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Southern three-banded armadillo
Scientific classification OOjs UI icon edit-ltr.svg
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Cingulata
Family: Chlamyphoridae
Subfamily: Tolypeutinae
Genus: Tolypeutes
Illiger, 1811
Type species
Dasypus tricinctus
Linnaeus, 1758

See text

The genus Tolypeutes contains the two species of three-banded armadillos . They are restricted to open and semi-open habitats in South America.


Of the several armadillo genera, only Tolypeutes rely heavily on their armor for protection. When threatened by a predator, Tolypeutes species frequently roll up into a ball. Other armadillo species cannot roll up because they have too many plates. This species is endangered due to hunting and deforestation of its native Brazilian habitat. They lack the ability to dig burrows like their competitors, instead relying on abandoned ones. Deforestation is a critical concern because it reduces available burrows, leaving them exposed to predators and human activity.


There are two recognized species: [1]

ImageScientific nameCommon NameDistribution
Tierpark Chemnitz - Sudliches Kugelgurteltier-8556.jpg Tolypeutes matacus (Desmarest, 1804) Southern three-banded armadillo northern Argentina, southwestern Brazil, Paraguay and Bolivia
Dasypodidae - Tolypeutes tricinctus.JPG Tolypeutes tricinctus (Linnaeus, 1758) Brazilian three-banded armadillo Brazil

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  1. "Tolypeutes". Integrated Taxonomic Information System . Retrieved 17 March 2011.