Waterville, Kansas

Last updated
Waterville, Kansas
Waterville Opera House.JPG
Waterville Opera House, built in 1904
Marshall County Kansas Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Waterville Highlighted.svg
Location within Marshall County and Kansas
Map of Marshall Co, Ks, USA.png
Coordinates: 39°41′31″N96°44′54″W / 39.69194°N 96.74833°W / 39.69194; -96.74833 Coordinates: 39°41′31″N96°44′54″W / 39.69194°N 96.74833°W / 39.69194; -96.74833
Country United States
State Kansas
County Marshall
Founded1868
Incorporated 1870
Named for Waterville, Maine
Area
[1]
  Total0.50 sq mi (1.29 km2)
  Land0.49 sq mi (1.27 km2)
  Water0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation
1,178 ft (359 m)
Population
 (2010) [2]
  Total680
  Estimate 
(2016) [3]
644
  Density1,400/sq mi (530/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
66548
Area code 785
FIPS code 20-75950 [4]
GNIS ID 0473159 [5]
Website cityofwatervilleks.org

Waterville is a city in Marshall County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 680. [6]

Marshall County, Kansas County in the United States

Marshall County is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 10,117. The largest city and county seat is Marysville.

Kansas U.S. state in the United States

Kansas is a U.S. state in the Midwestern United States. Its capital is Topeka and its largest city is Wichita, with its most populated county being Johnson County. Kansas is bordered by Nebraska on the north; Missouri on the east; Oklahoma on the south; and Colorado on the west. Kansas is named after the Kansas River, which in turn was named after the Kansa Native Americans who lived along its banks. The tribe's name is often said to mean "people of the (south) wind" although this was probably not the term's original meaning. For thousands of years, what is now Kansas was home to numerous and diverse Native American tribes. Tribes in the eastern part of the state generally lived in villages along the river valleys. Tribes in the western part of the state were semi-nomadic and hunted large herds of bison.

2010 United States Census 23rd national census of the United States, taken in 2010

The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010. The census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired. The population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000.

Contents

History

Waterville was founded in 1868 by the railroad company. [7] It was named after Waterville, Maine, the hometown of a railroad official. [8]

Waterville, Maine City in Maine, United States

Waterville is a city in Kennebec County, Maine, United States, on the west bank of the Kennebec River. The city is home to Colby College and Thomas College. As of the 2010 census the population was 15,722, and in 2017 the estimated population was 16,600. Along with Augusta, Waterville is one of the principal cities of the Augusta-Waterville, ME Micropolitan Statistical Area.

The first post office in Waterville was established in February 1868. [9] Waterville was incorporated as a village in 1870, and as a city the next year. [7]

Geography

Waterville is located at 39°41.5′N96°45′W / 39.6917°N 96.750°W / 39.6917; -96.750 . According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.50 square miles (1.29 km2), of which, 0.49 square miles (1.27 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water. [1]

United States Census Bureau Bureau of the United States responsible for the census and related statistics

The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.

BlueRiverValley.JPG
Waterville lies in the Blue River Valley, with the Little Blue River running just north of its city limits.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1880 615
1890 577−6.2%
1900 6105.7%
1910 70415.4%
1920 665−5.5%
1930 598−10.1%
1940 71719.9%
1950 676−5.7%
1960 7003.6%
1970 632−9.7%
1980 6949.8%
1990 601−13.4%
2000 68113.3%
2010 680−0.1%
Est. 2016644 [3] −5.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census [2] of 2010, there were 680 people, 294 households, and 192 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,387.8 inhabitants per square mile (535.8/km2). There were 331 housing units at an average density of 675.5 per square mile (260.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.4% White, 0.3% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.1% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.2% of the population.

Census Acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population

A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. This term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common censuses include traditional culture, business, supplies, and traffic censuses. The United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory, simultaneity and defined periodicity", and recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations also cover census topics to be collected, official definitions, classifications and other useful information to co-ordinate international practices.

Population density A measurement of population numbers per unit area or volume

Population density is a measurement of population per unit area, or exceptionally unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and most of the time to humans. It is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square.

There were 294 households of which 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.7% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 34.7% were non-families. 30.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.90.

Marriage Social union or legal contract between people called spouses that creates kinship

Marriage, also called matrimony or wedlock, is a culturally recognised union between people, called spouses, that establishes rights and obligations between them, as well as between them and their children, and between them and their in-laws. The definition of marriage varies around the world not only between cultures and between religions, but also throughout the history of any given culture and religion, evolving to both expand and constrict in who and what is encompassed, but typically it is principally an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually sexual, are acknowledged or sanctioned. In some cultures, marriage is recommended or considered to be compulsory before pursuing any sexual activity. When defined broadly, marriage is considered a cultural universal. Article 16 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights declares that "Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion, have the right to marry and to found a family. They are entitled to equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at its dissolution. Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of the intending spouses."

The median age in the city was 41 years. 26.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.5% were from 25 to 44; 23.6% were from 45 to 64; and 22.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.1% male and 52.9% female.

2000 census

As of the census [4] of 2000, there were 681 people, 292 households, and 190 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,351.1 people per square mile (525.9/km²). There were 328 housing units at an average density of 650.7 per square mile (253.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.50% White, 0.29% Asian, 0.15% from other races, and 2.06% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.17% of the population.

There were 292 households out of which 28.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.5% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.6% were non-families. 32.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 21.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the city, the population was spread out with 26.7% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 22.9% from 25 to 44, 20.4% from 45 to 64, and 24.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,136, and the median income for a family was $38,472. Males had a median income of $29,107 versus $18,000 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,833. About 8.0% of families and 10.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.6% of those under age 18 and 9.6% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Waterville is served by USD 498 Valley Heights. Valley Heights Jr/Sr High School is located halfway between the towns of Blue Rapids and Waterville. The Valley Heights mascot is Mustangs. [10]

Waterville High School was closed through school unification. The Waterville High School mascot was Waterville Yellow Jackets. [11]

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2012-07-06.
  2. 1 2 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2012-07-06.
  3. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  4. 1 2 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 17, 2011.
  7. 1 2 Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Volume 2. Standard Publishing Company. p. 895.
  8. Foster, Emma Elizabeth Calderhead (1917). History of Marshall County, Kansas: Its People, Industries, and Institutions. B.F. Bowen. p. 197.
  9. "Kansas Post Offices, 1828-1961, page 2". Kansas Historical Society. Retrieved 14 June 2014.
  10. "Valley Heights USD 498". USD 498. Retrieved 5 January 2017.
  11. "Waterville Rolls By Riley County", The Manhattan Mercury, 12 January 1964, p.3.
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