Titan language

Last updated
Native to Papua New Guinea
Region Manus & neighboring islands
Native speakers
5,100 (2000) [1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 ttv
Glottolog tita1241

Titan, also known as Manus, is an East Manus language of the Austronesian language family spoken in the southeastern part of Manus Island, New Guinea, and neighboring islands by about 4,000 people.


Titan has a bilabial trill and prenasalized consonants, as in [ⁿrakeiʔin] 'girls' and [ᵐʙutukei] 'wooden plate'.


Phonology of the Titan language:

Consonant sounds
Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
plain lab.
Plosive p(pʷ)tck(ʔ)
Nasal m(mʷ)nɲŋ
Fricative vsh
Trill r
Lateral l
Approximant wj

Consonant sounds in parentheses are only inferred to exist in Titan, or to exist in other dialects of Titan.

Vowel sounds
Front Central Back
High iu
Mid eo
Low a

An /e/ sound may also be interchangeable with an open-mid sound /ɛ/. [2]

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  1. Titan at Ethnologue (25th ed., 2022) Closed Access logo transparent.svg
  2. Bowern, Claire (2011). Sivisa Titan: Sketch Grammar, Texts, Vocabulary Based on Material Collected by P. Josef Meier and Po Minis. University of Hawai'i Press.

Further reading