorisingha misl.
  5. 1 2 3 "History of District Courts in Delhi". delhidistrictcourts.nic.in. Archived from the original on 24 December 2003. Retrieved 20 May 2023.
  6. "History". delhihighcourt.nic.in. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  7. 1 2 "Tis Hazari court clash: How a parking tiff snowballed between Delhi cops and lawyers". Delhi News. The Times of India. TNN. 3 November 2019. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  8. Bhattacharya, Somreet (2 November 2019). "Tis Hazari court Delhi: Cop 'opens fire' at lawyer at Tis Hazari court, police vehicle set ablaze". Delhi News. The Times of India. TNN. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  9. "Delhi cops and lawyers clash at Tis Hazari court, police van set ablaze". Hindustan Times. 2 November 2019. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  10. "Tis Hazari Court clash: They abused, pushed, grabbed lady DCP's collar, tried to snatch my pistol, says injured PSO". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  11. 1 2 "Tis Hazari clash: Delhi HC orders judicial inquiry, transfer of police officials, no coercive action against lawyers". India Today. Press Trust of India. 3 November 2019. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  12. Chayyanika Nigam (4 November 2019). "Tis Hazari fallout: HC shifts two cops, ex-judge to probe clash". India Today. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  13. Scroll Staff. "Tis Hazari clash: Lawyers to resume strike today after talks with Delhi Police fail". Scroll.in. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  14. "WATCH: Delhi policeman thrashed by lawyers at Saket Court 2 days after Tis Hazari violence". India Today. Press Trust of India. 4 November 2019. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  15. "Lawyer Slaps Cop At Delhi Court 2 Days After Clashes At Another Court". NDTV.com. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  16. "कड़कड़डूमा और साकेत कोर्ट पहुंचा तीस हजारी विवाद, वकीलों ने पुलिसवालों को पीटा". Navbharat Times (in Hindi). Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  17. "Lawyers in Delhi District Courts End Strike Called in Wake of Tis Hazari Clashes, to Resume Work". News18. 15 November 2019. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  18. "Delhi's Tis Hazari Court Is A Sexual Harassment Nightmare, Women Lawyers Say". HuffPost India. 24 May 2018. Retrieved 3 May 2020.